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Show a button's context menu when left clicked

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I had written a GUI with several buttons and I wanted one of the buttons to show its context menu regardless of the user right or left clicking the button.  The whole purpose of the button was to show the user a menu of options and a context menu fit the need just fine, but I needed it to display with either click option.  I came up with the code below to accomplish this but I feel like I might be missing some very obvious easier way to do this and I feel it's a little lame to be forcing a right click mouse action on the button as a result of the user doing a left click, but it works!

Anyone have a suggestion of a better way to do this?  Otherwise, if this idea helps you, here you go.

#include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>


Func LeftClickContextTest()
    Local $hGUI = GUICreate("My GUI", 200, 100)
    Local $button = GUICtrlCreateButton("Show Context", 15, 40, 85, 25)
    Local $close = GUICtrlCreateButton("Close", 110, 40, 85, 25)
    Local $context = GUICtrlCreateContextMenu($button)
    GUICtrlCreateMenuItem("Test Context Item 1", $context)
    GUICtrlCreateMenuItem("Test Context Item 2", $context)
    GUICtrlCreateMenuItem("Test Context Item 3", $context)
    GUISetState(@SW_SHOW, $hGUI)

    While 1
        Switch GUIGetMsg()
            Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE, $close
            Case $button
                MouseClick("right", MouseGetPos(0), MouseGetPos(1), 1, 0)


Progress lies not in enhancing what is, but in advancing towards what will be. - Kahlil Gibran

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Very late to the party, but saw this when looking for something else, so I thought I would contribute the following ... might help someone.

ControlClick($hGUI, "", $button, "right", 1)

That means the right-click context menu will appear when left clicking the button.

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    • By wolflake
      I've used PowerPro for years and it had a feature that let you turn an array into a menu.  It also let you know if it got a right click. I liked the right click feature because it doubled the menu item usage ie left/right on the same menu item.  I tried recreate that usage with a context menu.   With _ArrayToMenu you can pass menu items for 1 and 2 dimensional arrays. Note you can indicate sub-menu but using a -> at the end of the item.  Use a - to make a separater. Optionally you can pass Tooltips by passing a second array. This array must have the same dimensions as the items array even if not all the elements contain tips. The UDF returns an array with this index of row (and if submenus column), the third element is 1 if right clicked otherwise 0 and the fourth element of the array is the label of the menu item. If the user escapes without choosing an item the the first element returns a -1.  Same thing if the user clicks on another window.   @error returns 1 if there was no array passed, 2 if the second array has different dimensions than the first.   If you use the same label in two parts of your menu you will have to distinguish them.  You can do that by additionally making sure that the selection matches the index number(s).  Note that you'll have to match the index number plus label before you match just the label because Switch will use the first match it can find.  In the example below I am using a check on which column the data is in.  If it's not in the first column then it must be the other "Beef".   Beef
      Col2 > Beef
                  Bread   $aR = _ArrayToMenu($aM) Switch $aR[3]
      Case "Beef" and $aR[2] = 0
       Case "Beef"
      EndSwitch   On a technical note I attached the context menu to the window itself not a dummy control and I didn't use _GUICtrlMenu_TrackPopupMenu.  Instead I launched the context menu with "send shift-F10" and waited for GuiGetMsg() to give me the selection. Right click is picked up by GUIRegisterMsg WM_RBUTTONUP and Tooltips are done with GUIRegisterMsg WM_MENUSELECT. The whole thing is done with 3 functions. 
      I won't tell you how long it took me to figure this out but I'll say that on one of my early attempts it had two windows running at once and one was just to recieve the right click an tell the other it got it.  Suffice it to say I'm no wiz at Autoit but I really appreciate the support the community offers and I hope someone finds this useful. BTW I wrote a script to produce 1d and 2d auotit array code from excel in case you want to model your menu in excel. Here is the link.
      _ArrayToMenu() UDF
      ;ArrayToMenu with submenus, tooltips, rightclick and esc to close. ; #INDEX# ======================================================================================================================= ; Title .........: _ArrayToMenu ; AutoIt Version : ; Description ...: Show an array as a popup menu optionally with tooltips and right click. ; Author(s) .....: Rick Sharp ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Name..........: _ArrayToMenu($aArray_menu[,$aArray_tooltips]) ; Description...: Display an array as a menu and return the users choice, display tooltips(optional), return right click. ; Syntax........: _ArrayToMenu($aArray_menu[,$aArray_tooltips]) ; ; Parameters....: ; Required......: A 1d or 2d array of menu items ; Use a minus sign in the item to indicate a menu separator. ; Use -> at the end of an item to indicate a sub-menu. ; Optional......: A 1d or 2d array of tooltips. The array must use the same dimensions as the menu items array. ; ; Return values.: An Array ; $aArray[0] is index of the row (-1 if exited with no choice) ; $aArray[1] is index of the column ; $aArray[2] is 1 if right clicked ; $aArray[3] is the selected item (if any) ; Notes.........: If the user clicks on another window the ArrayToMenu returns as if esc were pressed. ; Sub-Menus are limited to 10 levels if you need more change $ahM[10] ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #VARIABLES# =================================================================================================================== ; Global $__g_iRT = 0, $__g_aTT1, $__g_ahi ; "$__g_iRT" for right click flag, "$__g_aTT1" for tips, "$__g_ahi" for index of id's in menu and tips ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #@error# ====================================================================================================================== ; 1 - First parameter is Not an array ; 2 - The Menu/Items array and the Tips array are not the same number of dimensions ; =============================================================================================================================== #include-once #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <GuiMenu.au3> #include <array.au3> #include <misc.au3> Func _ArrayToMenu($aMenu, $att = "") If Not IsArray($aMenu) Then Return SetError(1, 0, -1) Global $__g_iRT = 0 Local $ahM[10], $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2), $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu), $iRow, $iCol, $b_Esc If UBound($aMenu, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($aMenu, 1) ;if 1d array make it 2d EndIf ;Prep Loop to make Menus and Sub-Menus $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu) ;Count of Rows/Items $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2) ;Count of Cols/Menus GUIRegisterMsg($WM_RBUTTONUP, "WM_RBUTTONUP") ;handles Right Click If IsArray($att) Then If UBound($att, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($att, 1) If UBound($att, 2) <> $iCcnt Or UBound($att) <> $iRcnt Then Return SetError(2, 0, -1) ;$amenu and $att not same dimensions Global $__g_aTT1 = $att ;added $__g_aTT1 because $att was not seen by WM_MenuSelect for tooltips GUIRegisterMsg($WM_MENUSELECT, "WM_MENUSELECT") ;handles tooltips EndIf Local $mPos = MouseGetPos() #Region ### START Koda GUI section ### Form= $hMenu = GUICreate("C_menu", 10, 10, $mPos[0], $mPos[1], $WS_POPUP, $WS_EX_TOPMOST) GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) #EndRegion ### END Koda GUI section ### ;Build Menus Global $__g_ahi[$iRcnt + 1][$iCcnt + 1] ;array to hold Menu Item id's $iMcnt = 0 ;Menu count $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateContextMenu() ;if the array element is null then it falls through and nothing happens For $j = 0 To $iCcnt - 1 ;for each Column/Menu For $i = 0 To $iRcnt - 1 ;for each Row/Item If StringRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) = "->" Then ;Sub-Menu $aMenu[$i][$j] = StringTrimRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) ;remove -> $iMcnt += 1 $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateMenu($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) ; $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = $ahM[$iMcnt] ElseIf $aMenu[$i][$j] > "" Then ;Normal item If StringLeft($aMenu[$i][$j], 1) = "-" Then $aMenu[$i][$j] = "" $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = GUICtrlCreateMenuItem($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) EndIf Next Next Send("+{F10}") ;sends right click to open context menu While 1 $nMsg = GUIGetMsg() If $nMsg > 0 Then ;ConsoleWrite("nMsg= " & $nMsg & @CRLF) $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg) $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) ExitLoop EndIf If _IsPressed("1B") = 1 Or WinActive("C_menu") = 0 Then $b_Esc = -1 ExitLoop EndIf WEnd ;*** Done *** GUIDelete($hMenu) Local $aAr1[4] $aAr1[0] = $iRow $aAr1[1] = $iCol $aAr1[2] = $__g_iRT If Not $b_Esc = -1 Then $aAr1[3] = $aMenu[$aAr1[0]][$aAr1[1]] Else $aAr1[0] = -1 EndIf Return $aAr1 EndFunc ;==>_ArrayToMenu ;Check for Right Click Func WM_RBUTTONUP($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) $__g_iRT = 1 ;Mark as rclicked Send("{Enter}") ;choose the item EndFunc ;==>WM_RBUTTONUP ;Tooltips Func WM_MENUSELECT($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) Local $idMenu = BitAND($iwParam, 0xFFFF) Local $iRow, $iCol If $idMenu > 0 Then $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu) If $iRow > -1 Then $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) EndIf If $iCol > -1 And $iRow > -1 And $__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol] > " " Then ToolTip($__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol]) Else ToolTip("") EndIf EndIf EndFunc ;==>WM_MENUSELECT Example 1 Simple 1d array with tooltips, item separator and right click.
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    • By Dalex
      It has been a while since I last installed and used Autoit, I just installed the latest version along with Scite.  For some reason, I do not have the option to create new .au3 files when right clicking. I have tried rebooting, and running the installation as administrator as mentioned in other threads. no joy...
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    • By Luigi
      Greetings forum,
      Hi develop this script, to use context menu with listview.
      It's work fine, run and click with left or right mouse button, you see on Console the id from item.
      If you click none, the id is -1, like this:
      $NM_RCLICK[-1] $NM_RCLICK[-1] $NM_RCLICK[2] $NM_RCLICK[1] $NM_RCLICK[0] $NM_RCLICK[1] That is correct.
      But if you uncoment the line:
      You have to click with left button (over item or none) and after click with right button.
      LeftButton is to update $HOSTS_INDEX.
      RightButton is to open ContextMenu.
      Exist another way to update $HOSTS_INDEX?
      Call WM_NOTIFY every time WM_CONTEXTMENU is called?
      I ask this, becouse i cant understanding why $HOSTS_INDEX is not updated when WM_CONTEXTMENU is uncomented.
      Someone can explain or help me?
      Best regards.
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    • By ChrisL
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      The WM_COMMAND never fires from the context/popup menu selection while there is a treeview using  _GuiCtrlTreeview_Create
      If you comment out _GuiCtrlTreeview_Create line you will then see the right click selection works as expected and the debug is written to the console on selection.
      Autoit Ver
      Any ideas why this combination won't work together?
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