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WoodGrain

StringRegExpReplace - replace 'COMMA' with ','

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WoodGrain

Hi All,

I'd like to replace 'COMMA' with ',' for example:

$myString = "COMMA"
StringRegExpReplace($myString, 'COMMA', ',')

Now I've tried escaping the ',' in various ways unsuccessfully, such as:
'[,]'
"[,]"
'\,'

[,] seems to work in the pattern, I just can't figure out how to use it in the replace, and it seems everyone online is only interested in removing/replacing commas lol.

I also tried creating and using a variable as the replacement but also didn't work:

$myComma = ","
$myString = "COMMA"
StringRegExpReplace($myString, 'COMMA', $myComma)

I'm sure it's super simple if someone could point me in the right direction - thanks.

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benners

Use StringReplace instead

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Simpel

Hi.

This works for me:

Local $sMyString = "HelloCOMMA this is a testCOMMA if Comma will be replaced."
Local $sReplacedString = StringRegExpReplace($sMyString, 'COMMA', ',')
ConsoleWrite($sReplacedString & @CRLF)

Regards, Conrad


SciTE4AutoIt = 3.7.3.0   AutoIt = 3.3.14.2   AutoItX64 = 0   OS = Win7Pro SP1   OSArch = X64   Language = 0407/german
H:\...\AutoIt3\SciTE     H:\...\AutoIt3      H:\...\AutoIt3\Include     (H:\ = Network Drive)

   88x31.png  Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind.

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WoodGrain

Thanks guys for your replies, I've realised my issue is not in the replacement, it's later when I split out the string into an array... it's actually working which is why I'm getting empty elements. So I'll have to fix this by changing the separator value.

Thanks again guys for clarifying it's not the escaping that's the issue.

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WoodGrain

Alternatively I could leave "COMMA" and look at changing the affected elements after I've created the array.

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iamtheky

Can you provide an accurate reproducer of just what you are starting with, and what you want it to look like in the end. 

If the ultimate issue is a split leaving empty elements, and we have easily identifiable characters to split on, then regex may be unnecessary.  (e.g. things like stringsplit can split on entire substrings). 

#include<array.au3>

$myString = "SomeTextCOMMAMoarTextCOMMAThisCSVisWeirdCOMMAEndOfText"

_ArrayDisplay(stringsplit($myString , "COMMA" , 3))

 


,-. .--. ________ .-. .-. ,---. ,-. .-. .-. .-.
|(| / /\ \ |\ /| |__ __||| | | || .-' | |/ / \ \_/ )/
(_) / /__\ \ |(\ / | )| | | `-' | | `-. | | / __ \ (_)
| | | __ | (_)\/ | (_) | | .-. | | .-' | | \ |__| ) (
| | | | |)| | \ / | | | | | |)| | `--. | |) \ | |
`-' |_| (_) | |\/| | `-' /( (_)/( __.' |((_)-' /(_|
'-' '-' (__) (__) (_) (__)

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WoodGrain

All good thanks @iamtheky, I need to split using a "," as the delimiter for everything else. I walk through the array after my StringRegExpReplace to make a 2D array anyway, so I just ran an IF statement while walking through the array to replace any instance of COMMA with an actual ",". Cheers.

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WoodGrain

Here's a follow on question though, when I am walking through the array, would it be more efficient to (assuming < 10 instances of "COMMA" in the array):

  1. Use StringInStr on each array element and if it finds "COMMA" in the element to then do a StringRegExReplace (this is what I'm currently doing), or
  2. Just run a StringRegExReplace on every element

It's neither here nor there in this case as the 2D array has less than 1,000 elements anyway, but I'm interested in the concept.

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iamtheky

I'm sure you will reach a threshold between 'total elements searched -vs- how many matches' where you could optimize.  You could _arraytostring and then just run a single regular expression, dont know if it beats a loop though.

Or you could grab only the matching elements out of the array first with UDFs that are already optimized, then act only on the matches with native functions.  That usually ends up cleaner and quicker.

#include<array.au3>

local $arr = ["SomeTextCOMMA" , "MoarTextCOMMA" , "TextAboutASitcomMaybe" , "AndAnotherCOMMA" , "EndOfText"]

$found = _ArrayFindAll($arr , "COMMA" , 0 , 0 , 1 , 1)

For $i = 0 to ubound($found) - 1
    $arr[$found[$i]] = stringreplace($arr[$found[$i]] , "COMMA" , ",")
Next

_ArrayDisplay($arr)

 

Edited by iamtheky

,-. .--. ________ .-. .-. ,---. ,-. .-. .-. .-.
|(| / /\ \ |\ /| |__ __||| | | || .-' | |/ / \ \_/ )/
(_) / /__\ \ |(\ / | )| | | `-' | | `-. | | / __ \ (_)
| | | __ | (_)\/ | (_) | | .-. | | .-' | | \ |__| ) (
| | | | |)| | \ / | | | | | |)| | `--. | |) \ | |
`-' |_| (_) | |\/| | `-' /( (_)/( __.' |((_)-' /(_|
'-' '-' (__) (__) (_) (__)

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      that the error starts to appear
       
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      #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <WinAPIFiles.au3> #include <Array.au3> #include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <ButtonConstants.au3> $optbar = IniReadSectionNames("test.ini") If Not IsArray($optbar) Then Exit Local $Button[UBound($optbar) - 1] $mGUI = GUICreate('Restock Flavor Ingredients', 10 + (130 * UBound($optbar)), 100) For $x = 1 To UBound($optbar) - 1 $var = IniReadSection("test.ini", $optbar[$x]) If @error Then ContinueLoop $X_Coord = 10 + (($x - 1) * 100) $Button[$x - 1] = GUICtrlCreateButton($optbar[$x], $X_Coord, 30, 70, 30) Next GUISetState() While 1 $mMsg = GUIGetMsg() If $mMsg = $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE Then GUIDelete($mGUI) ExitLoop EndIf For $i = 0 To UBound($Button) - 1 If $mMsg = $Button[$i] Then MsgBox(0, '$Msg = ' & $mMsg, GuiCtrlRead($Button[$i]) & ' Pressed', 2) Global $flavorco = $Button ; sets the flavor company's variable Call('flavorco') EndIf Next WEnd Func flavorco() ;opened flavor company's flavors MsgBox(0, '$Msg = ' & $mMsg, GuiCtrlRead($Button[$i]) & $flavorco, 0) Local $sFilePath = @ScriptDir & "\Test.ini" Local $sSection = $Button Local $aArray = IniReadSection($sFilePath, $sSection) _ArrayDelete($aArray, 0) ;_ArrayDisplay($aArray) Local $iIndex Local $iTotButtons = UBound($aArray) Local $iNumPerRow = 5 Local $iButWidth = 100 Local $iButDepth = 30 Local $aButiD[$iTotButtons] Local $hGUI = GUICreate('Ingredients Stock "' & $sFilePath & '"', 10 + ($iButWidth + 10) * $iNumPerRow, _ 10 + Ceiling($iTotButtons / $iNumPerRow) * ($iButDepth + 10), -1, $WS_EX_TOPMOST) For $i = 0 To $iTotButtons - 1 ; $x = $iXBorder + (($iRectWidth + $iSpacing) * Mod($i, $iNumCols)) $x = 10 + (($iButWidth + 10) * Mod($i, $iNumPerRow)) ; $y = $iYBorder + (($iRectDepth + $iSpacing) * Int($i / $iNumCols)) $y = 10 + (($iButDepth + 10) * Int($i / $iNumPerRow)) $aButiD[$i] = GUICtrlCreateButton($aArray[$i][0], $x, $y, $iButWidth, $iButDepth) ;, $BS_NOTIFY) Next GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) While 1 $msg = GUIGetMsg() Switch $msg Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE GUIDelete($hGUI) ExitLoop Case $aButiD[0] To $aButiD[$iTotButtons - 1] ;clicking on a flavor name $iIndex = ($msg - $aButiD[0]) $RSINGRflavor = $aArray[$iIndex][0] ;flavor name $RSINGRml = $aArray[$iIndex][1] ; ml $RSINGRgal = $aArray[$iIndex][1]*0.000264172 ;converts ml to gal Call('openflavor') EndSwitch WEnd EndFunc Func openflavor() #Region ### START Koda GUI section ### Form=F:\Karl\AutoIt\FJ-Stock JP\GUI Forms\RSINGRSUBFORM.kxf ;opens flavor to view stock and restock submit $RSINGRSUBFORM = GUICreate($sSection & " " & $RSINGRflavor, 242, 213, 530, 269) $RSINGRFlavorTitle = GUICtrlCreateLabel($sSection & " " & $RSINGRflavor, 32, 8, 200, 28) GUICtrlSetFont(-1, 16, 800, 0, "MS Sans Serif") $RSINGRstockcaption = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Current Stock in ml:", 16, 48, 96, 17) $RSINGRstockml = GUICtrlCreateLabel($RSINGRml, 120, 48, 114, 25) GUICtrlSetFont(-1, 8, 800, 0, "MS Sans Serif") $RSINGRInput = GUICtrlCreateInput("ml", 40, 112, 153, 21) $RSINGRSUBMIT = GUICtrlCreateButton("SUBMIT", 16, 152, 81, 33) $RSINGRCLOSE = GUICtrlCreateButton("CLOSE", 145, 151, 81, 33) $RSINGRgalcaption = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Current Stock in gal:", 16, 80, 97, 17) $RSINGRstockgal = GUICtrlCreateLabel($RSINGRGAL, 120, 80, 114, 25) GUICtrlSetFont(-1, 8, 800, 0, "MS Sans Serif") GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) #EndRegion ### END Koda GUI section ### ; $msg = "" While 1 $nMsg = GUIGetMsg() Switch $nMsg Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE GUIDelete($RSINGRSUBFORM) ExitLoop Case $RSINGRCLOSE GUIDelete($RSINGRSUBFORM) ExitLoop EndSwitch WEnd EndFunc  
      Any help is much appreciated!  Thanks.
      My guess is that $Button isn't an actual string??  Whenever I use msgbox it shows up the string exactly, no numbers attached.  So i'm not sure whats going on here.
    • XinYoung
      By XinYoung
      Hello again,
      I'm trying to use the FileMove function to rename a bunch of text files.
      Some of the files have "_1" at the end of their name, for example, "File123_1.txt". I want to remove the "_1" so it would become "File123.txt".
      What I currently have...
              FileMove($sSource & "\*_1.txt", $sDestination & "\*.txt")
      But since I'm using a wildcard, it doesn't appear to be working. I think it's just replacing .txt with .txt. Am I going about this the wrong way? How can I use wildcards and still accomplish this?
      Any help is greatly appreciated ^__^
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