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DCCD

How to check if DllCall will work before calling a function

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Hi everybody, To give you an idea, take a look at this simple example of a message box using DllCall function.

$result = DllCall("user32.dll", "int", "MessageBox", "hwnd", 0, "str", "Some text", "str", "Some title", "int", 0)

The question is how to check if DllCall will work before the message box appear?

Thanks & any help would be greatly appreciated..

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DCCD,

Are you trying to see if a dll is present on the machine and ready to use? Perhaps you could make a hidden call to the same dll earlier in the script and see if you get an error response. :oops:

M23


Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind._______My UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

 

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@Melba23, thanks a lot.

let's say i have another Dll has a func that i'd like to use, unfortunately if i call that func and it is being used by another process caused an unexpected error.

Actually the DllCall return value has a lot of helpful information about the error but unfortunately too late!.

About the hidden call, I tried hard to understand that but no luck! what do you mean by the hidden call?

Thanks again..

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DCCD,

I came up with the "hidden call" idea because I thought you were checking for the availabilty of the DLL in general, not just a single function. The idea was that you would just use a simple call to the DLL with no visible effect on your script to see if it returned correctly. :bye:

As to your actual requirement to check if a specific function is in use - I am afraid I have no idea. But if it is critical, why not put the call into a loop like this pseudo-code:

start loop
    call dll
    if not error exitloop
    sleep
reloop
if we get here then the call succeeded

Then you will keep calling until your call is successful.. You may want to add a loop counter and abandon the call if yo get too many failures. :doh:

Any help? :oops:

M23


Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind._______My UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

 

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let's say i have another Dll has a func that i'd like to use, unfortunately if i call that func and it is being used by another process caused an unexpected error.

That's nonsense.

DllCall() is advanced AutoIt feature for advanced users. The fact that you have managed to construct quoted sentence means you shouldn't be using DllCall() yet. Learn more.

As for DLL availability (check even), use DllOpen() function.


♡♡♡

.

eMyvnE

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Did you create the offending DLL yourself?

If yes, care to show us the full code/data of the DLL function you invoke?

If not, which DLL are you talking about and why is it built in such a wrong way that it misbehaves?


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SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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That's nonsense.

DllCall() is advanced AutoIt feature for advanced users. The fact that you have managed to construct quoted sentence means you shouldn't be using DllCall() yet. Learn more.

As for DLL availability (check even), use DllOpen() function.

Do i really need to use DllOpen() function, to check a specific function?, i don't think so..

Did you create the offending DLL yourself?

If yes, care to show us the full code/data of the DLL function you invoke?

If not, which DLL are you talking about and why is it built in such a wrong way that it misbehaves?

Actually no, it's not mine, there's nothing wrong with the Dll file, it's simple as my first

How to get some information or check if MessageBox function exists before the message box appear?

DllCall("user32.dll", "int", "MessageBox", "hwnd", 0, "str", "Some text", "str", "Some title", "int", 0)

@trancexx & @jchd, Thank You, all of you

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#8 ·  Posted (edited)

See the functions _WinAPI_LoadLibrary() and _WinAPI_GetProcAddress()

If you can get the address in the DLL of the procedure, chances are it exists in the DLL.

As far as some other program already having a function in use, DLL code is shared but the data is exclusive to each process (aside from specifically created shared data segments etc..)

Unless you are manipulating some hardware or have a locked file, it shouldn't matter if some program is using a function in a DLL. Windows calls are almost all in DLLs and many processes use them all the time.

Edited by MilesAhead

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      ;Credentials Manager #include <array.au3> #include <WinAPI.au3> ;Needed for the _WinAPI_GetLastError() ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;----- Add items into the Credentials Store ---------------------------- ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;~ _Cred_Add("MyCredStored", "ItsMe", "Secret1", "", 1) ;Add a Local Credentials so we can test the retrieval of a password ;~ $aAddCred = _Cred_Add("MyServer", "Domain\adminAccount", "MyS3cr3+P@ssw0rd") ;Add domain Credentials that can only be used with RDP and other such items ;~ _ArrayDisplay($aAddCred, "AddCred") ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;----- Retrieve Credentials from the Credentials Store ----------------- ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;~ $aCreds = _Cred_Get("MyServer", 2) ;Retrieve Domain Cred's, won't have password in it ;~ _ArrayDisplay($aCreds, "Credentials") $aCreds = _Credentials_Enumerate() ;Get a list of all credentials currently stored on the system **(DOES NOT WORK)** ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;----- Delete a Credential from the Credentials Store ------------------ ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;~ _Cred_Delete("MyServer") ;Delete the specified item from the Credential Store ;~ For $d = 1 to UBound($aCreds) - 1 ;~ _Cred_Delete($aCreds[$d][0]) ;Loop to delete all items found. **(DOES NOT WORK)** ;~ Next ;------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;================================================================================================ ;===== Add a Credential into the Credentials Store ============================================= ;================================================================================================ Func _Cred_Add($sTarget, $sUser, $sPassword, $sComm = "", $iType = 2) ;Type: 2=Domain, 1=Local Local $structTarget = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") ; Create a structure to hold the Target object name DllStructSetData($structTarget, 1, $sTarget) ; Insert the target name into that Structure Local $structUser = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") ; Create a structure to hold the UserName to use DllStructSetData($structUser, 1, $sUser) ; Insert the user name into the structure Local $structPwd = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") ; Create a structure to hole the password to use DllStructSetData($structPwd, 1, $sPassword) ; Insert the password into the structure Local $structComment = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") ; I don't see where this is used, but was in all the examples DllStructSetData($structComment, 1, $sComm) Local $structCREDENTIAL= "" & _ "DWORD Flags;" & _ "DWORD Type;" & _ "Ptr TargetName;" & _ "Ptr Comment;" & _ "UINT64 LastWritten;" & _ "DWORD CredintialBlobSize;" & _ "Ptr CredentialBlob;" & _ "DWORD Persist;" & _ "DWORD AttributeCount;" & _ "ptr Attributes;" & _ "Ptr TargetAlias;" & _ "Ptr Username" Local $NewCred = DllStructCreate($structCREDENTIAL) If @error Then MsgBox(0, "NewCred", "Error in DllStructCreate " & @error); Exit EndIf DllStructSetData($NewCred,"Flags",0) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"Type",$iType) ;2 = Domain, 1 = Generic DllStructSetData($NewCred,"TargetName",DllStructGetPtr($structTarget)) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"Persist",3) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"AttributeCount",0) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"UserName",DllStructGetPtr($structUser)) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"CredentialBlob",DllStructGetPtr($structPwd)) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"CredintialBlobSize",StringLen($sPassword)*2) DllStructSetData($NewCred,"Comment",DllStructGetPtr($structComment)) Local $hAdvapi32 = DllOpen("Advapi32.dll") If $hAdvapi32 = -1 Then Msgbox(0, "Error", "Failed to connect to the Credentials Store") Exit Endif $Ret = DllCall($hAdvapi32, 'bool', 'CredWriteW', 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($NewCred), 'dword', 0) $NewCred = 0 If IsArray($Ret) Then Return $Ret Else Return SetError(1) EndIf EndFunc ;_Cred_Add ;================================================================================================ ;===== Retrieve the Credentials for the specified item ========================================= ;================================================================================================ Func _Cred_Get($sTarget, $iType = 1) ;Type: 2=Domain, 1=Local. CAN'T RETURN DOMAIN PASSWORDS!!! Local $FuncRet[3] Local $structTarget = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") DllStructSetData($structTarget,1,$sTarget) Local $hAdvapi32 = DllOpen("Advapi32.dll") If $hAdvapi32 = -1 Then Msgbox(0, "Error", "Failed to connect to the Credentials Store") Exit Endif Local $Ret = DllCall($hAdvapi32, 'bool', 'CredReadW', 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($structTarget), 'dword', $iType, 'dword', 0, 'ptr*', 0) if $ret[0]=0 then Return SetError(1,0,$FuncRet) Local $structCREDENTIAL= "" & _ "DWORD Flags;" & _ "DWORD Type;" & _ "Ptr TargetName;" & _ "Ptr Comment;" & _ "UINT64 LastWritten;" & _ "DWORD CredintialBlobSize;" & _ "Ptr CredentialBlob;" & _ "DWORD Persist;" & _ "DWORD AttributeCount;" & _ "Ptr Attributes;" & _ "Ptr TargetAlias;" & _ "Ptr Username" Local $tdata=DllStructCreate($structCREDENTIAL, $Ret[4]) Local $userName = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'Username')) Local $User = DllStructGetData($userName, 1) Local $CredentialBlobSize = DllStructGetData($tdata, 'CredintialBlobSize') Local $credentialBlob = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'CredentialBlob')) Local $Password = StringLeft(DllStructGetData($credentialBlob, 1), $CredentialBlobSize/2) Local $Comment = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'Comment')) Local $Comm = DllStructGetData($Comment, 1) Dim $FuncRet[] = [$User, $Password, $Comm] Return $FuncRet EndFunc ;_Cred_Get ;================================================================================================ ;===== Delete a specified item from the Credentials Store ====================================== ;================================================================================================ Func _Cred_Delete($sTarget, $iType = 2) ;Type: 2=Domain, 1=Local Local $structTarget = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]") ;Create a structure to hold the object name we want to delete DllStructSetData($structTarget, 1, $sTarget) ;Insert the Object Name into the Structure Local $hAdvapi32 = DllOpen("Advapi32.dll") If $hAdvapi32 = -1 Then Msgbox(0, "Error", "Failed to connect to the Credentials Store") Exit Endif ;Now send all the info into the DLL to delete the item $Ret = DllCall($hAdvapi32, 'bool', 'CredDeleteW', 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($structTarget), 'dword', $iType, 'dword', 0) ;$iType 2 = Domain, 1 = Local EndFunc ;_Cred_Delete ;================================================================================================ ;===== Return a 2D array with the Target, UserName, Password for every item ==================== ;===== in the Credentials Store ==================== ;================================================================================================ Func _Credentials_Enumerate() ;https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa374794(v=vs.85).aspx ;https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/topic/99705-credenumerate-function-call/?do=findComment&comment=715159 Local $aResult Local $structCREDENTIAL = "DWORD Flags;" & _ "DWORD Type;" & _ "Ptr TargetName;" & _ "Ptr Comment;" & _ "UINT64 LastWritten;" & _ "DWORD CredintialBlobSize;" & _ "Ptr CredentialBlob;" & _ "DWORD Persist;" & _ "DWORD AttributeCount;" & _ "Ptr Attributes;" & _ "Ptr TargetAlias;" & _ "Ptr Username" $aResult = DllCall('advapi32.dll', 'int', 'CredEnumerateW', _ ;Call the Unicode version of CredEnumerate 'wstr', Null, _ ;Don't use any filter since I want everything returned 'uint', 1, _ ;1 = CRED_ENUMERATE_ALL_CREDENTIALS 'uint*', '', _ ;Return the Count of all stored credentials 'ptr*', '') ;Returns a pointer to an Array of pointers? If @error Or ($aResult[0] = 0) Then ConsoleWrite('Error: ' & @error & @TAB & 'Extended: ' & @extended & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite(_WinAPI_GetLastError() & @CRLF) ;1168 = Nothing matches the filter, 1312 = no credential set for this user, 1004 = Flag/Filter options are wrong Return SetError(1) EndIf ConsoleWrite("DllCall Returned = " & $aResult[0] & @CRLF & "Credential Count = " & $aResult[3] & @CRLF & "Pointer to Creds Array = " & $aResult[4] & @CRLF) For $c = 2 to $aResult[3] ;Create enough struct for each item in each credential found $structCREDENTIAL &= "DWORD Flags;" & _ "DWORD Type;" & _ "Ptr TargetName;" & _ "Ptr Comment;" & _ "UINT64 LastWritten;" & _ "DWORD CredintialBlobSize;" & _ "Ptr CredentialBlob;" & _ "DWORD Persist;" & _ "DWORD AttributeCount;" & _ "Ptr Attributes;" & _ "Ptr TargetAlias;" & _ "Ptr Username" Next Local $tdata = DllStructCreate($structCREDENTIAL, $aResult[4]) ;Insert all the data from the array of pointers into this struct Local $FullTarget = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'TargetName')) ;Create and Get the array storing TargetName Local $userName = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'Username')) ;Create and Get the array storing Username Local $CredentialBlobSize = DllStructGetData($tdata, 'CredintialBlobSize') ;Get the password blob Local $credentialBlob = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'CredentialBlob')) ;Create and get the password text Local $Comment = DllStructCreate("wchar[100]", DllStructGetData($tdata, 'Comment')) ;Don't see a need for comments ;Retrieve the data For $c = 1 to $aResult[3] Local $Target = DllStructGetData($FullTarget, $c) ;Retrieve the Target Name from the item # Local $User = DllStructGetData($userName, $c) ;Retrieve the User Name from the item # Local $Password = StringLeft(DllStructGetData($credentialBlob, $c), $CredentialBlobSize/2) ;Retrieve the password, Only works for 1, legacy. domain creds will not return passwords Local $Comm = DllStructGetData($Comment, $c) ;Don't need comments but getting it since it's in all the examples ConsoleWrite("Loop = " & $c & ": Target = " & $Target & ": UserName = " & $User & ": Comment = " & $Comm & @CRLF) Next If $aResult[3] > 0 Then $aCreds = DllCall('advapi32.dll', 'none', 'CredFree', 'ptr', $aResult[4]) ;This is just used to release the pointer. Call when done EndIf EndFunc ;_Credentials_Enumerate