Function Reference


Restore a file or directory that was backed up using _WinAPI_BackupRead()

#include <WinAPIFiles.au3>
_WinAPI_BackupWrite ( $hFile, $pBuffer, $iLength, ByRef $iBytes, ByRef $pContext [, $bSecurity = False] )


$hFile Handle to the file or directory to be restored. To obtain the handle, call the _WinAPI_CreateFileEx() function.
The SACLs are not restored unless the file handle was created with the $ACCESS_SYSTEM_SECURITY access right.
To ensure that the integrity ACEs are restored correctly, the file handle must also have been created with the $WRITE_OWNER access right.
$pBuffer A pointer to a buffer that the function writes data from.
$iLength The size of the buffer, in bytes. The buffer size must be greater than the size of the $tagWIN32_STREAM_ID structure.
(see MSDN for more information)
$iBytes The number of bytes written.
$pContext A pointer to an internal data structure used by this function to maintain context information during a restore operation.
You must set this variable to 0 before the first call to _WinAPI_BackupWrite() for the specified file or directory.
The function allocates memory for the data structure, and then sets the variable to point to that structure.
You must not change this variable or the variable that it points to between calls to _WinAPI_BackupWrite().
$bSecurity [optional] Specifies whether the function will restore the access-control list (ACL) data, valid values:
    True - The ACL data will be restored.
        Furthermore, you need to specify $WRITE_OWNER and $WRITE_DAC access when opening the file or directory handle.
        If the handle does not have those access rights, the operating system denies access to the ACL data, and ACL data restoration will not occur.
    False - The ACL data will be omitted (Default).

Return Value

Success: True.
Failure: False, call _WinAPI_GetLastError() to get extended error information.


The _WinAPI_BackupWrite() is not intended for use in restoring files encrypted under the Encrypted File System (EFS).

When you are done using _WinAPI_BackupWrite(), you must call _WinAPI_BackupWriteAbort() function with the appropriate parameter to release the memory used by the internal data structure.



See Also

Search BackupRead in MSDN Library.


#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
#include <WinAPIFiles.au3>
#include <WinAPIHObj.au3>
#include <WinAPIMem.au3>
#include <WinAPIProc.au3>
#include <WinAPIShPath.au3>

Local Const $sFile = @ScriptFullPath

; Enable "SeBackupPrivilege" and "SeRestorePrivilege" privileges to perform backup and restore operation
Local $hToken = _WinAPI_OpenProcessToken(BitOR($TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES, $TOKEN_QUERY))
Local $aAdjust, $aPrivileges[2] = [$SE_BACKUP_NAME, $SE_RESTORE_NAME]
_WinAPI_AdjustTokenPrivileges($hToken, $aPrivileges, $SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED, $aAdjust)
If @error Or @extended Then
    MsgBox(BitOR($MB_ICONERROR, $MB_SYSTEMMODAL), 'Error', 'You do not have the required privileges.')

; Create a memory buffer where to store the backup data
Local $iBytes = 4096 + FileGetSize($sFile)
Local $pBuffer = _WinAPI_CreateBuffer($iBytes)

; Back up a file, including the security information
Local $pContext = 0
Local $hFile = _WinAPI_CreateFileEx($sFile, $OPEN_EXISTING, $GENERIC_READ)
If Not _WinAPI_BackupRead($hFile, $pBuffer, $iBytes, $iBytes, $pContext, 1) Then
    MsgBox(BitOR($MB_ICONERROR, $MB_SYSTEMMODAL), 'Error', 'Unable to back up a file.')

; Restore a file (.bak) and the ACL data
$pContext = 0
$hFile = _WinAPI_CreateFileEx(_WinAPI_PathRenameExtension($sFile, '.bak'), $CREATE_ALWAYS, BitOR($GENERIC_WRITE, $WRITE_DAC, $WRITE_OWNER))
If Not _WinAPI_BackupWrite($hFile, $pBuffer, $iBytes, $iBytes, $pContext, 1) Then
    MsgBox(BitOR($MB_ICONERROR, $MB_SYSTEMMODAL), 'Error', 'Unable to restore a file.')

; Free the used memory

; Restore "SeBackupPrivilege" and "SeRestorePrivilege" privileges by default
_WinAPI_AdjustTokenPrivileges($hToken, $aAdjust, 0, $aAdjust)