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    • By LxP
      I'm trying to pass a nested array to a function, such that the function alters the inner array.
      I was surprised to find that this minimal reproducible example, despite its use of ByRef, seems to pass a copy of the inner array to the function:
      #include <Array.au3> ; a boring old array Local $aInnerArray[5] = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ; a one-element array containing a reference to the other array Local $aOuterArray[1] = [$aInnerArray] ; intention: take a nested array and alter its inner array ; reality: the inner array seems to be getting copied Func ChangeIt(ByRef $aOuter) Local $aInner = $aOuter[0] $aInner[2] = 0 EndFunc ; Expected: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ; Actual: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ✔ _ArrayDisplay($aInnerArray, 'Before') ; $aOuterArray passed by-ref, should receive reference to $aInnerArray ; Therefore should change $aInnerArray to [1, 2, 0, 4, 5] ChangeIt($aOuterArray) ; Expected: [1, 2, 0, 4, 5] ; Actual: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ✘ _ArrayDisplay($aInnerArray, 'After') I suspect that either:
      the copy is taking place in the first line of the function (I couldn't find a way to access the inner array without first assigning it to a variable though); or ByRef doesn't propagate into inner levels of the data structure being passed, which seems less likely to me. Could someone please point me in the right direction to get this working as intended?
      Update: the answer
      ; WRONG: ; a one-element array containing a reference to the other array Local $aOuterArray[1] = [$aInnerArray] The assumption I made about this code is wrong—it actually copies $aInnerArray into $aOuterArray, so there are now two unrelated $aInnerArray instances.  It is not possible to store arrays in other arrays by reference.
      If it is necessary to refer to a mutable array in multiple places, consider holding it in a global variable.  Where a collection of mutable arrays needs to be accessed in multiple places (as in my case), consider storing them in a global array and referring to each sub-array by index (also known as the Registry pattern).
    • By VinMe
      HELLO All,
      is there any function in Auto it to Remove the repeating  strings separated by ","  which is present in the array.
      ex.
      Available state
      a[0]= D97,D96,,D85,D86,D85,D86,D85,D86,D85,,D86,D85,D86,D85,D86
      a[1]=D85,D24,,,,,D85
      Required state
      a[0]= D97,D96,D85,D86,
      a[1]=D85,D24
      thank  you in advance!
      vin!
    • By argumentum
      There is a _ArrayToString() but no _ArrayFromString().  ( searched in the forum and google )
      The example is based on the _ArrayToString() help file, to show the reconstruction of the array.
      #include <Array.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> Local $aArray[20] For $i = 0 To 19 $aArray[$i] = $i Next _ArrayDisplay($aArray, "1D Array") MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Items 1-7", _ArrayToString($aArray, @TAB, 1, 7)) ConsoleWrite('>' & _ArrayToString($aArray, @TAB, 1, 7) & '<' & @CRLF) _ArrayDisplay(_ArrayFromString(_ArrayToString($aArray, @TAB, 1, 7), @TAB), "1D ArrayFromString") Local $aArray[10][10] For $i = 0 To 9 For $j = 0 To 9 $aArray[$i][$j] = $i & "-" & $j Next Next _ArrayDisplay($aArray, "2D Array") MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Rows 4-7, cols 2-5", _ArrayToString($aArray, " :: ", 4, 7, @CRLF, 2, 5)) ConsoleWrite('>' & _ArrayToString($aArray, " :: ", 4, 7, @CRLF, 2, 5) & '<' & @CRLF) _ArrayDisplay(_ArrayFromString(_ArrayToString($aArray, " :: ", 4, 7, @CRLF, 2, 5), " :: ", @CRLF), "2D ArrayFromString") ; au3.user.calltips.api: ; _ArrayFromString($sString , [$sDelim_Col = "|" [, $sDelim_Row = @CRLF [, $iForce2D = 0]]]) Rebuild an array from _ArrayToString() Func _ArrayFromString($sString, $sDelim_Col = "|", $sDelim_Row = @CRLF, $iForce2D = 0) ; https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/topic/197277-_arrayfromstring/ If $sDelim_Col = Default Or String($sDelim_Col) = "" Then $sDelim_Col = "|" If $sDelim_Row = Default Or String($sDelim_Row) = "" Then $sDelim_Row = @CRLF $iForce2D = Int($iForce2D) Local $m, $n, $b, $c = StringSplit($sString, $sDelim_Row, 3) ; $STR_ENTIRESPLIT + $STR_NOCOUNT $b = StringSplit($c[0], $sDelim_Col, 3) If UBound($c) = 1 And Not $iForce2D Then Return $b Local $a[UBound($c)][UBound($b)] For $n = 0 To UBound($c) - 1 $b = StringSplit($c[$n], $sDelim_Col, 3) If UBound($b) > UBound($a, 2) Then Return SetError(1) For $m = 0 To UBound($b) - 1 $a[$n][$m] = $b[$m] Next Next Return $a EndFunc ;==>_ArrayFromString
      PS: so, how to save an array to an ini file ? ( small array, the limitations of an ini file still applies )
      #include <Array.au3>; For _ArrayDisplay() ; if you declare it, it will use it, else, use default ;Global $g_iniFile = @ScriptDir & "\ThisTest.ini" Example() Func Example() Local $n, $aTest, $aArray[3] = ["00", "one", "2"] ; if is not in the INI file, it will save it $aTest = IniGet("Test", $aArray) _ArrayDisplay($aTest, "1st") ; since is saved, it'll recall it $aTest = IniGet("Test") For $n = 0 To UBound($aTest) - 1 ; ..just to show the elements found as integer If IsInt($aTest[$n]) Then $aTest[$n] &= " = IsInt() = " & (IsInt($aTest[$n]) = 1) Next _ArrayDisplay($aTest, "2nd") EndFunc ;==>Example Func IniGet($sKey, $vDefault = Default, $sSection = "Settings") Local Static $ini = IsDeclared("g_iniFile") ? Eval("g_iniFile") : StringTrimRight(@ScriptFullPath, 4) & ".ini" Local $v, $s = IniRead($ini, $sSection, $sKey, Chr(1)) If $s = Chr(1) Then If $vDefault == Default Then Return SetError(1, 0, "") Else IniSet($sKey, $vDefault, $sSection) Return $vDefault EndIf EndIf $v = StringLeft($s, 1) Switch $v Case "i" Return Int(StringTrimLeft($s, 2)) Case "a" Return _ArrayFromString(BinaryToString(StringTrimLeft($s, 2)), Chr(1), Chr(2)) Case "d" Return Binary(StringTrimLeft($s, 2)) Case Else Return String(StringTrimLeft($s, 2)) EndSwitch EndFunc ;==>IniGet Func IniSet($sKey, $vValue, $sSection = "Settings") Local Static $ini = IsDeclared("g_iniFile") ? Eval("g_iniFile") : StringTrimRight(@ScriptFullPath, 4) & ".ini" If IsInt($vValue) Then $vValue = "i:" & $vValue ElseIf IsArray($vValue) Then $vValue = "a:" & StringToBinary(_ArrayToString($vValue, Chr(1), -1, -1, Chr(2))) ElseIf IsBinary($vValue) Then $vValue = "d:" & $vValue Else $vValue = "s:" & $vValue EndIf $vValue = IniWrite($ini, $sSection, $sKey, $vValue) Return SetError(@error, @extended, $vValue) EndFunc ;==>IniSet ; au3.user.calltips.api: ; _ArrayFromString($sString , [$sDelim_Col = "|" [, $sDelim_Row = @CRLF [, $iForce2D = 0]]]) Rebuild an array from _ArrayToString() Func _ArrayFromString($sString, $sDelim_Col = "|", $sDelim_Row = @CRLF, $iForce2D = 0) ; https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/topic/197277-_arrayfromstring/ If $sDelim_Col = Default Or String($sDelim_Col) = "" Then $sDelim_Col = "|" If $sDelim_Row = Default Or String($sDelim_Row) = "" Then $sDelim_Row = @CRLF $iForce2D = Int($iForce2D) Local $m, $n, $b, $c = StringSplit($sString, $sDelim_Row, 3) ; $STR_ENTIRESPLIT + $STR_NOCOUNT $b = StringSplit($c[0], $sDelim_Col, 3) If UBound($c) = 1 And Not $iForce2D Then Return $b Local $a[UBound($c)][UBound($b)] For $n = 0 To UBound($c) - 1 $b = StringSplit($c[$n], $sDelim_Col, 3) If UBound($b) > UBound($a, 2) Then Return SetError(1) For $m = 0 To UBound($b) - 1 $a[$n][$m] = $b[$m] Next Next Return $a EndFunc ;==>_ArrayFromString
      PS2: https://www.autoitscript.com/trac/autoit/ticket/3696#ticket
    • By HariKara
      I have a script that seems to launch perfectly fine with IECreate, however, I want to launch the Browser and a specific URL with the RunAs command. I fairly new to AutoIT and wanted to know if someone can point me in the right direction.
      Local $surl = "http://somewebsite.com/DODA/admin/job.aspx"
      Local $oIE = _IECreate($sURL)
      The above launches the website correctly with the correct URL, however, I have tried the below and this fails to load and browser?
      #include <AutoItConstants.au3>
      ;========================
      $oSleep = "200"
      Local $surl = "http://somewebsite.com/DODA/admin/job.aspx"
      Local $oIE = RunAs($args("username"), $args("domain"), $args("logonpassword"), "", "C:\Program Files (x86)\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe http://somewebsite.com/DODA/admin/job.aspx")
      _IELoadWait($oIE)
       
      I get the following error back?
      --> IE.au3 T3.0-2 Error from function _IELoadWait, $_IESTATUS_InvalidDataType
      --> IE.au3 T3.0-2 Error from function _IEGetObjById, $_IESTATUS_InvalidDataType
      --> IE.au3 T3.0-2 Error from function _IEGetObjById, $_IESTATUS_InvalidDataType
    • By D2thunder
      Hi all, I wasnt active in this Forum forum for Years. 😅
      Since I need something with Json in AutoIt i write a little UDF to save a variable to file to read it with another language - and back. After a while until my other script grows i thought - lets integrate all variables wich is possible, because i want have arrays to.
      This is my first public UDF in Autoit - normaly my AutoIt scripts are quick an dirty.... - like the examples for this udf. - someone want to write nice examples?
      I tried to write this UDF properly, cared for processing speed, low mem consumption as possible, a short code, and a high usability without beeing very familiar with arrays.
      What is it for? - convert nearly all types of variables to a json string for saving it in a file or to an ini. Read it back in to a same formated variable and preserv variable types. All array types are supported with nested arrays, the only restriction is ram and array/stringsize - and time if the array is very big. You can use Filters for variable types and some other options.
      If anyone found a bug or any suggestions, please post it.
       
      get Json.au3 from here Json.au3
       
       
      JsonVar 2019.01.25.1.zip
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