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r0ash

IDMs for WM_COMMAND with _WinAPI_PostMessage

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r0ash

Hey guys, MattDiesel over Stackoverflow mentioned this beautiful piece of code 

#include <WindowsConstants.au3>
#include <WinAPI.au3>

Local $IDM_FONT = 33
Local $hWindow = WinGetHandle("Untitled - Notepad")

_WinAPI_PostMessage($hWindow, $WM_COMMAND, $IDM_FONT, 0)

Local $hFontWin = WinWait("Font")
$select = ControlCommand($hFontWin, "", "ComboBox1", "GetCurrentSelection", "")
WinClose($hFontWin)

MsgBox(0,"", $select)

I realized that _WinAPI_PostMessage can trigger menu click event, even if Notepad is minimized.

How do we know what is the decimal value of *any menu item or sub-menu item*? How we know "Format > Font" menu-item is 33 as wParam to _WinAPI_PostMessage()? Have a look at snapshot.

Regards.

idm_notepad_font.jpg

Edited by r0ash
typo + tags addition

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junkew
r0ash

Thanks a bunch @junkew

I am using Spy++ tool for the first time, I am unable to log messages, watch, do you think I am missing something? 

Unable to display content. Adobe Flash is required.

 

Edited by r0ash

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SetTextColor($hDC, Dec(0x0000FF)) TextOut($hDC, $XCtr-$Size.cx/2, $YCtr-$Size.cy/2, $T) EndIf EndPaint($hWnd, $ps) ;~ EXIT FUNCTION ;~ Return 0 Case $WM_LBUTTONUP If $hWnd = $hCaptured Then ReleaseCapture() $bBtnDown = False InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, 0) Local $hParent = GetParent($hWnd) ;~ SendMessage(hParent,WM_COMMAND,MAKELONG(GetWindowLong(hWnd,GWL_ID), BN_CLICKED),Cast(LONG,hWnd)) DllCall("user32.dll", "LRESULT", "SendMessageW", _ "hwnd", $hParent, _ "uint", $WM_COMMAND, _ "WPARAM", _WinAPI_MakeLong(_WinAPI_GetWindowLong($hWnd, $GWL_ID), $BN_CLICKED), _ "LPARAM", $hWnd) EndIf ;~ EXIT FUNCTION Return 0 Case $WM_LBUTTONDOWN SetCapture($hWnd) $hCaptured = $hWnd $bBtnDown = True SetFocus($hWnd) InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, False) ;~ EXIT FUNCTION Return 0 Case $WM_MOUSEMOVE If $bBtnDown Then If IsMouseOver($hWnd) Then $bBtnDown = True InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, False) ELSE ReleaseCapture() $bBtnDown = False InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, False) EndIf EndIf ;~ EXIT FUNCTION ;~ Return 0 Case $WM_MOVING ReleaseCapture() $bBtnDown = False InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, False) ;~ EXIT FUNCTION ;~ Return 0 Case $WM_SIZE ReleaseCapture() $bBtnDown = False InvalidateRect($hWnd, 0, False) ;~ EXIT FUNCTION ;~ Return 0 EndSwitch ;~ Return _WinAPI_DefWindowProc($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam) Return DllCall("user32.dll", "lresult", "DefWindowProcW", "hwnd", $hWnd, "uint", $iMsg, "wparam", $wParam, _ "lparam", $lParam)[0] EndFunc ;~ SUB Draw_Gradient (hdc as HDC, x As Integer, y As integer, w As integer, h As Integer, r As integer, g As integer, b As integer) Func Draw_Gradient($hDC, $iX, $iY, $iW, $iH, $iR, $iG, $iB) ;~ DIM Vert(2) AS TRIVERTEX Local $Vert[2] $Vert[0] = DllStructCreate($_tagTrivertex) $Vert[1] = DllStructCreate($_tagTrivertex) ;~ DIM Rect AS GRADIENT_RECT Local $Rect = DllStructCreate($_tagGradient_Rect) ;~ Vert (0).x = 0 $Vert[0].x = 0 ;~ Vert (0).y = 0 $Vert[0].y = 0 ;~ Vert (0).Red = 65535-(65535-(r*256)) $Vert[0].Red = 65535-(65535-($iR*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Green = 65535-(65535-(g*256)) $Vert[0].Green = 65535-(65535-($iG*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Blue = 65535-(65535-(b*256)) $Vert[0].Blue = 65535-(65535-($iB*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Alpha = 0 $Vert[0].Alpha = 0 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Vert (1).x = w $Vert[1].x = $iW ;~ Vert (1).y = h/2 $Vert[1].y = $iH/2 ;~ Vert (1).Red = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[1].Red = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Green = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[1].Green = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Blue = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[1].Blue = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Alpha = 0 $Vert[1].Alpha = 0 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Rect.UpperLeft = 0 $Rect.UpperLeft = 0 ;~ Rect.LowerRight = 1 $Rect.LowerRight = 1 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Gradientfill(hdc,@Vert(0),2,@Rect,1,GRADIENT_FILL_RECT_V) GradientFill($hDC, $Vert[0], 2, $Rect, 1, $GRADIENT_FILL_RECT_V) ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Vert (0).x = 0 $Vert[0].x = 0 ;~ Vert (0).y = h/2 $Vert[0].y = $iH/2 ;~ Vert (0).Red = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[0].Red = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Green = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[0].Green = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Blue = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) $Vert[0].Blue = 65535-(65535-(255*256)) ;~ Vert (0).Alpha = 0 $Vert[0].Alpha = 0 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Vert (1).x = w $Vert[1].x = $iW ;~ Vert (1).y = h $Vert[1].y = $iH ;~ Vert (1).Red = 65535-(65535-(r*256)) $Vert[1].Red = 65535-(65535-($iR*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Green = 65535-(65535-(g*256)) $Vert[1].Green = 65535-(65535-($iG*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Blue = 65535-(65535-(b*256)) $Vert[1].Blue = 65535-(65535-($iB*256)) ;~ Vert (1).Alpha = 0 $Vert[1].Alpha = 0 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Rect.UpperLeft = 0 $Rect.UpperLeft = 0 ;~ Rect.LowerRight = 1 $Rect.LowerRight = 1 ;~ '****************************************************** ;~ Gradientfill(hdc,@Vert(0),2,@Rect,1,GRADIENT_FILL_RECT_V) GradientFill($hDC, $Vert[0], 2, $Rect, 1, $GRADIENT_FILL_RECT_V) ;~ END SUB EndFunc Func IsMouseOver($hWnd) Local $Rect = DllStructCreate($_tagRect) Local $Pt = DllStructCreate($_tagPoint) GetWindowRect ($hWnd, $Rect) GetCursorPos($Pt) Return PtInRect($Rect, $Pt) EndFunc Func _RGB($iR, $iG, $iB) Return ('0x' & Hex($iR, 2) & Hex($iG, 2) & Hex($iB, 2)) EndFunc Func _BGR($iB, $iG, $iR) Return ('0x' & Hex($iB, 2) & Hex($iG, 2) & Hex($iR, 2)) EndFunc Func InvalidateRect($hWnd, $tRECT = 0, $bErase = True) DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "InvalidateRect", "hwnd", $hWnd, "struct*", $tRECT, "bool", $bErase) EndFunc Func SetFocus($hWnd) DllCall("user32.dll", "hwnd", "SetFocus", "hwnd", $hWnd) EndFunc Func PtInRect($tRect, $tPoint) Local $aRet = DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "PtInRect", "ptr", DllStructGetPtr($tRect), "struct*", $tPoint) If IsArray($aRet) Then Return $aRet[0] Return False EndFunc Func GetWindowRect($hWnd, ByRef $tRect) DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "GetWindowRect", "hwnd", $hWnd, "struct*", $tRect) EndFunc Func GetCursorPos(ByRef $tPoint) DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "GetCursorPos", "struct*", $tPoint) EndFunc Func SetCapture($hWnd) DllCall("user32.dll", "hwnd", "SetCapture", "hwnd", $hWnd) EndFunc Func ReleaseCapture() DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "ReleaseCapture") EndFunc Func SetTextColor($hDC, $iColor) DllCall("gdi32.dll", "INT", "SetTextColor", "handle", $hDC, "INT", $iColor) EndFunc Func BeginPaint($hWnd, ByRef $tPAINTSTRUCT) $tPAINTSTRUCT = DllStructCreate($tagPAINTSTRUCT) Local $aRet = DllCall('user32.dll', 'handle', 'BeginPaint', 'hwnd', $hWnd, 'struct*', $tPAINTSTRUCT) If @error Then Return SetError(@error, @extended, 0) Return $aRet[0] EndFunc Func GetTextExtentPoint32($hDC, $sText, $iTextLen, ByRef $tSize) DllCall("gdi32.dll", "bool", "GetTextExtentPoint32W", "handle", $hDC, "wstr", $sText, "int", $iTextLen, "struct*", $tSize) EndFunc Func GradientFill($hDC, $tVertex, $nVertex, $tMesh, $nMesh, $ulMode) DllCall("Msimg32.dll", "BOOL", "GradientFill", _ "handle", $hDC, _ "struct*", $tVertex, _ "ulong", $nVertex, _ "struct*", $tMesh, _ "ulong", $nMesh, _ "ulong", $ulMode) EndFunc Func GetParent($hWnd) Local $aResult = DllCall("user32.dll", "hwnd", "GetParent", "hwnd", $hWnd) If @error Then Return SetError(@error, @extended, 0) Return $aResult[0] EndFunc Func SetBkMode($hDC, $iBkMode) Local $aResult = DllCall("gdi32.dll", "int", "SetBkMode", "handle", $hDC, "int", $iBkMode) If @error Then Return SetError(@error, @extended, 0) Return $aResult[0] EndFunc Func EndPaint($hWnd, ByRef $tPAINTSTRUCT) Local $aRet = DllCall('user32.dll', 'bool', 'EndPaint', 'hwnd', $hWnd, 'struct*', $tPAINTSTRUCT) If @error Then Return SetError(@error, @extended, False) Return $aRet[0] EndFunc Func GetClientRect($hWnd, ByRef $tRect) Local $aRet = DllCall("user32.dll", "bool", "GetClientRect", "hwnd", $hWnd, "struct*", $tRect) If @error Or Not $aRet[0] Then Return SetError(@error + 10, @extended, 0) Return $tRect EndFunc Func TextOut($hDC, $iX, $iY, $sText, $iTextLen = Default) If $iTextLen = Default Then $iTextLen = StringLen($sText) DllCall('gdi32.dll', 'bool', 'TextOutW', 'handle', $hDC, 'int', $iX, 'int', $iY, 'wstr', $sText, 'int', $iTextLen) EndFunc  
    • ChrisL
      By ChrisL
      #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #include <GuiTreeView.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <GuiMenu.au3> Global $g_hTreeView Global Enum $e_idOpen = 1000, $e_idSave, $e_idInfo Example() Func Example() Local $hGUI, $hItem Local $iStyle = BitOR($TVS_EDITLABELS, $TVS_HASBUTTONS, $TVS_HASLINES, $TVS_LINESATROOT, $TVS_DISABLEDRAGDROP, $TVS_SHOWSELALWAYS, $TVS_CHECKBOXES) $hGUI = GUICreate("(UDF Created) TreeView Create", 400, 300) $g_hTreeView = _GUICtrlTreeView_Create($hGUI, 2, 2, 396, 268, $iStyle, $WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE) GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) GUIRegisterMsg($WM_NOTIFY, "WM_NOTIFY") GUIRegisterMsg($WM_CONTEXTMENU, "WM_CONTEXTMENU") GUIRegisterMsg($WM_COMMAND, "WM_COMMAND") _GUICtrlTreeView_BeginUpdate($g_hTreeView) For $x = 1 To Random(2, 10, 1) $hItem = _GUICtrlTreeView_Add($g_hTreeView, 0, StringFormat("[%02d] New Item", $x)) For $y = 1 To Random(2, 10, 1) _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($g_hTreeView, $hItem, StringFormat("[%02d] New Child", $y)) Next Next _GUICtrlTreeView_EndUpdate($g_hTreeView) ; Loop until the user exits. Do Until GUIGetMsg() = $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE GUIDelete() EndFunc ;==>Example Func WM_CONTEXTMENU($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam) #forceref $hWnd, $iMsg, $lParam ;ConsoleWrite($GUI_RUNDEFMSG & @CRLF) ;Switch $wParam ; Case $hTreeView Local $hMenu $hMenu = _GUICtrlMenu_CreatePopup() _GUICtrlMenu_InsertMenuItem($hMenu, 0, "Open", $e_idOpen) _GUICtrlMenu_InsertMenuItem($hMenu, 1, "Save", $e_idSave) _GUICtrlMenu_InsertMenuItem($hMenu, 3, "", 0) _GUICtrlMenu_InsertMenuItem($hMenu, 3, "Info", $e_idInfo) _GUICtrlMenu_TrackPopupMenu($hMenu, $wParam) _GUICtrlMenu_DestroyMenu($hMenu) Return True ;EndSwitch Return $GUI_RUNDEFMSG EndFunc ;==>WM_CONTEXTMENU Func WM_COMMAND($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam) #forceref $hWnd, $iMsg, $lParam Switch $wParam Case $e_idOpen _DebugPrint("WM_COMMAND " & $wParam & " Open") Case $e_idSave _DebugPrint("WM_COMMAND " & $wParam & " Save") Case $e_idInfo _DebugPrint("WM_COMMAND " & $wParam & " Info") EndSwitch Return $GUI_RUNDEFMSG EndFunc ;==>WM_COMMAND Func WM_NOTIFY($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam) #forceref $hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam Local $hWndFrom, $iIDFrom, $iCode, $tNMHDR, $hWndTreeview $hWndTreeview = $g_hTreeView If Not IsHWnd($g_hTreeView) Then $hWndTreeview = GUICtrlGetHandle($g_hTreeView) $tNMHDR = DllStructCreate($tagNMHDR, $lParam) $hWndFrom = HWnd(DllStructGetData($tNMHDR, "hWndFrom")) $iIDFrom = DllStructGetData($tNMHDR, "IDFrom") $iCode = DllStructGetData($tNMHDR, "Code") Switch $hWndFrom Case $hWndTreeview Switch $iCode Case $NM_CLICK ; The user has clicked the left mouse button within the control _DebugPrint("$NM_CLICK" & @CRLF & "--> hWndFrom:" & @TAB & $hWndFrom & @CRLF & _ "-->IDFrom:" & @TAB & $iIDFrom & @CRLF & _ "-->Code:" & @TAB & $iCode) ; Return 1 ; nonzero to not allow the default processing Return 0 ; zero to allow the default processing Case $NM_DBLCLK ; The user has double-clicked the left mouse button within the control _DebugPrint("$NM_DBLCLK" & @CRLF & "--> hWndFrom:" & @TAB & $hWndFrom & @CRLF & _ "-->IDFrom:" & @TAB & $iIDFrom & @CRLF & _ "-->Code:" & @TAB & $iCode) ; Return 1 ; nonzero to not allow the default processing Return 0 ; zero to allow the default processing EndSwitch EndSwitch Return $GUI_RUNDEFMSG EndFunc ;==>WM_NOTIFY Func _DebugPrint($s_Text, $sLine = @ScriptLineNumber) ConsoleWrite( _ "!===========================================================" & @CRLF & _ "+======================================================" & @CRLF & _ "-->Line(" & StringFormat("%04d", $sLine) & "):" & @TAB & $s_Text & @CRLF & _ "+======================================================" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>_DebugPrint In the example code I have a treeview and a context/popup menu, I can't use a conventional context menu because I need to use the treeview UDF functions.
      The WM_COMMAND never fires from the context/popup menu selection while there is a treeview using  _GuiCtrlTreeview_Create
      If you comment out _GuiCtrlTreeview_Create line you will then see the right click selection works as expected and the debug is written to the console on selection.
      Autoit Ver 3.3.14.2
      Any ideas why this combination won't work together?
      Thanks
       
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