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WHAT : is .NET Common Language Runtime (CLR) Framework
The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is a an Execution Environment . Common Language Runtime (CLR)'s main tasks are to convert the .NET Managed Code to native code, manage running code like a Virtual Machine, and also controls the interaction with the Operating System.
As part of Microsoft's .NET Framework, the Common Language Runtime (CLR) is managing the execution of programs written in any of several supported languages. Allowing them to share common object-oriented classes written in any of the languages.
HOW : To access the CLR environment you need to create an Appdomain Object - _CLR_GetDefaultDomain()
An AppDomain provides an isolated region in which code runs inside of an existing process.
Application domains provide an isolation boundary for security, reliability, and versioning, and for unloading assemblies. Application domains are typically created by runtime hosts, which are responsible for bootstrapping the common language runtime before an application is run.
WHEN : Would you use CLR Runtime Hosts
1. To access .NET Class Libraries :
System System.Collections System.Data System.Drawing System.IO System.Text System.Threading System.Timers System.Web System.Web.Services System.Windows.Forms System.Xml 2. Accessing custom build .Net Assemblies :
Some Examples (but there are a ton out there)
AutoItX3 - The .NET Assembly for using AutoItX JSonToXML libr. XMLRPC Libr. .NETPDF libr. .NETOCR Libr WInSCP Libr. ... 3. To Compile .Net Code into an Assembly
4. To Run C# or VB.net Code
5. To Mix AU3 and .Net functionality in your Application
WHERE : To find documentation about CLR
First of all you can find a lot on MSDN and here : Post 4 & Post 6
EXAMPLES : Multiple examples included in Zip !!
Example : “System.Text.UTF8Encoding”
Example : “System.IO.FileInfo”
Example : “System.Windows.Forms”
Example : AutoItX3 Custom .NET Assembly AutoItX
Example : Compile Code C# and Code VB
Example : Compile Code C# at Runtime
WHO : Created the CLR.au3 UDF
All credits go to : Danyfirex / Larsj / Trancexx / Junkew
TO DO : The library is still Work in Process …
(Some of the GUI Controls are not yet working as expected...)
Anyone is free to participate in contributing to get the bugs resolved and to expand the CLR.au3 functionality ...
DOWNLOADS : (Last updated)
- added CLR Constants.au3 - Danyfirex
- Global Constants added (Magic numbers)
- added .NET CLR CreateObject vs ObjCreate Example.au3 - Junkew
• 2 approaches give the same result (only valid for COM Visible Assembly)
• Includes a function that shows you which Assembly Classes are COM Visible
- added .Net Conventional COM Objects Examples - ptrex
- added .NET CLR CreateComInstanceFrom Example - Danyfirex
- You can use it for Regfree COM Assembly Access
- System.Activator has 4 methods :
• CreateComInstanceFrom : Used to create instances of COM objects.
• CreateInstanceFrom : Used to create a reference to an object from a particular assembly and type name.
• GetObject : Used when marshaling objects.
• CreateInstance : Used to create local or remote instances of an object.
- added .NET Access SafeArrays Using AccVarsUtilities Example - LarsJ
- added SafeArray Utilities functions in Includes - LarsJ
- added .NET Access Native MSCorLib Classes - System - ptrex
Multiple System Class Examples :
- added Third Party Assembly Access - ptrex
• WinSCP : https://winscp.net/eng/download.php
• IonicZip : http://dotnetzip.codeplex.com/
- added more Examples using PowerShell GUI Assembly Access - ptrex
• GUI Ribbon .NET Assembly using CLR Library
• GUI Report Designer .NET Assembly using CLR Library
• GUI SSRS Reporting .NET Assembly using CLR Library
.NET CLR Framework for AutoIT.pdf
I have a problem to handle the controls of an application.
Using AutoIT Windows Tool I can get only the Window (see Summary of the picture).
Any tips to get the controls without knowing the name?
(PS Using TestStack.White everything works, however I want the HIDE application feature of AutoIT).
I see couple of ways to import module , one with specifying absolute path of the file to get imported, by this logic i believe to import a specific module will be like #include <c:\modulepath\duplicatemodule.au3>
but i see some registry changes also made in this link , can someone explain why that registry change is really required.
I am trying to execute a exe file in auto it as elevated previlage , but not successful till now . below are the methods i tried till now.
Disabled UAC access from windows and selected run only as administrator from executable properties. i logged in as administrator but still exe needs to launch as run as administrator.
Used Below methods from forum still no luck. anything i missing? i tried to use powershell.ps1 intead of exe as well.
1. Local $iPID = RunAs($sUserName, @ComputerName, $sPassword, $RUN_LOGON_NOPROFILE, "c:\Exec.exe", "", @SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED)
2. RunWait("C:\Automation\TestScripts\Writefilter.exe", @WindowsDir, @SW_MAXIMIZE) - Std out error
This command gives out put as running with admin rights
#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <AutoItConstants.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #RequireAdmin Example() Func Example() ; Change the username and password to the appropriate values for your system. Local $sUserName = "Admin" Local $sPassword = "PASSWORD" Local $iPID = RunAs($sUserName, @ComputerName, $sPassword, 0, "noetpad.exe", "", @SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED) ; Run Notepad with the window maximized. Notepad is run under the user previously specified. ;~ RunWait(@WindowsDir & "C:\automation\TestScripts\Writefilter.exe", @WindowsDir, @SW_MAXIMIZE) EndFunc
I have below code which execute well when all prerequisite met, when window pop up is not available its throwing an error. i want to capture error instead of error out.
error handling added in the code to capture it but it does not work still giving me error saying Variable must be of type "Object".
$oCurWin.FindAll($treescope_subtree, $oCondition, $pElements)
How to catch error properly .