1 post in this topic
I'm trying to read a binary file to an array but couln't get it to work.
Also I coul not find any help in the forum around this subject whish was helpfull.
Is there any way it could be done?
I tried a lot of ways but maybe somebody know's the right way?
#AutoIt3Wrapper_Au3Check_Parameters=-d -w 1 -w 2 -w 3 -w 4 -w 5 -w 6 -w 7 #include <File.au3> #include <Array.au3> #include <AutoItConstants.au3> Local $in=FileOpen("TEST_labels.idx1-ubyte",16) ; 16+0=Read binary Local $data = FileRead($in) Local $FileArray = BinaryToString($data,4) ;~ $FileArray = StringSplit($BinarydData, @CRLF, 1+2) ;~ Local $FileArray = StringRegExp($BinarydData, "[^\r\n]+", 3) FileClose($in) _ArrayDisplay($FileArray,"$FileArray","",32) MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "", "$FileArray = " & $FileArray )
I'm trying to figure out a method to translate one or multiple USHORT values into one large bitfield and i am slowly getting a headache figuring out an effective way to perform this.
The bitfield tells my routine which columns entities are *not* present in a record in the database structure i am reading (The so-called NULL values).
This also means that the byte-block beloging to that field, is not present within that file. This is a very simple form of low-level database compression technique.
I have several different database files, and they contain different amounts of columns with various mixed data-type forms.
The logic of the bit-range is that for each group of columns, one bitfield is stuffed into a USHORT, once the boundaries of the lower logic are reached, the bitfield continues in a next set of a USHORT value.
The USHORT blocks are stored in low to high order order inside the file and have to be swapped to get the correct binary representation.
Below snippet displays the details of the structure, starting with the (in this case) three USHORT bitfields.
The next range of figures is the binary representation of these bitfields *when* shifted (i have done this all manually) and combined in the proper order.
Some of the bitranges are between parentheses: when a column represents a char range, the database structure has two types of bit definitions:odd (01) for numeric fields and even (10) for char fields.
bit1 bit2 bit3 bit-range representation of bitfields 3-1 Col-Title column-type 0100 0000 0000 00000000000000000000000000000000000000000001 Column1 (DWORD) 0800 0000 0000 (00000000000000000000000000000000000000001000)Column2 (CHAR) 2000 0000 0000 (00000000000000000000000000000000000000100000)Column3 (CHAR) 8000 0000 0000 (00000000000000000000000000000000000010000000)Column4 (CHAR) 0002 0000 0000 (00000000000000000000000000000000001000000000)Column5 (CHAR) 0004 0000 0000 00000000000000000000000000000000010000000000 Column6 (DWORD) 0010 0000 0000 00000000000000000000000000000001000000000000 Column7 (DWORD) 0040 0000 0000 00000000000000000000000000000100000000000000 Column8 (DWORD) 0000 0100 0000 00000000000000000000000000010000000000000000 Column9 (DWORD) 0000 0400 0000 00000000000000000000000001000000000000000000 Columna (DWORD) 0000 1000 0000 00000000000000000000000100000000000000000000 Columnb (BOOLEAN) 0000 4000 0000 00000000000000000000010000000000000000000000 Columnc (BOOLEAN) 0000 0001 0000 00000000000000000001000000000000000000000000 Columnd (BOOLEAN) 0000 0004 0000 00000000000000000100000000000000000000000000 Columne (BOOLEAN) 0000 0010 0000 00000000000000010000000000000000000000000000 Columnf (BOOLEAN) 0000 0040 0000 00000000000001000000000000000000000000000000 Column10 (DWORD) 0000 0000 0100 00000000000100000000000000000000000000000000 Column11 (DWORD) 0000 0000 0800 (00000000100000000000000000000000000000000000)Column12 (CHAR) 0000 0000 1000 00000001000000000000000000000000000000000000 Column13 (DWORD) 0000 0000 8000 (00001000000000000000000000000000000000000000)Column14 (CHAR) 0000 0000 0002 00100000000000000000000000000000000000000000 Column15 (CHAR) Each database does have a fixed column definition setting, but the order and field-types (char/numeric) within that table can vary per database file.
So figuring out which field is or isn´t present without necessarily knowing it is a char/type or numeric i am using a BitAND() construction with bit pairs of "11" which are in the order of 0x03, 0x0c, 0x30, 0xc0, 0x300, 0xc00, etc.
Regardless of the field type, i would get in that case always a difference if this field is marked as "nul"
I do know my way around reading 16-bit binaries and getting past the "no-consecutive 32-bit datablocks" issue when using WINAPI_ReadFile() but regarding how to transform multiple USHORT values into one large bitfield using bitshifting methods: I could use some crash course here since depending on the column number i have to construct either a USHORT, ULONG or even a 64/bit hex value...
I know WINAPI_ReadFile() performs the endian correction for the USHORT value, but when i have multiple of these pairs, i need to perform some multiplications (with risk of crashing the program by exceeding a variable's type value limitation) to add these numbers up and i have the feeling that using bitshifting, works faster and more effective but....
What is the most effective way to combine these USHORT values into one ULONG/SYSTEMLong value?
I'm searching a way to do xor and shift and if possible also other operations. Thanks in advance for the replies.
I'm too stupid to see my mistake:
To investigate the internal "dictionary" of TIFF files I'd like to read in the files in binary mode and to check, if there are more than one pages "in" this TIFF.
Notepad++, "View as Hex" is presenting the first bytes as "49 49 2a 20 08 20 20 20 12" for the TIF attached to this posting
The "TIFF Header Format" is easy:
Offset 00h, 2 Byte = Byte Order, "II"=intel, "MM"=motorola. (I = 0x49)
Offset 02h, 2 Byte = Version Nr.
Offset 04h, 4 Byte = pointer to first IFD entry
Description of TIFF header: https://www.awaresystems.be/imaging/tiff/faq.html#q3
Howto read and analyse the binary content correctly? This is my messy, not operational code:
$sampleTiff="H:\daten\tif\11\11\111111.TIF" $h=FileOpen($sampleTiff,16) $content=FileRead($h) ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $content = ' & $content & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console FileClose($h) $type=VarGetType($content) ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $type = ' & $type & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console $ToString=BinaryToString($content) ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $ToString = ' & $ToString & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console ConsoleWrite(@CRLF & @CRLF) $content=StringTrimLeft($content,2) ; cut off the leading "0x" ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $content = ' & $content & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console for $i = 1 to 8 step 8 $next=StringMid($content,$i,2) ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $next = ' & $next & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console $Chr=BinaryToString($next) ConsoleWrite('@@ Debug(' & @ScriptLineNumber & ') : $Chr = ' & $Chr & @CRLF & '>Error code: ' & @error & @CRLF) ;### Debug Console ConsoleWrite(@CRLF & "---" & @CRLF) Next Regards, Rudi.
When I am trying to compile the autoit files with aut2exe.
I am getting below error.
There is no issue in code as the same code is getting compiled on different machine.
I tried reinstalling the AUtoIT, but the issue replicates.