Function Reference


Returns the Elements from a column of a 1D or 2D array, removing all duplicates

#include <Array.au3>
_ArrayUnique ( Const ByRef $aArray [, $iColumn = 0 [, $iBase = 0 [, $iCase = 0 [, $iCount = $ARRAYUNIQUE_COUNT [, $iIntType = $ARRAYUNIQUE_AUTO]]]]] )


$aArray The Array to use
$iColumn [optional] 0-based column to be used - default 0. (2D only)
$iBase [optional] The array is 0-based or 1-based. Default 0 : 0-based.
$iCase [optional] Flag to indicate if the operations should be case sensitive. Default 0 : not case sensitive.
$iCount [optional] Flag to determine if [0] element holds the count of returned items (default) - see Remarks for details.
$iIntType [optional] Flag to change function algorithm - see Remarks for details.

Return Value

Success: a 1-dimensional array containing only the unique elements of that Column.
Failure: sets the @error flag to non-zero.
@error: 1 - $aArray is not an array or is an empty array.
2 - $aArray is not a 1D or 2D array
3 - Invalid $iBase or $iCase value
4 - Invalid $iCount value
5 - Invalid $iIntType value
6 - $iColumn ouside array bounds
7 - Mismatch of Int32 and Int64 items - requires $iIntType to be set


Returns an array containing the unique elements.

By default $iCount is set to $ARRAYUNIQUE_COUNT (1) and a count is placed in the [0] element. Setting $iCount to $ARRAYUNIQUE_NOCOUNT (0) returns a list without a count.

The function can use a fast algorithm as long as the elements to be examined do not contain Int64 values (e.g. 64 bit integers, handles, pointers) - if these values are present then the function must use a slower algorithm. Setting the $iIntType parameter alters function behaviour as follows:

$ARRAYUNIQUE_AUTO (0) (Default)    : If first element not an integer runs fast algorithm - returns error if Int64 elements are found.
    : If first element is integer sets relevant FORCE32/64 value.
$ARRAYUNIQUE_FORCE32 (1)     : Forces all integers to Int32, runs fast algorithm - returns error if Int64 values are found.
$ARRAYUNIQUE_FORCE64 (2)     : Forces all integers to Int64, runs slow algorithm - returns error if Int32 values are found.
$ARRAYUNIQUE_MATCH (3)         : 0x00000123 and 0x0123 considered the same value, only first encountered returned - runs slow algorithm.
$ARRAYUNIQUE_DISTINCT (4)    : 0x00000123 and 0x0123 considered as distinct, both returned - runs slow algorithm.

Using other than the default $ARRAYUNIQUE_AUTO setting is only required it is known or suspected that Int64 values will be examined. The requirement to use a slower algorithm when dealing with Int64 values is a limitation of the Scripting.Dictionary object used within the function, not of AutoIt itself.


_ArrayMax, _ArrayMin


Example 1

#include <Array.au3>

Local $aArray[10] = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ; Create a 1-dimensional array that contains duplicate values.
_ArrayDisplay($aArray, "$aArray Initial") ; Display the current array.

Local $aArrayUnique = _ArrayUnique($aArray) ; Use default parameters to create a unique array.
_ArrayDisplay($aArrayUnique, "$aArray Unique") ; Display the unique array.

Example 2

#include <Array.au3>

Local $aArray[6][2] = [[1, "A"], [2, "B"], [3, "C"], [1, "A"], [2, "B"], [3, "C"]]
_ArrayDisplay($aArray, "2D array") ; Display the current array.
Local $aArrayUnique = _ArrayUnique($aArray) ; Use default parameters to create a unique array of the first column.
_ArrayDisplay($aArrayUnique, "$aArray first column") ; Display the unique array.

$aArrayUnique = _ArrayUnique($aArray, 1) ; Create a unique array of the second column.
_ArrayDisplay($aArrayUnique, "$aArray second column") ; Display the unique array.