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Getting Windows Context Menu Items


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hi guys,

i am trying to obtain the list of items in my windows context menu. i have done extensive research on windows api calls and the closest i got was http://www.autoitscript.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=33677&st=15. however the code is already outdated. can anyone point me in the right direction? i tried looking at _winapi_enumwindowspopup but the sample script doesn't seem to work.

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thanks. i am really at my wits ends. i even tried doing searches on registry only to find out disappointingly that they are all over the place and it is different for every pc. no one seem to ask this question here before too so couldn't find any usable sample codings to tweak and modify

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  • 3 weeks later...
  • 5 years later...

The static items that will load in the Context Menu are in the Registry.  For dynamic items Windows has 3 COM interfaces, IContextMenu, IContextMenu2, IContextMenu3.  You do not know what the COM dll or ocx is going to add to the menu until it responds to the QueryContextMenu

Basically it is a nightmare.

Edit:  My comment refers to Explorer Context Menu.  Regular context menus in applications are another matter.  Someone on another forum is trying to figure out how to filter dynamic Explorer Context Menu items so I made that connection.  My bad.  :)


Edited by MilesAhead
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If it's a standard #32768 class context menu it's pretty easy:

#include <GuiMenu.au3>
#include <SendMessage.au3>
#include <WindowsConstants.au3>

Opt( "MustDeclareVars", 1 )


Func Example()

  Local Static $hLastMenu = 0

  HotKeySet( "{ESC}", "Quit" )

  While Sleep( 100 )

    Local $hDesktop = _WinAPI_GetDesktopWindow(), $hMenu = 0
    Local $hChild = _WinAPI_GetWindow( $hDesktop, $GW_CHILD ), $i = 0
    While $hChild And $i < 5
      If _WinAPI_GetClassName( $hChild ) = "#32768" Then
        $hMenu = _SendMessage( $hChild, $MN_GETHMENU )
      $hChild = _WinAPI_GetWindow( $hChild, $GW_HWNDNEXT )
      $i += 1

    If $hMenu And $hLastMenu <> $hMenu Then
      Local $iCount = _GUICtrlMenu_GetItemCount( $hMenu ), $sText
      ConsoleWrite( "Menu:" & @CRLF )
      For $i = 0 To $iCount - 1
        $sText = _GUICtrlMenu_GetItemText( $hMenu, $i )
        If $sText <> "" Then ConsoleWrite( "  " & $sText & @CRLF )
      ConsoleWrite( @CRLF )
      $hLastMenu = $hMenu



Func Quit()

1. Run the script in SciTE
2. Open the context menu
3. Names of menu items should be printed in console
4. Esc to exit script

Edited by LarsJ
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