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Hello,

Before Broadcom took over Symantec, I was able to use the following code as the base to scrape daily definition downloads from the web. Since the pages were moved over to the Broadcom web servers, I get a page full of what I believe may be JavaScript instead of the fully rendered page that lies behind it. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how I can read the full rendered webpage using AutoIt?

#include <IE.au3>
$oIE_DEFS = _IECreate("https://www.broadcom.com/support/security-center/definitions/download/detail?gid=sep14", 0, 0, 1, 1)$sString_DEFS = _IEBodyReadHTML($oIE_DEFS) MsgBox(0, "https://www.broadcom.com/support/security-center/definitions/download/detail?gid=sep14",$sString_DEFS)

The above code will show the JavaScript, but if you go to the URL in a browser that has JavaScript enabled, you will see the fully rendered page that I would like to access. I hope my question makes sense, and I would appreciate any suggestions to get this working again.

All the best,
-Mike

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if  you  find a link use stringregrexp and  match all href

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Thank you for the suggestion, but unfortunately, the links to the files don't appear to be within the JavaScript...they only appear after the page is fully rendered.

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scroll the page

and after find a link use stringregrexp and  match all href

or  i remember  the  big company have also FTP anonymous  for download tools or other , try to look if symantec  have  , google is our friend , bye

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Posted (edited)

<SNIP>

When I ran my example, I thought I saw the rendered HTML but I appear to have been mistaken.  So I removed it.

Edited by TheXman
Removed example since it was incorrect.

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On 5/12/2020 at 3:29 PM, mdwerne said:

Hello,

Before Broadcom took over Symantec, I was able to use the following code as the base to scrape daily definition downloads from the web. Since the pages were moved over to the Broadcom web servers, I get a page full of what I believe may be JavaScript instead of the fully rendered page that lies behind it. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how I can read the full rendered webpage using AutoIt?

#include <IE.au3>
$oIE_DEFS = _IECreate("https://www.broadcom.com/support/security-center/definitions/download/detail?gid=sep14", 0, 0, 1, 1)$sString_DEFS = _IEBodyReadHTML($oIE_DEFS) MsgBox(0, "https://www.broadcom.com/support/security-center/definitions/download/detail?gid=sep14",$sString_DEFS)

The above code will show the JavaScript, but if you go to the URL in a browser that has JavaScript enabled, you will see the fully rendered page that I would like to access. I hope my question makes sense, and I would appreciate any suggestions to get this working again.

All the best,
-Mike

When I am writing a script to scrape a website, there are several ways that I go about it:

1) If the html is fully available, then that is the easiest way to go about it

then I use the wget tool and have it handle the redirections and force the file download into the file format that I know it is supposed to be in.  So, using the above example, I know the file is supposed to be a zip file, so I would run the wget command

Oh, also, wget is native to linux operating systems, but there is a very decent windows port of wget available here

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Posted (edited)

Thanks for the reply, @MattHiggs. This is something new to try as I have been unable to get at the files any other way. I haven't played with WGET much, but I'll give it a shot. Manually downloading a handful of different definition sets, every night, from this site: https://www.broadcom.com/support/security-center/definitions/download/detail?gid=sep14
is getting kinda old.

-Mike

P.S. Part of the issue is also that the download files names change a few times a day...which is why I need to scrape the fully rendered Javascript (HTML) page each time.

Edited by mdwerne
Forgot some info...

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• By UEZ
This project has been discontinued!

Here a small tool I wrote to update my Sysinternal tools collection without the need to download always the whole package or visiting the site to check for updates. I know that there are several tools available (also some tools written in AutoIt) but here another one for the collection. It was good exercise for me to code it.

Some files from cannot be downloaded although they are visible on the web site!

-=> Requires AutoIt version 3.3.13.20 or higher / tested on Win8.1 real machine and some VMs: Win7 / Vista / Win10

Compiled exe only: @MediaFire

Just select the Sysinternal Tools folder or create one and press the synchronize button to download the selected items. Click on AutoIt label (near to left upper corner) to open menu.

Special thanks to LarsJ, Melba23 and mesale0077 for their help.

I've still some ideas to implement which are more gimmick related, so it is not finished yet...

Please report any bug or if you have any suggestions.

The language of the tool tip from each of the executable in the left list view were automatically created using Google translator and weren't checked for correctness.

Br,
UEZ
• By Chimp
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(ToDo: Interaction with javascript custom events)
Bug reports, creative criticisms and suggestions (particularly regarding the interaction with javascript custom events) are welcome
I hope you can have fun with the Browser Control
BrowserControl.zip
• By Chimp
This is a little experiment that makes use of a "Browser Control" embedded in a GUI in order to be able to use AutoIt, HTML, JavaScript and CSS all together.
This little toy will only work on systems with IE11.
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I've posted it here in the hope to have some suggestions on how to improve it all (I mean the interaction between Autoit Javascript html and css). Thanks
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left: 10px; top: 100px;"">" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<style>" & @CRLF & _ ".target td {width: 100px; height: 160px; text-align: center; color: white; font-weight: bold; vertical-align: bottom; border: 0px solid grey;}" & @CRLF & _ ".source td {width: 100px; height: 30px; text-align: center; border: 1px solid red;}" & @CRLF & _ "</style>" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<table class=""target"" style=""position: absolute; left: 25px; top: 100px;"" id=""table2"">" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td class=""Schrodinger""></td><td class=""Planck""></td><td class=""Pauli""></td><td class=""Einstein""></td><td class=""Chimp""></td><td class=""Dirac""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td class=""Heisenberg""></td><td class=""Born""></td><td class=""De_Broglie""></td><td class=""Bohr""></td><td class=""Sommerfeld""></td><td class=""empty""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ "</table>" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<table class=""source"" style=""position: absolute; left: 10px; top: 504px;"" id=""table1"">" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td ID=""td1""></td><td ID=""td2""></td><td ID=""td3""></td><td ID=""td4"" ></td><td ID=""td5"" ></td><td ID=""td6"" ></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td ID=""td7""></td><td ID=""td8""></td><td ID=""td9""></td><td ID=""td10""></td><td ID=""td11""></td><td ID=""td12""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ "</table>" & @CRLF & _ "</body>" & @CRLF & _ "</html>" Return $sHTML EndFunc ;==>_GetHTML • By Phil1991 Hi, I'm working on an interface and I have a problem with zoom management. 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• By Chimp
The DOM allows to do anything with elements and their contents, but first we need to reach the corresponding DOM object, get it into a variable, and then we are able to modify it. *
Well, this little tool (although it is not very nice aesthetically) allows you to get visually a "selector" usable to reference DOM objects.
Once you have the "selector" of an element you can pass it to the javascript querySelector() function that will return a reference to that element.
To use this tool you have to:
1) open the web page you want to inspect into IE browser
2) run this script (if it find more instances of IE running, it allows you to chose one)
3) move the mouse over the browser. The "selector" of the element below the pointer is catched automatically while hovering. To copy the selector in the clipboard just right click on the element.
As you can see, while hovering, the element pointed by the mouse is highlighted with a thin red dotted frame to allow you to better "take aim"
when the selector is copied to the clipboard a little acoustic signal is emitted as a confirm, then you can paste it in your listing where you need it.
I hope it can come in handy and save you time when you need to automate a site .... have fun (debugged on Sept. 30 2018)
#include <IE.au3> #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #include <GuiListBox.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <Misc.au3> ; for _IsPressed (23 END key) Global $hDLL = DllOpen("user32.dll") ; following global variables are automatically updated by events from the browser ; ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Global$g_iMouseX, $g_iMouseY ; coordinates of the mouse while mooving over the browser Global$bCopySelector = False ; becomes True when you right click on wanted element ; ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Global $oIE = _Get_IE() ; get IE instance to inspect If IsObj($oIE) Then $hIE = _IEPropertyGet($oIE, "hwnd") WinActivate($hIE) _InspectElements() EndIf DllClose($hDLL) Exit Func _InspectElements() ; it uses the global variable $oIE as source ; --- set IE to interact with AutoIt --- Local$oDocument Do ; wait for document Sleep(250) $oDocument =$oIE.document Until IsObj($oDocument) Local$oWindow = $oDocument.ParentWindow ; create a reference to the javascript eval method ; in the body section of the dovument$oWindow.setTimeout("document.body.JSeval = eval; ", 0) ; attach the $JSeval variable to the javascript eval method Local$JSeval Do $JSeval = Execute('$oIE.Document.body.JSeval') Until IsObj($JSeval) ; --------------------------------------------- ; Inject Javascript functions/elements to$oIE ; --------------------------------------------- ; Get the DOM path of an element (a CSS selector) ; ----------------------------------------------- ; This javascript function returns the CSS selector of the passed element. ; You can then use the returned path to get a reference to the pointed ; element by the QuerySelector() javascript function ; function copied from the following link: ; https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5728558/get-the-dom-path-of-the-clicked-a ; see answer by "Aleksandar Totic" (thanks to him) Local $sJScript = "" & _ " function getDomPath(el) {" & _ " if (!el) {" & _ " return;" & _ " }" & _ " var stack = [];" & _ " var isShadow = false;" & _ " while (el.parentNode != null) {" & _ " var sibCount = 0;" & _ " var sibIndex = 0;" & _ " for ( var i = 0; i < el.parentNode.childNodes.length; i++ ) {" & _ " var sib = el.parentNode.childNodes[i];" & _ " if ( sib.nodeName == el.nodeName ) {" & _ " if ( sib === el ) {" & _ " sibIndex = sibCount;" & _ " }" & _ " sibCount++;" & _ " }" & _ " }" & _ " var nodeName = el.nodeName.toLowerCase();" & _ " if (isShadow) {" & _ " nodeName += ""::shadow"";" & _ " isShadow = false;" & _ " }" & _ " if ( sibCount > 1 ) {" & _ " stack.unshift(nodeName + ':nth-of-type(' + (sibIndex + 1) + ')');" & _ " } else {" & _ " stack.unshift(nodeName);" & _ " }" & _ " el = el.parentNode;" & _ " if (el.nodeType === 11) {" & _ " isShadow = true;" & _ " el = el.host;" & _ " }" & _ " }" & _ " stack.splice(0,1);" & _ " return stack.join(' > ');" & _ " }" ; more infos here: https://www.kirupa.com/html5/finding_elements_dom_using_querySelector.htm ; Inject the above javascript function contained in the$sJScript variable into the document _JS_Inject($oIE,$sJScript) Local $_getDomPath ; a reference to call above function from AutoIt Do Sleep(250)$_getDomPath = $jsEval("getDomPath") Until IsObj($_getDomPath) ; ; ------------------- ; hook some IE events ; ------------------- Local $oEventObjects[2],$oEventsSource $oEventsSource =$oIE.document.documentElement ; element we want catch events from ; https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/windows/internet-explorer/ie-developer/platform-apis/aa769636(v=vs.85) $oEventObjects[0] = ObjEvent($oEventsSource, "_HTMLElementEvents2_", "HTMLElementEvents2") ; https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/windows/internet-explorer/ie-developer/platform-apis/aa768283(v%3dvs.85) $oEventObjects[1] = ObjEvent($oIE, "_IEEvent_", "DWebBrowserEvents2") ; open a GUI where to show some element's properties ; -------------------------------------------------- Local $hGUIMain = GUICreate("Info", 500, 140, -1, -1, -1,$WS_EX_TOPMOST) Local $hProperties = GUICtrlCreateEdit("", 0, 0, 500, 140) GUICtrlSetFont(-1, 9, -1, -1, "Courier New") GUISetState() ;Show GUI ; -------------------------------------------------- ; --------- ; Main loop ; --------- Local$iMouseX, $iMouseY,$oElement, $oNewElement,$sSelector Local $oGotElement,$sElementInfos Local $sSaved_StyleOutline,$sSaved_StyleOutline2 ; Loop until the user exits. While IsObj($oIE) Switch GUIGetMsg() Case$GUI_EVENT_CLOSE ExitLoop ; ---> end EndSwitch If ($g_iMouseX <>$iMouseX) Or ($g_iMouseY <>$iMouseY) Then $iMouseX =$g_iMouseX $iMouseY =$g_iMouseY ; $oElement =$oIE.document.elementFromPoint($iMouseX,$iMouseY) ; <-- this way is slower $oNewElement =$JSeval('document.elementFromPoint(' & $iMouseX & ',' &$iMouseY & ');') If $oNewElement <>$oElement Then If IsObj($oElement) Then$oElement.style.outline = $sSaved_StyleOutline$oElement = $oNewElement ;$bSelfie = False ; $iSelf_Timer = TimerInit()$sSaved_StyleOutline = $oElement.style.outline ; save new element's original outline style$sSelector = $_getDomPath($oElement) ; get CSS path If $sSelector <> "" Then ; We could use the$oNewElement, but just to proof that $sSelector is OK ; we get again a reference to the new pointed element using it's$sSelector $oGotElement =$JSeval('document.querySelector("' & $sSelector & '");') ; <-- how to use a selector$oGotElement.style.outline = "1px dashed red" ; mark new pointed element ; https://css-tricks.com/ $sElementInfos = "" & _ "nodeName: " &$oGotElement.nodeName & @CRLF & _ "id: " & $oGotElement.getAttribute('id') & @CRLF & _ "class: " &$oGotElement.getAttribute('class') & @CRLF & _ "type: " & $oGotElement.getAttribute('type') & @CRLF & _ "---------" & @CRLF & _$sSelector ControlSetText($hGUIMain, "",$hProperties, $sElementInfos) EndIf EndIf EndIf ;$bCopySelector is setted to True by the right-click event on an element, ; see Volatile Func _HTMLElementEvents2_onContextmenu($oEvent) near script bottom If$bCopySelector And ($sSelector <> "") Then ; And (TimerDiff($iSelf_Timer) > $bSelfie_Delay) Then ;$sSaved_StyleOutline2 = $oGotElement.style.outline$oGotElement.style.outline = "5px dotted #ff0066" ; mark copied element ClipPut($sSelector)$sElementInfos &= @CRLF & "selector copied to ClipBoard" ControlSetText($hGUIMain, "",$hProperties, $sElementInfos) Beep(2000, 50)$bCopySelector = False Sleep(250) $oGotElement.style.outline =$sSaved_StyleOutline2 ; ToolTip('') EndIf If _IsPressed("23", $hDLL) Then ; END key pressed If IsObj($oElement) Then $oElement.style.outline =$sSaved_StyleOutline WinActivate($hGUIMain) ; WinSetState($hGUIMain, "", @SW_SHOW) $aWin = WinGetPos($hGUIMain) MouseMove($aWin[0] +$aWin[2] / 2, $aWin[1] +$aWin[3] / 2, 0) EndIf WEnd ; the end ; ------------------------------------------ For $i = 0 To UBound($oEventObjects) - 1 ; Tell IE we don't want to receive events. $oEventObjects[$i] .Stop $oEventObjects[$i] = 0 Next $oIE = 0 ; Remove IE from memory GUIDelete($hGUIMain) ; Remove GUI ; ------------------------------------------ EndFunc ;==>_InspectElements Func _Get_IE() ; Example 5 from the _IEAttach help ; Create an array of object references to all current browser instances ; The first array element will contain the number of instances found Local $aIE[1]$aIE[0] = 0 Local $i = 1,$oIEx While 1 $oIEx = _IEAttach("", "instance",$i) If @error = $_IEStatus_NoMatch Then ExitLoop ReDim$aIE[$i + 1]$aIE[$i] =$oIEx $aIE[0] =$i $i += 1 WEnd If$aIE[0] > 0 Then If $aIE[0] = 1 Then Return$aIE[1] ; only one IE is running, return this then ; ; Create a little list box to choose the IE instance from Local $hChoose_IE = GUICreate("IE Instances", 600, 350) Local$Label1 = GUICtrlCreateLabel($aIE[0] & " running Instances of IE browser found, click the one you want to attach to then click on 'ok'", 5, 5, 590, 20) Local$List1 = GUICtrlCreateList("", 5, 30, 590, 300, BitOR($LBS_STANDARD,$LBS_EXTENDEDSEL)) Local $hButton_choosed = GUICtrlCreateButton("OK", 5, 325, 590, 20) For$i = 1 To $aIE[0] GUICtrlSetData($List1, $i & ") " & _IEPropertyGet($aIE[$i], "locationurl")) Next GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) While 1 ; wait for a selection Switch GUIGetMsg() Case$GUI_EVENT_CLOSE GUIDelete($hChoose_IE) Return False Case$hButton_choosed $aSelected = _GUICtrlListBox_GetSelItems($List1) If $aSelected[0] Then GUIDelete($hChoose_IE) Return $aIE[$aSelected[1] + 1] Else MsgBox(0, "Info", "Please select an item") EndIf EndSwitch WEnd Else MsgBox(0, 'error', "Sorry" & @CRLF & @CRLF & "no running IE instances found") EndIf EndFunc ;==>_Get_IE ; this function creates a javascript script into the html document ; of the passed $oIE object using the createElement method. Func _JS_Inject($oIE, $sJScript,$bIsUrl = False) ; ; get a reference to the document object Local $objDocument =$oIE.document ; Local $oScript =$objDocument.createElement('script') ; $oScript.type = 'text/javascript' If$bIsUrl Then $oScript.src =$sJScript ; works if $sJScript is a link to a js listing (url) Else ; (https://stackoverflow.com/questions/35213147/difference-between-text-content-vs-inner-text) ;$oScript.innerText = $sJScript$oScript.TextContent = $sJScript ; works if$sJScript contains the listing itself EndIf ; $objDocument.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0).appendChild($oScript) ; $objDocument.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0).removeChild($oScript); ; EndFunc ;==>_JS_Inject ; ------------------------------------------------------------------- ; following function(s) are called by registered $oIE elements events ; ------------------------------------------------------------------- ; ; The function automatically fired by an event ; will receive as parameter an Event Obj. ; This obj has properties related to ; the object that fired the event. ; See following link: ; https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa703876(v=vs.85).aspx ; function called by the mousemove event ; we use this to update 2 global variables: Volatile Func _HTMLElementEvents2_onMousemove($oEvent) $g_iMouseX =$oEvent.clientX $g_iMouseY =$oEvent.clientY EndFunc ;==>_HTMLElementEvents2_onMousemove ; function called by the contextmenu event ; we use this to update 1 global variable ; and we also neutralize this event: Volatile Func _HTMLElementEvents2_onContextmenu($oEvent)$oEvent.cancelBubble = True ; event propagation cancelled $oEvent.returnValue = False ; prevent default behaviour$bCopySelector = True ; when True, selector will be copied to clipboard in main loop EndFunc ;==>_HTMLElementEvents2_onContextmenu ; https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/windows/internet-explorer/ie-developer/platform-apis/aa768280%28v%3dvs.85%29 Func _IEEvent_BeforeNavigate2($oIEpDisp,$sIEURL, $iIEFlags,$sIETargetFrameName, $sIEPostData,$iIEHeaders, $bIECancel) ;ConsoleWrite("Debug: navigate away cancelled." & @CRLF) ; https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6526876/how-to-cancel-or-dispose-current-navigation-at-webbrowser-element$oIE.stop EndFunc ;==>_IEEvent_BeforeNavigate2 Here is a simple example on how a "selector" can be used in AutoIt.
I've already prepared a very simple "template" where are missing some important parts without which the script can't work. Missing parts are the references to the elements of the AutoIt web page that we have to manage by our script.
well, here is where the tool I have just posted here above comes to our help.
1) in IE open the AutoIt site at the forum page (https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/)
2) run the above tool (select the IE instance and/or bring it to front if needed)
3) when the script is "ready", move the mouse over the "Existing user? Sign In" string and right click the mouse button. Doing so the "selector" of that element is copied to the clipboard. Now we can paste it in our AutoLogIt.au3 script as value of the $sSignIn variable. 4) now click on the "Existing user? Sign In" to open the "Sig In" session from where we will copy selectors of each of the 2 input box Username and Password, in the same way as we have already done in step 3, and paste those selectors to the$sInputUserId and $sInputPasswd variables respectively. 5) do the same for the "Sign In" Button and paste it's selector to the$sSignInButn variable
6) of course also fill the $sMyUserId and$sMyPasswd variables with your data.
That's It. Run the AutoLogIt script and it should Log you on automatically to the forum.
AutoLogIt.au3
#include <ie.au3> $sMyUserId = "" ; <-- your userid here$sMyPasswd = "" ; <-- your password here ; set selectors here $sSignIn = "" ; <-- SigIn element selector here$sInputUserId = "" ; <-- UserId input selector here $sInputPasswd = "" ; <-- Password input selector here$sSignInButn = "" ; <-- Sig In button selector here $oIE = _IECreate("https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/") ; here is how to use the QuerySelector javascript function$hDOM_Element = $oIE.document.QuerySelector($sSignIn) ; get the "sign in" link element ; perform a click action on the above element $hDOM_Element.click() ; or _IEAction($hDOM_Element, "click") as well ; fill the username input $hDOM_Element =$oIE.document.QuerySelector($sInputUserId)$hDOM_Element.value = $sMyUserId ; fill the password input$hDOM_Element = $oIE.document.QuerySelector($sInputPasswd) $hDOM_Element.value =$sMyPasswd ; .... or also using the dot notation directly .... $oIE.document.QuerySelector($sSignInButn).click() Sleep(5000) ; this should logout $sMenu = "body > div:nth-of-type(2) > header > div > ul > li:nth-of-type(6) > a:nth-of-type(2)"$oIE.document.QuerySelector($sMenu).click()$sLogOut = "body > ul > li:nth-of-type(9) > a" $oIE.document.QuerySelector($sLogOut).click()
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