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Myicq

[Solved] ArrayInsert and overwrite

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I am currently doing a project involving keeping some parameters in an internal 2d array. I am reading part of that to and from an ini file.

As part of the reading I need to put the variables from the ini file into the 2D array. I have found _arrayinsert(), but that creates additional lines.

Bascially I would like something as this:

Original array:

[1]  a1  a2  a3  a4
[2]  b1  b2  b3  b4
[3]  c1  c2  c3  c4

And reading setting for "2" being    d1  d2  d3  d4   I should now have

[1]  a1  a2  a3  a4
[2]  d1  d2  d3  d4
[3]  c1  c2  c3  c4

Is there a built-in UDF or similar to do something like that already ? Or did I missing something real obvious ?

I have rolled my own code, which works. But of course it could be improved.

; function to insert and OVERWRITE data in a 2d array..
; so we can insert data and NOT create new rows..
Func _array_insert2d_overwrite(byref $sourceArray, $where, $dataarray)
    ; do we have arrays at all
    if not IsArray($sourceArray) then
        return 3
    EndIf

    if not IsArray($dataarray) then
        return 4
    EndIf


    ; check if sizes are OK
    if UBound($sourceArray,2) < UBound($dataarray) then   ; ,2 is for number of COLUMNS
        return 2
    EndIf

    if UBound($sourceArray) < $where then       ; this is ROWS
        return 1                                ; that row does not exist
    EndIf

    ; we should be OK to do action now.
    for $i = 0 to UBound($dataarray)-1
        $sourceArray[$where][$i] = $dataarray[$i]
    Next
EndFunc

Thanks for all comments, happy to learn from you all !

 

Edited by Myicq
solved marking

I am just a hobby programmer, and nothing great to publish right now.

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Just overwrite the contents of the row of the array, no need to use any of the array functions for this at all. A simple loop would suffice.


If I posted any code, assume that code was written using the latest release version unless stated otherwise. Also, if it doesn't work on XP I can't help with that because I don't have access to XP, and I'm not going to.
Give a programmer the correct code and he can do his work for a day. Teach a programmer to debug and he can do his work for a lifetime - by Chirag Gude
How to ask questions the smart way!

I hereby grant any person the right to use any code I post, that I am the original author of, on the autoitscript.com forums, unless I've specifically stated otherwise in the code or the thread post. If you do use my code all I ask, as a courtesy, is to make note of where you got it from.

Back up and restore Windows user files _Array.au3 - Modified array functions that include support for 2D arrays.  -  ColorChooser - An add-on for SciTE that pops up a color dialog so you can select and paste a color code into a script.  -  Customizable Splashscreen GUI w/Progress Bar - Create a custom "splash screen" GUI with a progress bar and custom label.  -  _FileGetProperty - Retrieve the properties of a file  -  SciTE Toolbar - A toolbar demo for use with the SciTE editor  -  GUIRegisterMsg demo - Demo script to show how to use the Windows messages to interact with controls and your GUI.  -   Latin Square password generator

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Just overwrite the contents of the row of the array, no need to use any of the array functions for this at all. A simple loop would suffice.

I agree this is the best solution, It looks like hes already doing that in his function.  As far as improvements to his function, Its best practice to only have one single 'return' in a function.  So to fix, use a '$return' variable (and of course make sure your function still flows properly).

Edited by TouchOdeath

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The solution of MyICQ is Errorhandling and a (very) little bit faster. It's also better readable and so why not?

Edited by AutoBert

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Here's a solution that drops items if not enough columns are available, or stops overwriting if too many columns exist. Perhaps it's an idea to play around with.

#include <Array.au3>

Local $aArray = [['a1','a2','a3','a4'],['b1','b2','b3','b4'],['c1','c2','c3','c4']]
_ArrayDisplay($aArray, 'before')

Local $aRow = ['d1','d2','d3','d4','d5'], $iRowNum = 1
_RowOverwrite($aArray, $aRow, $iRowNum)
_ArrayDisplay($aArray, 'after')

Func _RowOverwrite(ByRef $aArray, $aRow, $iRowNum)
    If Not (IsArray($aArray) And IsArray($aRow) And IsInt($iRowNum)) Then Return SetError(1) ; one param is not an array, or $iRowNum is not an integer
    If UBound($aArray, 0) <> 2 Or UBound($aRow, 0) <> 1 Then Return SetError(2) ; one array dimension did not match
    If $iRowNum > UBound($aArray) -1 Then Return SetError(3) ; out of bounds row number

    Local $iItems = UBound($aRow), $iCols = UBound($aArray, 2)
    If $iItems > $iCols Then $iItems = $iCols

    For $i = 0 To $iItems - 1
        $aArray[$iRowNum][$i] = $aRow[$i]
    Next
EndFunc

 

Edited by czardas

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The array must use the same dimensions as the menu items array. ; ; Return values.: An Array ; $aArray[0] is index of the row (-1 if exited with no choice) ; $aArray[1] is index of the column ; $aArray[2] is 1 if right clicked ; $aArray[3] is the selected item (if any) ; Notes.........: If the user clicks on another window the ArrayToMenu returns as if esc were pressed. ; Sub-Menus are limited to 10 levels if you need more change $ahM[10] ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #VARIABLES# =================================================================================================================== ; Global $__g_iRT = 0, $__g_aTT1, $__g_ahi ; "$__g_iRT" for right click flag, "$__g_aTT1" for tips, "$__g_ahi" for index of id's in menu and tips ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #@error# ====================================================================================================================== ; 1 - First parameter is Not an array ; 2 - The Menu/Items array and the Tips array are not the same number of dimensions ; =============================================================================================================================== #include-once #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <GuiMenu.au3> #include <array.au3> #include <misc.au3> Func _ArrayToMenu($aMenu, $att = "") If Not IsArray($aMenu) Then Return SetError(1, 0, -1) Global $__g_iRT = 0 Local $ahM[10], $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2), $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu), $iRow, $iCol, $b_Esc If UBound($aMenu, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($aMenu, 1) ;if 1d array make it 2d EndIf ;Prep Loop to make Menus and Sub-Menus $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu) ;Count of Rows/Items $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2) ;Count of Cols/Menus GUIRegisterMsg($WM_RBUTTONUP, "WM_RBUTTONUP") ;handles Right Click If IsArray($att) Then If UBound($att, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($att, 1) If UBound($att, 2) <> $iCcnt Or UBound($att) <> $iRcnt Then Return SetError(2, 0, -1) ;$amenu and $att not same dimensions Global $__g_aTT1 = $att ;added $__g_aTT1 because $att was not seen by WM_MenuSelect for tooltips GUIRegisterMsg($WM_MENUSELECT, "WM_MENUSELECT") ;handles tooltips EndIf Local $mPos = MouseGetPos() #Region ### START Koda GUI section ### Form= $hMenu = GUICreate("C_menu", 10, 10, $mPos[0], $mPos[1], $WS_POPUP, $WS_EX_TOPMOST) GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) #EndRegion ### END Koda GUI section ### ;Build Menus Global $__g_ahi[$iRcnt + 1][$iCcnt + 1] ;array to hold Menu Item id's $iMcnt = 0 ;Menu count $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateContextMenu() ;if the array element is null then it falls through and nothing happens For $j = 0 To $iCcnt - 1 ;for each Column/Menu For $i = 0 To $iRcnt - 1 ;for each Row/Item If StringRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) = "->" Then ;Sub-Menu $aMenu[$i][$j] = StringTrimRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) ;remove -> $iMcnt += 1 $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateMenu($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) ; $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = $ahM[$iMcnt] ElseIf $aMenu[$i][$j] > "" Then ;Normal item If StringLeft($aMenu[$i][$j], 1) = "-" Then $aMenu[$i][$j] = "" $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = GUICtrlCreateMenuItem($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) EndIf Next Next Send("+{F10}") ;sends right click to open context menu While 1 $nMsg = GUIGetMsg() If $nMsg > 0 Then ;ConsoleWrite("nMsg= " & $nMsg & @CRLF) $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg) $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) ExitLoop EndIf If _IsPressed("1B") = 1 Or WinActive("C_menu") = 0 Then $b_Esc = -1 ExitLoop EndIf WEnd ;*** Done *** GUIDelete($hMenu) Local $aAr1[4] $aAr1[0] = $iRow $aAr1[1] = $iCol $aAr1[2] = $__g_iRT If Not $b_Esc = -1 Then $aAr1[3] = $aMenu[$aAr1[0]][$aAr1[1]] Else $aAr1[0] = -1 EndIf Return $aAr1 EndFunc ;==>_ArrayToMenu ;Check for Right Click Func WM_RBUTTONUP($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) $__g_iRT = 1 ;Mark as rclicked Send("{Enter}") ;choose the item EndFunc ;==>WM_RBUTTONUP ;Tooltips Func WM_MENUSELECT($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) Local $idMenu = BitAND($iwParam, 0xFFFF) Local $iRow, $iCol If $idMenu > 0 Then $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu) If $iRow > -1 Then $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) EndIf If $iCol > -1 And $iRow > -1 And $__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol] > " " Then ToolTip($__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol]) Else ToolTip("") EndIf EndIf EndFunc ;==>WM_MENUSELECT Example 1 Simple 1d array with tooltips, item separator and right click.
      #include "ArrayToMenu.au3" ;Simple 1d array with tooltips item separator and right click. $aM = StringSplit("Zero,One,-,Two/Two_R", ",", 3) ;make an array for the menu items $aT = StringSplit("Zero,One,-,", ",", 3) ;make an array for the menu Tooltips $aR = _ArrayToMenu($aM,$aT) if @error then ConsoleWrite(@error & @CRLF) EndIf ConsoleWrite("R: " & $aR[0] & " " & "C: " & $aR[1] & " " & "Rclick: " & $aR[2] & " " & "Item: " & $aR[3] & @CRLF) If $aR[0] = -1 Then ;either hit escape or clicked on another window ConsoleWrite("Esc" & @CRLF) Exit EndIf ;_ArrayDisplay($aR) Switch $aR[3] Case "Zero" Zero() Case "One" One() Case "Two/Two_R" And $aR[2] = 0 ;No Rclick Two() Case "Two/Two_R" And $aR[2] = 1 ;Rclick Two_R() EndSwitch Func Zero() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Zero" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Zero Func One() ConsoleWrite("You chose: One" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>One Func Two() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Two" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Two Func Two_R() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Two_R" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Two_R Example 2 2d array with sub-menu
      #include "ArrayToMenu.au3" ;2d array with a sub-menu dim $aM[4][2] = [["Beef", "Orange"], ["Pork", "Apple"], ["Chicken", "Grape"], ["Fruit->", ""]] ;Note you don't need a tooltip for every item but you at least need a place holder in the array dim $aT[4][2] = [["Red Meat", "Fruit"], ["Other white meat", "Fruit"], ["White meat", "Fruit"], ["", ""]] $aR = _ArrayToMenu($aM,$aT) if @error Then ConsoleWrite(@error & @CRLF) Exit EndIf If $aR[0] = -1 Then ConsoleWrite("Esc" & @CRLF) Exit EndIf ConsoleWrite("R: " & $aR[0] & " " & "C: " & $aR[1] & " " & "Rclick: " & $aR[2] & " " & "Item: " & $aR[3] & @CRLF) Switch $aR[3] Case "Beef" Beef() Case "Pork" Pork() Case "Chicken" Chicken() Case "Orange" ConsoleWrite("Oranges are good for you!" & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite("Oranges" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) Case "Apple" ConsoleWrite("Apples are good for you!" & @CRLF) Case "Grape" ConsoleWrite("Grapes are good for you!" & @CRLF) EndSwitch Func Beef() ConsoleWrite("Beef" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Beef Func Pork() ConsoleWrite("Pork" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Pork Func Chicken() ConsoleWrite("Chicken" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Chicken  
    • By Ibet
      Hey all, 
      Ending day 2 of learning AutoIt, and I'm stumped. I wrote an extremely rudimentary script simulating keystrokes for reading/copying values from one excel spreadsheet and pasting them into another spreadsheet, line by line. It works, but it doesn't use any of the Excel UDFs and was just sloppy. So, I'm trying to re-write it using some Excel UDFs to not only optimize the script, but to also learn how to use the Excel UDFs. If the answer is in a help file, please explain as I'm sometimes having problems understanding the examples in the help files.
      I'm getting the error: 
      "C:\Users\johndoe\Desktop\AutoIt Test\AutoIt_Read spreadsheet 1 - write spreadsheet 2-version2.au3" (25) : ==> Array variable has incorrect number of subscripts or subscript dimension range exceeded.: MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",$SourceEntry[1]) MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",^ ERROR >Exit code: 1 Time: 1.804 Here is the code:
      #include<Array.au3> #include<Excel.au3> ;-------------------Read from Source--------------------------- Local $oExcel_Source = _Excel_Open() Local $sWorkbook = "C:\Users\johndoe\Desktop\AutoIt Test\AutoIt_Testing_SOURCE.xlsx" Local $oWorkbook = _Excel_BookOpen($oExcel_Source,$sWorkbook) Local $SourceRow = 3 ;--eventually will be used to iterate through the rows, one at a time Local $SourceEntry[5] = _Excel_RangeRead($oWorkbook,Default,"A"&$SourceRow&":E"&$SourceRow) _ArrayDisplay($SourceEntry, "1D Display") ;--Displays array values correctly MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",$SourceEntry[1]) ;--Gives error, for any index in the array I want to make sure I can read the values of the array individually, before I try putting them into another document. This is because I've got to add some checks against the values already existing in the destination spreadsheet before any manipulation. I've spent the last hour or more googling that error and reading multiple posts where that error is meaning many different things, so unsure EXACTLY what the problem is. Would greatly appreciate a fix and/or explanation as well as patience with my noob-ness.
      Thanks in advance
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