Smigacznr1

Check for macros in excel

25 posts in this topic

Hi everyone,

I'm writing script for searching empty excel files in share folders.

I now how to check if is any text, value or formula in file but how to check for macros?

 

Regards

Smigacznr1

 

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Hi Smigacznr1,

You could always check the extension of the workbook?

I'm no excel wizard, but i believe macro's can only be stored in xlsm workbooks (macro enabled), with the exception of workbooks created on your local machine (as the macro's can be saved to your personal workbook (Which wouldn't be applicable in a shared folder anyway, as only the author of the macro, by default has access to his/her own personal workbook)

Hope this helps

Javi


give a man an application, and he'll be frustrated for the day, Teach him how to program applications and he'll be frustrated for a lifetime.

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#3 ·  Posted (edited)

Hi, Smigacznr1. There are a couple ways to do it. Remember that you will always have a default module with the "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", and "Sheet3" in every workbook. I use this quick and dirty to check which modules or macros I have in a workbook, may give you some ideas.

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]

Const $ProcedureName = "*"
Local $oExcel = _Excel_Open()
Local $oWorkbook = _Excel_BookOpen($oExcel, @DesktopDir & "\Test.xls")
    $vbProj = $oWorkbook.VBProject

    For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
        _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
    Next

    $aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1

    For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
        Switch $aTemp[$i]
            Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
                ;
            Case Else
                MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
        EndSwitch
    Next

_Excel_BookClose($oWorkbook)
_Excel_Close($oExcel)

 

 

 

Edited by JLogan3o13

√-1 2^3 ∑ π, and it was delicious!

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Hi JLogan3o13

I'm getting error:

"Variable must be of type "Object".:
For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
For $vbComp In $vbProj^ ERROR"

 

I rebuilded your saample to:

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]

Const $ProcedureName = "*"

$oExcel = ObjCreate("Excel.Application")
$oExcel.Visible = 1
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Open (@DesktopDir & "\Huis-3D-Excel-Pendulum_97.xls")

    $vbProj = $oExcel.WorkBooks.VBProject

    For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
        _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
    Next

    $aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1

    For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
        Switch $aTemp[$i]
            Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
                ;
            Case Else
                MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
        EndSwitch
    Next


$oExcel.WorkBooks.Close(false)
$oExcel.Quit()

and I'm getting exactly this same error. I'm not good with object coding...

I'm using newest stable version of Autoit, fully patched Win 7 x64 and Office 2007.

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Add some error checking:

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]
Const $ProcedureName = "*"
$oExcel = ObjCreate("Excel.Application")
$oExcel.Visible = 1
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Open (@DesktopDir & "\Huis-3D-Excel-Pendulum_97.xls")
    $vbProj = $oExcel.WorkBooks.VBProject
    If @error Or Not IsObj($vbProj) Then Exit ; Exit if no projects exist
    For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
        _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
    Next
    $aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1
    For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
        Switch $aTemp[$i]
            Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
                ;
            Case Else
                MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
        EndSwitch
    Next
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Close(false)
$oExcel.Quit()

 


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ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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BTW:

"ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"

is only true on English systems.


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Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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#8 ·  Posted (edited)

Check (by adding _ArrayDisplay) if there are any components at all.

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]
Const $ProcedureName = "*"
$oExcel = ObjCreate("Excel.Application")
$oExcel.Visible = 1
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Open (@DesktopDir & "\Huis-3D-Excel-Pendulum_97.xls")
    $vbProj = $oExcel.WorkBooks.VBProject
    If @error Or Not IsObj($vbProj) Then Exit ; Exit if no projects exist
    For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
        _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
    Next
    _ArrayDisplay($aTemp) ; Display components
    $aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1
    For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
        Switch $aTemp[$i]
            Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
                ;
            Case Else
                MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
        EndSwitch
    Next
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Close(false)
$oExcel.Quit()

 

Edited by water

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OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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Nope. It's not working at all.

Exiting on line 9

If @error Or Not IsObj($vbProj) Then Exit ; Exit if no projects exist

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Ok, then let's check this line:

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]
Const $ProcedureName = "*"
$oExcel = ObjCreate("Excel.Application")
$oExcel.Visible = 1
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Open (@DesktopDir & "\Huis-3D-Excel-Pendulum_97.xls")
    $vbProj = $oExcel.WorkBooks.VBProject
    If @error Or Not IsObj($vbProj) Then
        MsgBox(0, "", "@error: " & @error & @CRLF & "IsObj: " & IsObj($vbProj))
        Exit
    EndIf
    For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
        _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
    Next
    _ArrayDisplay($aTemp) ; Display components
    $aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1
    For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
        Switch $aTemp[$i]
            Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
                ;
            Case Else
                MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
        EndSwitch
    Next
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Close(false)
$oExcel.Quit()

 


My UDFs and Tutorials:

Spoiler

UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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Error:

@error: -2147352570
IsObj: 0

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#12 ·  Posted (edited)

#include <Excel.au3>

Local $aTemp[1] = [""]
Const $ProcedureName = "*"
$oExcel = ObjCreate("Excel.Application")
$oExcel.Visible = 1
$oWorkbook = $oExcel.WorkBooks.Open(@DesktopDir & "\Huis-3D-Excel-Pendulum_97.xls")
$vbProj = $oWorkbook.VBProject
If @error Or Not IsObj($vbProj) Then
    MsgBox(0, "", "@error: " & @error & @CRLF & "IsObj: " & IsObj($vbProj))
    Exit
EndIf
For $vbComp In $vbProj.VBComponents
    _ArrayAdd($aTemp, $vbComp.Name)
Next
_ArrayDisplay($aTemp) ; Display components
$aTemp[0] = UBound($aTemp) - 1
For $i = 1 To $aTemp[0]
    Switch $aTemp[$i]
        Case "ThisWorkbook", "Sheet1", "Sheet2", "Sheet3"
            ;
        Case Else
            MsgBox(0, "", $aTemp[$i])
    EndSwitch
Next
$oExcel.WorkBooks.Close(false)
$oExcel.Quit()

​The VBProject collection is a member of the Workbook object, not the Workbooks collection.

Edited by water

My UDFs and Tutorials:

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UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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I have not notice but after correction, I have still error:

@error: 1
IsObj: 0

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Looks much better. Could you please add

#include <Debug.au3>
_DebugSetup()
_DebugCOMError()

at the top of your script so we get more detailed error information?


My UDFs and Tutorials:

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UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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Sure. I didn't know that in Autoit is any debugging include :)

Result:

@@ DEBUG COM Error encountered in excel_macro_search.au3 (11) :
    Number            = 0x80020006 (-2147352570)
    WinDescription    = Unknown name
    Description       =
    Source            =
    HelpFile          =
    HelpContext       =
    LastDllError      = 0
    Retcode           = 0x00000000

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Is this a Workbook with a macro?
If no, could you please test with a Workbook with a macro?
So we know: @error = 1 means: no macro, @error = 0 means: go on checking for macros.


My UDFs and Tutorials:

Spoiler

UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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Will check as soon as I'm on a PC with Windows and Excel.


My UDFs and Tutorials:

Spoiler

UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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Bump!

Could someone else help or show right direction?

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Only found this on the web to check if an Excel File has macros.
Could you please run the VB code and if it works it should be easy to translate to AutoIt.


My UDFs and Tutorials:

Spoiler

UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

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" & $err & @CRLF) Exit EndIf EndIf $aLinks = $oExcel.ActiveWorkbook.LinkSources($xlExcelLinks) _Excel_BookClose($oExcel, False) _Excel_Close($oExcel, False, True) If IsArray($aLinks) Then If UBound($aLinks) > 0 Then For $iLoop = 0 To UBound($aLinks) - 1 If $aLinks[$iLoop] <> $strFileName Then $iExists = FileExists($aLinks[$iLoop]) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - Calling WriteNode()") __WriteNode($aLinks[$iLoop], $iExists) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - Calling WriteLink()") __WriteLink($strFileName, $aLinks[$iLoop]) If $iExists And ($aLinks[$iLoop] <> $strFileName) Then _GetExcelLinks($aLinks[$iLoop]) EndIf Next EndIf EndIf EndFunc ;==>_GetExcelLinks Func __WriteNode($sName, $iExists) Local $iErrLoop = 5 ;Number of attempts to make Local $vResult Do ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - WriteNode()" & @CRLF & " _SQLite_Exec(INSERT OR IGNORE INTO nodes ('name', 'fileexists') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName) & ", " & $iExists & ");) - create node entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO nodes ('name', 'fileexists') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName) & ", " & $iExists & ");") If Not $vResult = $SQLITE_OK Then Sleep(100) $iErrLoop -= 1 If $iErrLoop = 0 Then $vResult = $SQLITE_OK ;Used up all our attempts, so simulate a success Until $vResult = $SQLITE_OK EndFunc ;==>__WriteNode Func __WriteLink($sName1, $sName2) Local $iErrLoop = 5 ;Number of attempts to make Local $vResult, $hQuery, $vCount ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - WriteNode()" & @CRLF & " _SQLite_Query(SELECT weight FROM links WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";) - lookup link entry" & @CRLF) _SQLite_Query($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT weight FROM links WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";", $hQuery) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_FetchData()" & @CRLF) _SQLite_FetchData($hQuery, $vCount) If UBound($vCount) > 1 Then _ArrayDisplay($vCount) If $SQLITE_OK And UBound($vCount) > 1 Then $vCount = $vCount[1] + 1 Else $vCount = 1 EndIf Do If $vCount = 1 Then ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_Exec() - create link entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "INSERT INTO links ('name1', 'name2', 'weight') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & ", " & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ", " & $vCount & ");") Else ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_Exec() - update link entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "UPDATE links SET 'weight'=" & $vCount & " WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";") EndIf If Not $vResult = $SQLITE_OK Then Sleep(100) $iErrLoop -= 1 If $iErrLoop = 0 Then $vResult = $SQLITE_OK ;Used up all our attempts, so simulate a success Until $vResult = $SQLITE_OK EndFunc ;==>__WriteLink ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Author ........: SEO <locodarwin at yahoo dot com> ; Modified.......: litlmike, water, GMK, willichan ; =============================================================================================================================== Func _Excel_BookOpen_NoUpdate($oExcel, $sFilePath, $bReadOnly = Default, $bVisible = Default, $sPassword = Default, $sWritePassword = Default) If Not IsObj($oExcel) Or ObjName($oExcel, 1) <> "_Application" Then Return SetError(1, @error, 0) If Not FileExists($sFilePath) Then Return SetError(2, 0, 0) If $bReadOnly = Default Then $bReadOnly = False If $bVisible = Default Then $bVisible = True ;; changing the second parameter on the following line to a 0 tells Excel not to update any links. Local $oWorkbook = $oExcel.Workbooks.Open($sFilePath, 0, $bReadOnly, Default, $sPassword, $sWritePassword) If @error Then Return SetError(3, @error, 0) $oExcel.Windows($oWorkbook.Name).Visible = $bVisible ; If a read-write workbook was opened read-only then return an error If $bReadOnly = False And $oWorkbook.Readonly = True Then Return SetError(4, 0, $oWorkbook) Return $oWorkbook EndFunc ;==>_Excel_BookOpen_NoUpdate Func _GenerateGraph() RunWait(@ScriptDir & '\GraphViz238\bin\dot.exe -Tpng "' & @ScriptDir & '\' & $MyName & '.gv" -o "' & @ScriptDir & '\ExcelLinksMapper.png"') EndFunc ;==>_GenerateGraph Func _WriteHeader() __OutLine(0, "digraph main {") EndFunc ;==>_WriteHeader Func _WriteNodes() Local $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns, $iRval Local $iLoop, $sStyle __OutLine(1, "// Nodes") $iRval = _SQLite_GetTable($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT name, fileexists FROM nodes;", $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns) If @error Then ConsoleWrite("_WriteNodes()" & @CRLF & "_SQLite_GetTable") If $iRval = $SQLITE_OK Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iRows If $aResult[($iLoop * 2) + 2] > 0 Then $sStyle = "normal" Else $sStyle = "missing" EndIf __OutNode($aResult[1 + (2 * $iLoop)], $sStyle) ;; Next Else MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "SQLite Error: " & $iRval, _SQLite_ErrMsg() & @CRLF & "in _WriteNotes() calling _SQLite_GetTable()") Exit EndIf EndFunc ;==>_WriteNodes Func __OutNode($sName, $sStyle = Default) If $sStyle = Default Then $sStyle = "Normal" Switch StringLower($sStyle) Case "missing" __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName) & ' [label="' & StringReplace($sName, "\", "\\") & '",color=red,fontcolor=red,shape=octagon];') Case Else ;"normal", Default __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName) & ' [label="' & StringReplace($sName, "\", "\\") & '",color=black,fontcolor=black,shape=box];') EndSwitch EndFunc ;==>__OutNode Func _WriteLinks() Local $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns, $iRval Local $iLoop, $sStyle, $aCount __OutLine(1, "// Links") $iRval = _SQLite_GetTable($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT name1, name2 FROM links ORDER BY name1 ASC, name2 ASC;", $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns) If $iRval = $SQLITE_OK Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iRows __OutLink($aResult[1 + (2 * $iLoop)], $aResult[2 + (2 * $iLoop)]) Next Else MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "SQLite Error: " & $iRval, _SQLite_ErrMsg()) Exit EndIf EndFunc ;==>_WriteLinks Func __OutLink($sName1, $sName2, $iWeight = 1) __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName1) & ' -> ' & __MakeName($sName2) & ';') EndFunc ;==>__OutLink Func _WriteFooter() __OutLine(0, "}") EndFunc ;==>_WriteFooter Func __OutLine($iTabs, $sText) Local $iLoop If $iTabs > 0 Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iTabs FileWrite($hOutfile, " ") ;ConsoleWrite(" ") Next EndIf FileWriteLine($hOutfile, $sText) EndFunc ;==>__OutLine Func __MakeName($sText) Local $sNewName = StringReplace($sText, "\", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, "/", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, "'", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '"', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, ':', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '.', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '-', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '$', " ") $sNewName = StringStripWS($sNewName, 8) Return StringLower($sNewName) EndFunc ;==>__MakeName  
    • Dimmae
      By Dimmae
      Hello,
      at first: i'm new here, so please forgive me my mistakes, and show them to me, just that i can learn to do better in the future.
      Now to my Problem: i have an excel sheet, where i just need some columns for further actions, but i have no idea how to add single columns to a new array.
      I found the following code(the one i just added as a file) from 'water' in this forum, but i wont get how i could add multiple columns into a new array.
      The biggest problem in my situation is that i dont know the count of the rows i need for the array, i just got a fix number of rows, which is 4.
       
      Hope you can help me, and sry again for this 'unlucky illustration'.
       
      btw: how can i add code shown as code here, instead of posting it as a attached file?.
       
       
       
      autoit-select-column.au3
      defects.xlsx
    • LoneWolf_2106
      By LoneWolf_2106
      Hi,
      i have an error:
      ==> The requested action with this object has failed.: $iRowCount = .Range(.Cells(1, 1), .Cells($oRangeLast.Row, $oRangeLast.Column)).Rows.Count $iRowCount = .Range(^ ERROR  
      My code is:
      $oRangeLast = .UsedRange.SpecialCells($xlCellTypeLastCell) Sleep(1000) $iRowCount = .Range(.Cells(1, 1), .Cells($oRangeLast.Row, $oRangeLast.Column)).Rows.Count Sleep(1000) _Excel_RangeWrite($oWorkbook_1, $oWorkbook_1.ActiveSheet,$aFileList[$i][2] , "AB3:AB"&$iRowCount) I have added some sleep because the application was crashing more often before, so i thought to slow down the code execution.
      But i didn't solve the issue.
      Has anyone an idea of what the problem might be?
      Thanks in advance.