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Emmote

Converting color into a Word

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Emmote

Heya,

I'm having some trouble with a script I'm working on. I basically need to grab a specific pixel color and convert what comes out into a word.

For example:

Red: 28

Green: 191

Blue: 42

Should come out as "Green"

I have no problem getting the red, green and blue components, and getting their decimal value using _ColorGetRed etc.

It's just I don't really know how to go about converting those values into a word without using exhaustive if / switch statements.

So I was basically wondering if there's a simple way of doing this?

--Emm

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Mat

I would consider looking at a website that deals in displaying colours... and seeing if you can simply read that website. that way you would get the full database, and could just check rgb values.

Else make a database that can be read by your script, and split it into sections so the conditional is not as long.

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GEOSoft

What about something like this?

;
$Red = 28
$Green = 191
$Blue = 42
MsgBox(0, "Results", _ColorPredominate($Red, $Green, $Blue))

Func _ColorPredominate($iRed, $iGrn, $iBlu)
   If $iRed > $iGrn AND $iRed > $iBlu Then Return "Red"
   If $iBlu > $iGrn AND $iBlu > $iRed Then Return "Blue"
   If $iGrn > $iBlu AND $iGrn > $iRed Then Return "Green"
EndFunc
;

George

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Emmote

What about something like this?

;
$Red = 28
$Green = 191
$Blue = 42
MsgBox(0, "Results", _ColorPredominate($Red, $Green, $Blue))

Func _ColorPredominate($iRed, $iGrn, $iBlu)
   If $iRed > $iGrn AND $iRed > $iBlu Then Return "Red"
   If $iBlu > $iGrn AND $iBlu > $iRed Then Return "Blue"
   If $iGrn > $iBlu AND $iGrn > $iRed Then Return "Green"
EndFunc
;
Yeah, that is basically what I'm looking for, thank you.

I need to be able to convert to say "Yellow", "Orange" and "Purple" too though, but I think with your source I can manage. ^_^

Edited by Emmote

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GEOSoft

Yeah, that is basically what I'm looking for, thank you.

I need to be able to convert to say "Yellow", "Orange" and "Purple" too though, but I think with your source I can manage. ^_^

Those are fairly easy to add.

George

Question about decompiling code? Read the decompiling FAQ and don't bother posting the question in the forums.

Be sure to read and follow the forum rules. -AKA the AutoIt Reading and Comprehension Skills test.***

The PCRE (Regular Expression) ToolKit for AutoIT - (Updated Oct 20, 2011 ver:3.0.1.13) - Please update your current version before filing any bug reports. The installer now includes both 32 and 64 bit versions. No change in version number.

Visit my Blog .. currently not active but it will soon be resplendent with news and views. Also please remove any links you may have to my website. it is soon to be closed and replaced with something else.

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weaponx

Those are fairly easy to add.

This isn't trivial. You would actually have to define a set of colors to match against and then use some kind of metric to find the closest match. You could use this list here:

http://www.w3schools.com/HTML/html_colornames.asp

or here

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_colors

Edited by weaponx

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Mat

list of about 140 in an ini I made: (OK then mr forum, it'll be a txt instead...)

based on marlos site (or the one he linked too anyway...)

looking at it, I think it has a very similar list to w3s...

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GEOSoft

I'm not sure that he wants to play with broad ranges here. If he does, even my example isn't of much use.

If $iRed > $iBlu AND $iGrn > $iBlu Then Return "Yellow"


George

Question about decompiling code? Read the decompiling FAQ and don't bother posting the question in the forums.

Be sure to read and follow the forum rules. -AKA the AutoIt Reading and Comprehension Skills test.***

The PCRE (Regular Expression) ToolKit for AutoIT - (Updated Oct 20, 2011 ver:3.0.1.13) - Please update your current version before filing any bug reports. The installer now includes both 32 and 64 bit versions. No change in version number.

Visit my Blog .. currently not active but it will soon be resplendent with news and views. Also please remove any links you may have to my website. it is soon to be closed and replaced with something else.

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Emmote

I'm not sure that he wants to play with broad ranges here. If he does, even my example isn't of much use.

If $iRed > $iBlu AND $iGrn > $iBlu Then Return "Yellow"

What I need to do is simplify a colour into one of these 7 words.

"Red", "Green", "Blue", "Orange", "Yellow", "Purple" or "White"

So I think I really need a way of hashing the dec or hex colour into a number range where

a->b = colourX

b->c = colourY

etc.

Edited by Emmote

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Mat

Geosofts method also doesn't react if blue = green...

for those 7 an if test will be fine... it wont be worth the effort to make a more complex method.

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weaponx

This uses the ini file posted my mdiesel (140 colors).

Merry Christmas:

Dim $TestColor = 0xFFFF80 ;Should be closest to "Khaki" F0E68C

$sPath = "colors.ini"

$aWebColors = IniReadSection($sPath, "colours")

ConsoleWrite("Palette Size: " & $aWebColors[0][0] & @CRLF) ;140 Total

;Convert text strings to hex
For $X = 1 to $aWebColors[0][0]
    ;ConsoleWrite($aWebColors[$X][0] & ": " & $aWebColors[$X][1] & @CRLF)
    $aWebColors[$X][1] = Dec($aWebColors[$X][1])
Next

$Result = ClosestWebColor($TestColor)
MsgBox(0,"","Original: " & Hex($TestColor) & @CRLF & "Match: " & $Result[0] & " - " & Hex($Result[1]))


;-----------------------------------
; ClosestWebColor
;-----------------------------------
;Return 2-Element array
;[0]: Color name
;[1]: Color code
Func ClosestWebColor($Color)
    Local $a[2]
    Local $Closest = 250000
    Local $Distance = 0
    
    For $X = 1 to $aWebColors[0][0]
        $Distance = Euclidian($Color, $aWebColors[$X][1])
        If $Distance < $Closest Then
            $Closest = $Distance
            $a[0] = $aWebColors[$X][0] ;Name
            $a[1] = $aWebColors[$X][1] ;Code
        EndIf
    Next
    
    Return $a
EndFunc

;-----------------------------------
; Euclidian
;-----------------------------------
;Measure Euclidian distance between 2 colors in hex format
Func Euclidian($Color1, $Color2)
    Local $a1 = Hex2RGB($Color1)
    Local $a2 = Hex2RGB($Color2)
    
    Return Sqrt(($a1[0]-$a2[0])^2 + ($a1[1]-$a2[1])^2 + ($a1[2]-$a2[2])^2)
EndFunc

;-----------------------------------
; Hex2RGB
;-----------------------------------
;Convert hex color to 3 element array
;[0]: R
;[1]: G
;[2]: B
Func Hex2RGB($nColor)
    Local $a[3]
    $a[0] = BitAND(BitShift($nColor, 16), 0xFF) ;R
    $a[1] = BitAND(BitShift($nColor, 8), 0xFF) ;G
    $a[2] = BitAND($nColor, 0xFF) ;B
    Return $a
EndFunc

EDIT: No includes required

Edited by weaponx

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Emmote

Amazing, weaponx, thankyou very much =D

Managed to port that code to do EXACTLY what I needed ^^

Edited by Emmote

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weaponx

If speed is an issue, this version converts all hex values to RGB only once instead of every time the Euclidian function is called so it should be faster:

Dim $TestColor = 0xFFFF80 ;Should be closest to "Khaki" F0E68C

$sPath = "colors.ini"

$aWebColors = IniReadSection($sPath, "colours")
Redim $aWebColors[Ubound($aWebColors)][5] ;Resize array to accomodate RGB

ConsoleWrite("Palette Size: " & $aWebColors[0][0] & @CRLF) ;140 Total

;Convert text strings to hex
For $X = 1 to $aWebColors[0][0]
    $aWebColors[$X][1] = Dec($aWebColors[$X][1])
    $aRGB = Hex2RGB($aWebColors[$X][1])
    $aWebColors[$X][2] = $aRGB[0] ;R
    $aWebColors[$X][3] = $aRGB[1] ;G
    $aWebColors[$X][4] = $aRGB[2] ;B
Next

$Result = ClosestWebColor($TestColor)
MsgBox(0,"","Original: " & Hex($TestColor) & @CRLF & "Match: " & $Result[0] & " - " & Hex($Result[1]))


;-----------------------------------
; ClosestWebColor
;-----------------------------------
;Return 2-Element array
;[0]: Color name
;[1]: Color code
Func ClosestWebColor($hColor)
    Local $aRGB = Hex2RGB($hColor)
    Local $R = $aRGB[0]
    Local $G = $aRGB[1]
    Local $B = $aRGB[2]
    Local $a[2]
    Local $Closest = 250000
    Local $Distance = 0
    
    For $X = 1 to $aWebColors[0][0]
        $Distance = Euclidian($R,$G,$B, $aWebColors[$X][2],$aWebColors[$X][3],$aWebColors[$X][4])
        If $Distance < $Closest Then
            $Closest = $Distance
            $a[0] = $aWebColors[$X][0] ;Name
            $a[1] = $aWebColors[$X][1] ;Code
        EndIf
    Next
    
    Return $a
EndFunc

;-----------------------------------
; Euclidian
;-----------------------------------
;Measure Euclidian distance between 2 colors in hex format
Func Euclidian($R1,$G1,$B1,$R2,$G2,$B2)
    Return Sqrt(($R1-$R2)^2 + ($G1-$G2)^2 + ($B1-$B2)^2)
EndFunc

;-----------------------------------
; Hex2RGB
;-----------------------------------
;Convert hex color to 3 element array
;[0]: R
;[1]: G
;[2]: B
Func Hex2RGB($nColor)
    Local $a[3]
    $a[0] = BitAND(BitShift($nColor, 16), 0xFF) ;R
    $a[1] = BitAND(BitShift($nColor, 8), 0xFF) ;G
    $a[2] = BitAND($nColor, 0xFF) ;B
    Return $a
EndFunc

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