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Add spaces between string elements


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hey i would like to know if its possible to take a string like this

$string = "onethousandninehundredeightyfive"

and convert it into:

$string = "one thousand nine hundred eighty five"

i have something going on here but its no use

$string = "onethousandninehundredeightyfive"
Global $array[9] = ['one', 'two', 'three', 'four', 'five', 'six', 'seven', 'eight', 'nine']
Global $array1[19] = ['onethousand', 'twothousand', 'threethousand', 'fourthousand', 'fivethousand', 'sixthousand', 'seventhousand', 'eightthousand', 'ninethousand','tenthousand','hundred', 'twohundred', 'threehundred', 'fourhundred', 'fivehundred', 'sixhundred', 'sevenhundred', 'eighthundred', 'ninehundred']
MsgBox(0, 0, AddSpaces($string))


Func AddSpaces($string)
    Local $finalStr
    $length = StringLen($string)
    For $x = 0 To $length
        Local $trim = StringTrimRight($string, $x)
        For $h = 0 To 18
            If $trim = $array1[$h] Then
                $finalStr = $finalStr & " " & $trim
                $string = StringTrimLeft($string, $h)
                $length = StringLen($string)
            EndIf
        Next

        For $z = 0 To 8
            If $trim = $array[$z] Then
                $finalStr = $finalStr & " " & $trim
                $string = StringTrimLeft($string, $z)
                $length = StringLen($string)
            EndIf
        Next
    Next
    Return $finalStr
EndFunc   ;==>AddSpaces

 

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Here's one way that it could be done:

example()

Func example()
    Const $kData = "onethousandninehundredeightyfivefiftysixninetyfour"

    Local $s = $kData
    $s       = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(zero|one|two|three|four(?!ty)|five|six(?!ty)|seven(?!y)|eight(?!y)|nine(?!ty))", "\1 ")
    $s       = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(twenty|thirty|fourty|fifty|sixty|seventy|eighty|ninety)", "\1 ")
    $s       = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(hundred|thousand)", "\1 ")

    ConsoleWrite($s & @CRLF)
EndFunc

 

Edited by TheXman
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17 minutes ago, TrashBoat said:

ughh.. what are those (?i) i want to know i understand the (?!y) and (?!ty) , and thanks it works perfectly!

https://www.autoitscript.com/autoit3/docs/functions/StringRegExp.htm

(?i)  = Caseless: matching becomes case-insensitive from that point on.

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TheXman,

I would add the space before the detected string, not after - think of "nine" and "nineteen".

M23

Public_Domain.png.2d871819fcb9957cf44f4514551a2935.png Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind

Open spoiler to see my UDFs:

Spoiler

ArrayMultiColSort ---- Sort arrays on multiple columns
ChooseFileFolder ---- Single and multiple selections from specified path treeview listing
Date_Time_Convert -- Easily convert date/time formats, including the language used
ExtMsgBox --------- A highly customisable replacement for MsgBox
GUIExtender -------- Extend and retract multiple sections within a GUI
GUIFrame ---------- Subdivide GUIs into many adjustable frames
GUIListViewEx ------- Insert, delete, move, drag, sort, edit and colour ListView items
GUITreeViewEx ------ Check/clear parent and child checkboxes in a TreeView
Marquee ----------- Scrolling tickertape GUIs
NoFocusLines ------- Remove the dotted focus lines from buttons, sliders, radios and checkboxes
Notify ------------- Small notifications on the edge of the display
Scrollbars ----------Automatically sized scrollbars with a single command
StringSize ---------- Automatically size controls to fit text
Toast -------------- Small GUIs which pop out of the notification area

 

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5 minutes ago, Melba23 said:

I would add the space before the detected string, not after - think of "nine" and "nineteen".

@Melba23

Point taken.  My suggestion doesn't cover a myriad of additional possibilities or requirements.  But to your point, yes, there are several ways that it could have been accomplished. :)

Since "teens" weren't a part of the request, I didn't take them into account.  My solution was meant only to be as accurate as the request itself.  I try not to make any assumptions. :D

However, I did add "thousand" to the example just to point out that it was easy to expand upon the solution, if necessary.

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24 minutes ago, Melba23 said:

I would add the space before the detected string, not after - think of "nine" and "nineteen".

As the regex engine reads the pattern left to right it could be done like this  :)

$string = "nineteenthousandninehundredninetynine"

Local $pattern
$pattern &= "(?i)("
$pattern &= "hundred|thousand|twenty|ten|eleven|twelve|"
$pattern &= "thirty|fourty|fifty|sixty|seventy|eighty|ninety|"
$pattern &= "thirteen|fourteen|fifteen|sixteen|seventeen|eighteen|nineteen|"
$pattern &= "zero|one|two|three|four|five|six|seven|eight|nine"
$pattern &= ")"

$s = StringRegExpReplace($string, $pattern, "$1 ")
Msgbox(0,"", $s)

 

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1 hour ago, Melba23 said:

I would add the space before the detected string, not after - think of "nine" and "nineteen".

 

Slightly modified version that uses @Melba23's suggestion:

#include <Constants.au3>

example()

Func example()
    Const $kData = "onethousandninehundredeightyfivefiftysixninetyfour"
    Const $kData2 = "nineteenthousandninehundredeightyfivefiftysixninetyfourfourteententhousand"

    Local $s = $kData2
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(?<! )(zero|one|two|three|four|five|six|seven|eight|nine|ten)", " \1")
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(?<! )(eleven|twelve|thirteen|fourteen|fifteen|sixteen|seventeen|eighteen|nineteen)", " \1")
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(?<! )(twenty|thirty|fourty|fifty|sixty|seventy|eighty|ninety)", " \1")
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, "(?i)(?<! )(hundred|thousand|million|billion)", " \1")
    $s = StringStripWS($s, $STR_STRIPLEADING)

    ConsoleWrite($s & @CRLF)
EndFunc

 

(?<! ) = Only do the replacement if there isn't already a leading space.

;)

Edited by TheXman
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yours still struggles where there is a match inside of your match

e.g. the following string returns  "twomilli oneight thousand four hundred fifty three" in your script, but splits correctly with @mikell's (after adding million to the lead the pattern)

$string = "twomillioneightthousandfourhundredfiftythree"

Local $pattern
$pattern &= "(?i)("
$pattern &= "million|hundred|thousand|twenty|ten|eleven|twelve|"
$pattern &= "thirty|fourty|fifty|sixty|seventy|eighty|ninety|"
$pattern &= "thirteen|fourteen|fifteen|sixteen|seventeen|eighteen|nineteen|"
$pattern &= "zero|one|two|three|four|five|six|seven|eight|nine"
$pattern &= ")"

$s = StringRegExpReplace($string, $pattern, "$1 ")
Msgbox(0,"", $s)

 

Edited by iamtheky

,-. .--. ________ .-. .-. ,---. ,-. .-. .-. .-.
|(| / /\ \ |\ /| |__ __||| | | || .-' | |/ / \ \_/ )/
(_) / /__\ \ |(\ / | )| | | `-' | | `-. | | / __ \ (_)
| | | __ | (_)\/ | (_) | | .-. | | .-' | | \ |__| ) (
| | | | |)| | \ / | | | | | |)| | `--. | |) \ | |
`-' |_| (_) | |\/| | `-' /( (_)/( __.' |((_)-' /(_|
'-' '-' (__) (__) (_) (__)

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4 minutes ago, iamtheky said:

yours still struggles where there is a match inside of your match

Nice catch! :)

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I believe to have answered the OP question in the other thread devoted to conversion "text to number".

This wonderful site allows debugging and testing regular expressions (many flavors available). An absolute must have in your bookmarks.
Another excellent RegExp tutorial. Don't forget downloading your copy of up-to-date pcretest.exe and pcregrep.exe here
RegExp tutorial: enough to get started
PCRE v8.33 regexp documentation latest available release and currently implemented in AutoIt beta.

SQLitespeed is another feature-rich premier SQLite manager (includes import/export). Well worth a try.
SQLite Expert (freeware Personal Edition or payware Pro version) is a very useful SQLite database manager.
An excellent eBook covering almost every aspect of SQLite3: a must-read for anyone doing serious work.
SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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