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Chimp

Best way to store Dates in SQLite?

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Chimp

Hi
I ask for generic advice on what field format is best to use to store dates in a database (SQLite).

if is a better choice to stored separately year, month and day into 3 separate fields or use one field for a complete date-time group?

I have to store information of this kind:
a person is assigned to a job for a certain day (one day only)
or also
a person is assigned to a job from a day to another day (a range of days)
then i have to query the database for a certain day so to know who is working to a certain job in a specific day.

Well, in the case of ranges of days (for example Mr. Bean works to JOB1 from May/15 to May/20) I have to store one record for each day of the range (6 record in this case) or use only one record with both dates in 2 fields of the same record?

the SQL query should 'ask' who is working on a specific day (even for days in the middle of the ranges).

My doubt is, what's the best way to store ranges of dates (as in the above example), so to be facilitated in the retrieval of those informations.

I'm afraid I'm not been clear, even if I did my best to be, anyway .... any suggestion is welcome..

Thank You

Edited by Chimp

small minds discuss people average minds discuss events great minds discuss ideas.... and use AutoIt....

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jchd

I'd use something simple but efficient enough for the purpose: ISO strings (YYYY-MM-DD ad time if necessary). Then create two columns DateFrom and DateTo. Then your query will be using a fast where clause:

select id, name, firstname from schedule where date('now') between datefrom and dateto;

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Chimp

Thank you @jchd!

exactly the answer I was looking for, concise and precise! :)

please, allow me one more question if I can,

What if I use a 'complete' date field as YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS (date and time) but then I don't fill the time part?

That is, can I create the Date field (the column) with also the time part (just for possible future use) , but leave it empty? or I have to fill anyway, maybe with a 'fixed' time-stamp , say 12:00:00 for example? and if so, then the complete date-time must also be used in the SQL query or the time part can be optional ?

Thanks again

Edited by Chimp

small minds discuss people average minds discuss events great minds discuss ideas.... and use AutoIt....

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jchd

You can freely use full timestamps:

select date('now')    returns '2016-06-05'
select datetime('now')    returns '2016-06-05 19:00:09' (this is UTC time)

select '2016-06-19' between date('now') and '2017-12-31 23:59:59' as "workday"  returns 1 (true) in workday
select '2016-06-19 15:27:33' between date('now') and '2017-12-31' as "workday"  returns 1 (true) in workday

The magic with ISO dates is that they compare in all use cases, are human-friendly and are portable accross DBMSs, OSes, languages, countries.

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This wonderful site allows debugging and testing regular expressions (many flavors available). An absolute must have in your bookmarks.
Another excellent RegExp tutorial. Don't forget downloading your copy of up-to-date pcretest.exe and pcregrep.exe here
RegExp tutorial: enough to get started
PCRE v8.33 regexp documentation latest available release and currently implemented in AutoIt beta.

SQLitespeed is another feature-rich premier SQLite manager (includes import/export). Well worth a try.
SQLite Expert (freeware Personal Edition or payware Pro version) is a very useful SQLite database manager.
An excellent eBook covering almost every aspect of SQLite3: a must-read for anyone doing serious work.
SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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Chimp

Wonderful!

Thanks a lot again.


small minds discuss people average minds discuss events great minds discuss ideas.... and use AutoIt....

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Skysnake

Thanks @jchd, I was not aware that you could select like that.  Will be simplifying my code. :)

@Chimp, you probably are aware, but SQLite supports this:

insert into test values (CURRENT_TIMESTAMP);

From here https://www.sqlite.org/lang_createtable.html

If the default value of a column is CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, then the value used in the new row is a text representation of the current UTC date and/or time. For CURRENT_TIME, the format of the value is "HH:MM:SS". For CURRENT_DATE, "YYYY-MM-DD". The format for CURRENT_TIMESTAMP is "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS".

 


Skysnake

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jchd

Additional note: you can define a more subtle default timestamp using date(), time(), datetime(), julianday() or strftime() with any modifier combination suits your needs.

CREATE TABLE "A" (
  "Id" INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, 
  "Item1" CHAR DEFAULT (datetime('now', 'localtime', '+5 minutes', '+12.3456 seconds')));

 

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This wonderful site allows debugging and testing regular expressions (many flavors available). An absolute must have in your bookmarks.
Another excellent RegExp tutorial. Don't forget downloading your copy of up-to-date pcretest.exe and pcregrep.exe here
RegExp tutorial: enough to get started
PCRE v8.33 regexp documentation latest available release and currently implemented in AutoIt beta.

SQLitespeed is another feature-rich premier SQLite manager (includes import/export). Well worth a try.
SQLite Expert (freeware Personal Edition or payware Pro version) is a very useful SQLite database manager.
An excellent eBook covering almost every aspect of SQLite3: a must-read for anyone doing serious work.
SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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      Fine?
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      #include <GUIConstants.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <Array.au3> Global $oErrorHandler = ObjEvent("AutoIt.Error", "_ErrFunc") Example() Func Example()     Local $dbname = FileOpenDialog("Choose Access Database", @ScriptDir, "Access files (*.accdb)", 1)     If @error then Return SetError(@error, @extended, 0)     $adoCon = ObjCreate("ADODB.Connection")     $adoCon.Open("Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb, *.accdb)}; DBQ=" & $dbname & ";Uid=;Pwd=;")     $adoRs = ObjCreate("ADODB.Recordset")     GUICreate("listview items", 550, 250, 100, 200, -1, $WS_EX_ACCEPTFILES)     Local $idListview = GUICtrlCreateListView("Codigo    |Nome         |Valor  ", 10, 10, 520, 150) ;,$LVS_SORTDESCENDING     $queryInsert = INSERT INTO TABLENAME VALUES (''aaaaa'', ''bbbbbb'', ''cccccc'')     Local $aResult     With $adoRs         .CursorType = 2         .LockType = 3         .Open($queryInsert, $adoCon)         If @error Then             ; deal with Probable SQL error             Return SetError(1)         EndIf         If Not .EOF Then $aResult = .GetRows()         .Close()     EndWith     $adoRs = 0     _ArrayDisplay($aResult, 'UBound($aResult)=' & UBound($aResult))     For $iRow_idx = 0 To UBound($aResult) - 1         GUICtrlCreateListViewItem($aResult[$iRow_idx][0], $idListview)     Next     $adoCon.Close     GUISetState()     ; Loop until the user exits.     While 1         Switch GUIGetMsg()             Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE                 ExitLoop ;~             Case $idButton ;~                 MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "listview item", GUICtrlRead(GUICtrlRead($idListview)), 2)             Case $idListview                 MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "listview", "clicked=" & GUICtrlGetState($idListview), 2)         EndSwitch     WEnd EndFunc   ;==>Example ; User's COM error function. Will be called if COM error occurs Func _ErrFunc($oError)     ; Do anything here.     ConsoleWrite(@ScriptName & " (" & $oError.scriptline & ") : ==> COM Error intercepted !" & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.number is: " & @TAB & @TAB & "0x" & Hex($oError.number) & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.windescription:" & @TAB & $oError.windescription & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.description is: " & @TAB & $oError.description & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.source is: " & @TAB & @TAB & $oError.source & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.helpfile is: " & @TAB & $oError.helpfile & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.helpcontext is: " & @TAB & $oError.helpcontext & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.lastdllerror is: " & @TAB & $oError.lastdllerror & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.scriptline is: " & @TAB & $oError.scriptline & @CRLF & _             @TAB & "err.retcode is: " & @TAB & "0x" & Hex($oError.retcode) & @CRLF & @CRLF) EndFunc   ;==>_ErrFunc Help, Please!
       
    • Eminence
      By Eminence
      Hello,
      Using SQLite, I was trying to select a specific column with having duplicate entries removed by using the DISTINCT function. 
      Local $sQuery = "SELECT DISTINCT supervisor, COUNT(DISTINCT employee_name) FROM data_db What the above snippet does is just list only one supervisor but with the total count of unique employee names in the whole database when it should be listing out all supervisor entries from the database and list the total count of employees per each supervisors. If I remove the COUNT function, it does list out all unique entries of supervisor names from the list. Attached is a screenshot of an example database as well. 
      Any help will be much appreciated. Thank you!

    • Seminko
      By Seminko
      Hey,
      I have a script that uses SQLite. It worked without a hiccup on my W7 system.
      However, last week I bought a new machine, installed W10 and autoit, and now I'm getting an error during _SQLite_Startup.
      Can anyone advise on how to find what's wrong? Tried checking $__g_hPrintCallback_SQLite but that returns nothing.
       
      Tried downloading the latest version of the dll from the link in the function page and I also replaced the default SQLite.dll.au3 that came with AutoIt with the one that came with the latest SQLite version zip.
       
      Relevant parts of my script:
      #include <SQLite.au3> #include <SQLite.dll.au3> _SQLite_Startup(@ScriptDir & "\Config\sqlite3_x64.dll", False, 1) If @error Then MsgBox(16, "SQLite Error", "SQLite3.dll Can't be Loaded! - " & $__g_hPrintCallback_SQLite & @CRLF & @CRLF & "Exiting application / Zavolej Honzovi") Exit -1 EndIf  
      Thanks
      S.
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