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guestscripter

Automating a tricky (html/java) web interface (no API)

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guestscripter

Hi, I've been tinkering and tinkering and I really hope someone can give me some advice.

I've used the IE.au3 UDF successfully with some different scripts, just I'm not even sure I'm going in the right direction on this one.

A bunch of text input fields on a secure site are to be updated with data in the script (which the script gets from an excel file), and submitted. Not too hard, right?

The input fields html looks like this: (in this case current value is 777.00)

<input id="pt1:r1:1:pt1:ghostText:i10:0:lvl2:0:lvl3:0:lvl3PrcHdr:i15:0:lvl3Prc:ot21::content" name="pt1:r1:1:pt1:ghostText:i10:0:lvl2:0:lvl3:0:lvl3PrcHdr:i15:0:lvl3Prc:ot21" class="x25" type="text" value="777.00" title="777.00">

I've tried

_IEFormElementSetValue($oObj, $sInput, 0)
_IEFormElementSetValue($oObj, $sInput, 1)
$oObj.setAttribute("value", $sInput)
$oObj.setAttribute("title", $sInput)
_IEAction($oObj, "focus")
$oObj.fireEvent("onfocus")

in various combinations and orders, and the trouble is always that some fields are "skipped" or revert back to their previous value a few seconds later.

Even though not actually submitting ie. clicking the "Save Changes" button on the page, some kind of processing is already going when anything is changed/focused etc., as far as I can see.

What else I have tried:

Using ControlSend($g_oIEHandle, "", "[CLASSNN:Internet Explorer_Server8]", $sInput) in combination with a lot of MouseGetCursor() I have a more simple script roughly "working" (doesn't use any IE objects). It works by waiting for a normal mousecursor for the page to be "ready" again in between inputfields... ...and this ends up being very slow and not much faster than human entry, and "only" fails sometimes (which is why there is a checking function as well, though this also adds to the time taken).

 

So what can I do?

From some research I've done, I understand there may be some way to cancel events (I know as much as that events have a propery "cancelable"). Maybe we can stop any javascript function from being called while filling all the input fields somehow, so that none of the input gets lost.Could this help? How to do this?

One other idea is with POST and GET, so that the data that is usually submitted to the site on "Save Changes" can be sent without interface interaction... would this probably be very difficult to attempt? Where to start? (https...)

Please, any thoughts, guidance on the above, or ideas/approaches I haven't thought of?

Edited by guestscripter

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guestscripter

Alright so this gives me more useful info on understanding what's going on in terms of events...

especially this part I didn't know about before;

You can use monitorEvents function.

Just inspect your element (right mouse click → Inspect on visible element or go to Elements tab in Chrome Developer Tools and select wanted element) then go to Console tab and write:

monitorEvents($0)

Now when you move mouse over this element, focus or click it, the name of the fired event will be displayed with its data.

To stop getting this data just write this to console:

unmonitorEvents($0)

$0 is just the last DOM element selected by Chrome Developer Tools. You can pass any other DOM object there (for example result of getElementById or querySelector).

You can also specify event "type" as second parameter to narrow monitored events to some predefined set. For example:

monitorEvents(document.body, 'mouse')

List of this available types is here.

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10213703/how-do-i-view-events-fired-on-an-element-in-chrome-web-developer

 

Now what I could really use help with is learning how to manipulate/stop/pause these events manually.... any tips much appreciated!

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junkew

there is no such thing as tricky webpage. I assume your question is how to fill the form and not about disabling events.

see https://www.autoitscript.com/forum/topic/153520-iuiautomation-ms-framework-automate-chrome-ff-ie/

and to see if your page is really the problem check what you can do with javascript in your addressbar and if you get same tricky behavior

1. go to www.autoitscript.com/forum

2.type in addressbar:     javascript:document.getElementById("elSearchField").value="IUIAutomation";void(0);

 

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      ; this works on systems with IE11 ; ------------------------------- #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #include <array.au3> Global $oIE, $oDocument, $ohJS, $sDroping Global $iCorrect = 0, $iGoal = 11 Example() Exit Func Example() Local $aScientists[12][2] = _ [["Schrodinger", "Schrodinger"],["Planck", "Planck"],["Pauli", "Pauli"],["Einstein", "Einstein"], _ ["Chimp", "Chimp"],["Dirac", "Dirac"],["Heisenberg", "Heisenberg"],["Born", "Born"], _ ["De Broglie", "De_Broglie"],["Bohr", "Bohr"],["Sommerfeld", "Sommerfeld"],["", "empty"]] Local $oIE = ObjCreate("Shell.Explorer.2") ; Create a BrowserControl Local $hGUI = GUICreate("", 660, 600, 30, 30) GUICtrlCreateObj($oIE, 0, 0, 660, 600) ; Place BrowserControl on the GUI GUISetState() ;Show GUI $oIE.navigate('about:blank') ; file:///' & @ScriptDir & '\WhoIsWho.html') While Not String($oIE.readyState) = 'complete' ; wait for about:blank Sleep(100) WEnd ; this waits till the document is ready to be used (portion of code from IE.au3) While Not (String($oIE.readyState) = "complete" Or $oIE.readyState = 4) Sleep(100) WEnd While Not (String($oIE.document.readyState) = "complete" Or $oIE.document.readyState = 4) Sleep(100) WEnd $oIE.document.Write(_GetHTML()) ; inject lising directly to the HTML document: $oIE.document.close() ; close the write stream $oIE.document.execCommand("Refresh") While Not String($oIE.readyState) = 'complete' ; wait for readyState after a refresh Sleep(100) WEnd ; https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/52f50e9t(v=vs.94).aspx ; $ohJS is a reference to the javascript Global Obj ; ------------------------------------------------- $ohJS = $oIE.document.parentwindow.JSglobal $oDocument = $oIE.document Local $oTable1 = $ohJS.table1 Local $oTable2 = $ohJS.table2 _Randomize($aScientists, $oTable1) ; --- Setup events ------------ ; https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh801967(v=vs.85).aspx Local $aoEventObject[2] $aoEventObject[0] = ObjEvent($oTable1, "IEEvent_", "HTMLTableEvents2") $aoEventObject[1] = ObjEvent($oTable2, "IEEvent_", "HTMLTableEvents2") ; ----------------------------- ; Loop until the user exits. While 1 Switch GUIGetMsg() Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE ExitLoop EndSwitch If $iCorrect = $iGoal Then _Goal() _Randomize($aScientists, $oTable1) $iCorrect = 0 EndIf WEnd ; the end For $i = 0 To UBound($aoEventObject) - 1 $aoEventObject[$i] .stop Next $aoEventObject = 0 ; Kill the Event Object $oIE = 0 ; Remove IE from memory (not really necessary). GUIDelete($hGUI) ; Remove GUI EndFunc ;==>Example ; --- event management zone --- ; following functions are fired by events occurred in the browser control Volatile Func IEEvent_onDragstart($oEvent) ; we save the ID of the dragged obj into the $sDroping variable ; for a later use in the drop function $sDroping = $oEvent.srcElement.ID EndFunc ;==>IEEvent_onDragstart Volatile Func IEEvent_onDragOver($oEvent) $ohJS.event.preventDefault() EndFunc ;==>IEEvent_onDragOver Volatile Func IEEvent_onDrop($oEvent) $ohJS.event.preventDefault() If $sDroping <> "" Then If $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).innerText <> $oEvent.srcElement.innerText Then If $oEvent.srcElement.ClassName = $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).ClassName Then $oEvent.srcElement.innerText = $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).innerText $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).innerText = "" $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).draggable = False $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: #80ff80;" $iCorrect += 1 Else For $i = 1 To 3 $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: #ff0000;" Sleep(125) $oDocument.getElementById($sDroping).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: #ffffff;" Sleep(125) Next EndIf EndIf $sDroping = "" EndIf EndFunc ;==>IEEvent_onDrop Func _Randomize(ByRef $aScientists, ByRef $oTable) Local $iRows = ($oTable.rows.length) - 1 Local $iCols = ($oTable.rows.item(0).cells.length) - 1 Local $index _ArrayShuffle($aScientists) For $y = 0 To $iRows For $x = 0 To $iCols $index = ($y * ($iCols + 1)) + $x $oTable.rows.item($y).cells.item($x).innerText = $aScientists[$index][0] ; text $oTable.rows.item($y).cells.item($x).className = $aScientists[$index][1] ; class $oTable.rows.item($y).cells.item($x).draggable = $aScientists[$index][0] <> "" Next Next EndFunc ;==>_Randomize Func _Goal() Local $oTable1 = $ohJS.table1 ; names Local $oTable2 = $ohJS.table2 ; photos Local $iRows = ($oTable1.rows.length) Sleep(250) Local $iCols = 6 ; ($oTable1.rows.item(0).cells.length) Local $aIndex[$iRows * $iCols], $sTemp For $i = 0 To UBound($aIndex) - 1 $aIndex[$i] = $i ; + 1 Next _ArrayShuffle($aIndex) For $i = 0 To UBound($aIndex) - 1 $oTable2.rows.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).innerText = "" $oTemp0 = $oTable2.rows $oTemp1 = $oTemp0.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells $oTemp2 = $oTemp1.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).getAttribute("style") $oTable2.rows.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: " & _rndColor() Sleep(100); MsgBox(0,"Debug",$sTemp) $oTable2.rows.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).setAttribute("style") = $oTemp2 Next For $x = 1 To 2 For $i = 0 To UBound($aIndex) - 1 $oTable1.rows.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: " & _rndColor() Sleep(100) $oTable1.rows.item(Int($aIndex[$i] / $iCols)).cells.item(Mod($aIndex[$i], $iCols)).setAttribute("style") = "background-color: #ffffff;" Next Next EndFunc ;==>_Goal Func _rndColor() Return String("#" & Hex(Random(0, 255, 1), 2) & Hex(Random(0, 255, 1), 2) & Hex(Random(0, 255, 1), 2) & ";") EndFunc ;==>_rndColor Func _GetHTML() Local $sHTML = _ "<!DOCTYPE HTML>" & @CRLF & _ "<html>" & @CRLF & _ "<head>" & @CRLF & _ "<meta http-equiv=""X-UA-Compatible"" content=""IE=edge"" />" & @CRLF & _ " <script type=""text/javascript"">" & @CRLF & _ " var JSglobal = (1,eval)(""this"");" & @CRLF & _ " </script>" & @CRLF & _ "</head>" & @CRLF & _ "<body>" & @CRLF & _ "<h2>Who is who?</h2>" & @CRLF & _ "<p>Drag&Drop names on the right scientist</p>" & @CRLF & _ "<img src=""http://oi66.tinypic.com/2q0lue9.jpg""" & @CRLF & _ "height=""394"" width=""640""" & @CRLF & _ "style=""position: absolute; left: 10px; top: 100px;"">" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<style>" & @CRLF & _ ".target td {width: 100px; height: 160px; text-align: center; color: white; font-weight: bold; vertical-align: bottom; border: 0px solid grey;}" & @CRLF & _ ".source td {width: 100px; height: 30px; text-align: center; border: 1px solid red;}" & @CRLF & _ "</style>" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<table class=""target"" style=""position: absolute; left: 25px; top: 100px;"" id=""table2"">" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td class=""Schrodinger""></td><td class=""Planck""></td><td class=""Pauli""></td><td class=""Einstein""></td><td class=""Chimp""></td><td class=""Dirac""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td class=""Heisenberg""></td><td class=""Born""></td><td class=""De_Broglie""></td><td class=""Bohr""></td><td class=""Sommerfeld""></td><td class=""empty""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ "</table>" & @CRLF & _ "" & @CRLF & _ "<table class=""source"" style=""position: absolute; left: 10px; top: 504px;"" id=""table1"">" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td ID=""td1""></td><td ID=""td2""></td><td ID=""td3""></td><td ID=""td4"" ></td><td ID=""td5"" ></td><td ID=""td6"" ></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ " <tr><td ID=""td7""></td><td ID=""td8""></td><td ID=""td9""></td><td ID=""td10""></td><td ID=""td11""></td><td ID=""td12""></td></tr>" & @CRLF & _ "</table>" & @CRLF & _ "</body>" & @CRLF & _ "</html>" Return $sHTML EndFunc ;==>_GetHTML  
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