# Simple timer logic issue

Go to solution Solved by Gianni,

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Hi all! I am perplexed by something that should be simple. I am trying to make a small timer which will become part of a larger script, but I'm stuck on comparing the 2 times..

When you run the script, you hit OK on a message box, that's when the current system time and day of the year is saved to a variable.. when you hit OK again, the timer is stopped and the date and time are compared. I'm not using Timerinit() because I want the exact system time the timer started, and the exact system time the timer stopped. Then the time is compared and you get the difference.

This is easy as long as I am subtracting 10 seconds from 15 seconds, but what if the start timeer got second: 45 and the top timer got second: 12?

I'm sure this is cakewalk for anyone that got higher than a C in math, but I didnt.

Can anyone shed some light on this for a simpleton like myself?

```Msgbox(0,"START","Click to start timer")
\$a = timestamp()

Msgbox(0,"START","Click to stop timer")
\$b = timestamp()

compare(\$a,\$b)

Func timestamp()
Local \$stSystemTime = DllStructCreate('ushort;ushort;ushort;ushort;ushort;ushort;ushort;ushort')
DllCall('kernel32.dll', 'none', 'GetSystemTime', 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr(\$stSystemTime))
\$sMilliSeconds = StringFormat('%03d', DllStructGetData(\$stSystemTime, 8))
\$stSystemTime = 0
return @YDay & ':' & @Hour & ':' & @Min & ':' & @Sec & ':' & \$sMilliSeconds
EndFunc

Func compare(\$start,\$stop)
\$Comp_a = StringSplit(\$start,":",2)
\$Comp_b = StringSplit(\$stop,":",2)
\$DayDif  = \$comp_b[0] - \$comp_a[0]
\$HourDif = \$comp_b[1] - \$comp_a[1]
\$MinDif  = \$comp_b[2] - \$comp_a[2]
\$SecDif  = \$comp_b[3] - \$comp_a[3]
If \$comp_b[4] > \$comp_a[4] then
\$MSecDif = \$comp_b[4] - \$comp_a[4]
else
\$MSecDif = \$comp_a[4] - \$comp_b[4]
endif

Msgbox(0,"hey you, yeah you!", "Elapse Time:" & @CRLF & "Days: " & \$DayDif & @CRLF & "Hours: " & \$HourDif & @CRLF & "Minutes: " & \$MinDif & @CRLF & "Seconds: " & \$SecDif & @CRLF & "Miliseconds: " & \$MSecDif  )

endfunc```

EDIT:

Would this logic work?

;example

\$start = 45
\$stop = 12

\$val1 = \$Start - 60 ; val1 becomes 15
\$Mydiff =  \$stop + \$val1
Edited by Kovacic

C0d3 is P0etry( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

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• Moderators

Kovacic,

Why not let AutoIt do all the work for you?

```#include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>
#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
#include <Date.au3>

\$hGUI = GUICreate("Test", 500, 500)

\$cStart = GUICtrlCreateButton("Start", 10, 10, 80, 30)
\$cStop = GUICtrlCreateButton("Stop", 10, 50, 80, 30)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)

GUISetState()

While 1

Switch GUIGetMsg()
Case \$GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
Exit
Case \$cStart
\$sStart = _NowCalc()
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_ENABLE)
Case \$cStop
\$sStop = _NowCalc()
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_ENABLE)

\$iDays = _DateDiff("D", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iHours = _DateDiff("h", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iMins = _DateDiff("n", \$sStart, \$sStop)
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & @CRLF)
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & @CRLF)
\$iSecs = _DateDiff("s", \$sStart, \$sStop)

MsgBox(\$MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Time Diff:", \$iDays & " days, " & \$iHours & ":" & \$iMins & ":" & \$iSecs)

EndSwitch

WEnd```
Much easier!

M23

Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind

Open spoiler to see my UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

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Kovacic,

Why not let AutoIt do all the work for you?

```#include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>
#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
#include <Date.au3>

\$hGUI = GUICreate("Test", 500, 500)

\$cStart = GUICtrlCreateButton("Start", 10, 10, 80, 30)
\$cStop = GUICtrlCreateButton("Stop", 10, 50, 80, 30)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)

GUISetState()

While 1

Switch GUIGetMsg()
Case \$GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
Exit
Case \$cStart
\$sStart = _NowCalc()
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_ENABLE)
Case \$cStop
\$sStop = _NowCalc()
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_ENABLE)

\$iDays = _DateDiff("D", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iHours = _DateDiff("h", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iMins = _DateDiff("n", \$sStart, \$sStop)
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & @CRLF)
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & @CRLF)
\$iSecs = _DateDiff("s", \$sStart, \$sStop)

MsgBox(\$MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Time Diff:", \$iDays & " days, " & \$iHours & ":" & \$iMins & ":" & \$iSecs)

EndSwitch

WEnd```
Much easier!

M23

That was what I planned originally but I need to use milliseconds, but it looks like _DateDiff only handles as small as seconds.. Good call though

Edited by Kovacic

C0d3 is P0etry( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

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• Moderators

Kovacic,

Then we have to be creative:

```Case \$cStart
\$sStart = _NowCalc()
\$iStartMS = @MSEC
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & "." & \$iStartMS & @CRLF)

GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_ENABLE)
Case \$cStop
\$sStop = _NowCalc()
\$iStopMS = @MSEC
ConsoleWrite(\$sStop & "." & \$iStopMS & @CRLF)

GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_ENABLE)

\$iDays = _DateDiff("D", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iHours = _DateDiff("h", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iMins = _DateDiff("n", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iSecs = _DateDiff("s", \$sStart, \$sStop)

; See if Secs values are the same
\$iMSecs = \$iStopMs - \$iStartMS
If StringRight(\$sStart, 2) <> StringRight(\$sStop, 2) Then
If \$iStartMS > \$iStopMs Then
\$iMSecs = 1000 - \$iStartMS + \$iStopMS
\$iSecs -= 1
EndIf
EndIf

MsgBox(\$MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Time Diff:", \$iDays & " days, " & \$iHours & ":" & \$iMins & ":" & \$iSecs & "." & \$iMSecs)```
Checking the calculated time against the values written in the console it seems to be correct - over to you for more testing.

M23

Edit: Not quite - still working on it.

2nd Edit: Try now.

Edited by Melba23

Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind

Open spoiler to see my UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

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Kovacic,

Then we have to be creative:

```Case \$cStart
\$sStart = _NowCalc()
\$iStartMS = @MSEC
ConsoleWrite(\$sStart & "." & \$iStartMS & @CRLF)

GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_ENABLE)
Case \$cStop
\$sStop = _NowCalc()
\$iStopMS = @MSEC
ConsoleWrite(\$sStop & "." & \$iStopMS & @CRLF)

GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_ENABLE)

\$iDays = _DateDiff("D", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iHours = _DateDiff("h", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iMins = _DateDiff("n", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iSecs = _DateDiff("s", \$sStart, \$sStop)

; See if Secs values are the same
\$iMSecs = \$iStopMs - \$iStartMS
If StringRight(\$sStart, 2) <> StringRight(\$sStop, 2) Then
If \$iStartMS > \$iStopMs Then
\$iMSecs = 1000 - \$iStartMS + \$iStopMS
\$iSecs -= 1
EndIf
EndIf

MsgBox(\$MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Time Diff:", \$iDays & " days, " & \$iHours & ":" & \$iMins & ":" & \$iSecs & "." & \$iMSecs)```
Checking the calculated time against the values written in the console it seems to be correct - over to you for more testing.

M23

Edit: Not quite - still working on it.

2nd Edit: Try now.

Looking much better, im looking at the Ms now, heres what I got while testing:

Start: 2014/07/03 12:21:54.200
Stop: 2014/07/03 12:21:55.879

Diff reported by script:  Seconds: 1   Msec: 1679

Actual diff: Seconds: 1 Msec: 679

I think my brain hurts lol

EDIT:

one of our calculations is close... im about to build a counting GUI to test the theory:

```If \$stop[1] >= \$Start[1] then
\$HourDif = \$stop[1] - \$Start[1]
else
\$HourDif =  \$Start[1] + (\$stop[1] - 60)
endif```
Edited by Kovacic

C0d3 is P0etry( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

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I find that when comparing times it's much easier to convert both times to msec's subtract one from the other, and then turn that result into hh:mm:ss:ms rather than trying to do the math on the raw data.

If I posted any code, assume that code was written using the latest release version unless stated otherwise. Also, if it doesn't work on XP I can't help with that because I don't have access to XP, and I'm not going to.
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Back up and restore Windows user files _Array.au3 - Modified array functions that include support for 2D arrays.  -  ColorChooser - An add-on for SciTE that pops up a color dialog so you can select and paste a color code into a script.  -  Customizable Splashscreen GUI w/Progress Bar - Create a custom "splash screen" GUI with a progress bar and custom label.  -  _FileGetProperty - Retrieve the properties of a file  -  SciTE Toolbar - A toolbar demo for use with the SciTE editor  -  GUIRegisterMsg demo - Demo script to show how to use the Windows messages to interact with controls and your GUI.  -   Latin Square password generator

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I find that when comparing times it's much easier to convert both times to msec's subtract one from the other, and then turn that result into hh:mm:ss:ms rather than trying to do the math on the raw data.

that was one of my earlier thoughts, however I will need to grab the current time and day, then a later time and day, and compare the two. The only way I can break that down to Msec is if I grab the current MS since the beginning of the year and calculate since then.

C0d3 is P0etry( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

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• Moderators

Kovacic,

A couple of glasses of good red wine later - this might be the solution (with a big shout to BrewManNH for his suggestion above):

```Case \$cStop
\$sStop = _NowCalc()
\$iStopMS = @MSEC
ConsoleWrite(\$sStop & "." & \$iStopMS & @CRLF)

GUICtrlSetState(\$cStop, \$GUI_DISABLE)
GUICtrlSetState(\$cStart, \$GUI_ENABLE)

\$iStartMs =  (Number(StringRight(\$sStart, 2)) * 1000) + \$iStartMS
\$iStopMs = (Number(StringRight(\$sStop, 2)) * 1000) + \$iStopMS
\$iDiffMs = \$iStopMs - \$iStartMS

\$iDays = _DateDiff("D", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iHours = _DateDiff("h", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iMins = _DateDiff("n", \$sStart, \$sStop)
\$iSecs = Int(\$iDiffMs / 1000)
\$iMSecs = \$iDiffMs - (\$iSecs * 1000)

ConsoleWrite(\$iSecs & "." & \$iMSecs & @CRLF)```
I cannot break it after a good few tests - your turn.

M23

Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind

Open spoiler to see my UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

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• Solution

also this could do

```MsgBox(0, "START", "Click to start timer")
\$a = timestamp()

MsgBox(0, "STOP", "Click to stop timer")
\$b = timestamp()

compare(\$a, \$b)

Func timestamp()
Return @YDAY & ':' & @HOUR & ':' & @MIN & ':' & @SEC & ':' & @MSEC
EndFunc   ;==>timestamp

Func compare(\$start, \$stop)
\$Comp_a = StringSplit(\$start, ":", 2)
\$Comp_b = StringSplit(\$stop, ":", 2)
Local \$comp_c[5]

; start
\$Comp_a[0] = \$Comp_a[0] * 86400000 ; Day
\$Comp_a[1] = \$Comp_a[1] * 3600000 ; Hour
\$Comp_a[2] = \$Comp_a[2] * 60000 ; Mins
\$Comp_a[3] = \$Comp_a[3] * 1000 ; Sec

; stop
\$Comp_b[0] = \$Comp_b[0] * 86400000 ; Day
\$Comp_b[1] = \$Comp_b[1] * 3600000 ; Hour
\$Comp_b[2] = \$Comp_b[2] * 60000 ; Mins
\$Comp_b[3] = \$Comp_b[3] * 1000 ; Sec

Local \$started = \$Comp_a[0] + \$Comp_a[1] + \$Comp_a[2] + \$Comp_a[3] + \$Comp_a[4]
Local \$stopped = \$Comp_b[0] + \$Comp_b[1] + \$Comp_b[2] + \$Comp_b[3] + \$Comp_b[4]

Local \$elapsed = \$stopped - \$started ; elapsed time in milliseconds

; rebuild "days/time"
\$comp_c[0] = Int(\$elapsed / 86400000) ; days
\$elapsed -= \$comp_c[0] * 86400000
\$comp_c[1] = Int(\$elapsed / 3600000) ; hours
\$elapsed -= \$comp_c[1] * 3600000
\$comp_c[2] = Int(\$elapsed / 60000) ; mins
\$elapsed -= \$comp_c[2] * 60000
\$comp_c[3] = Int(\$elapsed / 1000) ; secs
\$elapsed -= \$comp_c[3] * 1000
\$comp_c[4] = \$elapsed ; milliseconds

Local \$duration = \$comp_c[0] & ":" & StringFormat("%02s", \$comp_c[1]) & ":" & StringFormat("%02s", \$comp_c[2]) & ":" & StringFormat("%02s", \$comp_c[3]) & ":" & StringFormat("%03s", \$comp_c[4])

MsgBox(0, \$duration, "Started at " & \$start & @CRLF & "Stopped at " & \$stop & @CRLF & "Elapse Time : " & @CRLF & " Days : " & \$comp_c[0] & @CRLF & " Hours : " & \$comp_c[1] & @CRLF & " Minutes : " & \$comp_c[2] & @CRLF & " Seconds : " & \$comp_c[3] & @CRLF & " Miliseconds : " & \$comp_c[4])
EndFunc   ;==>compare```

p.s.

is there a glass of wine for me too?

Chimp

small minds discuss people average minds discuss events great minds discuss ideas.... and use AutoIt....

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Between those two answers, I think that solved it!! Thanks!!!!!!

WINE (or beer) FOR ALL!

Edited by Kovacic

C0d3 is P0etry( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

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a cold beer for me, thanks

Chimp

small minds discuss people average minds discuss events great minds discuss ideas.... and use AutoIt....

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The string to search inside. ; \$sRemove - a string value. The string to search for. ; \$iCaseSense - an integer value. Flag to indicate if the operations should be case sensitive. ; \$iOccurrence - an integer value. Which occurrence of the substring to find in the string. Use a ; negative occurrence to search from the right side. ; Return values .: Success - String ; Failure - Empty string as returned from StringLeft() ; Author ........: Sam Coates ; =============================================================================================================================== Func _StringLeft(\$sString, \$sRemove, \$iCaseSense = 0, \$iOccurrence = 1) Return (StringLeft(\$sString, StringInStr(\$sString, \$sRemove, \$iCaseSense, \$iOccurrence) - 1)) EndFunc ;==>_StringLeft ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Name ..........: _StringRandom ; Description ...: Returns a string of random characters ; Syntax ........: _StringRandom(\$iAmount[, \$iType = 1]) ; Parameters ....: \$iAmount - an integer value. Length of returned string ; \$iType - [optional] an integer value. Default is 1. ; 1 - Return digits (0-9) ; 2 - Return hexadecimal (0-9, A - F) ; 3 - Return Alphanumeric upper (0-9, A - Z) ; 4 - Return Alphanumeric (0-9, A - Z, a - z) ; 5 - Return Alpha upper (A - Z) ; 6 - Return Alpha (A - Z, a - z) ; Return values .: Success - String ; Failure - Empty string and @error flag as follows: ; @error : 1 - \$iAmount is not a positive integer ; 2 - \$iType is out of bounds ; Author ........: Sam Coates ; =============================================================================================================================== Func _StringRandom(\$iAmount, \$iType = 1) If \$iAmount < 1 Or IsInt(\$iAmount) = 0 Then Return (SetError(-1, 0, "")) Local \$sString = "" Local \$iRandomLow = 1, \$iRandomHigh = 62 #Tidy_Off Local Static \$aCharId[63] = [0, Chr(48), Chr(49), Chr(50), Chr(51), Chr(52), Chr(53), Chr(54), Chr(55), Chr(56), Chr(57), Chr(65), Chr(66), Chr(67), _ Chr(68), Chr(69), Chr(70), Chr(71), Chr(72), Chr(73), Chr(74), Chr(75), Chr(76), Chr(77), Chr(78), Chr(79), Chr(80), _ Chr(81), Chr(82), Chr(83), Chr(84), Chr(85), Chr(86), Chr(87), Chr(88), Chr(89), Chr(90), Chr(97), Chr(98), Chr(99), _ Chr(100), Chr(101), Chr(102), Chr(103), Chr(104), Chr(105), Chr(106), Chr(107), Chr(108), Chr(109), Chr(110), Chr(111), _ Chr(112), Chr(113), Chr(114), Chr(115), Chr(116), Chr(117), Chr(118), Chr(119), Chr(120), Chr(121), Chr(122)] #Tidy_On If \$iType = 1 Then ;; digits: 1 - 10 \$iRandomHigh = 10 ElseIf \$iType = 2 Then ;; hexadecimal: 1 - 16 \$iRandomHigh = 16 ElseIf \$iType = 3 Then ;; alnumupper: 1 - 36 \$iRandomHigh = 36 ElseIf \$iType = 4 Then ;; alnum: 1 - 62 \$iRandomHigh = 62 ElseIf \$iType = 5 Then ;; alphaupper: 11 - 36 \$iRandomLow = 11 \$iRandomHigh = 36 ElseIf \$iType = 6 Then ;; alpha: 11 = 62 \$iRandomLow = 11 \$iRandomHigh = 62 Else Return (SetError(-2, 0, "")) EndIf For \$i = 1 To \$iAmount \$sString &= \$aCharId[Random(\$iRandomLow, \$iRandomHigh, 1)] ;; append string with corresponding random character from ascii array Next Return (\$sString) EndFunc ;==>_StringRandom ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Name ..........: _StringTrimLeft ; Description ...: Searches for a string inside a string, then removes everything on the left of that string ; Syntax ........: _StringTrimLeft(\$sString, \$sRemove[, \$iCaseSense = 0, \$iOccurrence = 1]) ; Parameters ....: \$sString - a string value. The string to search inside. ; \$sRemove - a string value. The string to search for. ; \$iCaseSense - an integer value. Flag to indicate if the operations should be case sensitive. ; \$iOccurrence - an integer value. Which occurrence of the substring to find in the string. Use a ; negative occurrence to search from the right side. ; Return values .: Success - String ; Failure - Empty string as returned from StringTrimLeft() ; Author ........: Sam Coates ; =============================================================================================================================== Func _StringTrimLeft(\$sString, \$sRemove, \$iCaseSense = 0, \$iOccurrence = 1) Return (StringTrimLeft(\$sString, StringInStr(\$sString, \$sRemove, \$iCaseSense, \$iOccurrence) + StringLen(\$sRemove) - 1)) EndFunc ;==>_StringTrimLeft Examples:
ConsoleWrite(_StringRandom(100, 6) & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_StringTrimLeft("C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe", "C:\Windows\System32\") & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_StringLeft("C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe", "cmd.exe") & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_FileToFileName("C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe") & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_FileToFilePath("C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe") & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_FileToFileExtension("C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe") & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_StringRandom(6, 4) & "-" & _StringRandom(4, 4) & "-" & _StringRandom(4, 4) & "-" & _StringRandom(4, 4) & "-" & _StringRandom(6, 4)& @CRLF)

• I was looking for something like this, in the forum and my HDD. Bad hair day. Anyway,
Here is the code
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