Language Reference - Conditional Statements

You will often want to change the flow of your script based on a condition or series of conditions. Is one number bigger than another? Or, does a string contain a certain value?

Conditions are evaluated as True (non-zero) or False (zero). Conditions generally use comparison operators like ==, <>, >=.

 

The following conditional statements are available in AutoIt:

All three statements are similar and decide which code to execute depending on the condition(s) given. Here is an example of an If statement that pops up a message box depending on the value of a variable.

#include <Constants.au3>

Local $iNumber = -20

If $iNumber > 0 Then
    MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was positive!")
ElseIf $iNumber < 0 Then
    MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was negative!")
Else
    MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was zero.")
EndIf

 

A Select statement is very similar, but is generally used for situations where you want to test a large number of conditions as it is generally easier to read than a large If/ElseIf type block.  e.g.

#include <Constants.au3>

Local $iNumber = 30

Select
    Case $iNumber > 1 And $iNumber <= 10
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 1")

    Case $iNumber > 10 And $iNumber <= 20
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 10")

    Case $iNumber > 20 And $iNumber <= 30
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 20")

    Case $iNumber > 30 And $iNumber <= 40
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 30")

    Case $iNumber > 40
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 40")
EndSelect

 

A Switch statement is very similar to Select statement, but is generally used for situations where the same expression is tested against some different possible values.

#include <Constants.au3>

Local $iNumber = 30

Switch Int($iNumber)
    Case 1 To 10
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 1")

    Case 11 To 20
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 10")

    Case 21 To 30
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 20")

    Case 31 To 40
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 30")

    Case Else
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Example", "$iNumber was greater than 40 or less or equal to 0")

EndSwitch

With each of these structures, the first condition that is true controls which group of statements get executed. All subsequent conditions and their associated statements get ignored.

 

A Ternary statement can be used when there is a simple binary choice to be made it avoids the overhead of the structures associated with the other conditional statements.

#include <Constants.au3>

MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Result: 1=1", (1 = 1) ? "True!" : "False!")
MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Result: 1=2", (1 = 2) ? "True!" : "False!")