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UIA_IsEnabled - Loop until False changes to True


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Good Evening Everyone :)

Long time since I've been in the forums - missing AutoIt and programming dearly - but on with the question... I hope this one is easy :graduated:

I am using SimpleSpy / UIAWrappers.au3 to automate an application. I basically have a "Stop" button that I am waiting to change from UIA_IsEnabled:= <False> to UIA_IsEnabled:= <True>

How do I check for the UIA_IsEnabled condition ?  Of course SimpleSpy gives all the details of GUI elements... but what code do I use to just check the GUI "Stop" buttons UIA_IsEnabled condition?

Local $oUIElement=_UIA_getObjectByFindAll($oP0, "title:=Stop;ControlType:=UIA_ButtonControlTypeId", $treescope_subtree)

Thanks!

Edited by souldjer777

"Maybe I'm on a road that ain't been paved yet. And maybe I see a sign that ain't been made yet"
Song Title: I guess you could say
Artist: Middle Class Rut

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example 12 gives example for that and also examples 19/24 show you how to catch events based on certain changes of an element.

The UIAWrappers are not having function(s) to make life easier for you. you have to read the manuals of microsoft and the few examples as given. I almost never use the events (although that is the most speediest way of determining changes).

Normally you can just get the property with

_UIA_getPropertyValue($oUIElement,"IsEnabled")

But if you do it in a tight loop it has been observed (differs per element)  sometimes that the  properties of the element are not refreshed as inner mechanism of MS DLL is caching the stuff

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Thank you junkew - I'm looking at examples right now.

That's almost what I had after some googling / digging...

Local $sTest = _UIA_GetPropertyValue($oUIElement, UIA_IsEnabled)

So close, just slightly wrong - doh!

Will try what you have - much appreciated.

Since I haven't gotten far with the examples yet - Any way to get around element caching or what is your recommendation?

FYI - My loop will sleep (5000) - Don't know if that's considered a tight loop.

Edited by souldjer777
Another question added

"Maybe I'm on a road that ain't been paved yet. And maybe I see a sign that ain't been made yet"
Song Title: I guess you could say
Artist: Middle Class Rut

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refind the object based on its automationid (for that do not use the wrappers as thats then a little much overhead)

Basically to bypass any caching you should not use findall, findfirst but use the treewalkers to get to your element.

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/framework/ui-automation/caching-in-ui-automation-clients

 

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I believe I'm much closer... hope I'm doing the right thing here - but still need some help getting the property of "IsEnabled" for button "Stop" if that's even what I should do...

 

#include <CUIAutomation2.au3>

    Test123()

    Func Test123()

    Local $hWindow = WinGetHandle("My Application")
    If Not $hWindow Then Return ConsoleWrite("Window handle ERR" & @CRLF)
    ConsoleWrite("Window handle OK" & @CRLF)


    ; Create UI Automation object
    Local $oUIAutomation = ObjCreateInterface($sCLSID_CUIAutomation, $sIID_IUIAutomation, $dtagIUIAutomation)
    If Not IsObj($oUIAutomation) Then Return ConsoleWrite("UI Automation object ERR" & @CRLF)
    ConsoleWrite("UI Automation object OK" & @CRLF)


    ; Get UI Automation element from window handle
    Local $pWindow, $oWindow
    $oUIAutomation.ElementFromHandle($hWindow, $pWindow)
    $oWindow = ObjCreateInterface($pWindow, $sIID_IUIAutomationElement, $dtagIUIAutomationElement)
    If Not IsObj($oWindow) Then Return ConsoleWrite("Automation element from window ERR" & @CRLF)
    ConsoleWrite("Automation element from window OK" & @CRLF)


    ; Condition to find all BUTTON elements
    Local $pCondition
    $oUIAutomation.CreatePropertyCondition($UIA_ControlTypePropertyId, $UIA_ButtonControlTypeId, $pCondition)
    If Not $pCondition Then Return ConsoleWrite("Property condition ERR" & @CRLF)
    ConsoleWrite("Property condition OK" & @CRLF)


    ; Find all BUTTON elements
    Local $pUIElementArray, $oUIElementArray, $iElements
    $oWindow.FindAll($TreeScope_Descendants, $pCondition, $pUIElementArray) ; <<<< Use your own $oWindow element <<<<<<<<<<<
    $oUIElementArray = ObjCreateInterface($pUIElementArray, $sIID_IUIAutomationElementArray, $dtagIUIAutomationElementArray)
    $oUIElementArray.Length($iElements)
    If Not $iElements Then Return ConsoleWrite("Find BUTTON elements ERR" & @CRLF)
    ConsoleWrite("Find all BUTTON elements OK. Elements: " & $iElements & @CRLF)

    ; Find proper BUTTON element
    Local $pBUTTON, $oBUTTON, $sName, $oProperBUTTON
    For $i = 0 To $iElements - 1


        $oUIElementArray.GetElement($i, $pBUTTON)
        $oBUTTON = ObjCreateInterface($pBUTTON, $sIID_IUIAutomationElement, $dtagIUIAutomationElement)
        $oBUTTON.GetCurrentPropertyValue($UIA_NamePropertyId, $sName)

        ConsoleWrite("Name of BUTTON element " & $i & ": " & $sName & @CRLF)

        If StringInStr($sName, 'Stop') Then

        MsgBox ( 0, '' , 'Element: ' & $i & ":" & $sName)

        Local $sTest = $oBUTTON.GetCurrentPropertyValue($UIA_NamePropertyId, "IsEnabled")

        MsgBox ( 0, '' , 'Property Value: ' & $sTest)

        ExitLoop
        EndIf


    Next

    EndFunc

I saw the MSDN example:

autoElement.GetCurrentPropertyValue(AutomationElement.IsEnabledProperty);

Return values of the property are of type Boolean. The default value for the property is false. 
Edited by souldjer777

"Maybe I'm on a road that ain't been paved yet. And maybe I see a sign that ain't been made yet"
Song Title: I guess you could say
Artist: Middle Class Rut

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FYI - I don't believe I'm getting a cached value of the "stop" button... I've been running some tests and values seem to be coming back fine with both true and false - that match the buttons current state.

I'd much rather do this the proper / recommended way - but I honestly am having difficulty finding / reading the example code / output for "My Application". Been a very long time since I tried automating using these methods. Sorry.

#include "UIAWrappers.au3"
AutoItSetOption("MustDeclareVars", 1)

Local $oP1=_UIA_getObjectByFindAll($UIA_oDesktop, "Title:=My Application;controltype:=UIA_WindowControlTypeId;class:=#32770", $treescope_children)
_UIA_Action($oP1,"setfocus")
Local $oP0=_UIA_getObjectByFindAll($oP1, "Title:=;controltype:=UIA_ToolBarControlTypeId;class:=ToolbarWindow32", $treescope_children)
_UIA_Action($oP0,"setfocus")
;~ First find the object in the parent before you can do something
;~$oUIElement=_UIA_getObjectByFindAll("Stop.mainwindow", "title:=Stop;ControlType:=UIA_ButtonControlTypeId", $treescope_subtree)
Local $oUIElement=_UIA_getObjectByFindAll($oP0, "title:=Stop;ControlType:=UIA_ButtonControlTypeId", $treescope_subtree)
;~_UIA_action($oUIElement,"highlight")
;_UIA_action($oUIElement,"click")

Local $sTest = _UIA_getAllPropertyValues($oUIElement)

MsgBox (0, "", $sTest & @error & @extended)

 

Edited by souldjer777

"Maybe I'm on a road that ain't been paved yet. And maybe I see a sign that ain't been made yet"
Song Title: I guess you could say
Artist: Middle Class Rut

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A property change event can be detected with the IUIAutomation::AddPropertyChangedEventHandlerNativeArray method which is demonstrated in the last example in this post.

In the example $UIA_ValueValuePropertyId and $UIA_ToggleToggleStatePropertyId property changes are detected. Just replace one of these with the $UIA_IsEnabledPropertyId property.

Run the code in SciTE and leave it running. Test if it detects the button enable/disable events.

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$test=UIA_getPropertyValue($oButton,"IsEnabled")

The event catching or checking in a loop is just a matter of personal preference.

Above coding is a small wrapper to get a propertyvalue by string name instead of an id but internally it conerts back to the id. You can see the mapping array inbbthe wrapper udf.

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Thank you both very much with your assistance. I appreciate the support :) and tips :graduated:

 

Edited by souldjer777

"Maybe I'm on a road that ain't been paved yet. And maybe I see a sign that ain't been made yet"
Song Title: I guess you could say
Artist: Middle Class Rut

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No junkew, It's definitely not just a matter of personal preferences. AddPropertyChangedEventHandler can detect hundreds of property events per second from multiple properties. Your code cannot.

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(I get error messages for "problems" that dont actually exsist) #include <AD.au3> ;Allows Active Directory functions #include <Array.au3> ;Allows special Array functions #include <Constants.au3> ;Allows constants to be used #include <Date.au3> ;Allows Date and Time functions #include <DateTimeConstants.au3> ;Allows Date and Time constant functions #include "DTC.au3" ;Allows Custom Date and Time functions #include <IE.au3> ;Allows Internet Explorer functions #include <Misc.au3> ;Allows the "is pressed" function to be used #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> ;Allows Message box function to be used #include <OutlookEX.au3> ;Allows the Outlook functions #include <String.au3> ;Allows special string functions #include <StringConstants.au3> ;Allows String constant functions #include <Timers.au3> ;Allows timer functions ;#RequireAdmin ;Requests admin privliges before starting program ; Special UDFs for UIA automation #include <EditConstants.au3> #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <debug.au3> #include <WinAPI.au3> #include "UIAWrappers.au3" #AutoIt3Wrapper_UseX64=N ;Should be used for stuff like tagpoint having right struct etc. when running on a 64 bits os ;******************************************************************************* ; Format and send the vaild E-mail's contents ;******************************************************************************* Func SendEmailData() ConsoleWrite("Action 16: Send E-mail Data to it's proper fields" & " at line: " & @ScriptLineNumber & @CRLF) ;=============================================================================== ; Store the Elements ;=============================================================================== ; Description _UIA_setVar("oDescription","Title:=Description:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Long Description OK Button _UIA_setVar("oLongButton","Title:=Long Description;controltype:=UIA_ImageControlTypeId;class:=") _UIA_setVar("oLongOk","Title:=OK;controltype:=UIA_ButtonControlTypeId;class:=") ; Work Order Number _UIA_setVar("oWorkOrderNum","Title:=Work Order:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Location _UIA_setVar("oLocation","Title:=Location:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Work Type _UIA_setVar("oWorkType","Title:=Work Type:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Reported By Date _UIA_setVar("oDate","Title:=Reported Date:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Reported By Person _UIA_setVar("oCustomer","Title:=Reported By:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Reported By Email _UIA_setVar("oEmail","Title:=Reported By Email:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") ; Reported By Phone _UIA_setVar("oPhone","Title:=Reported By Phone:;controltype:=UIA_EditControlTypeId;class:=") Local $WorkType = "CM" ; Send the stored data to the proper field Local $stringSplitter = ", " Local $conCateStrings = $eDescription & $stringSplitter & $eComments Local $ComStringLen = StringLen($eComments) Local $TrimedDesc = StringTrimLeft($eDescription, 1) ;=============================================================================== ; Check to see if the Description and the Long Description can be concatenated If StringLen($conCateStrings) <= 100 Then Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oDescription","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oDescription","click") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription", "setvalue", $conCateStrings) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") ; Wipes the long description so no duplication happens $eComments = "" ;=============================================================================== ; Send the Long Description in place of the Description ElseIf $TrimedDesc = "Other" AND $ComStringLen <= 100 Then Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oDescription","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oDescription","click") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription", "setvalue", $eComments) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(2000) ;=============================================================================== ; Send the Long Description in place of the Description and Send the rest of it to the Long Description field ElseIf $TrimedDesc = "Other" AND $ComStringLen >= 100 Then SplitLongDesc() ; Description gets the first 100 Characters $eDescription = $FirstLine ; Long Description gets the rest $eComments = StringMid($sNewString, 101) Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(500) _UIA_Action("oDescription","setfocus") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription","click") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription", "setvalue", $eDescription) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(2000) ;=============================================================================== ; Send the Description and some of the Long Description ElseIf StringLen($eDescription) <= 80 AND $eComments <> "" Then SplitLongDesc() ; Description gets the first 100 Characters $eDescription = $FirstLine ; Long Description gets the rest $eComments = StringMid($sNewString, 101) Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oDescription","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oDescription","click") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription", "setvalue", $eDescription) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(2000) ;=============================================================================== ; Send the original Description Else Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oDescription","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oDescription","click") Sleep(500) _UIA_action("oDescription", "setvalue", $eDescription) _UIA_action("oDescription","highlight") Sleep(2000) EndIf ;=============================================================================== ; Click the long description button Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oLongButton","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oLongButton","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oLongButton", "click") _UIA_action("oLongButton", "highlight") _UIA_action("oLongButton", "click") Sleep(2000) ;=============================================================================== ; Send the long description Sleep(1000) if StringLen($eComments) >= 250 Then Sleep(500) Send($eComments) Sleep(10000) ElseIf StringLen($eComments) >= 150 Then Sleep(500) Send($eComments) Sleep(6000) ElseIf StringLen($eComments) <= 10 Then Sleep(500) Send($eComments) Sleep(1500) Else Sleep(500) Send($eComments) Sleep(4000) EndIf ;=============================================================================== ; Click the ok button Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oLongOk","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oLongOk","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oLongOk", "click") _UIA_action("oLongOk", "highlight") Sleep(2000) ;=============================================================================== ; The work order number _UIA_action("oWorkOrderNum","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oWorkOrderNum","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oWorkOrderNum", "getvalue", $WoNum) _UIA_action("oWorkOrderNum","highlight") ;MsgBox("", "Work order number", $WoNum[2]) ;=============================================================================== ; The Location field Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oLocation","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oLocation","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oLocation", "setvalue", $eLocation) _UIA_action("oLocation","highlight") ;=============================================================================== ; The Work Type field Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oWorkType","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oWorkType","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oWorkType", "setvalue", $WorkType) _UIA_action("oWorkType","highlight") ;=============================================================================== ; The Reported By Date Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oDate","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oDate","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oDate", "setvalue", $eSentOn) _UIA_action("oDate","highlight") ;=============================================================================== ; The Requested by field Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oCustomer","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oCustomer","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oCustomer", "setvalue", $eReportedBy) _UIA_action("oCustomer","highlight") ;=============================================================================== ; The Requested by E-mail Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oEmail","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oEmail","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oEmail", "setvalue", $eSenderAddress) _UIA_action("oEmail","highlight") ;=============================================================================== ; The Requested by Phone Sleep(2000) _UIA_action("oPhone","highlight") Sleep(300) _UIA_Action("oPhone","setfocus") Sleep(300) _UIA_action("oPhone", "setvalue", $eRoomPhone) _UIA_action("oPhone","highlight") MouseClick("left", 1843, 437, 2) Sleep(1500) Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Send("{UP}") Sleep(1000) MouseClick("left", 591, 279, 2) Sleep(3000) $lCount += 1 ConsoleWrite("Action 16: Finished" & " at line: " & @ScriptLineNumber & @CRLF) Sleep(2000) EndFunc  
      That is not all the code but that is the function that keeps "breaking" and by "breaking" I mean the program acts like it doesn't know where the description field is after the first iteration.
      My code will just click somewhere in the far top left corner and somehow shrink the browser in the process of finding the description field.  
       
      The code works perfectly the first iteration but after that, it "breaks" (doesn't know where to click/send data to). 
      As always any help is greatly appreciated. 
       
      NOTE: By the time 'Action 16' runs Chrome has already been opened and has navigated to the proper webpage.  I am trying to loop 'Action 16' multiple times. I do not leave that webpage while looping. 
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