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Multi "Screen" GUI Management


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Just wanted to share my functions for managing a GUI with lots of controls and many screens.

I personally feel that it is very efficient and keeps line count to a minimum.

And if it's not, I'll learn a better solution!

Note: There are some conditional veriables such as $changes and $cont that are modified by the main loop in this particular script; they are meant as an example, please don't try too hard to understand why they're used.

*Usage*

This allows you to re-state a handful of buttons in one line when doing slight GUI changes:

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $dALO, $dAAF, $dRLA) (A few buttons on a certain screen)

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $dSAV, $dCAN) (Save/Cancel buttons)

AND

A single line solution to switching a GUI "screen":

GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_HIDE)

GuiMod("DETAILS", $GUI_SHOW)

GuiMod("PLANS", $GUI_HIDE)

Another way I've used this to my advantage is as follows:

Say a GUI has 3 or 4 main screens, and 3 or 4 "form" screens.

When switching to a form screen, save the main screen that it was on to a variable; then once the user is done with the form, either submitting or cancelling, you can call the variable to revert back to the main screen it was on.

Func _GuiMod($i, $tog, $act = True)
   Switch $i
   Case "MAIN"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $changes Then
         $changes = False
         ControlClick($GUI, "", $LOGfg)
      Else
      EndIf
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 445)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB, $LOGfl, $LOGfc, $LOGfi, $LOGfg, $LOGta, $LOGvd)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $LOGtp, $LOGse)
   Case "DETAILS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 475)
      Local $cont = True
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $act Then
         If Not UpdateDetails() Then
            $cont = False
            _GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_SHOW)
         EndIf
      EndIf
      If $cont Then
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUID, $dICU, $dACC, $dCOF, $dNAM, $dCO2, $dIPW, $dEMA, $dEDI, $dLOG, $dMOD)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUPD, $dINP, $dAPL, $dALO, $dAAF, $dPLL, $dLOL, $dAFL, $dSAV, $dCAN, $dRPL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dRLA, $dACT, $dAC2, $dRET, $dDEL, $dADD, $dMQC)
      EndIf
   Case "ADD-INPUT"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nCOMi, $nCO2i, $nNAMi, $nNAMb, $nEMAi, $nPREc, $nACCc, $nICUi, $nADDi, $nNOTi)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAPLb, $nALOb, $nAAFb, $nPLAl, $nLOCl, $nAFFl, $nRPLb, $nRLAb, $nADDb, $nCLEb)
   Case "PLANS"
      If $tog <> $GUI_SHOW Or Not $changing Then
         If $act Then _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dMOD, $dLOG, $dUPD, $dDEL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dINP, $dAPL, $dALO, $dAAF, $dPLL, $dLOL, $dAFL, $dSAV, $dCAN, $dRPL, $dRLA)
      EndIf
   Case "CHANGE"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dITL, $dITC, $dAML, $dAMC, $dSCB, $dCCB, $dEAB)
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_DISABLE)
      Else
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_ENABLE)
      EndIf
   Case "NEW"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 475)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB, $nCOMl, $nCOMi, $nCO2l, $nCO2i, $nNAMl, $nNAMi, $nEMAl, $nEMAi, $nPREl, $nPREc)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nACCl, $nACCc, $nPAEb, $nICUl, $nICUi, $nADDi, $nAPLb, $nALOb, $nAAFb, $nPLAl, $nLOCl)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAFFl, $nRPLb, $nNOTl, $nNOTi, $nADDb, $nCLEb, $nLAST)
   Case "ACCESS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 330)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCd1, $ACCd2, $TYPla, $TYPli, $TYPad, $TYPde, $TYPmu, $TYPmd, $ACCla, $ACCli)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCde, $ACCmu, $ACCmd, $ACCdl, $ACCdi, $ACCal, $ACCai, $ACCaa, $taRET)
   Case "TPi"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpOPEb, $tpCREr, $tpLINr, $tpCO2i, $tpEMAi, $tpEMAl, $tpCREb, $tpCOPb, $tpCOPi, $tpCTOi, $tpCGOb)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpICUi, $tpPLAi, $tpLINb, $tpDLIb, $tpUFMi, $tpSCAl, $tpCFAr, $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPC"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpCO2l, $tpCO2i, $tpCOPl, $tpCOPi, $tpCREb, $tpCOPb, $tpSEPl, $tpCTOl, $tpCTOi, $tpCGOb, $tpLAST)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpIDNl, $tpIDNi, $tpIDNn, $tpSCAl, $tpEMAi, $tpEMAl, $tpCFAr, $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPL"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpICUl, $tpICUi, $tpPLAl, $tpPLAi, $tpLINb, $tpDLIb, $tpUFMl, $tpUFMi, $tpIMAb, $tpIMRb)
   Case "TPH"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpUFMl, $tpUFMi, $tpCOCl, $tpCOCi, $tpCOGb)
   Case "TPD"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpDIDl, $tpDIDi, $tpDIDb)
   EndSwitch
EndFunc

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $c0 = 0, $c1 = 0, $c2 = 0, $c3 = 0, $c4 = 0, $c5 = 0, $c6 = 0, $c7 = 0, $c8 = 0, $c9 = 0, $c10 = 0, $c11 = 0, $c12 = 0)
   For $i = 0 To @NumParams
      GUICtrlSetState(Eval("c" & $i), $tog)
   Next
EndFunc

 

Edited by Aphotic
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I see only functions.
Can you post also example to show us how to use it ?

 

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Small question/suggestion for your _ToggleCTRL function.  Why not just provide an array to the function?  That way you don't limit yourself to x (12) manually defined parameters and you eliminate the extra overhead from the Eval function.

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On ‎11‎/‎11‎/‎2016 at 4:30 PM, mLipok said:

I see only functions.
Can you post also example to show us how to use it ?

 

Edited the first post.

On ‎11‎/‎14‎/‎2016 at 2:54 PM, spudw2k said:

Small question/suggestion for your _ToggleCTRL function.  Why not just provide an array to the function?  That way you don't limit yourself to x (12) manually defined parameters and you eliminate the extra overhead from the Eval function.

Sometimes, I call the ToggleCTRL function with different groups of control variables, maybe even just two to three.

I like your idea, although I wish I could call it with something like:

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, [$nALOb, $nAAFb])

I don't like the idea of having to declare a local variable every time before calling it, unless I'm missing something...

Local $tcArr = [$nALOb, $nAAFb]

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $tcArr)

The idea is to reduce the line count in the main script logic; please advise?

 

Thank you to you both!

 

 

Edited by Aphotic
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Well, you're right...you'd have to define the arrays, but not every time (unless it truly needs to be dynamic).  You could declare arrays for each collection of controls at the beginning of your script.  

edit:
Another idea I thought of to simply the array creation....you could use StringSplit to create an array from a character delimited string with your control IDs.  Really cutting out the Eval overhead is what I was suggesting.  

Edited by spudw2k
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21 hours ago, spudw2k said:

Well, you're right...you'd have to define the arrays, but not every time (unless it truly needs to be dynamic).  You could declare arrays for each collection of controls at the beginning of your script.  

edit:
Another idea I thought of to simply the array creation....you could use StringSplit to create an array from a character delimited string with your control IDs.  Really cutting out the Eval overhead is what I was suggesting.  

Yeah, I'd rather not define an array that's going to be used once.

The delimited string idea is perfect, thank you very much; I'll edit the first post with that!

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I'm not sure if I prefer this method. It may reduce the need for Eval and turn it into a one line solution, although I've never had issues with performance when using Eval and the method I'm currently using is a tad easier to read.

Func _GuiMod($i, $tog, $act = True)
   Switch $i
   Case "MAIN"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $changes Then
         $changes = False
         ControlClick($GUI, "", $LOGfg)
      Else
      EndIf
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 445)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB &"|"& $LOGfl &"|"& $LOGfc &"|"& $LOGfi &"|"& $LOGfg &"|"& $LOGta &"|"& $LOGvd &"|"& $LOGtp &"|"& $LOGse)
   Case "DETAILS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 475)
      Local $cont = True
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $act Then
         If Not UpdateDetails() Then
            $cont = False
            _GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_SHOW)
         EndIf
      EndIf
      If $cont Then
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUID &"|"& $dICU &"|"& $dACC &"|"& $dCOF &"|"& $dNAM &"|"& $dCO2 &"|"& $dIPW &"|"& $dEMA &"|"& $dEDI &"|"& $dLOG &"|"& $dMOD)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUPD &"|"& $dINP &"|"& $dAPL &"|"& $dALO &"|"& $dAAF &"|"& $dPLL &"|"& $dLOL &"|"& $dAFL &"|"& $dSAV &"|"& $dCAN &"|"& $dRPL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dRLA &"|"& $dACT &"|"& $dAC2 &"|"& $dRET &"|"& $dDEL &"|"& $dADD &"|"& $dMQC)
      EndIf
   Case "ADD-INPUT"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nCOMi &"|"& $nCO2i &"|"& $nNAMi &"|"& $nNAMb &"|"& $nEMAi &"|"& $nPREc &"|"& $nACCc &"|"& $nICUi &"|"& $nADDi &"|"& $nNOTi)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAPLb &"|"& $nALOb &"|"& $nAAFb &"|"& $nPLAl &"|"& $nLOCl &"|"& $nAFFl &"|"& $nRPLb &"|"& $nRLAb &"|"& $nADDb &"|"& $nCLEb)
   Case "PLANS"
      If $tog <> $GUI_SHOW Or Not $changing Then
         If $act Then _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dMOD &"|"& $dLOG &"|"& $dUPD &"|"& $dDEL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dINP &"|"& $dAPL &"|"& $dALO &"|"& $dAAF &"|"& $dPLL &"|"& $dLOL &"|"& $dAFL &"|"& $dSAV &"|"& $dCAN &"|"& $dRPL &"|"& $dRLA)
      EndIf
   Case "CHANGE"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dITL &"|"& $dITC &"|"& $dAML &"|"& $dAMC &"|"& $dSCB &"|"& $dCCB &"|"& $dEAB)
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_DISABLE)
      Else
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_ENABLE)
      EndIf
   Case "NEW"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 475)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB &"|"& $nCOMl &"|"& $nCOMi &"|"& $nCO2l &"|"& $nCO2i &"|"& $nNAMl &"|"& $nNAMi &"|"& $nEMAl &"|"& $nEMAi &"|"& $nPREl &"|"& $nPREc &"|"& $nACCl &"|"& $nACCc &"|"& $nPAEb &"|"& $nICUl &"|"& $nICUi &"|"& $nADDi &"|"& $nAPLb &"|"& $nALOb &"|"& $nAAFb &"|"& $nPLAl &"|"& $nLOCl &"|"& $nAFFl &"|"& $nRPLb &"|"& $nNOTl &"|"& $nNOTi &"|"& $nADDb &"|"& $nCLEb &"|"& $nLAST)
   Case "ACCESS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 330)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCd1 &"|"& $ACCd2 &"|"& $TYPla &"|"& $TYPli &"|"& $TYPad &"|"& $TYPde &"|"& $TYPmu &"|"& $TYPmd &"|"& $ACCla &"|"& $ACCli &"|"& $ACCde &"|"& $ACCmu &"|"& $ACCmd &"|"& $ACCdl &"|"& $ACCdi &"|"& $ACCal &"|"& $ACCai &"|"& $ACCaa &"|"& $taRET)
   Case "TPi"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpOPEb &"|"& $tpCREr &"|"& $tpLINr &"|"& $tpCO2i &"|"& $tpEMAi &"|"& $tpEMAl &"|"& $tpCREb &"|"& $tpCOPb &"|"& $tpCOPi &"|"& $tpCTOi &"|"& $tpCGOb &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpICUi &"|"& $tpPLAi &"|"& $tpLINb &"|"& $tpDLIb &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpSCAl &"|"& $tpCFAr &"|"& $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPC"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpCO2l &"|"& $tpCO2i &"|"& $tpCOPl &"|"& $tpCOPi &"|"& $tpCREb &"|"& $tpCOPb &"|"& $tpSEPl &"|"& $tpCTOl &"|"& $tpCTOi &"|"& $tpCGOb &"|"& $tpLAST &"|"& $tpIDNl &"|"& $tpIDNi &"|"& $tpIDNn &"|"& $tpSCAl &"|"& $tpEMAi &"|"& $tpEMAl &"|"& $tpCFAr &"|"& $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPL"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpICUl &"|"& $tpICUi &"|"& $tpPLAl &"|"& $tpPLAi &"|"& $tpLINb &"|"& $tpDLIb &"|"& $tpUFMl &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpIMAb &"|"& $tpIMRb)
   Case "TPH"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpUFMl &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpCOCl &"|"& $tpCOCi &"|"& $tpCOGb)
   Case "TPD"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpDIDl &"|"& $tpDIDi &"|"& $tpDIDb)
   EndSwitch
EndFunc

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ctrl)
   Local $arr = StringSplit($ctrl, "|")
   For $i = 1 To Ubount($arr)-1
      GUICtrlSetState($arr[$i], $tog)
   Next
EndFunc

 

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  • 1 month later...

Today I realized a good way to further reduce the needed code to process controls like this.

 

Local $mNamLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Name:", 8, 9)
Local $mNamIn = GUICtrlCreateInput("", 50, 5, 220, 20)
Local $mTypLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Type:", 12, 39)
Local $mTypAD = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Active Directory", 50, 35, 100)
Local $mTypIn = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Input", 160, 35, 50)
Local $mTypSe = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Select", 220, 35, 50)
Local $mADaLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Attribute Name:", 10, 71, 79)
Local $mADaIn = GUICtrlCreateInput("", 90, 67, 180)
Local $mSelLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Values:", 30, 71, 44)
Local $mSelCo = GUICtrlCreateCombo("", 75, 67, 120, 25, $CBS_DROPDOWNLIST)
Local $mSelAd = GUICtrlCreateButton("", 205, 64, 26, 26, $BS_ICON)
GUICtrlSetImage(-1, @ScriptDir & "\icons\add.ico")
Local $mSelRe = GUICtrlCreateButton("", 240, 64, 26, 26, $BS_ICON)
GUICtrlSetImage(-1, @ScriptDir & "\icons\delete.ico")
Local $mActSa = GUICtrlCreateButton("Save", 30, 105, 100, 25)
Local $mActCa = GUICtrlCreateButton("Cancel", 150, 105, 100, 25)

;Using the function below, you can use the following to toggle gui screens.
_ToggleCTRL($GUI_HIDE, "mNamLa", "mActCa")
;Further, it leaves the option to toggle a list of particular ones that are not in order if you need to
_ToggleCTRL($GUI_HIDE, $mTypLa, $mTypAD, $mTypIn, $mTypSe, $mSelLa, $mSelCo)

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $c0 = 0, $c1 = 0, $c2 = 0, $c3 = 0, $c4 = 0, $c5 = 0, $c6 = 0, $c7 = 0, $c8 = 0, $c9 = 0, $c10 = 0, $c11 = 0, $c12 = 0)
   If IsString($c0) Then
      For $i = Eval($c0) To Eval($c1)
         GUICtrlSetState($i, $tog)
      Next
   Else
      For $i = 0 To @NumParams
         GUICtrlSetState(Eval("c" & $i), $tog)
      Next
   EndIf
EndFunc

 

Edited by Aphotic
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      I wrote the code to be defaulted to 57600 like this:
      GUICtrlSetData($comboBox_opticalBaudRate, "9600|57600|115200", "57600")
      But I wanted the GUI to remember the last item the user picks so the baudrates will NOT be defaulted to 57600.
      Example, I pick 9600 as my baudrates, then I close the GUI, after opening it, it always prompt 57600 since that is what I did in my code. But I want that if I choose 9600 and close the GUI, opening it again will show 9600 now instead of 57600.
      Is there a way to do it in GUI setting?
       
      Thanks.
    • By ashraful089
      #include <ButtonConstants.au3>
      #include <ComboConstants.au3>
      #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>
      #include <WindowsConstants.au3>
      #Region ### START Koda GUI section ### Form=C:\Users\Engr. Ashraful\Videos\koda_1.7.3.0\Forms\ProgramPlayer\FormProgamToOpen.kxf
      $FormInput = GUICreate("Input", 302, 205, 454, 285)
      $Resolution = GUICtrlCreateCombo("Resolution", 80, 24, 145, 25)
      GUICtrlSetData(-1, "1920|VM1920|1366")
      $ComboProgramType = GUICtrlCreateCombo("Program Type Selection", 80, 64, 145, 25, BitOR($CBS_DROPDOWN,$CBS_AUTOHSCROLL))
      GUICtrlSetData(-1, "Multimedia|Official|Design|Web")
      $ButtonEnter = GUICtrlCreateButton("Enter", 104, 104, 75, 25)
      GUISetState(@SW_SHOW)
      #EndRegion ### END Koda GUI section ###
      While 1
          $nMsg = GUIGetMsg()
          Switch $nMsg
              Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
                  Exit
          EndSwitch
      WEnd
       
      please help me to read combo box input and use the value for another function/ work
       
    • By Aapjuh
      Hi,
      I am having a problem properly saving the Width of a resizable Gui.
      When a user resizes the Gui it gets saved in an ini when the Gui closes to then restore the new Width upon reopening the app.
      with GUICreate("myGui",300,200,Default,Default,$WS_SIZEBOX)
      WinGetPos($hGUI) returns 314, and WinGetClientSize($hGUI) returns 298
      when its then saved in the ini the gui keeps expanding or shrinking every time its opened by +14 or -2
      I figure it has to do with borders etc, but i also guess borders depend on the window theme and whatnot or is user specific, so i can't just do $GuiWidth = $GetGuiWidth[arr] -14 or +2 right?

      is there a proper way of doing this?
      Thanks in advance,
      Aapjuh
    • By It_is_me_Me
      I have provided a portion of my script (seen below) and I wanted to use what the USER will input into my IP address box and input box for TCP port. I set the IP address to use 0.0.0.0 as default and the Port to 502. But I want to let the user change it and when they click the buttons (IP Address and Port), the tooltip will show what the USER entered. How can I use the details that the User will input into my input box and IP address box and let them see what they entered when they click the buttons?
       
      Here are the scripts:
      ;-------------------------------------------------------------
      #include <ButtonConstants.au3>
      #include <ComboConstants.au3>
      #include <EditConstants.au3>
      #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>
      #include <GuiIPAddress.au3>
      #include <StaticConstants.au3>
      #include <WindowsConstants.au3>
      #include <GuiEdit.au3>
      #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
      #include <Date.au3>
      #include <TabConstants.au3>
      #include <GuiTab.au3>

      Global $Form1 = GUICreate("Security Automation", 490, 339, -1, -1)
      ;MAIN Tab
      Global $TAB = GUICtrlCreateTab(0, 0, 489, 337)
      Global $tab_main = GUICtrlCreateTabItem("Main")
      $label_Title = GUICtrlCreateLabel("ETP-073 Security", 12, 33, 103, 17)
      GUICtrlSetFont(-1, 8, 800, 0, "MS Sans Serif")
      ;-----------------TCP User input information-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      $groupBox_TCP = GUICtrlCreateGroup("TCP", 12, 49, 289, 57, BitOR($GUI_SS_DEFAULT_GROUP,$BS_FLAT))
      ;TCP IP address
      Global $IPAddress1 = _GUICtrlIpAddress_Create($Form1, 20, 81, 170, 21)
      $Label_ipAddress = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Host IP Address", 20, 65, 80, 17)
      $userInputIP = _GUICtrlIpAddress_Set($IPAddress1, "0.0.0.0")
      ;TCP Port
      $label_tcpPort = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Port", 196, 65, 23, 17)
      Global $input_tcpPort = GUICtrlCreateInput("502", 196, 81, 57, 21, BitOR($GUI_SS_DEFAULT_INPUT,$ES_CENTER))
      $userPort = GUICtrlRead($input_tcpPort)
      ;TCP Address
      $label_tcpAddress = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Addr.", 260, 65, 29, 17)
      Global $input_tcpDevAddress = GUICtrlCreateInput("1", 260, 81, 33, 21, BitOR($GUI_SS_DEFAULT_INPUT,$ES_CENTER))
      ;Buttons
      Global $btn_userIP = GUICtrlCreateButton("User IP", 308, 297, 81, 25)
      Global $btn_Port = GUICtrlCreateButton("Port", 404, 297, 75, 25)
      ;Showing the GUI
      GUISetState(@SW_SHOW)
      While 1
         $nMsg = GUIGetMsg()
         Switch $nMsg
            Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
               Exit
            Case $btn_userIP
               ToolTip($userInputIP)
            Case $btn_Port
               ToolTip($userPort)
         EndSwitch
      WEnd
      ;--------------end of script ------------------
       
      Note: There will be a "!->Includefile <WMDebug.au3> not found." Pay no attention to it.
    • By CYBRIX
      So I am a person who has learned programming off the internet, without structured courses, and I'm trying to create a UI element that can be used like "GUICtrlCreate...".

      I'd like to get some kind of insight on how to improve the code of a Graph element that I have created.
      I am unfamiliar on the standards for creating such UI elements, and assume I'll get some valuable insight here.
       
      Here's some sample code: (I tried to make it look a bit less upsetting to those who know better, but be warned: not pretty.)
      #include <WinAPISys.au3> #include <WinAPI.au3> #include <WinAPIGdi.au3> #include <Array.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <GUIConstants.au3> Local $hWnd = GUICreate("Test", 200, 200) GUISetState(@SW_SHOW, $hWnd) Local $hGraph = _GraphStartUp($hWnd, 10, 30, 180, 180) Local $nData, $nDataMax = 1000, $hDataTimer = TimerInit() While GUIGetMsg() <> $GUI_EVENT_ClOSE If TimerDiff($hDataTimer) >= 150 Then $nData = Random(0, $nDataMax) _UpdateGraph($nData) $hDataTimer = TimerInit() EndIf Sleep(20) WEnd _GraphShutDown($hWnd, $hGraph) Exit Func _GraphStartUp($hWnd, $x, $y, $w, $h, $nUpdateTimes = 1000, $nResolution = 60) Global $hBluePen = _WinAPI_CreatePen($PS_SOLID, 2, _WinAPI_RGB(220, 0, 0)) Global $hGreyPen = _WinAPI_CreatePen($PS_DASH, 1, _WinAPI_RGB(100, 100, 100)) Global $hBlackPen = _WinAPI_CreatePen($PS_SOLID, 1, _WinAPI_RGB(0, 0, 0)) Global $hWhitePen = _WinAPI_CreatePen($PS_SOLID, 1, _WinAPI_RGB(255, 255, 255)) Global $nGraphRes = $nResolution Global $aGraphData[$nGraphRes + 1] For $i = 2 To $nGraphRes $aGraphData[$i] = 0 Next Global $hWinDC = _WinAPI_GetWindowDC($hWnd) Global $nGraphX = $x Global $nGraphY = $y Global $nGraphWidth = $w Global $nGraphHeight = $h Global $nGraphXUnit = $nGraphWidth / ($nGraphRes - 1) Global $nGraphBottomY = $nGraphY + $nGraphHeight Global $nGraphMaxX = $nGraphX + $nGraphWidth Global $aUpdateArea[4][2] = [[$nGraphX - 1, $nGraphY - 1], [$nGraphX - 1, $nGraphBottomY + 1], [$nGraphMaxX + 1, $nGraphBottomY + 1], [$nGraphMaxX + 1, $nGraphY - 1]] Global $pUpdateAreaRgn = _WinAPI_CreatePolygonRgn($aUpdateArea) Global $pTextRect = _WinAPI_CreateRectEx($nGraphX + 1, $nGraphY + 1, $nGraphWidth / 2, $nGraphHeight / 4) Global $nGreatestValue = 1 GLobal $pGraphArea = _WinAPI_CreateRectEx($nGraphX - 7, $nGraphY - 26, $nGraphWidth + 14, $nGraphHeight + 2) Global $pDrawCall = DllCallbackRegister('_DrawGraph', 'none', '') Global $pGraphTimer = _WinAPI_SetTimer($hWnd, 567891234, $nUpdateTimes, DllCallbackGetPtr($pDrawCall)) _DrawGraph() Return $pGraphTimer EndFunc Func _DrawGraph() Global $hPen $nGreatestValue = _ArrayMax($aGraphData, 1, 1) $hPen = _WinAPI_SelectObject($hWinDC, $hWhitePen) _WinAPI_PaintRgn($hWinDC, $pUpdateAreaRgn) $hPen = _WinAPI_SelectObject($hWinDC, $hGreyPen) _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphX, $nGraphY, $nGraphMaxX, $nGraphY) _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphX, $nGraphY + ($nGraphHeight / 2), $nGraphMaxX, $nGraphY + ($nGraphHeight / 2)) _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphMaxX, $nGraphY, $nGraphMaxX, $nGraphBottomY) $hPen = _WinAPI_SelectObject($hWinDC, $hBluePen) For $i = 1 To $nGraphRes - 1 _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphX + (($i - 1) * $nGraphXUnit), $nGraphBottomY - ($aGraphData[$i] / $nGreatestValue * $nGraphHeight), $nGraphX + ($i * $nGraphXUnit), $nGraphBottomY - ($aGraphData[$i + 1] / $nGreatestValue * $nGraphHeight)) Next $hPen = _WinAPI_SelectObject($hWinDC, $hBlackPen) _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphX, $nGraphBottomY, $nGraphMaxX, $nGraphBottomY) _WinAPI_DrawLine($hWinDC, $nGraphX, $nGraphY, $nGraphX, $nGraphBottomY) _WinAPI_DrawText($hWinDC, Round($aGraphData[$nGraphRes], 2), $pTextRect, $DT_LEFT) EndFunc Func _UpdateGraph($nData) _ArrayAdd($aGraphData, $nData) _ArrayDelete($aGraphData, 1) EndFunc Func _GraphShutDown($hWnd, $pGraphTimer) _WinAPI_SelectObject($hWinDC, $hPen) _WinAPI_DeleteObject($hBlackPen) _WinAPI_DeleteObject($hGreyPen) _WinAPI_DeleteObject($hBluePen) _WinAPI_DeleteObject($hWhitePen) _WinAPI_ReleaseDC($hWnd, $hWinDC) _WinAPI_KillTimer($hWnd, $pGraphTimer) DllCallbackFree($pDrawCall) _WinAPI_RedrawWindow($hWnd, $pGraphArea) EndFunc  
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