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Alternative to GUICtrlSetGraphic.


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Hey folks.

Brand new to the forum.

Been writing AutoIt for many years,

though never really delved into the complex bits.

The problem I'm having today is that I need to grab a rectangle from the screen and place it in a control in my GUI.

Currently I'm using _ScreenCapture_CaptureWnd to grab the rectangle,

and GuiCtrlCreateGraphic / GUICtrlSetGraphic to display the captured pixels. 

Loading the Graphic control one pixel at a time is taking way too long for the cycle time required. 

So I am hoping to find a quicker mechanism. 

I do not need to have access to the individual pixels. 

I looked at GUICtrlCreatePic, but it draws from a an external file rather than a screen shot or bitmap.

Any advise or direction would be appreciated.



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Welcome to the AutoIt forum. :)

This code shows how to display a screengrab in a GUI. Use the mouse to size and move the rectange and then right-click in it to capture and display:

#include <GuiConstantsEx.au3>
#include <WindowsConstants.au3>
#Include <ScreenCapture.au3>

Global $hCapture_GUI
; Set distance from edge of Capture_GUI where resizing is possible
Global Const $iMargin = 4
; Set max and min Capture_GUI sizes
Global Const $iGUIMinX = 50, $iGUIMinY = 50, $iGUIMaxX = @DesktopWidth - 100, $iGUIMaxY = @DesktopHeight - 100


Func _Main()

    Local $sBMP_Path = @ScriptDir & "\Rect.bmp"

    ; Create GUI
    Local $hMain_GUI = GUICreate("Select Rectangle", 240, 50)

    Local $hRect_Button = GUICtrlCreateButton("Mark Area", 10, 10, 80, 30)
    Local $hCancel_Button = GUICtrlCreateButton("Cancel", 150, 10, 80, 30)


    While 1
        Switch GUIGetMsg()
            Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE, $hCancel_Button
            Case $hRect_Button
                GUISetState(@SW_HIDE, $hMain_GUI)
                Local $aCoords = Mark_Rect()
                ; Capture selected area
                _ScreenCapture_Capture($sBMP_Path, $aCoords[0], $aCoords[1], $aCoords[0] + $aCoords[2], $aCoords[1] + $aCoords[3], False)
                GUISetState(@SW_SHOW, $hMain_GUI)
                ; Display image
                Local $hBitmap_GUI = GUICreate("Selected Rectangle", $aCoords[2], $aCoords[3], 100, 100)
                Local $hPic = GUICtrlCreatePic(@ScriptDir & "\Rect.bmp", 0, 0, $aCoords[2], $aCoords[3])

EndFunc   ;==>_Main

; -------------

Func Mark_Rect()

    ; Create capture GUI
    $hCapture_GUI = GUICreate("Y", 100, 100, -1, -1, $WS_POPUP, BitOR($WS_EX_LAYERED, $WS_EX_TOPMOST))

    ; Create label for dragging
    Local $cLabel = GUICtrlCreateLabel("", $iMargin * 2, $iMargin * 2, 100 - ($iMargin * 4), 100 - ($iMargin * 4), -1, $GUI_WS_EX_PARENTDRAG)
    GUICtrlSetBkColor(-1, 0xFFFFFF)
    GUICtrlSetResizing(-1, $GUI_DOCKBORDERS)

    ; Create context menu
    Local $cContextMenu = GUICtrlCreateContextMenu($cLabel)
    $cContext_Capture = GUICtrlCreateMenuItem("Capture", $cContextMenu)
    $cContext_Cancel = GUICtrlCreateMenuItem("Cancel", $cContextMenu)

    ; Hide GUI
    _WinAPI_SetLayeredWindowAttributes($hCapture_GUI, 0xABCDEF, 250)


    ; Set transparency level
    WinSetTrans($hCapture_GUI, "", 100)

    ; Register message handlers
    GUIRegisterMsg($WM_MOUSEMOVE, "_SetCursor") ; For cursor type change
    GUIRegisterMsg($WM_LBUTTONDOWN, "_WM_LBUTTONDOWN") ; For resize/drag
    GUIRegisterMsg($WM_GETMINMAXINFO, "_WM_GETMINMAXINFO") ; For GUI size limits

    While 1

        Switch GUIGetMsg()
            Case $cContext_Capture
                ; Get GUI position and delete
                $aPos = WinGetPos($hCapture_GUI)
                ; Unregister message handlers
                GUIRegisterMsg($WM_MOUSEMOVE, "")
                GUIRegisterMsg($WM_LBUTTONDOWN, "")
                GUIRegisterMsg($WM_GETMINMAXINFO, "")
                ; Peturn position
                Return $aPos
            Case $cContext_Cancel

EndFunc   ;==>Mark_Rect

; Set cursor to correct resizing form if mouse is over a border
Func _SetCursor()
    Local $iCursorID
    Switch _Check_Border()
        Case 0
            $iCursorID = 2
        Case 1, 2
            $iCursorID = 13
        Case 3, 6
            $iCursorID = 11
        Case 5, 7
            $iCursorID = 10
        Case 4, 8
            $iCursorID = 12
    GUISetCursor($iCursorID, 1)
EndFunc   ;==>_SetCursor

; Check cursor type and resize/drag window as required
Func _WM_LBUTTONDOWN($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam)
    Local $iCursorType = _Check_Border()
    If $iCursorType > 0 Then ; Cursor is set to resizing style so send appropriate resize message
        $iResizeType = 0xF000 + $iCursorType
        _SendMessage($hCapture_GUI, $WM_SYSCOMMAND, $iResizeType, 0)

; Determines if mouse cursor over a border
Func _Check_Border()
    Local $aCurInfo = GUIGetCursorInfo($hCapture_GUI)
    Local $aWinPos = WinGetPos($hCapture_GUI)
    Local $iSide = 0
    Local $iTopBot = 0
    If $aCurInfo[0] < $iMargin Then $iSide = 1
    If $aCurInfo[0] > $aWinPos[2] - $iMargin Then $iSide = 2
    If $aCurInfo[1] < $iMargin Then $iTopBot = 3
    If $aCurInfo[1] > $aWinPos[3] - $iMargin Then $iTopBot = 6
    Return $iSide + $iTopBot
EndFunc   ;==>_Check_Border

; Set min and max GUI sizes
Func _WM_GETMINMAXINFO($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam)
    $tMinMaxInfo = DllStructCreate("int;int;int;int;int;int;int;int;int;int", $lParam)
    DllStructSetData($tMinMaxInfo, 7, $iGUIMinX)
    DllStructSetData($tMinMaxInfo, 8, $iGUIMinY)
    DllStructSetData($tMinMaxInfo, 9, $iGUIMaxX)
    DllStructSetData($tMinMaxInfo, 10, $iGUIMaxY)
    Return 0
Note that it does save the screengrab to file - but that can just be deleted once used. Please ask if you have any questions. :)


Public_Domain.png.2d871819fcb9957cf44f4514551a2935.png Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind

Open spoiler to see my UDFs:


ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area


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