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ChrisEnn

Declaring and initializing multi-dimension arrays

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Hi,

This is my first post here. I've searched through the help and these forums and haven't found what I'm looking for.

Although I have quite a bit of experience in programming, it's all quite a long time ago (COBOL and dBase/Clipper), and this is my first attempt to write something quite complex using AutoIt.

I'm writing an app that reads a single CSV file and then splits it into a number of separate arrays based on the 
sections in the original file. I then display each of the individual arrays in a ListView control.

In order to standardize my code I would like to declare the structure that each array/listview will have, by creating a
structure array that contains the following elements: 
- section name,
- number of columns,
- an array with the column headers,
- an array with the column widths

The last two sub-arrays will have a variable number of entries, equal to the second value, the number of columns.
Unfortunately, I can't get this to work, I keep getting syntax errors.

This is my structure array at present (note that the widths are just placeholders at present) :

Global $aStructures[10][4] = [_
["params",         3, ["parameter", "value", "comments"], [110, 150, 450] ], _
["notes",          1, ["note"], [500] ], _
["sizes",          8, ["name", "width", "height", "blockwidth", "blockheight", "hgridsize", "vgridsize", "comments"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10] ], _
["templates",      2, ["name", "comments"], [10, 10] ], _
["elements",      10, ["template", "name", "nature", "frontback", "left", "top", "width", "height", "font", "size"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10 10, 10] ], _
["schemes",        4, ["name", "frontbg", "backbg", "comments"], [10, 10, 10, 10] ], _
["elementcolours", 7, ["scheme", "element", "fg", "bg", "bg2", "gradtype", "gradval"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10] ], _
["colours",        7, ["name", "r", "g", "b", "rgb", "hex", "sample"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10] ], _
["sheets",         2, ["name", "comments"], [10, 10] ], _
["items",         10, ["sheet", "size", "template", "scheme", "qty", "f1", "f2", "f3", "f4", "f5"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10] ] _
]


So, two questions.

1/ Are such arrays allowed, with a variable number of dimensions ?
2/ If so, what am I doing wrong in the above code ?

Any help would be welcome.

Chris

 

Edited by ChrisEnn
removed code that wasn't between code tags

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Variable dimensions aren't supported in AutoIt. You'll need to add dummy entries and possibly a count to hold the maximum dimension(s).

Edited by jchd

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You could maybe do it like this:

Global $aStructures = [ _
[["params"],         [3],  ["parameter", "value", "comments"],                                                             [110, 150, 450]] , _
[["notes"],          [1],  ["note"],                                                                                       [500]] , _
[["sizes"],          [8],  ["name", "width", "height", "blockwidth", "blockheight", "hgridsize", "vgridsize", "comments"], [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10]] , _
[["templates"],      [2],  ["name", "comments"],                                                                           [10, 10]] , _
[["elements"],       [10], ["template", "name", "nature", "frontback", "left", "top", "width", "height", "font", "size"],  [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10]] , _
[["schemes"],        [4],  ["name", "frontbg", "backbg", "comments"],                                                      [10, 10, 10, 10]] , _
[["elementcolours"], [7],  ["scheme", "element", "fg", "bg", "bg2", "gradtype", "gradval"],                                [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10]] , _
[["colours"],        [7],  ["name", "r", "g", "b", "rgb", "hex", "sample"],                                                [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10]] , _
[["sheets"],         [2],  ["name", "comments"],                                                                           [10, 10]] , _
[["items"],          [10], ["sheet", "size", "template", "scheme", "qty", "f1", "f2", "f3", "f4", "f5"],                   [10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10]]  _
]

For $Row = 0 To UBound($aStructures) - 1
    ConsoleWrite($aStructures[$Row][0][0] & @CRLF)

    For $i = 0 To $aStructures[$Row][1][0] - 1
        ConsoleWrite(@TAB & $aStructures[$Row][2][$i])
        ConsoleWrite(" = " & $aStructures[$Row][3][$i] & @CRLF)
    Next

    ConsoleWrite(@CRLF)
Next

 

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Could use a json UDF

#include <GUIConstants.au3>
#include <WinApi.au3>
#include "Json.au3"

Global $sJsonString = '{"structure":{"params":[3,["parameter","value","comments"],[110,150,450]],"notes":[1,["note"],[500]],"sizes":[8,["name","width","height","blockwidth","blockheight","hgridsize","vgridsize","comments"],[10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10]],"templates":[2,["name","comments"],[10,10]],"elements":[10,["template","name","nature","frontback","left","top","width","height","font","size"],[10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10]],"schemes":[7,["scheme","element","fg","bg","bg2","gradtype","gradval"],[10,10,10,10,10,10,10]],"sheets":[2,["name","comments"],[10,10]],"colours":[10,["sheet","size","template","scheme","qty","f1","f2","f3","f4","f5"],[10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10,10]]}}'
Global $oJson = Json_Decode($sJsonString)
Global $hGui = GUICreate("Json Example", 800, 620)
Global $hEditJson = GUICtrlCreateEdit(Json_Encode($oJson) & @CRLF & Json_Encode($oJson, $JSON_PRETTY_PRINT, "\t", ",\r\n", "\r\n", ":"), 10, 10, 780, 280)
Global $hEditOut = GUICtrlCreateEdit("", 10, 330, 780, 280)
Global $hInput = GUICtrlCreateInput(".structure.sizes", 10, 300, 200, 20)
GUICtrlSetFont($hEditJson, 10, 400, 0, "Consolas")
GUICtrlSetFont($hEditOut, 10, 400, 0, "Consolas")
GUICtrlSetFont($hInput, 10, 400, 0, "Consolas")

GUISetState(@SW_SHOW, $hGui)

PrintStructure($oJson, ".structure.sizes")

GUIRegisterMsg($WM_COMMAND, WM_COMMAND)

While (True)
    Switch (GUIGetMsg())
        Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
            GUIDelete($hGui)
            Exit 0
    EndSwitch
WEnd

Func PrintStructure(ByRef $Object, Const ByRef $sKey)
    Local $iParams = Json_Get($oJson, $sKey & "[0]")
    GUICtrlSetData($hEditOut, $iParams & " params for key " & $sKey & @CRLF)
    For $i = 0 To $iParams - 1
        GUICtrlSetData($hEditOut, GUICtrlRead($hEditOut) & $sKey & "[1][" & $i & "] = " & Json_Get($oJson, $sKey & "[1][" & $i & "]") & @CRLF)
        GUICtrlSetData($hEditOut, GUICtrlRead($hEditOut) & $sKey & "[2][" & $i & "] = " & Json_Get($oJson, $sKey & "[2][" & $i & "]") & ($i = $iParams -1 ? "" : @CRLF))
    Next
EndFunc   ;==>PrintStructure

Func WM_COMMAND($hWndFrom, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam)
    Local $iCode = _WinAPI_HiWord($wParam)
    Local $iIDFrom = _WinAPI_LoWord ($wParam)
    Local $sKey = ""
    Local $sJson = ""
    Local $sJsonValue = ""

    Switch $iIDFrom
        Case $hInput
            Switch $iCode
                Case $EN_CHANGE
                    $sKey = StringRegExpReplace(GUICtrlRead($iIDFrom), "(?i)\.|structure", "")
                    $sJson = Json_Encode($oJson)
                    $sJsonValue = Json_Get($oJson, ".structure." & $sKey)
                    If (StringInStr($sJson, '"' & $sKey & '"')) Then
                        PrintStructure($oJson, ".structure." & $sKey)
                    ElseIf (StringRegExp($sKey, "\[|\]") and StringLen($sJsonValue)) Then
                        GUICtrlSetData($hEditOut, "Value at key '" & ".structure." & $sKey & "' = " & $sJsonValue)
                    EndIf
            EndSwitch
    EndSwitch
    Return $GUI_RUNDEFMSG
EndFunc   ;==>WM_COMMAND

 

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Thanks for your answers.

I'd thought of using JSON rather than CSV, and haven't yet made a definite decision on what format to use, but my existing files are CSV from Excel (I'm porting an existing Excel-VBA app to a standalone executable), so initially it just seemed easier to use _FileReadToArray and _FileWriteFromArray.

@trancexx: that seems exactly what I want, I'll use your solution for now, many thanks.

 

Chris

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@InonuTaishou: Your reply is interesting too, my initial reply about JSON was for my data files, but I could indeed use this for my structure array. I'll go with trancess's idea for now, as it seems easier to implement.

Edited by ChrisEnn
typo

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Another newbie question.

Using trancexx's solution above, how can I retrieve one of the sub-arrays.

This works :

Local $vVar = $aStructures[0][2][0] ; => "parameter"

but this doesn't :

Local $aArray = $aStructures[0][2]  ; => ["parameter", "value", "comments"]

Instead of retrieving the subarray, I get "Array variable has incorrect number of subscripts or subscript dimension range exceeded."

 

How can I retrieve a sub-array in one go, to then pass it as a parameter to a function ?

Thanks for your help.

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Send Location: BT3310 Action 6: Finished at line: 710 Action 7: Check if location needs to be a suite at line: 720 The 'Bathroom' is not mentioned in the Long Description. Suite not needed. at line: 1475 Action 7: Finished at line: 2186 Action 11: Send E-mail Data to it's proper field at line: 2324 Sub-Action 3: Split Long Description at line: 2522 Sub-Action 3: Finished at line: 2576 Work Order Number: 660318 Action 11: Finished at line: 2511 Change status was called at line: 2758 Sub-Action 2: Change E-mail to Read at line: 2223 Current email has been changed from Unread to Read. at line: 2226 Sub-Action 2: Finished at line: 2230 Action 16: Create New Work Order at line: 2705 Action 16: Finished at line: 2719 Current number of processed Emails is: 11 at line: 2735 Action 2: Scan for invaild E-mails at line: 215 Number of SKIPPED unread E-mails: at line: 226 Number of SKIPPED E-mails: 0 at line: 246 Action 2: Finished at line: 248 Action 4: Loop through E-mails at line: 302 Action 4: Finished at line: 361 Action 5: Store E-mail's contents at line: 371 Action 5: Finished at line: 495 Action 6: Test to Skip based on location at line: 508 Proper Building format used. Send Location: BT3411 Action 6: Finished at line: 710 Action 7: Check if location needs to be a suite at line: 720 The 'Bathroom' is not mentioned in the Description. Suite not needed. at line: 2180 Action 7: Finished at line: 2186 Action 11: Send E-mail Data to it's proper field at line: 2324 Sub-Action 3: Split Long Description at line: 2522 Sub-Action 3: Finished at line: 2576 Work Order Number: 660319 Action 11: Finished at line: 2511 Change status was called at line: 2758 Sub-Action 2: Change E-mail to Read at line: 2223 Current email has been changed from Unread to Read. at line: 2226 Sub-Action 2: Finished at line: 2230 Action 16: Create New Work Order at line: 2705 Action 16: Finished at line: 2719 Current number of processed Emails is: 12 at line: 2735 Action 2: Scan for invaild E-mails at line: 215 Number of SKIPPED unread E-mails: at line: 226 Number of SKIPPED E-mails: 0 at line: 246 Action 2: Finished at line: 248 Action 4: Loop through E-mails at line: 302 Action 4: Finished at line: 361 Action 5: Store E-mail's contents at line: 371 Action 5: Finished at line: 495 Action 6: Test to Skip based on location at line: 508 Proper Building format used. Send Location: DT4519 Action 6: Finished at line: 710 Action 7: Check if location needs to be a suite at line: 720 The 'Bathroom' is not mentioned in the Description. Suite not needed. at line: 2180 Action 7: Finished at line: 2186 Action 11: Send E-mail Data to it's proper field at line: 2324 Sub-Action 3: Split Long Description at line: 2522 Sub-Action 3: Finished at line: 2576 Work Order Number: 660320 Action 11: Finished at line: 2511 Change status was called at line: 2758 Sub-Action 2: Change E-mail to Read at line: 2223 Current email has been changed from Unread to Read. at line: 2226 Sub-Action 2: Finished at line: 2230 Action 16: Create New Work Order at line: 2705 Action 16: Finished at line: 2719 Current number of processed Emails is: 13 at line: 2735 Action 2: Scan for invaild E-mails at line: 215 Number of SKIPPED unread E-mails: at line: 226 Number of SKIPPED E-mails: 0 at line: 246 Action 2: Finished at line: 248 Action 4: Loop through E-mails at line: 302 !>12:51:55 AutoIt3.exe ended.rc:-1073741819 +>12:51:55 AutoIt3Wrapper Finished. >Exit code: 3221225477 Time: 354.6  
    • By VinMe
      I am unable to execute the below script, my requirement is to copy the content from active excel sheet and to display the same.
      Please let me know where i am missing!
      #include <Excel.au3>
      #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
      #include <Array.au3>
      #include <StringConstants.au3>
      Local $oExcel = _Excel_Open()
      $LastRow2 = $oExcel.UsedRange.Rows.Count
      $Tissue = _Excel_RangeRead($oExcel, Default, "E1:E" & $LastRow2)
      $TshNr = _Excel_RangeRead($oExcel, Default, "F1:F" & $LastRow2)
      _ArrayDisplay($Tissue)
      _ArrayDisplay($TshNr)
    • By uncommon
      So I have been reading on how to use OAuth2 Service accounts(https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/OAuth2ServiceAccount) and ran into an issue with autoit I can not solve. To keep this short to communicate to the Google API I need to use a JSON Web signature containing
      {Base64url encoded header}.{Base64url encoded claim set}.

      The Header and claim set work fine but I do not know how to convert them to a byte array using autoit. I have looked around on the forums and website but have not found anything that seems to work. Here is my code.
      #include-once #include <Array.au3> #include <Constants.au3> #include <Debug.au3> #include <File.au3> #include "Json.au3" #include <Process.au3> #include <ProgressConstants.au3> #include <String.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include "WinHttp.au3" #include <UnixTime.au3> #include <StringConstants.au3> Global $UnixTime = _TimeGetStamp() $sJWTheader = '{"alg":"RS256","typ":"JWT"}' $sJWTclaimset = '{"iss":"Removed@forprivacy.com","scope":"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets","aud":"https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v4/token","exp":' & $UnixTime + 3600 & ',"iat":' & $UnixTime & '}' Local $taiData = DllStructCreate("BYTE[256]") Local $sText = _base64($sJWTheader)&'.'&_base64($sJWTclaimset) DllStructSetData($taiData, 1, StringToBinary($sText, 4)) Local $bvResult = DllStructGetData($taiData, 1) $sJWTSigature = $bvResult $sJWT = _base64($sJWTheader)&'.'&_base64($sJWTclaimset)&'.'&_base64($sJWTSigature) $POSTHeader = "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" $hOpen = _WinHttpOpen() $hConnect = _WinHttpConnect($hOpen, "https://www.googleapis.com/") $sRead = _WinHttpSimpleSSLRequest($hConnect, "POST", "oauth2/v4/token", Default, "grant_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Agrant-type%3Ajwt-bearer&assertion=" & $sJWT) _WinHttpCloseHandle($hConnect) _WinHttpCloseHandle($hOpen) ConsoleWrite($sRead & @LF) The whole bytes thing is beyond with what I know about auotit. I can't tell what I need to fix.
       
       
    • By JackER4565
      Hi, first of all thanks to all the guys who always help people in the forums, I wouldn't be able to do anything if wasn't for your help, even if I don't ask it myself.
       
      I've created this code to get some info on a monitoring network on my work. It relays on _IETableGetCollection and _IETableWriteToArray.
      It works well, but take around 3:25 minutes to get the info from 28 pages (some of them are large and take longer to load, but most of them are small and fast).
      My question is if you see a way to get the program to go faster...
       
      I've tried to make it easy for you to understand and edited somethings with sensitive info.
      (Some of the pages doesn't have the black divider with MIRA in the end, so I need to search if it is there or not.)
       
      #include <IE.au3> #include <array.au3> Local $oIE = _IECreate("about:blank", 0, 0) Local $paginas[28] = [89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 96, 105, 113, 119, 125, 126, 129, 131, 133, 135, 137, 139, 140, 141, 144, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150, 151, 158, 159] Local $Datos_array[0][2] Local $oTable Local $tabla Local $aux_x = 1 Local $ar = 1 Local $Numtables_datos = 0 MsgBox(0, "asd", "asd") For $pag = 0 To UBound($paginas) - 1 Step 1 _IENavigate($oIE, "<WEBSITE URL>" & $paginas[$pag]) ; <<< the pages to load are always the same except for the last digits. _ArrayAdd($Datos_array, $paginas[$pag] & "|" & "Entrante", 0, "|") ; <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< adds the page number toarray [0, 0] ;############################################ START counts amount of tables with traffic $oTable = _IETableGetCollection($oIE) Local $iNumTables = @extended For $i = 3 To $iNumTables - 2 Step 1 $oTable = _IETableGetCollection($oIE, $i) $nomb_tabla2 = _IETableWriteToArray($oTable) ; <<<<<<<< TABLE TO ARRAY. $string2 = StringStripWS($nomb_tabla2[1][0], 8) If $string2 <> "MIRA" Then $Numtables_datos = $Numtables_datos + 1 Next $tabla_End = $iNumTables - $Numtables_datos ;############################################ FIN $tabla_Start = 4 $tabla_trafico = 2 For $for = 1 To $Numtables_datos Step 1 $oTable = _IETableGetCollection($oIE, $tabla_Start - 1) ; <<<<<<<<<<< NAME OF THE TABLE; row2 = mira $nomb_tabla = _IETableWriteToArray($oTable) ; <<<<<<<< TABLE TO ARRAY ;########################################### ADDS the traffic number into the row $string = StringStripWS($nomb_tabla[1][0], 8) If $string == "MIRA" Then ;si o si pasa por aca 1 vez _ArrayAdd($Datos_array, $nomb_tabla[0][0]) $nomb_aux = $nomb_tabla[0][0] $aux_x = 1 $tabla_trafico = $tabla_trafico + 2 Else ;esto deberia ser por row _ArrayAdd($Datos_array, $nomb_aux & " " & $aux_x) $aux_x = $aux_x + 1 $tabla_trafico = $tabla_trafico + 1 EndIf $oTable = _IETableGetCollection($oIE, $tabla_trafico) Local $aTableData = _IETableWriteToArray($oTable) $bps = _ArrayToString($aTableData, "|", 0, 0, @CRLF, 0, 0) $bps = StringRight($bps, 5) $bps = StringLeft($bps, 4) $trafico_actual = _ArrayToString($aTableData, "|", 0, 0, @CRLF, 2, 2) If $bps == "Gbps" Then $trafico_actual = $trafico_actual * 1000 If $bps == "Kbps" Then $trafico_actual = $trafico_actual / 1000 $Datos_array[$ar][1] = $trafico_actual $ar = $ar + 1 If $string == "MIRA" Then $tabla_Start = $tabla_Start + 2 Else $tabla_Start = $tabla_Start + 1 EndIf Next $ar = $ar + 1 ;~ ############# CAÍDA ############ ;~ If $actual_entrante = 0 Then ;~ $xxx = 0 ;~ Do ;~ MsgBox(0, "Tráfico Caído", $paginas[$i], 5) ;~ $xxx = $xxx + 1 ;~ Until $xxx = 10 ;~ EndIf ;~ ############# CAÍDA ############. Local $Numtables_datos = 0 Next _ArrayDisplay($Datos_array, "Array display") _IEQuit($oIE) Thanks!! 


      monitoria.html
    • By supraaxdd
      Hello,
       
      I have recently tried experimenting with a new feature that I want to add to my program. I wanted to test packet loss, so I opted into a command prompt that displays the necessary data that I want. Now I want to sort out the data by using column sorting if possible by using arrays. My question is: Are you able to sort them out on CMD or is it only Excel spreadsheets?
      Below find the column I want to sort out:
       
      Pinging google.ie [2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e] with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e: time=1033ms Reply from 2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e: time=309ms Reply from 2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e: time=37ms Reply from 2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e: time=732ms Ping statistics for 2a00:1450:400b:c01::5e: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 37ms, Maximum = 1033ms, Average = 527ms I want to extract the Packet loss; the average along with all the results in the "time" column.
      Looking forward for your response!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Supra
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