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Daemante2018

Encrypting INI Data

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Daemante2018

Hello, 

I am working on test script to try and understand how encryption/decryption works and how to implement it into programs. The desired outcome is to save encrypted data to an ini file and later decrypt and call that data to a program where it can be used as input.

I'm kind of stuck trying to figure why the code below  returns the decrypted data as "ÿÿÿÿ". I am sure I'm not doing it correctly.

#include <Crypt.au3>
#include <ButtonConstants.au3>
#include <EditConstants.au3>
#include <GUIConstantsEx.au3>
#include <WindowsConstants.au3>
#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>

$AccEdit = GUICreate("Add Account", 268, 174, -1, -1)
$Username = GUICtrlCreateInput("Enter Username", 40, 56, 185, 21)
$Save = GUICtrlCreateButton("Save", 152, 128, 75, 25)
GUISetState(@SW_SHOW)


Global $key

While 1
    $nMsg = GUIGetMsg()
    Switch $nMsg
        Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE
            Exit
        Case $Save
            _Encrypt()
            _Decrypt()
            Exit
    EndSwitch
WEnd

Func _Encrypt()

    _Crypt_Startup()
    $data = $Username ;data to be encrypted
    Local $key = _Crypt_DeriveKey("alcove.panoply.sweden.link.gunk", $CALG_AES_256) ;encryption key
    Global $Encrypt = _Crypt_EncryptData($data, $key, $CALG_AES_256) ;credentials plus key
    ;Local $DeCrypt = BinaryToString(_Crypt_DecryptData($Encrypt, $key, $CALG_AES_256), 4) ;decrypted data
    FileWrite("cryptkey.txt", $key)
    IniWrite("data.ini", "Encrypted", "Username", $Encrypt)
    _Crypt_Shutdown()

EndFunc   

Func _Decrypt()

    _Crypt_Startup()
    $data = IniRead("data.ini", "Encrypted", "Username",  "")
    Local $key = FileRead("cryptkey.txt")
    Local $DeCrypt = BinaryToString(_Crypt_DecryptData($data, $key, $CALG_AES_256)) ;decrypted data
    IniWrite("data.ini", "Decrypted", "Username", $DeCrypt)
    _Crypt_Shutdown()

EndFunc

I've seen this topic of encrypting/decrypting data all over the forum but its mostly from years ago and this is as far as I have gotten with the help file and old posts.

Appreciate the help.

Edited by Daemante2018

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Jefrey

Hi!

It looks like you are saving binary data with IniWrite in your _Encrypt() function. I'd rather encoding it with hex or base64 to have an ini-safe data, or encrypting the whole ini file.

If you accept a 3rd-party lib, in my signature click "storage.au3", a UDF I made that does exactly this: saves settings and other data into ini files and encrypt them.

Edited by Jefrey

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BrewManNH

If the result of your encryption is binary data, you can't use INI files to store it. They're limited to text, and usually only ASCII text unless you create them correctly. Better to just write it to the file, and then encrypt the whole file, as suggested above.


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jdelaney

I haven't worked on this in a while, but I was looking into storing my credentials.  Maybe you can use the script as an example of how to do your own project?

It may, or may not have some flaws in it, but the basics are all there.

 

Edited by jdelaney

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Daemante2018
6 hours ago, Jefrey said:

Hi!

It looks like you are saving binary data with IniWrite in your _Encrypt() function. I'd rather encoding it with hex or base64 to have an ini-safe data, or encrypting the whole ini file.

If you accept a 3rd-party lib, in my signature click "storage.au3", a UDF I made that does exactly this: saves settings and other data into ini files and encrypt them.

Encrypting the entire file would work better to be honest so I will try and find out more and take a look at your UDF @Jefrey; thank you.

3 hours ago, jdelaney said:

I haven't worked on this in a while, but I was looking into storing my credentials.  Maybe you can use the script as an example of how to do your own project?

It may, or may not have some flaws in it, but the basics are all there.

@jdelaney I did see mention of hashing but know nothing of it so I will take a look at example; thank you.

Edited by Daemante2018

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Daemante2018

@Jefrey and @BrewManNH

I looked into _Crypt_EncryptFile/_Crypt_DecryptFile and that is much simpler and works fine. I should be able to figure out how to implement it.

#include <Crypt.au3>

_idEncrypt()
Func _idEncrypt()
    $key = FileRead("info.txt")
    _Crypt_EncryptFile("plaintext.ini", "encrypted.file", $key, $CALG_AES_256)
EndFunc
#include <Crypt.au3>

_idDecrypt()
Func _idDecrypt()
    $key = FileRead("info.txt")
    _Crypt_DecryptFile("encrypted.file", "decrypted.ini", $key, $CALG_AES_256)
EndFunc

The function below will create the key, but, where/how is a safe way to store it?

The same key will likely be used a number of times. I'm not trying to be DEF CON secure just doing my do diligence.

Obviously saving the "key" in the script is a not secure at all. Writing it to a file like below or writing to registry don't seem secure either.

#include <crypt.au3>

_Makekey()
Func _Makekey()
    _Crypt_Startup()
    $Info = @ComputerName & @UserName ;unique information for password
    $key = _Crypt_DeriveKey($Info, $CALG_AES_256) ;encryption key
    FileWrite("info.txt", $key) ;stored key
    _Crypt_DestroyKey($key)
    _Crypt_Shutdown()
EndFunc   ;==>_Makekey

 

Edited by Daemante2018

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caramen

Hello. :)

Here you go:

#include <Crypt.au3>

Local Const $sUserKey = "CryptPassword" ; Declare a password string to decrypt/encrypt the data.
Local $sData = "..upon a time there was a language without any standardized cryptographic functions. That language is no more." ; Data that will be encrypted.

Local $bEncrypted = _Crypt_EncryptData($sData, $sUserKey, $CALG_RC4) ; Encrypt the data using the generic password string.

MsgBox(0, "Crypted data", "BinaryToString"&@CRLF&BinaryToString($bEncrypted))
MsgBox(0, "Crypted data", "Nothing"&@CRLF&$bEncrypted)
MsgBox(0, "Crypted data", "StringToBinary"&@CRLF&StringToBinary($bEncrypted))

$bEncrypted = _Crypt_DecryptData($bEncrypted, $sUserKey, $CALG_RC4) ; Decrypt the data using the generic password string. The return value is a binary string.
MsgBox(0, "Decrypted data", "BinaryToString"&@CRLF&BinaryToString($bEncrypted)) ; Convert the binary string using BinaryToString to display the initial data we encrypted.
MsgBox(0, "Decrypted data", "Nothing"&@CRLF&$bEncrypted)
MsgBox(0, "Decrypted data", "StringToBinary"&@CRLF&StringToBinary($bEncrypted))

Cya

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Daemante2018

@caramen Thanks for the response to my original method.

Edited by Daemante2018

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caramen

Btw this prticular code show comon issue with the crypt decrypt macro. 

 

This is why i add these msgBox. 

 

So you can figure out how to use it and what there is to do and not to do. 

Edited by caramen

My video tutorials : HERE ( In construction ) 

How to Ask Help ||  UIAutomation From Junkew || WebDriver From Danp2 || And Water's UDFs in the Quote

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Active Directory (NEW 2018-10-19 - Version 1.4.10.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (2018-10-31 - Version 1.3.4.1) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2017-07-21 - Version 0.4.0.1) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
PowerPoint (2017-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
 
Tutorials:

ADO - Wiki

 

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Daemante2018
20 hours ago, Daemante2018 said:

@Jefrey and @BrewManNH

I looked into _Crypt_EncryptFile/_Crypt_DecryptFile and that is much simpler and works fine. I should be able to figure out how to implement it.

#include <Crypt.au3>

_idEncrypt()
Func _idEncrypt()
    $key = FileRead("info.txt")
    _Crypt_EncryptFile("plaintext.ini", "encrypted.file", $key, $CALG_AES_256)
EndFunc
#include <Crypt.au3>

_idDecrypt()
Func _idDecrypt()
    $key = FileRead("info.txt")
    _Crypt_DecryptFile("encrypted.file", "decrypted.ini", $key, $CALG_AES_256)
EndFunc

The function below will create the key, but, where/how is a safe way to store it?

The same key will likely be used a number of times. I'm not trying to be DEF CON secure just doing my do diligence.

Obviously saving the "key" in the script is a not secure at all. Writing it to a file like below or writing to registry don't seem secure either.

#include <crypt.au3>

_Makekey()
Func _Makekey()
    _Crypt_Startup()
    $Info = @ComputerName & @UserName ;unique information for password
    $key = _Crypt_DeriveKey($Info, $CALG_AES_256) ;encryption key
    FileWrite("info.txt", $key) ;stored key
    _Crypt_DestroyKey($key)
    _Crypt_Shutdown()
EndFunc   ;==>_Makekey

 

Getting back to the topic of storing encryption keys, anyone have an opinion on a "safe" way/place? 

I would suspect that if you buried the file/registry then unless the person reverse engineered the code to find that location or knew where/what to look for then how would they find the key. Barring obvious naming/hiding places. But from what I've read on the forums,Autois is relatively easy to break.

Edited by Daemante2018

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jdelaney

I suppose the only safe way is to require user input for the password/key.  It's possible to decompile scripts, and see exactly where you are reading in the key from.


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