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How to read keypress

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I'm writing something to allow programmable actions for keys on a laptop. How can I return the keycode from a key being pressed, without knowing what the key is beforehand??



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Actually, just found this script elsewhere on the forum - but doesn't solve my problem....

Global Const $WH_KEYBOARD_LL = 13
Global $hHook
Global $hStub_KeyProc = DllCallbackRegister("_KeyProc", "long", "int;wparam;lparam")
Global $hmod = DllCall("kernel32.dll", "hwnd", "GetModuleHandle", "ptr", 0)
Global $hHook = DllCall("user32.dll", "hwnd", "SetWindowsHookEx", "int", _
        $WH_KEYBOARD_LL, "ptr", DllCallbackGetPtr($hStub_KeyProc), "hwnd", $hmod[0], "dword", 0)
Global $buffer = ""

While 1

Func EvaluateKey($keycode)
    Msgbox(0, 'Key Pressed', '$keyCode = ' & $keyCode & @CRLF & 'Chr($keyCode) = ' & Chr($keyCode))
    If $keyCode = 65 then 
        Msgbox(0, 'Winner!', 'Somebody pressed A')
EndFunc  ;==>EvaluateKey

Func _KeyProc($nCode, $wParam, $lParam)
    Local $ret, $KEYHOOKSTRUCT
    If $nCode < 0 Then
        $ret = DllCall("user32.dll", "long", "CallNextHookEx", "hwnd", $hHook[0], _
                "int", $nCode, "wparam", $wParam, "lparam", $lParam)
        Return $ret[0]
    If $wParam = 256 Then
        $KEYHOOKSTRUCT = DllStructCreate("dword;dword;dword;dword;ptr", $lParam)
        EvaluateKey(DllStructGetData($KEYHOOKSTRUCT, 1))
    $ret = DllCall("user32.dll", "long", "CallNextHookEx", "hwnd", $hHook[0], _
            "int", $nCode, "ptr", $wParam, "ptr", $lParam)
    Return $ret[0]
EndFunc  ;==>_KeyProc

Func OnAutoItExit()
    DllCall("user32.dll", "int", "UnhookWindowsHookEx", "hwnd", $hHook[0])
EndFunc  ;==>OnAutoItExit

When running this, it doesn't pick up the media keys on laptops (anything outside of the actual standard keyboard layout). Does anyone know of a way to do this??

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This is just a shot in the dark, but study in the AutoIt help file under:

User Defined Functions > Misc Management > _IsPressed

And under:

AutoIt > Appendix > Send Key List > (see bottom of page for Media buttons)

There may be an undocumented code you could send to _IsPressed

Das Häschen benutzt Radar

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Hi, run this code and check the scite console while pressing keys to find the vkey code for the key you pressed. On my laptop my Fn key doesn't register, but my volume/mute/wifi/info/screenswap buttons all show for me.

#include <Misc.au3>

While Not _IsPressed("1B")
    For $i = 1 To 255
        If _IsPressed(StringFormat("%02x", $i)) Then ConsoleWrite(StringFormat("%02x", $i) & @LF)


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Thanks guys, i'll give that a shot and see what buttons it'll recognise.

I guess some buttons aren't recognized because a driver is required to identify them under Windows.

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