Although serial ports are disappearing, they can still be useful.
Here is a COMMs UDF. It provides an easy way to use serial ports without the restrictions and problems some methods have. USB to serial is ok, binary data is ok.
This UDF requires my comMG.dll which can be in either the script folder or the Windows folder by default, or in the path specified using the function _CommSetDllPath.
Note the following shortcomings:
the dll link below is 32 bit so it will not work with a 64 bit apps, but there is a 64 bit version in my post around 25th March 2018 for people to try.
The strings and character functions are all AnsiChar.
Functions in the UDF are
_CommSendBreak; not tested!!!!!!!!!!
_CommSetRTS (NB these will not work if Hardware handshaking is selected because
_CommSetDTR then these lines are controlled by the data being sent.)
Go to Download Page For Commgv2
Download includes the dll and udf.
Most recent changes
28th March 2014 - dll V2.83
Correct error setting 6 data bits as 7.
11th March 2014 dll V2.82
Allow data bits of 4 to 8 instead of only 7 and 8.
19th August 2013
dll v2.81 removes some unwanted eroor message popups. Might not remove popups for some Windows versions.
27th September 2012
Correct error closing port. New version of UDF if V2.90, new dll is commg.dll V2.79. Thanks to tfabris.
18th January 2012
Corrected typo in UDF V 2.87, and uploaded as V2.88
Increased max baud allowed by the dll from 200000 to 256000. New version now V2.78
17th January 2012
Modified thesleep addition to _CommGetLine so that reading data is not slowed down.
14th January 2012
Corrected _CommReadByte in UDF.
Added sleep(20) to while loop in _CommGetLine to reduce CPU usage
20th December 2011
UDF version 2.86. - Changed function GetByte so it returned the error string given by the dll.
Dll version 2.77 - removed an unwanted erro message dialogue from GetByte function. (Thanks funkey)
4th December 2011
New dll and example versions. Dll function SetPort corrected because it was not using the parameters passed for DTR and RTS.
The example was setting flow control incorrectly: the settings for hardware handshaking and XON./XOFF were reversed.
25th August 2011 corrected function _CommClosePort.
Example corrected for setting parity and flow 22nd December 2013 (thanks to MichaelXMike)
I got this code and would like to be able to change Baud Rate and instead of sending character by character i would like to be able (if possible) to send whole string. But i don't know how to change it.
I am taking input from file and processing whole line (this is done in FilesHandling.au3).
To execute this i am just calling SendData("FileName", int) in "main" script.
Any help very appreciated.
#include <WinAPI.au3> #include <Array.au3> #include "FilesHandling.au3" ;init DLL function, we need handle to call the function $h = DllCall("Kernel32.dll", "hwnd", "CreateFile", "str", "\\.\COM19", "int", BitOR($GENERIC_READ,$GENERIC_WRITE), "int", 0, "ptr", 0, "int", $OPEN_EXISTING, "int", $FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, "int", 0) $handle=$h Func SendData($FileName, $LineNumber) ;string to be send $c = readFile($FileName, $LineNumber) $cLenght = StringLen($c) $aArray = StringSplit($c, "") ;_ArrayDisplay($aArray, "", Default, 64) For $i = 1 To $cLenght writeChar($handle, $aArray[$i], $cLenght) Next ;move to next line writeChar($handle, @CR,1) EndFunc ;write a single char func writeChar($handle,$c,) $stString = DLLStructCreate("char str") $lpNumberOfBytesWritten = 0 DllStructSetData($stString, 1, $c) $res = _WinAPI_WriteFile($handle, DllStructGetPtr($stString, "str"), 1,$lpNumberOfBytesWritten) if ($res<>true) then ConsoleWrite ( _WinAPI_GetLastErrorMessage() & @LF) EndIf EndFunc
I can easily find my modem comport number using the code below:-
#include <FileConstants.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <WinAPIFiles.au3> Global $key = RegRead("HKLM\HARDWARE\DEVICEMAP\SERIALCOMM","\Device\ssudmdm0000") Local $iError = 0 If @error Then ; The server is probably offline/port is not opened on the server. $iError = @error MsgBox(BitOR($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, $MB_ICONHAND), "", "Client:" & @CRLF & "Could not connect, Error code: " & $iError) Else MsgBox($MB_ SYSTEMMODAL, "MODEM:", $key) EndIf
but the thing is I am planning to design a small tool by which it can read the modem COM port and set the COM number and send AT command to modem port using UDF CommMG.au3 created by Martin. I added some below code to martins file :-
;====================================================================================================================== ;CommSendStandard,a new function for sending information to a serial port. ;====================================================================================================================== Func _CommSendStandard($port,$error,$command) _CommSetPort($port,$error,9600,8,0,1,2) if $error <> '' Then MsgBox(262144,'Port Error = ',$error) EndIf _CommSendString($command & @CR) EndFunc ;==>_CommGetLineStates ;=============================================================================================== After adding I wrote the below code for sending AT command to modem port but its not working.
Please check the below code and let me know for the issue.
;===================================================================================== #include "C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE\CommMG.au3" #include <FileConstants.au3> #include <MsgBoxConstants.au3> #include <WinAPIFiles.au3> Global $key = RegRead("HKLM\HARDWARE\DEVICEMAP\SERIALCOMM","\Device\ssudmdm0000") Local $iError = 0 If @error Then ; The server is probably offline/port is not opened on the server. $iError = @error MsgBox(BitOR($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, $MB_ICONHAND), "", "Client:" & @CRLF & "Could not connect, Error code: " & $iError) Else MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "MODEM:", $key) EndIf Local $port=$key Local $porterror _CommSendStandard($port,$portError,"AT+CFUN=1,1") ;================================================================================================ but If I set the port number by my own in the code (for eg :- port number 8 or any value instead of $key) it works fine and the modem gets reset.I want to know if there is any way to get the port number to a variable $port and discarding so that my above code works fine...In that case user donot have to take care of entering the port manually everytime and the script will automatically read the port number and set itself.
I have several different devices connected to my desktop PC with USB COM adapters.
Sometimes there is some error that will cut my USB COM device communication (usualy caused by lose USB connector)... After reconnecting that USB COM adapter, by some reason, Windows will give it different COM port number.
I know there are some devices with integrated COM port circuit and they are used by client programs that can found them and only them by some USB hardware relate details and then use their COM port to communicate with correct COM device.
It would be better to define some known and static hardware related string from device managers USB COM adapter details to my script config file, than always redefine different COM port to it.
How can I do this trick with autoit?
I communicate COM devices with cfxUDF.au3 AutoIt UDF.
I am trying to open a dll using DLLOpen, however everytime i try to do so the function fails and returns -1 result.
I have the dll in the same folder as the auto it script.
Local $hDLL = DllOpen("C:\Users\310255155\Downloads\COMMGvv2\commg.dll") DllCall($hDLL, "int", "MessageBox", "hwnd", 0, "str", "Some text", "str", "Some title", "int", 0) DllClose($hDLL) MsgBox(0,'result',$hDLL)