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Several people have had problems with their GUIs freezing when they try to copy large files using FileCopy(). This is because FileCopy() is a blocking function, and the GUI stops responding to messages from the OS during the operation. If that goes on long enough, the OS thinks it is hung and you get the (Not Responding) thing going on. Here's a function that copies large files using Windows API calls in 8MB 2 MB chunks. This keeps the GUI alive and responsive. I've added additional copy verification functionality as well (disabled by default). Take a look at my A3COPY project for a great usage example of this UDF. Update: 1/31/13 - Moved a few more functions into _FileEx. - Fixed a bug in GetDiskClusterSize function. Update: 10/8/12 - Fixed bug due to missing RtlCopyMemory and RtlCompareMemory exports in x86 kernel32.dll. Now uses RtlMoveMemory and RtlCompareMemory from ntdll.dll (sorry). Update: 10/4/12 Read NOTES at top of UDF - Reduced default buffer size to 2 MB - Added flags for copying source file attributes, all three file times individually, ACL security descriptors and ownership, and NTFS specific compression and encryption - Optimized buffer creation - Enhanced path handling to fully support UNC and network conventions ( C:... , ?C:... , srvshare... , ?UNCsrvshare... ) - Removed C runtime functions (msvcrt.dll) in favor of native kernel32 functions - Code cleanup and many optimizations in LFC and the accompanying _FileEx UDF Update: 4/15/11 - Added additional verification methods - bit by bit, and size only - The default verification method (ie iFlag 8) is now bit by bit - it is faster and less computationally intensive than MD5 hashing, it also allows the function to bail out early in the case of a failed copy operation Update: 3/9/11 SCRIPT BREAKING CHANGES - Combined some parameters into one iFlags parameter - Re-ordered some parameters based on priority - Added a parameter to specify a different read buffer size - Destination file is now opened with GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE per MSDN for better compatibility copying files across a network - No longer create destination directory structure unless specified in iFlags parameter Update: 9/20/10 - Removed tracexxx's hashing functions (sorry!) in favor of a different method which is not RAM limited - Hashing algorithm can be specified (those supported by Crypt.au3: CALG_MD2, CALG_MD4, CALG_MD5, CALG_SHA1) Update: 8/26/10 - Fix for failed verification of 0 byte files - Added check for 0 byte source in RAW functions Update: 8/22/10 - Small change to CreateFile function to avoid errors when opening SYSTEM or HIDDEN files when specifying CREATE_ALWAYS. Update: 8/10/10 - Added _LargeFileCopyUnbuffered and _LargeRawCopyUnbuffered which will copy files using unbuffered I/O. - MD5 hashing of the source file / memory block is now done on the fly from the memory buffer. This avoids an additional read of the source file later on and saves time. - Destination file MD5 hashing is now done with trancexxx's nice hashing UDF. It uses the Windows API and is really fast. Update: 7/9/2010 - Added _LargeRawCopy which will copy large memory blocks (usually from an embedded resource) to a file in the same manner as _LargeFileCopy. This function also has the verify functionality via MD5 hash. Update: 7/8/2010 - Added optional user function and variable parameters. This function, if given, will be called after each write operation with the total bytes written, total file size in bytes, and the user given variable. This is perfect for a copy-with-progess type of function call. Example #NoTrayIcon #AutoIt3Wrapper_Au3Check_Parameters=-q -d -w 1 -w 2 -w 3 -w 4 -w 5 -w 6 #include <_LargeFileCopy.au3> _Main() Func _Main() Local $msg, $timer, $ret Local $src = "ubuntu-10.04-desktop-i386.iso" ; <---- path to a really large file goes here, recommended 600MB+ Local $destpath = @DesktopDir & "testdir" ; <---- destination path goes here GUICreate("File Copy Test", 250, 150) GUICtrlCreateLabel("Try to interact with the GUI during file copy...", 20, 15) Local $go = GUICtrlCreateButton("Copy Large File", 50, 50, 150, 50) Local $doing = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Ready...", 20, 120, 200) GUISetState() Do $msg = GUIGetMsg() If $msg = $go Then ; create destination path DirCreate($destpath) ; internal FileCopy() function GUICtrlSetData($doing, "FileCopy()...") $timer = TimerInit() ConsoleWrite("FileCopy:" & @CRLF) $ret = FileCopy($src, $destpath, 1) ConsoleWrite("return: " & $ret & @CRLF & "error: " & @error & @CRLF & "time: " & TimerDiff($timer) & " ms" & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite("====================" & @CRLF) ; _LargeFileCopy() UDF function GUICtrlSetData($doing, "_LargeFileCopy()...") $timer = TimerInit() ConsoleWrite("_LargeFileCopy:" & @CRLF) $ret = _LargeFileCopy($src, $destpath, 1) ConsoleWrite("return: " & $ret & @CRLF & "error: " & @error & @CRLF & "time: " & TimerDiff($timer) & " ms" & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite("====================" & @CRLF) GUICtrlSetData($doing, "Ready...") EndIf Until $msg = -3 EndFuncLargeFileCopy.zip
The project grew out of my _LargeFileCopy UDF. It is an XCOPY replacement that improves in a few areas that were important to me. First, file verification can be done via bit-by-bit comparison, file hash, or simple size comparison. Second, it supports copying NTFS file/directory compression, encryption, and ACLs. It also has an optional simple progress display. All source files are in the archive. You can ignore the compilation warnings if you use Obfuscator. This is a commandline utility, and provides help as such. All you need is 'a3copy /?' and you should be good to go. Enjoy! Update: 10/8/12 - Some fixes in _LargeFileCopy (see LFC thread) - Use DllCall versions of FindFirst/NextFile Update: 10/4/12 - Added ability to specify multiple sources to be consolidated into the destination - Added flag to flatten the output, ie during a directory copy, all files are copied to the top level of the destination - Added check for cyclic copy - Built with new and improved _LargeFileCopy, including code cleanup and many optimizations Update: 9/22/10 - Added check for destination same as source Update: 9/20/10 - Added --version switch - Changes to _LargeFileCopy UDF, updated hashing functions - Updated user input function Update: 8/26/10 - Added Aliases: custom INI defined long options - Added return codes, useful for scripting - Fix for verification of 0 byte files (fix is in _LargeFileCopy.au3) Update: 8/22/10 - Added support for EFS encryption - Small bug fixes and code cleanup Help: A3COPY 18.104.22.168 Copies file and directory trees. A3COPY source [source [source] ...] destination [options] source Specifies the file(s) to copy. destination Specifies the location and/or name of new files. /C Copy file/directory compression state (NTFS only). /E Copy also empty directories. /F Flush file buffer after each copy. /G Show copy progress of current file. /H Copy hidden or system files. /J Copy using unbuffered I/O. /K Copy file/directory attributes. /L Flatten the output into one destination directory. /N Copy file/directory encryption state (NTFS only). /O Copy file/directory ownership and ACL information (NTFS only). Requires admin rights. /P Print full paths of source and destination. /Q Don't print file names. /R Allow operations on read-only files/directories. /S Recurse into subdirectories. /T Set destination filetimes same as source. NOTE: Only one verify method will be used. The final option flag will take precedence. /V or /V1 Verify the integrity of the copied files using a bit by bit comparison. /V2 Verify the integrity of the copied files using a MD5 hash. /V3 Verify the integrity of the copied files using file size only. Not valid for unbuffered copy operations. /W Apply wildcard to folder search when using /S. /Y Overwrite destination without prompt. /Z Never overwrite destination, suppress prompt. /? This usage information. Long options: --filespec Show source/destination filespec help. --copy Same as /EHRSTVY. --backup Same as /EHKRSTVY. --clone Same as /CEHKNORSTVY. --version Print version information. --help Same as /?. Aliases: Aliases may be set up in 'a3copy.ini' in the same folder as A3COPY. The aliases are invoked in the same way as the built-in long options. Example: a3copy src dest --mycopy [aliases] mycopy=EJSV cpyroot=CKNOV Return codes: 0: no errors 1: source not found 2: invalid file name / wildcard pattern 3: one or more errors copying files Filespec help: A3COPY 22.214.171.124 Copies file and directory trees. Filespec for source/destination: If source is a single file, then destination may be a file or directory. If destination ends in a '' then a directory is assumed. If not, then a single destination file is assumed unless a direcotry of the same name already exists. If destination is a directory, then the source file name will be used for the destination file. If source is a directory or wildcard filespec, then destination is assumed to be a directory. Wildcard filespec follows standard Windows usage of '*' and '?'. When the source is a directory, if filespec does not include a wildcard then it is assumed the directory is to be copied, and the top level directory attributes will be duplicated if the appropriate switches are set (/C, /K, /N, or /O). If the source filespec includes a wildcard, then it is assumed directory contents are to be copied, and the top level directory attributes will not be duplicated.a3copy.zip