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Here is the latest assembly engine from Tomasz Grysztar, flat assembler g as a dll which I compiled using original fasm engine. He doesn't have it compiled in the download package but it was as easy as compiling a exe in autoit if you ever have to do it yourself. Just open up the file in the fasm editor and press F5.
You can read about what makes fasmg different from the original fasm HERE if you want . The minimum you should understand is that this engine is bare bones by itself not capable of very much. The macro engine is the major difference and it uses macros for basically everything now including implementing the x86 instructions and formats. All of these macros are located within the include folder and you should keep that in its original form.
When I first got the dll compiled I couldn't get it to generate code in flat binary format. It was working but size of output was over 300 bytes no matter what the assembly code and could just tell it was outputting a different format than binary. Eventually I figured out that within the primary "include\win32ax.inc"', it executes a macro "format PE GUI 4.0" if x86 has not been defined. I underlined macro there because at first I (wasted shit loads of time because I) didn't realize it was a macro (adding a bunch of other includes) since in version 1 the statement "format binary" was a default if not specified and specifically means add nothing extra to the code. So long story short, the part that I was missing is including the cpu type and extensions from include\cpu folder. By default I add x64 type and SSE4 ext includes. Note that the x64 here is not about what mode we are running in, this is for what instructions your cpu supports. if you are running on some really old hardware that may need to be adjusted or if your on to more advanced instructions like the avx extensions, you may have to add those includes to your source.
Differences from previous dll function
I like the error reporting much better in this one. With the last one we had a ton error codes and a variable return structure depending on what kind of error it had. I even had an example showing you what kind of an error would give you correct line numbers vs wouldn't. With this one the stdout is passed to the dll function and it simply prints the line/details it had a problem with to the console. The return value is the number of errors counted.
It also handles its own memory needs automatically now . If the output region is not big enough it will virtualalloc a new one and virtualfree the previous.
Differences in Code
Earlier this year I showed some examples of how to use the macros to make writing assembly a little more familiar. Almost all the same functionality exists here but there are a couple syntax sugar items gone and slight change in other areas.
Whats gone is FIX and PTR. Both syntax sugar that dont really matter.
A couple changes to structures as well but these are for the better. One is unnamed elements are allowed now, but if it does not have a name, you are not allowed to initialize those elements during creation because they can only be intialized via syntax name:value . Previously when you initialized the elements, you would do by specifying values in a comma seperated list using the specific order like value1,value2,etc, but this had a problem because it expected commas even when the elements were just padding for alignment so this works out better having to specify the name and no need for _FasmFixInit function. "<" and ">" are not longer used in the initializes ether.
OLD: $sTag = 'byte x;short y;char sNote;long odd;word w;dword p;char ext;word finish' _(_FasmAu3StructDef('AU3TEST', $sTag));convert and add definition to source _(' tTest AU3TEST ' & _FasmFixInit('1,222,<"AutoItFASM",0>,<41,43,43,44,45>,6,7,"au3",12345', $sTag));create and initalize New: $sTag = 'byte x;short y;char sNote;long odd;word w;dword p;char ext;word finish' _(_fasmg_Au3StructDef('AU3TEST', $sTag)) ;convert and add definition to source _(' tTest AU3TEST x:11,y:22,sNote:"AutoItFASM",odd:41,odd+4:42,odd+8:43,w:6,p:7,ext:"au3",finish:12345');create and initalize Extra Includes
I created a includeEx folder for the extra macros I wrote/found on the forums. Most of them are written by Thomaz so they may eventually end up in the standard library.
Edit: Theres only the one include folder now. All the default includes are in thier own folder within that folder and all the custom ones are top level.
Align.inc, Nop.inc, Listing.inc
The Align and Nop macros work together to align the next statement to whatever boundary you specified and it uses multibyte nop codes to fill in the space. Filling the space with nop is the default but you can also specify a fill value if you want. Align.assume is another macro part of align.inc that can be used to set tell the engine that a certain starting point is assumed to be at a certain boundary alignment and it will do its align calculations based on that value.
Listing is a macro great for seeing where and what opcodes are getting generated from each line of assembly code. Below is an example of the source and output you would see printed to the console during the assembly. I picked this slightly longer example because it best shows use of align, nop, and then the use of listing to verify the align/nop code. Nop codes are instructions that do nothing and one use of them is to insert nop's as space fillers when you want a certian portion of your code to land on a specific boundary offset. I dont know all the best practices here with that (if you do please post!) but its a type of optimization for the cpu. Because of its nature of doing nothing, I cant just run the code and confirm its correct because it didnt crash. I need to look at what opcodes the actual align statements made and listing made that easy.
_('procf _main stdcall, pAdd') _(' mov eax, [pAdd]') _(' mov dword[eax], _crc32') _(' mov dword[eax+4], _strlen') _(' mov dword[eax+8], _strcmp') _(' mov dword[eax+12], _strstr') _(' ret') _('endp') _('EQUAL_ORDERED = 1100b') _('EQUAL_ANY = 0000b') _('EQUAL_EACH = 1000b') _('RANGES = 0100b') _('NEGATIVE_POLARITY = 010000b') _('BYTE_MASK = 1000000b') _('align 8') _('proc _crc32 uses ebx ecx esi, pStr') _(' mov esi, [pStr]') _(' xor ebx, ebx') _(' not ebx') _(' stdcall _strlen, esi') _(' .while eax >= 4') _(' crc32 ebx, dword[esi]') _(' add esi, 4') _(' sub eax, 4') _(' .endw') _(' .while eax') _(' crc32 ebx, byte[esi]') _(' inc esi') _(' dec eax') _(' .endw') _(' not ebx') _(' mov eax, ebx') _(' ret') _('endp') _('align 8, 0xCC') ; fill with 0xCC instead of NOP _('proc _strlen uses ecx edx, pStr') _(' mov ecx, [pStr]') _(' mov edx, ecx') _(' mov eax, -16') _(' pxor xmm0, xmm0') _(' .repeat') _(' add eax, 16') _(' pcmpistri xmm0, dqword[edx + eax], 1000b') ;EQUAL_EACH') _(' .until ZERO?') ; repeat loop until Zero flag (ZF) is set _(' add eax, ecx') ; add remainder _(' ret') _('endp') _('align 8') _('proc _strcmp uses ebx ecx edx, pStr1, pStr2') ; ecx = string1, edx = string2' _(' mov ecx, [pStr1]') ; ecx = start address of str1 _(' mov edx, [pStr2]') ; edx = start address of str2 _(' mov eax, ecx') ; eax = start address of str1 _(' sub eax, edx') ; eax = ecx - edx | eax = start address of str1 - start address of str2 _(' sub edx, 16') _(' mov ebx, -16') _(' STRCMP_LOOP:') _(' add ebx, 16') _(' add edx, 16') _(' movdqu xmm0, dqword[edx]') _(' pcmpistri xmm0, dqword[edx + eax], EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY') ; EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY ; find the first *different* bytes, hence negative polarity' _(' ja STRCMP_LOOP') ;a CF or ZF = 0 above _(' jc STRCMP_DIFF') ;c cf=1 carry _(' xor eax, eax') ; the strings are equal _(' ret') _(' STRCMP_DIFF:') _(' mov eax, ebx') _(' add eax, ecx') _(' ret') _('endp') _('align 8') _('proc _strstr uses ecx edx edi esi, sStrToSearch, sStrToFind') _(' mov ecx, [sStrToSearch]') _(' mov edx, [sStrToFind]') _(' pxor xmm2, xmm2') _(' movdqu xmm2, dqword[edx]') ; load the first 16 bytes of neddle') _(' pxor xmm3, xmm3') _(' lea eax, [ecx - 16]') _(' STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP:') ; find the first possible match of 16-byte fragment in haystack') _(' add eax, 16') _(' pcmpistri xmm2, dqword[eax], EQUAL_ORDERED') _(' ja STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP') _(' jnc STRSTR_NOT_FOUND') _(' add eax, ecx ') ; save the possible match start') _(' mov edi, edx') _(' mov esi, eax') _(' sub edi, esi') _(' sub esi, 16') _(' @@:') ; compare the strings _(' add esi, 16') _(' movdqu xmm1, dqword[esi + edi]') _(' pcmpistrm xmm3, xmm1, EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY + BYTE_MASK') ; mask out invalid bytes in the haystack _(' movdqu xmm4, dqword[esi]') _(' pand xmm4, xmm0') _(' pcmpistri xmm1, xmm4, EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY') _(' ja @b') _(' jnc STRSTR_FOUND') _(' sub eax, 15') ;continue searching from the next byte _(' jmp STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP') _(' STRSTR_NOT_FOUND:') _(' xor eax, eax') _(' ret') _(' STRSTR_FOUND:') _(' sub eax, [sStrToSearch]') _(' inc eax') _(' ret') _('endp') Listing Output:
00000000: use32 00000000: 55 89 E5 procf _main stdcall, pAdd 00000003: 8B 45 08 mov eax, [pAdd] 00000006: C7 00 28 00 00 00 mov dword[eax], _crc32 0000000C: C7 40 04 68 00 00 00 mov dword[eax+4], _strlen 00000013: C7 40 08 90 00 00 00 mov dword[eax+8], _strcmp 0000001A: C7 40 0C D8 00 00 00 mov dword[eax+12], _strstr 00000021: C9 C2 04 00 ret 00000025: localbytes = current 00000025: purge ret?,locals?,endl?,proclocal? 00000025: end namespace 00000025: purge endp? 00000025: EQUAL_ORDERED = 1100b 00000025: EQUAL_ANY = 0000b 00000025: EQUAL_EACH = 1000b 00000025: RANGES = 0100b 00000025: NEGATIVE_POLARITY = 010000b 00000025: BYTE_MASK = 1000000b 00000025: 0F 1F 00 align 8 00000028: 55 89 E5 53 51 56 proc _crc32 uses ebx ecx esi, pStr 0000002E: 8B 75 08 mov esi, [pStr] 00000031: 31 DB xor ebx, ebx 00000033: F7 D3 not ebx 00000035: 56 E8 2D 00 00 00 stdcall _strlen, esi 0000003B: 83 F8 04 72 0D .while eax >= 4 00000040: F2 0F 38 F1 1E crc32 ebx, dword[esi] 00000045: 83 C6 04 add esi, 4 00000048: 83 E8 04 sub eax, 4 0000004B: EB EE .endw 0000004D: 85 C0 74 09 .while eax 00000051: F2 0F 38 F0 1E crc32 ebx, byte[esi] 00000056: 46 inc esi 00000057: 48 dec eax 00000058: EB F3 .endw 0000005A: F7 D3 not ebx 0000005C: 89 D8 mov eax, ebx 0000005E: 5E 59 5B C9 C2 04 00 ret 00000065: localbytes = current 00000065: purge ret?,locals?,endl?,proclocal? 00000065: end namespace 00000065: purge endp? 00000065: CC CC CC align 8, 0xCC 00000068: 55 89 E5 51 52 proc _strlen uses ecx edx, pStr 0000006D: 8B 4D 08 mov ecx, [pStr] 00000070: 89 CA mov edx, ecx 00000072: B8 F0 FF FF FF mov eax, -16 00000077: 66 0F EF C0 pxor xmm0, xmm0 0000007B: .repeat 0000007B: 83 C0 10 add eax, 16 0000007E: 66 0F 3A 63 04 02 08 pcmpistri xmm0, dqword[edx + eax], 1000b 00000085: 75 F4 .until ZERO? 00000087: 01 C8 add eax, ecx 00000089: 5A 59 C9 C2 04 00 ret 0000008F: localbytes = current 0000008F: purge ret?,locals?,endl?,proclocal? 0000008F: end namespace 0000008F: purge endp? 0000008F: 90 align 8 00000090: 55 89 E5 53 51 52 proc _strcmp uses ebx ecx edx, pStr1, pStr2 00000096: 8B 4D 08 mov ecx, [pStr1] 00000099: 8B 55 0C mov edx, [pStr2] 0000009C: 89 C8 mov eax, ecx 0000009E: 29 D0 sub eax, edx 000000A0: 83 EA 10 sub edx, 16 000000A3: BB F0 FF FF FF mov ebx, -16 000000A8: STRCMP_LOOP: 000000A8: 83 C3 10 add ebx, 16 000000AB: 83 C2 10 add edx, 16 000000AE: F3 0F 6F 02 movdqu xmm0, dqword[edx] 000000B2: 66 0F 3A 63 04 02 18 pcmpistri xmm0, dqword[edx + eax], EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY 000000B9: 77 ED ja STRCMP_LOOP 000000BB: 72 09 jc STRCMP_DIFF 000000BD: 31 C0 xor eax, eax 000000BF: 5A 59 5B C9 C2 08 00 ret 000000C6: STRCMP_DIFF: 000000C6: 89 D8 mov eax, ebx 000000C8: 01 C8 add eax, ecx 000000CA: 5A 59 5B C9 C2 08 00 ret 000000D1: localbytes = current 000000D1: purge ret?,locals?,endl?,proclocal? 000000D1: end namespace 000000D1: purge endp? 000000D1: 0F 1F 80 00 00 00 00 align 8 000000D8: 55 89 E5 51 52 57 56 proc _strstr uses ecx edx edi esi, sStrToSearch, sStrToFind 000000DF: 8B 4D 08 mov ecx, [sStrToSearch] 000000E2: 8B 55 0C mov edx, [sStrToFind] 000000E5: 66 0F EF D2 pxor xmm2, xmm2 000000E9: F3 0F 6F 12 movdqu xmm2, dqword[edx] 000000ED: 66 0F EF DB pxor xmm3, xmm3 000000F1: 8D 41 F0 lea eax, [ecx - 16] 000000F4: STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP: 000000F4: 83 C0 10 add eax, 16 000000F7: 66 0F 3A 63 10 0C pcmpistri xmm2, dqword[eax], EQUAL_ORDERED 000000FD: 77 F5 ja STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP 000000FF: 73 30 jnc STRSTR_NOT_FOUND 00000101: 01 C8 add eax, ecx 00000103: 89 D7 mov edi, edx 00000105: 89 C6 mov esi, eax 00000107: 29 F7 sub edi, esi 00000109: 83 EE 10 sub esi, 16 0000010C: @@: 0000010C: 83 C6 10 add esi, 16 0000010F: F3 0F 6F 0C 3E movdqu xmm1, dqword[esi + edi] 00000114: 66 0F 3A 62 D9 58 pcmpistrm xmm3, xmm1, EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY + BYTE_MASK 0000011A: F3 0F 6F 26 movdqu xmm4, dqword[esi] 0000011E: 66 0F DB E0 pand xmm4, xmm0 00000122: 66 0F 3A 63 CC 18 pcmpistri xmm1, xmm4, EQUAL_EACH + NEGATIVE_POLARITY 00000128: 77 E2 ja @b 0000012A: 73 0F jnc STRSTR_FOUND 0000012C: 83 E8 0F sub eax, 15 0000012F: EB C3 jmp STRSTR_MAIN_LOOP 00000131: STRSTR_NOT_FOUND: 00000131: 31 C0 xor eax, eax 00000133: 5E 5F 5A 59 C9 C2 08 00 ret 0000013B: STRSTR_FOUND: 0000013B: 2B 45 08 sub eax, [sStrToSearch] 0000013E: 40 inc eax 0000013F: 5E 5F 5A 59 C9 C2 08 00 ret 00000147: localbytes = current 00000147: purge ret?,locals?,endl?,proclocal? 00000147: end namespace 00000147: purge endp?
procf and forcea macros
In my previous post I spoke about the force macro and why the need for it. I added two more macros (procf and forcea) that combine the two and also sets align.assume to the same function. As clarified in the previous post, you should only have to use these macros for the first procedure being defined (since nothing calls that procedure). And since its the first function, it should be the starting memory address which is a good place to initially set the align.assume address to.
Attached package should include everything needed and has all the previous examples I posted updated. Let me know if I missed something or you have any issues running the examples and thanks for looking
A couple new macros added. I also got rid of the IncludeEx folder and just made one include folder that has the default include folder within it and all others top level.
dllstruct macro does the same thing as _fasmg_Au3StructDef(). You can use either one; they both use the macro.
getmempos macro does the delta trick I showed below using anonymous labels.
stdcallw and invokew macros will push any parameters that are raw (quoted) strings as wide characters
Ifex include file gives .if .ifelse .while .until the ability to use stdcall/invoke/etc inline. So if you had a function called "_add" you could do .if stdcall(_add,5,5) = 10. All this basically does in the background is perform the stdcall and then replaces the comparison with eax and passes it on to the original default macros, but is super helpful for cleaning up code and took a ton of time learning the macro language to get in place.
Added fastcallw that does same as stdcallw only
Added fastcall support for Ifex
Corrected missing include file include\macro\if.inc within win64au3.inc
Hi AutoIt Scripters/Programmers. I have a question about MIME Tools for Notepad++:
I've recently found a UDF about Base64 in forum, but they can't decode\encode correctly some emojis , other UTFs and etc. so i decided to use mimeTools.dll of Notepad++ or main site
My problem is how to use this dll in AutoIt Language?
I will be happy with your comments and answers❤ Thanks.
Good morning Forums
In these days, I am working on a project that involved me to use some Windows APIs to obtain some information about Terminal Servers.
I'm doing this using wtsapi32.dll in a VBA Project, but, the lack of knowledge about few things threated in the articles make this quite difficult to
implement and understand at the same time.
The most difficult thing I'm facing is "translating" C/C++ functions or struct in VBA when pointers are used, or pointers of pointers, and so on.
Since VBA seems to not have a pointer type, to make those functions work I need to implement other functions taken from other DLLs, and this confuses me a lot.
For example, starting from this code, I splitted all the functions and all the definitions to understand why they are there, and why I need to use them.
At the end, I've found out that the code I was going to implement starting from the functions provided in the Microsoft Docs won't be ever be able to work without some supplementary functions which are not mentioned anywhere.
So, I was wondering if someone would please point me out to a good and practical exaplanation about pointers (in general) or specifically for VBA, because I need to use them quite often in these days, and I'd like to understand what I am doing.
Thanks in advance.
Best Regards and Stay at home 🏡
I got the Acroname Programmable USB Hub based on BrainStem platform. I will use it to manage ports and read current.
They have development kit (BRAINSTEM DEVELOPMENT KIT) with examples for any languages like C#, C++, LabVIEW and python but no AutoIt.
The kit include BrainStem2.dll (x32 and x64), BrainStem2_LabVIEW.dll, BrainStem2CLI.dll and many examples.
Anyone used this dll and implemented it in AutoIt?
Please share some example for Device Discovering, User LED Flashing or power enable/disable on port to start play with this HUB
BrainStem2 lib+example.7z USB HUB User Manual s79-usbhub-3p_v1.10_0.pdf