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Backup MySql databases on localhost

2 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)

I was too lazy to frequent backups my database on localhost via phpMyAdmin so I wrote a very simple script to backup databases via command com. Maybe it will be useful to someone...

It backs up all or selected databases into one or separate sql files, e.g:

single file output:


separate files output:



Recommended php utility to import .sql files into MySql:

BigDump: Staggered MySQL Dump Importer

#include <Array.au3>
#include <Constants.au3>

; ------------------------------------------------------------------------
; ------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Definition and meaning:
; $export_defs .....    combine two constants: $cEXPORT_DB + ($cEXPORT_TO_... or $cEXPORT_AS_...)
;    e.g. [ $cEXPORT_DB_ALL_DATABASES + $cEXPORT_TO_SINGLE_FILE ] => export all dbs to one file
; $custom_dbs ...... user-created databases. Use comma as separator, e.g. "drupal, joomla"
; $export_path ..... an export destination folder
; $dbUsr ........... user login credentials, usually 'root'
; $dbPwd ........... passwords for MySQL accounts
; $dbSrv ........... MySQL server, for localhost
; $sMySqlPath ...... full path to MySQL bin directory
; $sSytemDbs ....... list of databases created during installation MySql app

; use this constants in variable $export_defs:
Const $cEXPORT_DB_SYSTEMS_ONLY        = 1        ; export default databases (e.g. XAMPP default databases)
Const $cEXPORT_DB_NON_SYSTEMS        = 2        ; export user-created databases (e.g. all non XAMPP default dbs)
Const $cEXPORT_DB_ALL_DATABASES        = 4        ; export all databases
Const $cEXPORT_DB_CUSTOM_DATABASES    = 8        ; export selected databases (e.g. 'Drupal' database only)

Const $cEXPORT_TO_SINGLE_FILE        = 128    ; export databases as one .sql file
Const $cEXPORT_AS_SEPARATE_FILES    = 256    ; export each stored database as separate .sql file

;=== user definition ===================================================>>
;Local $export_defs    = $cEXPORT_DB_NON_SYSTEMS + $cEXPORT_TO_SINGLE_FILE
Local $custom_dbs    = "drupal" ; as separator use comma, e.g. "drupal, joomla"
Local $export_path     = "E:\Backup\FullBackup\Aplikace\MySQL"
Local $dbUsr         = "root"
Local $dbPwd         = "123456"
Local $dbSrv         = ""
Local $sMySqlPath    = "C:\xampp\mysql\bin\"
Local $sSytemDbs     = "cdcol, information_schema, mysql, performance_schema , phpmyadmin, test, webauth"
;=== user definition ====  (Do not change anything below this line) ====<<

$export_path        = StringRegExpReplace($export_path, "[\\/]+\z", "") & "\"
$sMySqlPath            = StringRegExpReplace($sMySqlPath, "[\\/]+\z", "") & "\"
Local $sMySqlExe    = FileGetShortName($sMySqlPath & "mysql.exe")
Local $sMySqlDmpExe    = FileGetShortName($sMySqlPath & "mysqldump.exe")
Local $sFormat         = "%s -u %s -p%s -h%s %s -e ""show databases"" -s -N"
Local $sExtCmd         = StringFormat($sFormat, $sMySqlExe, $dbUsr, $dbPwd, $dbSrv)
Local $aSytemDbs    = StringSplit(StringStripWS($sSytemDbs, 8), ",", 2)
Const $2L             = @LF & @LF

If FileExists($sMySqlExe) <> 1 Then
    MsgBox(8240, "MySql.exe not found", "The mysql.exe not found!" & $2L & _
      "The path '$export_path' is probably not being set properly.")

; run in cmd
Local $CMD = Run(@ComSpec & " /c " & $sExtCmd, "", @SW_HIDE, $STDERR_CHILD+$STDOUT_CHILD)
Local $sMsg = StdoutRead($CMD)
Local $sErr = StderrRead($CMD)

; if an error in mysql.exe (eg. server is not running)
If StringInStr($sErr, "ERROR") <> 0 Then
    MsgBox(8208, "Error", $sErr)
If StringLen($sMsg) = 0 Then
    MsgBox(8208, "Error", "Failed to get databases names")

; read all installed databases to $aAllDbs array
Local $aAllDbs = StringSplit($sMsg, Chr(13), 2)
For $i = UBound($aAllDbs) - 1 To 0 Step -1
    $aAllDbs[$i] = StringStripWS($aAllDbs[$i],3)
    If StringLen($aAllDbs[$i]) = 0 Then
        _ArrayDelete($aAllDbs, $i)

; move requested names of databases to $aDbs array
    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_DB_SYSTEMS_ONLY) <> 0
        $aDbs = $aSytemDbs
        Local $sResult = fncItemsInArray($aDbs, $aAllDbs)
        If @error Then
            MsgBox(8240, "Error", "Defined system database name '" & $sResult & "' not found!")
    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_DB_NON_SYSTEMS) <> 0
        $aDbs = fncArrayExclude($aAllDbs, $aSytemDbs)
    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_DB_ALL_DATABASES) <> 0
        $aDbs = $aAllDbs
    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_DB_CUSTOM_DATABASES) <> 0
        $aDbs = StringSplit(StringStripWS($custom_dbs, 8), ",", 2)
        Local $sResult = fncItemsInArray($aDbs, $aAllDbs)
        If @error Then
            MsgBox(8240, "Error", "Defined custom database name '" & $sResult & "' not found!")

; export
Local $sOutFile
Local $sFileFirstPart = $export_path & @YEAR & @MON & @MDAY & "." & @HOUR & @MIN & @SEC
$sFormat = "%s --lock-all-tables -u %s -p%s -h%s %s > " & """" & "%s" & """"
    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_TO_SINGLE_FILE) <> 0
        $sOutFile = FileGetShortName($sFileFirstPart & "_" & _ArrayToString($aDbs, ",") & ".sql")
        $sExtCmd  = StringFormat($sFormat, $sMySqlDmpExe, $dbUsr, $dbPwd, $dbSrv, "-B " & _
          _ArrayToString($aDbs, " "), $sOutFile)
        $CMD = RunWait(@ComSpec & " /c " & $sExtCmd, "", @SW_HIDE, $STDERR_CHILD + $STDOUT_CHILD)
        If FileExists($sOutFile) = 0 Then
            MsgBox(8208, "Error", "An error occurring during the export..." & $2L & "databases: " & _
              _ArrayToString($aDbs, ", ") & @LF & "destination: " & $sOutFile)

    Case BitAND($export_defs, $cEXPORT_AS_SEPARATE_FILES) <> 0
        For $x = 0 To UBound($aDbs) - 1
            $sOutFile = FileGetShortName($sFileFirstPart & "_" & $aDbs[$x] & ".sql")
            $sExtCmd  = StringFormat($sFormat, $sMySqlDmpExe, $dbUsr, $dbPwd, $dbSrv, $aDbs[$x], $sOutFile)
            $CMD = RunWait(@ComSpec & " /c " & $sExtCmd, "", @SW_HIDE, $STDERR_CHILD + $STDOUT_CHILD)
            If FileExists($sOutFile) = 0 Then
                MsgBox(8208, "Error", "An error occurring during the export..." & $2L & "database: " & _
                  $aDbs[$x] & @LF & "destination: " & $sOutFile)

; final msg
$sFormat = "%s database%s was exported:%s%s%sTo destination:%s%s"
$sMsg = StringFormat($sFormat, UBound($aDbs), _iIf(UBound($aDbs) > 1, "s", ""), $2L, "- " & _
  _ArrayToString($aDbs, @LF & "- "), $2L, $2L, $export_path)
MsgBox(8256, "Done", $sMsg)

; -------------------------------------------------------------------
; Check if all items from $aSrc are included in $aCmp
; -------------------------------------------------------------------
Func fncItemsInArray($aSrc, $aCmp)
    Local $bFound, $i, $j
    For $i = 0 To UBound($aSrc) - 1
        $bFound = False
        For $j = 0 To UBound($aCmp) - 1
            If $aSrc[$i] = $aCmp[$j] Then
                $bFound = True
        If $bFound = False Then
            Return $aSrc[$i]
    Return 1
EndFunc ;==>> fncItemsInArray

; -------------------------------------------------------------------
; Exclude items from array based on another array
; $iFirstIdx1: ... first index of $aAll
; $iFirstIdx2: ... first index of $aExclude
; -------------------------------------------------------------------
Func fncArrayExclude($aAll, $aExclude, $iFirstIdx1=0, $iFirstIdx2=0)
    Local $bFound, $i, $j, $aResult[1]
    For $i = $iFirstIdx1 To UBound($aAll) - 1
        $bFound = False
        For $j = $iFirstIdx2 To UBound($aExclude) - 1
            If $aAll[$i] = $aExclude[$j] Then
                $bFound = True
        If $bFound = False Then
            If StringLen($aResult[0]) <> 0 Then
                ReDim $aResult[UBound($aResult) + 1]
            $aResult[UBound($aResult)-1] = $aAll[$i]
    Return $aResult
EndFunc ; ==>> fncArrayExclude

; -------------------------------------------------------------------
; _Iif from MISC
; -------------------------------------------------------------------
Func _Iif($fTest, $vTrueVal, $vFalseVal)
    If $fTest Then
        Return $vTrueVal
        Return $vFalseVal
EndFunc ;==>_Iif


Edited by Logman

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#2 ·  Posted (edited)

HI Logman,

Forgot to thank you for sharing

i myself use a modified script of Matt Moeller "Auto MySQL Backup For Windows Servers By Matt Moeller v.1.5"

Yours is more configurable with your $export_defs

Edited by Emiel Wieldraaijer

Best regards,Emiel Wieldraaijer

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