Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
FinalVersion

Memory Reading?

Recommended Posts

Greek

You need that:

#include-once
#region _Memory
;=================================================================================================
; AutoIt Version:   3.1.127 (beta)
; Language:         English
; Platform:         All Windows
; Author:           Nomad
; Requirements:     These functions will only work with beta.
;=================================================================================================
; Credits:  wOuter - These functions are based on his original _Mem() functions.  But they are
;           easier to comprehend and more reliable.  These functions are in no way a direct copy
;           of his functions.  His functions only provided a foundation from which these evolved.
;=================================================================================================
;
; Functions:
;
;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryOpen($iv_Pid(, $iv_DesiredAccess(, $iv_InheritHandle)))
; Description:      Opens a process and enables all possible access rights to the process.  The
;                   Process ID of the process is used to specify which process to open.  You must
;                   call this function before calling _MemoryClose(), _MemoryRead(), or _MemoryWrite().
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Pid - The Process ID of the program you want to open.
;                   $iv_DesiredAccess - (optional) Set to 0x1F0FFF by default, which enables all
;                                       possible access rights to the process specified by the
;                                       Process ID.
;                   $if_InheritHandle - (optional) If this value is TRUE, all processes created by
;                                       this process will inherit the access handle.  Set to TRUE
;                                       (1) by default.  Set to 0 if you want it to be FALSE.
; Requirement(s):   A valid process ID.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns an array containing the Dll handle and an open handle to
;                                the specified process.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $iv_Pid.
;                            2 = Failed to open Kernel32.dll.
;                            3 = Failed to open the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryOpen($iv_Pid, $iv_DesiredAccess = 0x1F0FFF, $if_InheritHandle = 1)
    
    If Not ProcessExists($iv_Pid) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $ah_Handle[2] = [DllOpen('kernel32.dll')]
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(2)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $av_OpenProcess = DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'OpenProcess', 'int', $iv_DesiredAccess, 'int', $if_InheritHandle, 'int', $iv_Pid)
    
    If @Error Then
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        SetError(3)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    $ah_Handle[1] = $av_OpenProcess[0]
    
    Return $ah_Handle
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryRead($iv_Address, $ah_Handle(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads the value located in the memory address specified.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The memory address you want to read from. It must be in hex
;                                 format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of value you intend to read.  This is set to
;                               'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by default.  See the help file
;                               for DllStructCreate for all types.
;                               An example: If you want to read a word that is 15 characters in
;                               length, you would use 'char[16]'.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns the value located at the specified address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = $sv_Type was not a string.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            4 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            5 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            6 = Failed to read from the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values returned are in Decimal format, unless specified as a 'char' type, then
;                   they are returned in ASCII format.  Also note that size ('char[size]') for all
;                   'char' types should be 1 greater than the actual size.
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryRead($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(@Error + 1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
    
    If Not @Error Then
        Local $v_Value = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
        Return $v_Value
    Else
        SetError(6)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryWrite($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $v_Data(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Writes data to the specified memory address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The memory address you want to write to.  It must be in hex
;                                 format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $v_Data - The data to be written.
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of value you intend to write.  This is set to
;                               'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by default.  See the help file
;                               for DllStructCreate for all types.
;                               An example: If you want to write a word that is 15 characters in
;                               length, you would use 'char[16]'.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns 1
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = $sv_Type was not a string.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            4 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            5 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            6 = $v_Data is not in the proper format to be used with the "Type"
;                                selected for $sv_Type, or it is out of range.
;                            7 = Failed to write to the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values sent must be in Decimal format, unless specified as a 'char' type, then
;                   they must be in ASCII format.  Also note that size ('char[size]') for all
;                   'char' types should be 1 greater than the actual size.
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryWrite($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $v_Data, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(@Error + 1)
        Return 0
    Else
        DllStructSetData($v_Buffer, 1, $v_Data)
        If @Error Then
            SetError(6)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'WriteProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
    
    If Not @Error Then
        Return 1
    Else
        SetError(7)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryClose($ah_Handle)
; Description:      Closes the process handle opened by using _MemoryOpen().
; Parameter(s):     $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns 1
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = Unable to close the process handle.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryClose($ah_Handle)
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'CloseHandle', 'int', $ah_Handle[1])
    If Not @Error Then
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        Return 1
    Else
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        SetError(2)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryPointerRead ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads a chain of pointers and returns an array containing the destination
;                   address and the data at the address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The static memory address you want to start at. It must be in
;                                 hex format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $av_Offset - An array of offsets for the pointers.  Each pointer must have an
;                                offset.  If there is no offset for a pointer, enter 0 for that
;                                array dimension. (Offsets must be in decimal format, NOT hex!)
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of data you intend to read at the destination
;                                address.  This is set to 'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by
;                                default.  See the help file for DllStructCreate for all types.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns an array containing the destination address and the value
;                                located at the address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = $av_Offset is not an array.
;                            2 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is not a string.
;                            4 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            5 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            6 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            7 = Failed to read from the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values returned are in Decimal format, unless a 'char' type is selected.
;                   Set $av_Offset like this:
;                   $av_Offset[0] = NULL (not used)
;                   $av_Offset[1] = Offset for pointer 1 (all offsets must be in Decimal)
;                   $av_Offset[2] = Offset for pointer 2
;                   etc...
;                   (The number of array dimensions determines the number of pointers)
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryPointerRead ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If IsArray($av_Offset) Then
        If IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
            Local $iv_PointerCount = UBound($av_Offset) - 1
        Else
            SetError(2)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    Else
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $iv_Data[2], $i
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate('dword')
    
    For $i = 0 to $iv_PointerCount
        
        If $i = $iv_PointerCount Then
            $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(@Error + 2)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_Data[1] + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        ElseIf $i = 0 Then
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        Else
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_Data[1] + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        EndIf
        
    Next
    
    $iv_Data[0] = $iv_Address
    
    Return $iv_Data

EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryPointerWrite ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $v_Data(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads a chain of pointers and writes the data to the destination address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The static memory address you want to start at. It must be in
;                                 hex format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $av_Offset - An array of offsets for the pointers.  Each pointer must have an
;                                offset.  If there is no offset for a pointer, enter 0 for that
;                                array dimension.
;                   $v_Data - The data to be written.
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of data you intend to write at the destination
;                                address.  This is set to 'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by
;                                default.  See the help file for DllStructCreate for all types.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns the destination address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0.
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = $av_Offset is not an array.
;                            2 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            3 = Failed to read from the specified process.
;                            4 = $sv_Type is not a string.
;                            5 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            6 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            7 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            8 = $v_Data is not in the proper format to be used with the
;                                "Type" selected for $sv_Type, or it is out of range.
;                            9 = Failed to write to the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Data written is in Decimal format, unless a 'char' type is selected.
;                   Set $av_Offset like this:
;                   $av_Offset[0] = NULL (not used, doesn't matter what's entered)
;                   $av_Offset[1] = Offset for pointer 1 (all offsets must be in Decimal)
;                   $av_Offset[2] = Offset for pointer 2
;                   etc...
;                   (The number of array dimensions determines the number of pointers)
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryPointerWrite ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $v_Data, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If IsArray($av_Offset) Then
        If IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
            Local $iv_PointerCount = UBound($av_Offset) - 1
        Else
            SetError(2)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    Else
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $iv_StructData, $i
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate('dword')

    For $i = 0 to $iv_PointerCount
        If $i = $iv_PointerCount Then
            $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(@Error + 3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            DllStructSetData($v_Buffer, 1, $v_Data)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(8)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_StructData + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'WriteProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(9)
                Return 0
            Else
                Return $iv_Address
            EndIf
        ElseIf $i = 0 Then
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_StructData = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        Else
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_StructData + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_StructData = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        EndIf
    Next

EndFunc


;==================================================================================
; Function:            SetPrivilege( $privilege, $bEnable )
; Description:        Enables (or disables) the $privilege on the current process
;                   (Probably) requires administrator privileges to run
;
; Author(s):        Larry (from autoitscript.com's Forum)
; Notes(s):
; http://www.autoitscript.com/forum/index.php?s=&showtopic=31248&view=findpost&p=223999
;==================================================================================

Func SetPrivilege( $privilege, $bEnable )
    Const $TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES = 0x0020
    Const $TOKEN_QUERY = 0x0008
    Const $SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED = 0x0002
    Local $hToken, $SP_auxret, $SP_ret, $hCurrProcess, $nTokens, $nTokenIndex, $priv
    $nTokens = 1
    $LUID = DLLStructCreate("dword;int")
    If IsArray($privilege) Then    $nTokens = UBound($privilege)
    $TOKEN_PRIVILEGES = DLLStructCreate("dword;dword[" & (3 * $nTokens) & "]")
    $NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES = DLLStructCreate("dword;dword[" & (3 * $nTokens) & "]")
    $hCurrProcess = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","hwnd","GetCurrentProcess")
    $SP_auxret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","OpenProcessToken","hwnd",$hCurrProcess[0],   _
            "int",BitOR($TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES,$TOKEN_QUERY),"int*",0)
    If $SP_auxret[0] Then
        $hToken = $SP_auxret[3]
        DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,1,1)
        $nTokenIndex = 1
        While $nTokenIndex <= $nTokens
            If IsArray($privilege) Then
                $ntokenvar=$ntokenindex-1
                $priv = $privilege[$ntokenvar]
            Else
                $priv = $privilege
            EndIf
            $ret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","LookupPrivilegeValue","str","","str",$priv,   _
                    "ptr",DLLStructGetPtr($LUID))
            If $ret[0] Then
                If $bEnable Then
                    DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,$SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED,(3 * $nTokenIndex))
                Else
                    DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,0,(3 * $nTokenIndex))
                EndIf
                DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,DllStructGetData($LUID,1),(3 * ($nTokenIndex-1)) + 1)
                DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,DllStructGetData($LUID,2),(3 * ($nTokenIndex-1)) + 2)
                DLLStructSetData($LUID,1,0)
                DLLStructSetData($LUID,2,0)
            EndIf
            $nTokenIndex += 1
        WEnd
        $ret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","AdjustTokenPrivileges","hwnd",$hToken,"int",0,   _
                "ptr",DllStructGetPtr($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES),"int",DllStructGetSize($NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES),   _
                "ptr",DllStructGetPtr($NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES),"int*",0)
        $f = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","int","GetLastError")
    EndIf
    $NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES=0
    $TOKEN_PRIVILEGES=0
    $LUID=0
    If $SP_auxret[0] = 0 Then Return 0
    $SP_auxret = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","int","CloseHandle","hwnd",$hToken)
    If Not $ret[0] And Not $SP_auxret[0] Then Return 0
    return $ret[0]
EndFunc  ;==>SetPrivilege
#endregion

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
FinalVersion

You need that:

#include-once
#region _Memory
;=================================================================================================
; AutoIt Version:   3.1.127 (beta)
; Language:         English
; Platform:         All Windows
; Author:           Nomad
; Requirements:     These functions will only work with beta.
;=================================================================================================
; Credits:  wOuter - These functions are based on his original _Mem() functions.  But they are
;           easier to comprehend and more reliable.  These functions are in no way a direct copy
;           of his functions.  His functions only provided a foundation from which these evolved.
;=================================================================================================
;
; Functions:
;
;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryOpen($iv_Pid(, $iv_DesiredAccess(, $iv_InheritHandle)))
; Description:      Opens a process and enables all possible access rights to the process.  The
;                   Process ID of the process is used to specify which process to open.  You must
;                   call this function before calling _MemoryClose(), _MemoryRead(), or _MemoryWrite().
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Pid - The Process ID of the program you want to open.
;                   $iv_DesiredAccess - (optional) Set to 0x1F0FFF by default, which enables all
;                                       possible access rights to the process specified by the
;                                       Process ID.
;                   $if_InheritHandle - (optional) If this value is TRUE, all processes created by
;                                       this process will inherit the access handle.  Set to TRUE
;                                       (1) by default.  Set to 0 if you want it to be FALSE.
; Requirement(s):   A valid process ID.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns an array containing the Dll handle and an open handle to
;                                the specified process.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $iv_Pid.
;                            2 = Failed to open Kernel32.dll.
;                            3 = Failed to open the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryOpen($iv_Pid, $iv_DesiredAccess = 0x1F0FFF, $if_InheritHandle = 1)
    
    If Not ProcessExists($iv_Pid) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $ah_Handle[2] = [DllOpen('kernel32.dll')]
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(2)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $av_OpenProcess = DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'OpenProcess', 'int', $iv_DesiredAccess, 'int', $if_InheritHandle, 'int', $iv_Pid)
    
    If @Error Then
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        SetError(3)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    $ah_Handle[1] = $av_OpenProcess[0]
    
    Return $ah_Handle
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryRead($iv_Address, $ah_Handle(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads the value located in the memory address specified.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The memory address you want to read from. It must be in hex
;                                 format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of value you intend to read.  This is set to
;                               'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by default.  See the help file
;                               for DllStructCreate for all types.
;                               An example: If you want to read a word that is 15 characters in
;                               length, you would use 'char[16]'.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns the value located at the specified address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = $sv_Type was not a string.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            4 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            5 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            6 = Failed to read from the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values returned are in Decimal format, unless specified as a 'char' type, then
;                   they are returned in ASCII format.  Also note that size ('char[size]') for all
;                   'char' types should be 1 greater than the actual size.
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryRead($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(@Error + 1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
    
    If Not @Error Then
        Local $v_Value = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
        Return $v_Value
    Else
        SetError(6)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryWrite($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $v_Data(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Writes data to the specified memory address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The memory address you want to write to.  It must be in hex
;                                 format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $v_Data - The data to be written.
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of value you intend to write.  This is set to
;                               'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by default.  See the help file
;                               for DllStructCreate for all types.
;                               An example: If you want to write a word that is 15 characters in
;                               length, you would use 'char[16]'.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns 1
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = $sv_Type was not a string.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            4 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            5 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            6 = $v_Data is not in the proper format to be used with the "Type"
;                                selected for $sv_Type, or it is out of range.
;                            7 = Failed to write to the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values sent must be in Decimal format, unless specified as a 'char' type, then
;                   they must be in ASCII format.  Also note that size ('char[size]') for all
;                   'char' types should be 1 greater than the actual size.
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryWrite($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $v_Data, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
    
    If @Error Then
        SetError(@Error + 1)
        Return 0
    Else
        DllStructSetData($v_Buffer, 1, $v_Data)
        If @Error Then
            SetError(6)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'WriteProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
    
    If Not @Error Then
        Return 1
    Else
        SetError(7)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryClose($ah_Handle)
; Description:      Closes the process handle opened by using _MemoryOpen().
; Parameter(s):     $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns 1
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            2 = Unable to close the process handle.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryClose($ah_Handle)
    
    If Not IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'CloseHandle', 'int', $ah_Handle[1])
    If Not @Error Then
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        Return 1
    Else
        DllClose($ah_Handle[0])
        SetError(2)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryPointerRead ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads a chain of pointers and returns an array containing the destination
;                   address and the data at the address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The static memory address you want to start at. It must be in
;                                 hex format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $av_Offset - An array of offsets for the pointers.  Each pointer must have an
;                                offset.  If there is no offset for a pointer, enter 0 for that
;                                array dimension. (Offsets must be in decimal format, NOT hex!)
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of data you intend to read at the destination
;                                address.  This is set to 'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by
;                                default.  See the help file for DllStructCreate for all types.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns an array containing the destination address and the value
;                                located at the address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = $av_Offset is not an array.
;                            2 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            3 = $sv_Type is not a string.
;                            4 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            5 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            6 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            7 = Failed to read from the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Values returned are in Decimal format, unless a 'char' type is selected.
;                   Set $av_Offset like this:
;                   $av_Offset[0] = NULL (not used)
;                   $av_Offset[1] = Offset for pointer 1 (all offsets must be in Decimal)
;                   $av_Offset[2] = Offset for pointer 2
;                   etc...
;                   (The number of array dimensions determines the number of pointers)
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryPointerRead ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If IsArray($av_Offset) Then
        If IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
            Local $iv_PointerCount = UBound($av_Offset) - 1
        Else
            SetError(2)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    Else
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $iv_Data[2], $i
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate('dword')
    
    For $i = 0 to $iv_PointerCount
        
        If $i = $iv_PointerCount Then
            $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(@Error + 2)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_Data[1] + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        ElseIf $i = 0 Then
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        Else
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_Data[1] + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(7)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Data[1] = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        EndIf
        
    Next
    
    $iv_Data[0] = $iv_Address
    
    Return $iv_Data

EndFunc

;=================================================================================================
; Function:         _MemoryPointerWrite ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $v_Data(, $sv_Type))
; Description:      Reads a chain of pointers and writes the data to the destination address.
; Parameter(s):     $iv_Address - The static memory address you want to start at. It must be in
;                                 hex format (0x00000000).
;                   $ah_Handle - An array containing the Dll handle and the handle of the open
;                                process as returned by _MemoryOpen().
;                   $av_Offset - An array of offsets for the pointers.  Each pointer must have an
;                                offset.  If there is no offset for a pointer, enter 0 for that
;                                array dimension.
;                   $v_Data - The data to be written.
;                   $sv_Type - (optional) The "Type" of data you intend to write at the destination
;                                address.  This is set to 'dword'(32bit(4byte) signed integer) by
;                                default.  See the help file for DllStructCreate for all types.
; Requirement(s):   The $ah_Handle returned from _MemoryOpen.
; Return Value(s):  On Success - Returns the destination address.
;                   On Failure - Returns 0.
;                   @Error - 0 = No error.
;                            1 = $av_Offset is not an array.
;                            2 = Invalid $ah_Handle.
;                            3 = Failed to read from the specified process.
;                            4 = $sv_Type is not a string.
;                            5 = $sv_Type is an unknown data type.
;                            6 = Failed to allocate the memory needed for the DllStructure.
;                            7 = Error allocating memory for $sv_Type.
;                            8 = $v_Data is not in the proper format to be used with the
;                                "Type" selected for $sv_Type, or it is out of range.
;                            9 = Failed to write to the specified process.
; Author(s):        Nomad
; Note(s):          Data written is in Decimal format, unless a 'char' type is selected.
;                   Set $av_Offset like this:
;                   $av_Offset[0] = NULL (not used, doesn't matter what's entered)
;                   $av_Offset[1] = Offset for pointer 1 (all offsets must be in Decimal)
;                   $av_Offset[2] = Offset for pointer 2
;                   etc...
;                   (The number of array dimensions determines the number of pointers)
;=================================================================================================
Func _MemoryPointerWrite ($iv_Address, $ah_Handle, $av_Offset, $v_Data, $sv_Type = 'dword')
    
    If IsArray($av_Offset) Then
        If IsArray($ah_Handle) Then
            Local $iv_PointerCount = UBound($av_Offset) - 1
        Else
            SetError(2)
            Return 0
        EndIf
    Else
        SetError(1)
        Return 0
    EndIf
    
    Local $iv_StructData, $i
    Local $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate('dword')

    For $i = 0 to $iv_PointerCount
        If $i = $iv_PointerCount Then
            $v_Buffer = DllStructCreate($sv_Type)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(@Error + 3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            DllStructSetData($v_Buffer, 1, $v_Data)
            If @Error Then
                SetError(8)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_StructData + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'WriteProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(9)
                Return 0
            Else
                Return $iv_Address
            EndIf
        ElseIf $i = 0 Then
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_StructData = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        Else
            $iv_Address = '0x' & hex($iv_StructData + $av_Offset[$i])
            DllCall($ah_Handle[0], 'int', 'ReadProcessMemory', 'int', $ah_Handle[1], 'int', $iv_Address, 'ptr', DllStructGetPtr($v_Buffer), 'int', DllStructGetSize($v_Buffer), 'int', '')
            If @Error Then
                SetError(3)
                Return 0
            EndIf
            
            $iv_StructData = DllStructGetData($v_Buffer, 1)
            
        EndIf
    Next

EndFunc


;==================================================================================
; Function:            SetPrivilege( $privilege, $bEnable )
; Description:        Enables (or disables) the $privilege on the current process
;                   (Probably) requires administrator privileges to run
;
; Author(s):        Larry (from autoitscript.com's Forum)
; Notes(s):
; http://www.autoitscript.com/forum/index.php?s=&showtopic=31248&view=findpost&p=223999
;==================================================================================

Func SetPrivilege( $privilege, $bEnable )
    Const $TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES = 0x0020
    Const $TOKEN_QUERY = 0x0008
    Const $SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED = 0x0002
    Local $hToken, $SP_auxret, $SP_ret, $hCurrProcess, $nTokens, $nTokenIndex, $priv
    $nTokens = 1
    $LUID = DLLStructCreate("dword;int")
    If IsArray($privilege) Then    $nTokens = UBound($privilege)
    $TOKEN_PRIVILEGES = DLLStructCreate("dword;dword[" & (3 * $nTokens) & "]")
    $NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES = DLLStructCreate("dword;dword[" & (3 * $nTokens) & "]")
    $hCurrProcess = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","hwnd","GetCurrentProcess")
    $SP_auxret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","OpenProcessToken","hwnd",$hCurrProcess[0],   _
            "int",BitOR($TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES,$TOKEN_QUERY),"int*",0)
    If $SP_auxret[0] Then
        $hToken = $SP_auxret[3]
        DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,1,1)
        $nTokenIndex = 1
        While $nTokenIndex <= $nTokens
            If IsArray($privilege) Then
                $ntokenvar=$ntokenindex-1
                $priv = $privilege[$ntokenvar]
            Else
                $priv = $privilege
            EndIf
            $ret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","LookupPrivilegeValue","str","","str",$priv,   _
                    "ptr",DLLStructGetPtr($LUID))
            If $ret[0] Then
                If $bEnable Then
                    DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,$SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED,(3 * $nTokenIndex))
                Else
                    DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,0,(3 * $nTokenIndex))
                EndIf
                DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,DllStructGetData($LUID,1),(3 * ($nTokenIndex-1)) + 1)
                DLLStructSetData($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES,2,DllStructGetData($LUID,2),(3 * ($nTokenIndex-1)) + 2)
                DLLStructSetData($LUID,1,0)
                DLLStructSetData($LUID,2,0)
            EndIf
            $nTokenIndex += 1
        WEnd
        $ret = DLLCall("advapi32.dll","int","AdjustTokenPrivileges","hwnd",$hToken,"int",0,   _
                "ptr",DllStructGetPtr($TOKEN_PRIVILEGES),"int",DllStructGetSize($NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES),   _
                "ptr",DllStructGetPtr($NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES),"int*",0)
        $f = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","int","GetLastError")
    EndIf
    $NEWTOKEN_PRIVILEGES=0
    $TOKEN_PRIVILEGES=0
    $LUID=0
    If $SP_auxret[0] = 0 Then Return 0
    $SP_auxret = DLLCall("kernel32.dll","int","CloseHandle","hwnd",$hToken)
    If Not $ret[0] And Not $SP_auxret[0] Then Return 0
    return $ret[0]
EndFunc  ;==>SetPrivilege
#endregion
How does one retrieve the memory address in hex format?

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Qousio

How does one retrieve the memory address in hex format?

The memory addresses are -Always- in hex format. Unless somebody converted them into decimal.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Qousio

Ok thanks, but how does one retrieve the memory address.

If you want to do it the correct way, use a debugger like OllyDbg.

If you want to do it the simple and not very correct way try using a tool like Cheat Engine.

If you want to do it the oldschool way, reverse it ^_^

You must remember, that finding the address is -NOT- finding the pointer. Thus if you have found the address your script will work only untill you restart the game. Finding the pointer will only be a problem if you use Cheat Engine, and even then its explained in the tutorial.

Personaly I love using Cheat Engine + its in built assembler injector to modify the opcodes and find the pointers ;)

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Guest
This topic is now closed to further replies.
Sign in to follow this  

×

Important Information

We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.