Any other method besides Shell.Windows for creating _IEAttach browser object?

8 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)

I have been working on an script for work now for quite some time and I finally worked through all my bugs and have the script working great on my desktop.  My ultimate goal however is to run this script on top of another web app as part of a Citrix published app.  However it looks like _IEAttach doesn't want to recognize any browser instances when ran as a published app in Citrix.  It runs fine if I login to Citrix and run it from a desktop.  I found this old thread, but it looks like it was never resolved.

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I have requested authorization to load AutoIT and sciTE on the Citrix server, but I have not heard back from the admin yet.  I do have a folder on the Citrix server where I can copy my EXEs to for testing.  I'm using straight AutoIT help examples below to show the issues I am seeing so that they will be easy to recreate.

When I compile the WinList HelpFile Example and run it from the Citrix server it sees my browser instances as windows:

#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>


Func Example()
    ; Retrieve a list of window handles.
    Local $aList = WinList()

    ; Loop through the array displaying only visable windows with a title.
    For $i = 1 To $aList[0][0]
        If $aList[$i][0] <> "" And BitAND(WinGetState($aList[$i][1]), 2) Then
            MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "", "Title: " & $aList[$i][0] & @CRLF & "Handle: " & $aList[$i][1])
EndFunc   ;==>Example

But when I compile and run one of the HelpFile _IEAttach examples (below) and run it from the Citrix server, it immediately errors out with:

Line 201 (File "M:StickyNotesIEInstance.exe" ):

Error: Variable must be of type "Object".

#include <IE.au3>
#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>

Local $aIE[1]
$aIE[0] = 0

Local $i = 1, $oIE
While 1
    $oIE = _IEAttach("", "instance", $i)
    If @error = $_IEStatus_NoMatch Then ExitLoop
    ReDim $aIE[$i + 1]
    $aIE[$i] = $oIE
    $aIE[0] = $i
    $i += 1

MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Browsers Found", "Number of browser instances in the array: " & $aIE[0])

I am really so close on this and I would really appreciate any help you guys could spare.

Edited by MuffinMan

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Can you please clarify your methodology? You want to run the IE instance as a published app, and use an AutoIt script to do an IEAttach from the client desktop - is that correct?

Depending on how the app is being published, this may be problematic at best. Whether you're doing it through Citrix or VMWare, the whole point of publishing applications is encapsulation. If your script sits outside the virtualization "bubble" it is going to be nigh impossible to attach to it.

If you're talking about embedding both AutoIt and IE into the published app, however, that is another matter.

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√-1 2^3 ∑ π, and it was delicious!

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#3 ·  Posted (edited)

Thanks for the quick response, I'll be glad to clarify.  I have done this before with another script I created, but that script did not have to attach to or interact with IE.  the published app is a batch file that runs the script, runs the webapp in IE and then waits for IE to close to kill the script, like this...

start M:StickyNotesmyscript.exe
"M:Program Files (x86)Internet Exploreriexplore.exe" http://3rdpartyURL

tskill myscript /a

I have tried starting the webapp from the script via _IECreate, which works, but the _IEAttach still kills the script.  The 3rd party app has multiple nested frames that i have to traverse to get at the data I need.  The script works fine from my desktop, works fine from the Citrix server desktop,, but always fails when ran as a published app.

When I compile and run the WinList example, I see all the browsers as windows, so I would think my script is running in the same bubble, right?

Please let me know if you have any other questions or ideas.

Edited by MuffinMan

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So I have continued to work this issue and I still haven't figured out why _IEAttach bombs when running as a Citrix published app. I combined the WinList example with the _IEAttach example to try and attach based on the hwnd, but that didn't work either

Sleep(6000) ; make sure all Citrix browser windows have loaded
Local $aList = WinList()
    ; Loop through the array displaying only visable windows with a title.
    For $i = 1 To $aList[0][0]
        If $aList[$i][0] <> "" And BitAND(WinGetState($aList[$i][1]), 2) AND StringLeft($aList[$i][0],15) = "1st15CharsofWin" Then
            MsgBox(0,"Found Window",$aList[$i][0])
            $oIE = _IEAttach($aList[$i][1], "hwnd")
MsgBox(0,"","Script Finished")

I get the "Found Window" MsgBox, and then I get same error as in my original script


I know not everyone here has access to Citrix, but any help or other possibilities would be greatly appreciated.

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I have been researching this further and finally found an old thread that mentioned you could run the sciTE executable itself without an install so I thought I would give it a try, using the code I posted above.  This is what I got from the output window just running the .au3 file:

>Running AU3Check (  from:\\connect4\c$\Program Files\AutoIt3  input:M:\StickyNotes\winlist.au3
+>15:42:30 AU3Check ended.rc:0
>Running:(\\connect4\c$\Program Files\AutoIt3\autoit3_x64.exe "M:\StickyNotes\winlist.au3"    
--> Press Ctrl+Alt+Break to Restart or Ctrl+Break to Stop
"\\connect4\c$\Program Files\AutoIt3\Include\IE.au3" (381) : ==> Variable must be of type "Object".:
For $o_window In $o_ShellWindows
For $o_window In $o_ShellWindows^ ERROR
->15:42:39 AutoIt3.exe ended.rc:1
+>15:42:39 AutoIt3Wrapper Finished.
>Exit code: 1    Time: 10.32

So does that mean that for some reason AutoIt isn't recognizing those Citrix published IE windows as true browsers?  This is getting way over my head quickly, but I am willing to do whatever it takes to get this working.  If you have any suggestions or can point me in any direction to troubleshoot this further I would be truly thankful.

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OK, another day and another thread bump with my findings.  I added a bunch of MsgBox break points into IE.au3 and I have determined the error I am getting is acually an error with ObjCreate("shell.application") and the ".windows" function that gets the collection of open shell windows.  I will attempt to update the title of the thread (not sure if I can) to reflect this and possibly get some additional help.

This ObjCreate example script (below) works just fine, unless it is ran as a Citrix published app and then it fails...

; Counting the number of open shell windows

Local $oShell = ObjCreate("shell.application") ; Get the Windows Shell Object
Local $oShellWindows = $ ; Get the collection of open shell Windows

;If IsObj($oShellWindows) Then <--- REMing out the Object check to force the error
    Local $sString = "" ; String for displaying purposes

    For $oWnd In $oShellWindows ; Count all existing shell windows <---This where the hard error occurs
        $sString &= $oWnd.LocationName & @CRLF

    MsgBox(0, "", "Shell Windows:" & @CRLF & "You have the following shell windows:" & @CRLF & @CRLF & $sString)

So this seems to be some sort of COM issue, which I know nothing about.  Some more Googling revealed this about Published Apps in Citrix:


Seamless Published applications differ from regular published applications by appearing as if it is running directly on the local device and not in a windowed session as in the case with a fixed window published application or in a published desktop. Another difference is, the Windows Desktop/Shell is not present in a Seamless session.

i have a call in to our Citrix admin to see if there is a "non-seamless" published option, but I'm guessing not.  I still don't understand why Winlist always sees the running Citrix windows, but the shell functions do not.  Does anyone know of a way I could edit the IE3.au3 to use another method of attaching to IE or perhaps bypass the browser check altogether?  I don't have the programming prowess to do it, but I do know the window I am attaching to is a browser window because it's the only window I am allowing to be opened by Citrix.

This thread hasn't received much love, and I know no one here owes me a darned thing, but if there's any information I am leaving out or something I need to add in order for this to make more sense please let me know.  I am really desperate to get this working.

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I'm bumping this thread again, I've tried every trick I know and still can't get my script to attach to IE when I run the script from the Citrix server as a published app.  Out of desperation, I downloaded a 30 day trial of WinAutomation.  Surprisingly enough, whatever method they use to attach to an IE session also works when ran in Citrix.  Unfortunately, their fill-in-the-blank programming system seems a little clunky and inflexible; I would MUCH rather use AutoIt.

I'm going to update the thread title once again (or should I begin a new thread?) because I guess my real question now becomes is there any other method of creating the object that _IEAttach uses that doesn't involve Shell.Windows?

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#8 ·  Posted (edited)



I had the same problem (and was pretty much ready to give up - actually it was worse than that).  But I tried another approach.  Let me explain what I am trying to do, and what I found that seems to work.

- I wanted to close all existing open internet explorer windows

; Close all open internet explorer windows
Local $IEWindowList = WinList()
Local $WindowCounter = $IEWindowList[0][0]
While $WindowCounter >= 0
   If 0 <> StringInStr($IEWindowList[$WindowCounter][0], "Internet Explorer") Then
      ConsoleWrite("*** Closing Internet Explorer Applications using WinList approach - " & $IEWindowList[$WindowCounter][0] & @CRLF)
   $WindowCounter = $WindowCounter - 1

- I wanted to use _IEAttach but got the same error that you got (while using citrix iwth autoit installed in portable mode);
  I looked at the line in IE.au3 and found the same problem that you found

- I am guessing that the com object reference created by ObjCreate is the same reference returned by _IEAttach;  I am hoping to verify that soon.  So, I decided to directly create an InternetExplorer.Application com object.  Note that it does not always suceed the first time so I have it in a loop until it does succeed.

; Try to create internet explorer automation object (which I believe to also be a com object)
; - It doesn't always succeed the first time so I repeat until it succeeds
Local $IEWindowComObject = ObjCreate("InternetExplorer.Application")
while @error <> 0
   ConsoleWrite("*** Just attempted to create internet explorer com object " & @error & @CRLF)
   $IEWindowComObject = ObjCreate("InternetExplorer.Application")

; Make it visible and go to ipad and then wait until the window is read
$IEWindowComObject.Visible = true;
If @error then
While 1
   If $IEWindowComObject.readyState = "complete" or $IEWindowComObject.readyState = 4 then ExitLoop

- I needed the title to determine the state the window is open; in my case there are actually two possibilities

; Get window handle, needed to get the title, of new internet explorer window
$IEWindowList = WinList()
$WindowCounter = $IEWindowList[0][0]
Local $IEWindowHandle = 0
While $WindowCounter >= 0 AND $IEWindowHandle = 0
   If 0 <> StringInStr($IEWindowList[$WindowCounter][0], "Internet Explorer") Then
      ConsoleWrite("*** Found Internet Explorer window - " & $IEWindowList[$WindowCounter][0] & @CRLF)
      $IEWindowHandle = $IEWindowList[$WindowCounter][1]
   $WindowCounter = $WindowCounter - 1

; Get window title
Local $IEWindowTitle = ""
IF $IEWindowHandle <> 0 Then
   $IEWindowTitle = WinGetTitle($IEWindowHandle)
ConsoleWrite($IEWindowTitle & @CRLF)

- As I mentioned before, I think that $IEWindowComObject is the value that should have been returned by _IEAttach if it worked.

If I am correct about this, that the com object reference is the reference returned by _IEAttach when it works, it would be extremely helpful if the documentation was modified to indicate this.

All the best . . .

Phil Troy

Edited by JLogan3o13
Added Code Formatting
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height: 103px;"> <fieldset name="Group1" style="width: 495px; height: 95px;" class="style12"> <legend class="style8"><strong>Policy Data</strong></legend> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <span class="style8">Claim Number&nbsp;</span><span class="style3">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="style8">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Policy Number/LTC ID</span><br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <input name="Text1" id="claimnumber" type="text" style="width: 153px" class="style7" />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <input name="Text2" id="policynumber"type="text" style="width: 152px" class="style7" /><br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <span class="style8">Company Code</span><br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <span class="style7"> <span class="style4"><span class="style9"> <select name="Select2" id="companycode" style="width: 157px"> <option></option> <option value="CC00001">CC00001</option> <option value="CC00002">CC00002</option> <option value="CC00003">CC00003</option> <option value="CC00004">CC00004</option> <option value="CC00005">CC00005</option> <option value="CC00006">CC00006</option> <option value="CC00007">CC00007</option> <option value="CC00008">CC00008</option> <option value="CC00009">CC00009</option> <option value="CC000010">CC000011</option> <option value="CC000011">CC000011</option> <option value="CC000012">CC000012</option> <option value="CC000013">CC000013</option> <option value="CC000014">CC000014</option> <option value="CC000015">CC000015</option> <option value="CC000016">CC000016</option> <option value="CC000017">CC000017</option> <option value="CC000018">CC000018</option> <option value="CC000019">CC000019</option> <option value="CC000020">Doc20</option> </select></span></span></span></fieldset></form><table style="width: 95%; height: 114px;"> <tr> <td style="height: 23px; width: 212px;" class="style1"> <form method="post" style="width: 173px" > <fieldset name="Group1" style="width: 175px; height: 64px;" class="style12"> <legend class="style8"><strong>Routing</strong></legend> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <span class="style4"><span class="style6"> <span class="style5"><span class="style9"> <input name="Radio1" type="radio" checked="checked" value="1" /></span></span><span class="style9">Indexed<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="style5"><span class="style9"> <input name="Radio1" type="radio" value="2" /> Reroute</span></span></span></span></fieldset></form></td> <td style="height: 23px"> <span class="style8">AWD Comments</span> <form method="post" id="awdcomments" style="width: 278px; height: 47px"> <textarea name="TextArea1" style="width: 273px; height: 59px" cols="20" class="style7"></textarea></form><br /> </td> </tr> </table> <br /> <div class="style11"> <input name="button1" type="button" onclick="myFunction()" value="Next Step"/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; <input name="button2" type="button" onclick="myFunction()" value="Save" style="width: 91px"/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <input name="button3" type="button" onclick="myFunction()" value="Cancel" style="width: 94px"/> <script> function myFunction() { document.getElementById("doc").reset(); document.getElementById("myForm").reset(); document.getElementById("awdcomments").reset(); document.getElementById("formawddata").reset(); document.getElementById("openfile").reset(); document.getElementById("businessarea").reset(); document.getElementById("worktype").reset(); document.getElementById("documenttype").reset(); document.getElementById("policynumber").reset(); document.getElementById("companycode").reset(); document.getElementById("claimnumber").reset(); document.getElementById("Label4").reset(); } </script> <script type="text/javascript"> function Random() { return Math.floor(Math.random() * 10000000); } </script> <br /> <br /> </div> </td> </tr> </table> <p> &nbsp;</p> &nbsp; </body> </html> I hope you could assist me. Thank you in advance!
    • Ubermensch
      By Ubermensch
      I am currently trying to automatically click the "Yes" button in the ActiveX prompt/popup message after opening the IE (html).
      At 1st, I encounter the "Allow Blocked Content". I already resolve it just by changing settings in the IE Options. But after resolving the "Allow Blocked Content", there's a popup message appear.
      I have attached the ActiveX Prompt.
      Here is the 1st code that I try to use.
      #include <IE.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <WinAPI.au3> _IECreate("C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\sampleAWD10.html",0,1,0) Local $oIE = _IEAttach("", "instance", 1) _IELoadWait($oIE) AdlibRegister("_ActiveXRun",250) Local $oLastName = _IEGetObjByName($oIE, "Text4") Local $oGetItem = _IEGetObjByName($oIE, "getitem") _IEAction($oGetItem, "click") MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Form Element Value", _IEFormElementGetValue($oGetItem)) Func _ActiveXRun() $retWin = WinGetHandle("[Class:Button]","") $winTitle = "[HANDLE:" & $retWin &"]" $ctrlHandle = ControlGetHandle($winTitle,"", "[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]") $ctrlTitle = "HANDLE:" & $ctrlHandle &"]" WinWaitActive($ctrlTitle,"[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]",10) $k = ControlGetPos($winTitle, "","[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]") $x = $k[0] $y = $k[1] WinActivate ($winTitle,"An ActiveX control on this page might be unsafe to interact with other parts of the page. Do you want to allow this interaction?") ControlFocus($winTitle,"An ActiveX control on this page might be unsafe to interact with other parts of the page. Do you want to allow this interaction?","[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]") ControlClick($winTitle, "","[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]","primary",1,$x,$y) ControlSend($winTitle, "", "[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]", "{ENTER}", 0) EndFunc Here is the console output.
      >"C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE\..\AutoIt3.exe" "C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE\AutoIt3Wrapper\AutoIt3Wrapper.au3" /run /prod /ErrorStdOut /in "C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\AWD10.1.au3" /UserParams +>12:44:11 Starting AutoIt3Wrapper v.17.224.935.0 SciTE v. Keyboard:00000409 OS:WIN_10/ CPU:X64 OS:X64 Environment(Language:0409) CodePage:0 +> SciTEDir => C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE UserDir => C:\Users\april\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\SciTE\AutoIt3Wrapper SCITE_USERHOME => C:\Users\april\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\SciTE >Running AU3Check ( from:C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3 input:C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\AWD10.1.au3 +>12:44:11 AU3Check ended.rc:0 >Running:(\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\autoit3.exe "C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\AWD10.1.au3" --> Press Ctrl+Alt+Break to Restart or Ctrl+Break to Stop "C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\AWD10.1.au3" (31) : ==> Subscript used on non-accessible variable.: $x = $k[0] $x = $k^ ERROR ->12:44:24 AutoIt3.exe ended.rc:1 +>12:44:24 AutoIt3Wrapper Finished. >Exit code: 1 Time: 13.76 I also tried a simpler code.
      include <IE.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <WinAPI.au3> _IECreate("C:\Users\april\Documents\Logo\JRB\AutoIt\AutoBOT\AWD10\sampleAWD10.html",0,1,0) Local $oIE = _IEAttach("", "instance", 1) _IELoadWait($oIE) $k = ControlGetPos("[CLASS:#32770]", "","[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]") $x = $k[0] $y = $k[1] ControlClick("[CLASS:#32770]", "","[CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2]","primary",1,$x,$y) Local $oLastName = _IEGetObjByName($oIE, "Text4") Local $oGetItem = _IEGetObjByName($oIE, "getitem") _IEAction($oGetItem, "click") MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Form Element Value", _IEFormElementGetValue($oGetItem)) There's no error in the console output for the 2nd code I have tried.
      And here is the Window Info for the ActiveX prompt.
      >>>> Window <<<< Title: Internet Explorer Class: #32770 Position: 580, 338 Size: 376, 146 Style: 0x94C808C4 ExStyle: 0x00010101 Handle: 0x00000000001516FA >>>> Control <<<< Class: Button Instance: 2 ClassnameNN: Button2 Name: Advanced (Class): [CLASS:Button; INSTANCE:2] ID: 1 Text: &Yes Position: 184, 77 Size: 80, 22 ControlClick Coords: 37, 12 Style: 0x50010000 ExStyle: 0x00000004 Handle: 0x00000000001215DE >>>> Mouse <<<< Position: 228, 120 Cursor ID: 0 Color: 0xFFFFFF >>>> StatusBar <<<< >>>> ToolsBar <<<< >>>> Visible Text <<<< &No An ActiveX control on this page might be unsafe to interact with other parts of the page. Do you want to allow this interaction? &Yes >>>> Hidden Text <<<<  

    • ChipConnJohn
      By ChipConnJohn
      Hello all,
      Here's a cleaned up version of my code:
      #include <IE.au3>
      #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
      #include <Array.au3>
      #include <String.au3>
      ;#include <ErrorHandler.au3>
      ; Open
      Global $oIE = _IECreate ("")
      ; I'm logged in and on the forum page.  Now to navigate categories with unknown names.
      ; Grab all links on page, then only dive into the ones with the text "forum_id="
      ; as in ?bview=forum&forum_id=108343
      Global $oLinksCategoryPage = _IELinkGetCollection($oIE)
      Local $iNumLinks = @extended
              ;Now at the thread level. Navigate into each thread and look at timestamp
              Global $oLinksOfThreads = _IELinkGetCollection($oIE)
              For $oLinkThread In $oLinksOfThreads
                  If StringInStr($oLinkThread.href,"thread_id") Then
                      _IENavigate($oIE, $oLinkThread.href)
                      ;Need to find instance of Posted and read text after the href.
                      Local $sBodyText = _IEBodyReadText($oIE)
                      ;Find first instance of the word "Posted" and check the two words to the right of it.
                      Local $aArrayOfBodyText = _StringExplode($sBodyText," ",0)
                      ;_ArrayDisplay($aArrayOfBodyText, "The body text in Array form")
                      ;Local $iIndexOfPosted = _ArraySearch($aArrayOfBodyText,"days")
                      For $iIndex = 0 to ubound($aArrayOfBodyText) - 1
                          If StringInStr(StringLower($aArrayOfBodyText[$iIndex]), "posted") Then
                              ;The word Posted has been found. Look for "Just A moment ago", "minutes", and "minute"
                                  Case StringLower($aArrayOfBodyText[$iIndex +1]) = "just"
                                      ;"Just a moment ago.  Grab this one.
                                  Case Stringlower($aArrayOfBodyText[$iIndex +2]) = "minute"
                                      ;"1 minute". Grab this one
                                  Case Stringlower($aArrayOfBodyText[$iIndex +2]) = "minutes"
                                      ;"x minutes. Grab this one
                              ;ExitLoop ;Found the first one.  I'm done.
                      ;Need to back out to Threads in Category
              ;Back out to Category List
      The script works fine until I hit the Next to go back to the For $oLinkThread In $oLinksOfThreads.  Any line that I put after that crashes with an error.  It's like the For loop is going one too many iterations and there is no object in the variable.
      The requested action with this object has failed.:
      If StringInStr($oLinkThread.href,"thread_id") Then
      If StringInStr($oLinkThread^ ERROR