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Automate all windows and browser applications with one UDF function library. Based on the microsoft automation API this library high level supports Recognition of conttrols from EDGE, Chrome, FF

Quickstart  Unzip the 2 zips (UIA*.zip and examples*.zip) of post #1 Start simplespy.au3 Hover your mouse over the element you want to handle Press ctrl+w Copy / past

@TheSaint no problem, bear in mind I am working (slowly) on a new spy to integrate all different spying tools so far seen. Will have different tabs with more/les information, more different ways

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I used simplespy to get the code for an element I want to click on Power BI Online webpage. If I have the web page open in Microsoft Edge (I'm required to use this browser) and run the code below it works just fine.

;~ *** Standard code maintainable ***
#include "UIAWrappers.au3"
AutoItSetOption("MustDeclareVars", 1)
_UIA_setVar("oUIElement","Title:=Power BI Workload2;ControlType:=UIA_HyperlinkControlTypeId;classname:=name trimmedTextWithEllipsis ng-star-inserted")
_UIA_action("oUIElement","click")

If I add a step to open the browser and web page first then it doesn't work. It doesn't give an error. It just doesn't click the web page element.

#include "UIAWrappers.au3"
AutoItSetOption("MustDeclareVars", 1)

ShellExecute("https://app.powerbi.com/groups/me/list")
Sleep("4000")
_UIA_setVar("oUIElement","Title:=Power BI Workload2;ControlType:=UIA_HyperlinkControlTypeId;classname:=name trimmedTextWithEllipsis ng-star-inserted")
_UIA_action("oUIElement","click")

I thought maybe it page didn't have focus after it opened so I added a WinActivate for the browser window but that didn't help. I noticed that when the browser is opened using ShellExecute the search box o the page has focus and I can see the cursor flashing there. I tried sending a click to the page to get the cursor out of the search box in case that was an issue but that didn't help either. 

Any ideas on what the issue may be?

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First thing to do is to use some highlight action's to see if its finding anything

I frequently have this as part of debugging and simplespy is giving you those basics

  1. Find and highlight the browser
  2. Find and highlight the document area
  3. Start finding and highlighting some elements
  4. DumpThemAll function will dump whatever is on screen to a lenghty file that you can analyze

Only if above 4 work I start with clicking, screenshotting etc.

The UIAWrappers contains "smart" finding where I know from there are issues in it so to really make sure you are not hitting an issue of the wrappers you can try to use the lower level MS UIA functions. 

Take also a look at @LarsJspy application and examples in the forum to get more feeling with the underlying patters for invoke which the wrappers have hidden away.

 

 

 

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@junkew I have my code working but I have an issue. I have my code loop to perform the same actions 5 times. On the second pass, when it executes the first click, I get this very vague error message:

"C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\Include\UIAWrappers.au3" (1673) : ==> Array variable has incorrect number of subscripts or subscript dimension range exceeded.:
$x = Int($t[1] + ($t[3] / 2))
$x = Int($t[1] + (^ ERROR
>Exit code: 1    Time: 559.6

I don't know exactly which line in my code is causing the error. Do you know what this error means, or is there something I can do to turn on more detailed error info?

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Posted (edited)

I tried to capture the error using If @error but that didn't work. I tried to using a unique name for the _UIA_setVar and _UIA_Action for each pass (i.e. element1 for pass one, element2 for pass two) and that worked. Is this the best way to avoid the error or is there something else I can do?

Edited by PeterlFF
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Most likely you hit a bug in the wrappers. It uses an internal caching logic in an array with "RTI." prefix for Runtime Type Information 
You can clean this "cache" with below function

func _UIAResetRTIVars()
    for $i=(ubound($uia_vars, 1)-1) to 0 step -1
        if stringleft($uia_vars[$i][0],stringlen($cRTI_Prefix))=$cRTI_Prefix Then
            _ArrayDelete($UIA_Vars,$i)
        EndIf
    next
EndFunc

;~ example
_ArrayDisplay($UIA_Vars)
_UIAResetRTIVars()
_ArrayDisplay($UIA_Vars)
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@junkew I have tried this on 2 other systems and I have had issues. The first system I was able to adjust the code a little and it now is working. On the third system it errors out on the first click it tries to make. I have confirmed it has the same version of windows and is using Microsoft Edge like my system. 

The error is Line 26600, Error: Subscript used on non-accessible variable. This is the first click I send so no need to clean the cache. 

The error just lists my EXE so not sure where line 26600 is. Is there anyway to get more detailed error information?

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1. Get example 1 to work and understand it

2. Use simplespy on your application and get that generated code working

3. Give your details of the error: Most likely your description of the object is just incorrect or just differently nested. All this information is in the log after you run _uia_dumpthemall

4. Most likely it errors in Func _UIA_action

and you can see in log :Not an object failing action

            _UIA_LOG("Not an object failing action " & $strAction & " on " & $obj_or_string & @CRLF, $UIA_Log_Wrapper)
or it errors on 

            $t = StringSplit(_UIA_getPropertyValue($obj2ActOn, $UIA_BoundingRectanglePropertyId), ";")

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  • 1 month later...
On 4/23/2022 at 3:57 AM, junkew said:

You can set textvalues directly but then you have to study how this uia model works. Its a huge model and there are many ways to get values into a textbox completely depending on its class. Why do you not want to activate a window?

I can type into text box with type and typetext: _UIA_action("comment","type","this is a test")

comment is title of the window which has a textbox inside it. But it activates the window first which I don't want.

This one shows a red border around the window but doesn't activate or type anything. _UIA_action("comment","send","this is a test")

This is the inspection of textbox: image.png.982949018168301398c91b40a0dd6ac1.png

and sometimes it is like this: image.png.7cc39796a9ca46445137c88141035451.png

I need to send a text into textbox without activating the window.

I appreciate any help.

 

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For that you have to study the code within the wrapper functions.

the type action is like sending keys. 

you are looking more for settextvalue action

It really depends on the text box if you can set or retrieve values without activating it. Look for uia textpattern and valuepattern.

Many controls do not fully support these patterns and as such the wrappers fallback to just some kind of sendkeys after setting focus to the control.

 

 

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flaui and this uiawrappers all make use of the microsoft technology UIA automation and boils down to uiautomationcore.dll which is the unmanaged com version dll. Not sure where flaui defines uia2/uia3 but here is where MS has documented the foundation.
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/winauto/entry-uiautocore-overview a usefull library where i based the uiawrappers udf on.

This wrapper is around what flaui calls uia2 but as said I don't know that description from MS itself. UIA3 you refer to is the .net managed dll version but both give also access to iaccessible.iaccessible2 interface.

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