SorryButImaNewbie

[SOLVED] _Excel_BookOpen how to connect to already opened Excel Application, without knowing the filepath

6 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)

Hello dear users!

I have a bit of a problem with my excel script I try to make. My goal is that my script would read through an excelfile's columns and rows, identifiying key words, then I would like to reorganize the rows and colums in the a specified "way", "format" (we get different kind of excels in and i wish to produce a uniform excels from them, the data is the same, so I know that there is an XY column somewhere, I just have to find it, and put it in the right place)

Now I can read values from cells (or range of cells) but only if I know the exact file name and path.

Can I make autoit to somehow attach to the already opened excel? This way I would be able to make the script, so the user just open the excel which he/she wants to format, clicks on go, and viola.

Instead now I'm thinking adding 2 textboxes to my GUI so the user can write down the filename and file path, which isnt that ideal.

My original idea, was to make the script find the "borders" of the filled out excel form, copy it away to the right, delete the original data, reorganize it the way it should be (to the area which it cleared), and thats it. The user can then quickly check if everything is okey, and he/she can delete the copied original data set if its needed.

 

So in short my problem is, how to connect my script to an excel thats presumaby already opened, without knowing the filename and path?

Thank you for your help! (and sorry if there is already a post about this I havent found it)

Edited by SorryButImaNewbie
SOLVED

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites



You want to attach to an already open workbook, correct? The help file is your friend: Look at (funny enough) _Excel_BookAttach. You can attach to an open book based on filepath, filename, or title.


√-1 2^3 ∑ π, and it was delicious!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

But how?

I can attach only if i know the filepath, filename, or title. How do I get these from the already opened excel?

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Use _Excel_BookList to retrieve an array of open workbooks. Then select the needed one and use _Excel_BookAttach to connect to this workbook.

1 person likes this

My UDFs and Tutorials:

Spoiler

UDFs:
Active Directory (NEW 2017-04-18 - Version 1.4.8.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
OutlookEX (NEW 2017-02-27 - Version 1.3.1.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts - Wiki
ExcelChart (2015-04-01 - Version 0.4.0.0) - Download - General Help & Support - Example Scripts
Excel - Example Scripts - Wiki
Word - Wiki
PowerPoint (2015-06-06 - Version 0.0.5.0) - Download - General Help & Support

Tutorials:
ADO - Wiki

 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

#5 ·  Posted (edited)

Once again, a trip through the help file would be beneficial. Look at _Excel_BookList.

Edit: D'oh, too slow

Edited by JLogan3o13
1 person likes this

√-1 2^3 ∑ π, and it was delicious!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

#6 ·  Posted (edited)

Thanks!

First sorry for only replying now... This is a pet project of mine, and I didn't had time to check _Excel_BookList.

Sorry I know that everything is in the help files usually :D and if not 98% of the time it can be found on this very forum, I searched both, but I was unable to find what i was looking for. (thats my mistake, sorry)

I just started to play around with my code now, adding in the displayarray from the help file.

The array display shows me the running excel programs, but also shows me 3 additional things. I have a quess what are these, but I though I would ask, just to be sure.

2 XLAM file, from the library/analysis file, called  ATPVBAEN and FUNCRES. My guess is that these are something from the analysis toolpack, I'm not sure why they are here.

The 3. one is the SOLVER.XLAM. Thats the solver, I'm not sure why it is listed with the excel workbooks, but as long as it always the last member of the array (seems like it so far) its not a problem.

I thought that I should write a regex, that search for these, and remove them from the array before I start to do other operations.

(attached a JPG from a displayed array, 0. is an open excel, 1,2 are XLAM files, 3. an other opened excel, 4. is the solver)

Thank you, and sorry again for the slow reply

ArrayList.JPG

 

So I read the data from the array, I think I will use regex to find the .xls or .xlsm (excel) files, and make an error if there are more then one excel opened, asking the user, to open only one at a time.

If IsArray($aWorkBooks) Then
        Local $array0 = $aWorkBooks[0][1]
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Excel", " Value of array0: " & $array0)
        Local $array1 = $aWorkBooks[1][1]
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Excel", " Value of array1: " & $array1)
        Local $array2 = $aWorkBooks[2][1]
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Excel", " Value of array2: " & $array2)
        Local $array3 = $aWorkBooks[3][1]
        MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "Excel", " Value of array3: " & $array3)

        Else
            Exit
    EndIf

 

Edited by SorryButImaNewbie
adding a bit of code, just for good measure

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now

  • Similar Content

    • willichan
      By willichan
      Here is another one from my archives that filled a specific need.
       
      Here is the back story if you are interested.
       
      Keep in mind that I wrote this script over 3 years ago, so it may not compile or run directly without some minor tweaks.  It also requires the use of GraphViz to build the graph.
      #cs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Project Name: ExcelLinksMapper Description: Analyse an Excel file's links and map them out. Creation Date: 9/26/2014 AutoIt Version: Author: willichan Requires: Graphviz (http://graphviz.org/) #ce ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Opt("MustDeclareVars", 1) ;0=no, 1=require pre-declare Opt("TrayAutoPause", 0) ;0=no pause, 1=Pause Opt("TrayMenuMode", 0) ;0=append, 1=no default menu, 2=no automatic check, 4=menuitemID not return Opt("TrayIconHide", 0) ;0=show, 1=hide tray icon Global Const $MyName=StringLeft(@ScriptName, StringInStr(@ScriptName,".", 0, -1)-1) ;get just the name portion of the script/exe name Global Const $MyMutex=$MyName & "-82243BEBC30533A3" ;name the mutex for this app Global $SQLloaded = False Global $sDbName = @ScriptDir & "\db2gv.db" ConsoleWrite($sDbName & @crlf) If _MutexExists($MyMutex) Then Exit #include <SQLite.au3> #include <SQLite.dll.au3> #include <file.au3> #include <array.au3> #include <excel.au3> _ConfigInitialize() _Main() Func _ConfigInitialize() OnAutoItExitRegister("_ConfigDestroy") ;initializers here Global $sSQliteDll = _SQLite_Startup() If @error Then MsgBox(0, "SQLite Error", "could not load the DLL") Global $sSQLiteDB = _SQLite_Open($sDbName) If $sSQLiteDB = 0 Then MsgBox(0, "SQLite Error", "could not open the database") $SQLloaded =True __CreateTables() EndFunc ;==>_ConfigInitialize Func _ConfigDestroy() ;destructors here If $SQLloaded Then _SQLite_Close() _SQLite_Shutdown() EndIf EndFunc ;==>_ConfigDestroy Func _MutexExists($sOccurenceName) Local $ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS = 183, $handle, $lastError $sOccurenceName = StringReplace($sOccurenceName, "\", "") $handle = DllCall("kernel32.dll", "int", "CreateMutex", "int", 0, "long", 1, "str", $sOccurenceName) $lastError = DllCall("kernel32.dll", "int", "GetLastError") Return $lastError[0] = $ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS EndFunc ;==>_MutexExists Func __CreateTables() _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS nodes;") _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS nodes( name TEXT PRIMARY KEY, fileexists INTEGER);") _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS links;") _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS links( id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, name1 TEXT, name2 TEXT, weight INTEGER);") EndFunc Func _Main() Local $sInfile, $vResult, $iErrLoop $sInfile = FileOpenDialog("Source File", @WorkingDir, "Excel files (*.xl*)", 1 + 2) If Not FileExists($sInfile) Then MsgBox(0, "Excel Links Mapper Error", "Unable to locate source file") Exit EndIf $vResult = $SQLITE_IOERR $iErrLoop = 5 While $vResult = $SQLITE_IOERR $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO nodes ('name', 'fileexists') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sInfile) & ", 1);") If Not $vResult = $SQLITE_OK Then Sleep(100) $iErrLoop -= 1 If $iErrLoop = 0 Then ConsoleWrite($iErrLoop & " tries" & @CRLF & $sInfile & @CRLF) $vResult = $SQLITE_OK EndIf WEnd _GetExcelLinks($sInfile) Global $hOutfile = FileOpen(@ScriptDir & "\" & $MyName & ".gv", 2) If $hOutfile = -1 Then MsgBox(0, $MyName & " ERROR", "Unable to upen file for output") Exit EndIf _WriteHeader() _WriteNodes() _WriteLinks() _WriteFooter() FileClose($hOutfile) _GenerateGraph() ShellExecute(@ScriptDir & '\ExcelLinksMapper.png') EndFunc ;==>_Main Func _GetExcelLinks($strFileName) Local $hQuery, $aCount, $iErrLoop, $vResult ConsoleWrite($strFileName & @CRLF) Local $iLoop, $iExists Local $aLinks Local Const $xlExcelLinks = 1 Local $oExcel = _Excel_Open() Local $ret = _Excel_BookOpen_NoUpdate($oExcel, $strFileName, True, True) Local $err = @error If $err Then If Not IsObj($oExcel) Then ConsoleWrite($ret & " - " & $err & @CRLF) Exit EndIf EndIf $aLinks = $oExcel.ActiveWorkbook.LinkSources($xlExcelLinks) _Excel_BookClose($oExcel, False) _Excel_Close($oExcel, False, True) If IsArray($aLinks) Then If UBound($aLinks) > 0 Then For $iLoop = 0 To UBound($aLinks) - 1 If $aLinks[$iLoop] <> $strFileName Then $iExists = FileExists($aLinks[$iLoop]) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - Calling WriteNode()") __WriteNode($aLinks[$iLoop], $iExists) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - Calling WriteLink()") __WriteLink($strFileName, $aLinks[$iLoop]) If $iExists And ($aLinks[$iLoop] <> $strFileName) Then _GetExcelLinks($aLinks[$iLoop]) EndIf Next EndIf EndIf EndFunc ;==>_GetExcelLinks Func __WriteNode($sName, $iExists) Local $iErrLoop = 5 ;Number of attempts to make Local $vResult Do ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - WriteNode()" & @CRLF & " _SQLite_Exec(INSERT OR IGNORE INTO nodes ('name', 'fileexists') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName) & ", " & $iExists & ");) - create node entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO nodes ('name', 'fileexists') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName) & ", " & $iExists & ");") If Not $vResult = $SQLITE_OK Then Sleep(100) $iErrLoop -= 1 If $iErrLoop = 0 Then $vResult = $SQLITE_OK ;Used up all our attempts, so simulate a success Until $vResult = $SQLITE_OK EndFunc ;==>__WriteNode Func __WriteLink($sName1, $sName2) Local $iErrLoop = 5 ;Number of attempts to make Local $vResult, $hQuery, $vCount ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - WriteNode()" & @CRLF & " _SQLite_Query(SELECT weight FROM links WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";) - lookup link entry" & @CRLF) _SQLite_Query($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT weight FROM links WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";", $hQuery) ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_FetchData()" & @CRLF) _SQLite_FetchData($hQuery, $vCount) If UBound($vCount) > 1 Then _ArrayDisplay($vCount) If $SQLITE_OK And UBound($vCount) > 1 Then $vCount = $vCount[1] + 1 Else $vCount = 1 EndIf Do If $vCount = 1 Then ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_Exec() - create link entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "INSERT INTO links ('name1', 'name2', 'weight') VALUES (" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & ", " & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ", " & $vCount & ");") Else ConsoleWrite("DEBUG - _SQLite_Exec() - update link entry" & @CRLF) $vResult = _SQLite_Exec($sSQLiteDB, "UPDATE links SET 'weight'=" & $vCount & " WHERE 'name1'=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName1) & " AND 'name2=" & _SQLite_FastEscape($sName2) & ";") EndIf If Not $vResult = $SQLITE_OK Then Sleep(100) $iErrLoop -= 1 If $iErrLoop = 0 Then $vResult = $SQLITE_OK ;Used up all our attempts, so simulate a success Until $vResult = $SQLITE_OK EndFunc ;==>__WriteLink ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Author ........: SEO <locodarwin at yahoo dot com> ; Modified.......: litlmike, water, GMK, willichan ; =============================================================================================================================== Func _Excel_BookOpen_NoUpdate($oExcel, $sFilePath, $bReadOnly = Default, $bVisible = Default, $sPassword = Default, $sWritePassword = Default) If Not IsObj($oExcel) Or ObjName($oExcel, 1) <> "_Application" Then Return SetError(1, @error, 0) If Not FileExists($sFilePath) Then Return SetError(2, 0, 0) If $bReadOnly = Default Then $bReadOnly = False If $bVisible = Default Then $bVisible = True ;; changing the second parameter on the following line to a 0 tells Excel not to update any links. Local $oWorkbook = $oExcel.Workbooks.Open($sFilePath, 0, $bReadOnly, Default, $sPassword, $sWritePassword) If @error Then Return SetError(3, @error, 0) $oExcel.Windows($oWorkbook.Name).Visible = $bVisible ; If a read-write workbook was opened read-only then return an error If $bReadOnly = False And $oWorkbook.Readonly = True Then Return SetError(4, 0, $oWorkbook) Return $oWorkbook EndFunc ;==>_Excel_BookOpen_NoUpdate Func _GenerateGraph() RunWait(@ScriptDir & '\GraphViz238\bin\dot.exe -Tpng "' & @ScriptDir & '\' & $MyName & '.gv" -o "' & @ScriptDir & '\ExcelLinksMapper.png"') EndFunc ;==>_GenerateGraph Func _WriteHeader() __OutLine(0, "digraph main {") EndFunc ;==>_WriteHeader Func _WriteNodes() Local $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns, $iRval Local $iLoop, $sStyle __OutLine(1, "// Nodes") $iRval = _SQLite_GetTable($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT name, fileexists FROM nodes;", $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns) If @error Then ConsoleWrite("_WriteNodes()" & @CRLF & "_SQLite_GetTable") If $iRval = $SQLITE_OK Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iRows If $aResult[($iLoop * 2) + 2] > 0 Then $sStyle = "normal" Else $sStyle = "missing" EndIf __OutNode($aResult[1 + (2 * $iLoop)], $sStyle) ;; Next Else MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "SQLite Error: " & $iRval, _SQLite_ErrMsg() & @CRLF & "in _WriteNotes() calling _SQLite_GetTable()") Exit EndIf EndFunc ;==>_WriteNodes Func __OutNode($sName, $sStyle = Default) If $sStyle = Default Then $sStyle = "Normal" Switch StringLower($sStyle) Case "missing" __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName) & ' [label="' & StringReplace($sName, "\", "\\") & '",color=red,fontcolor=red,shape=octagon];') Case Else ;"normal", Default __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName) & ' [label="' & StringReplace($sName, "\", "\\") & '",color=black,fontcolor=black,shape=box];') EndSwitch EndFunc ;==>__OutNode Func _WriteLinks() Local $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns, $iRval Local $iLoop, $sStyle, $aCount __OutLine(1, "// Links") $iRval = _SQLite_GetTable($sSQLiteDB, "SELECT name1, name2 FROM links ORDER BY name1 ASC, name2 ASC;", $aResult, $iRows, $iColumns) If $iRval = $SQLITE_OK Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iRows __OutLink($aResult[1 + (2 * $iLoop)], $aResult[2 + (2 * $iLoop)]) Next Else MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "SQLite Error: " & $iRval, _SQLite_ErrMsg()) Exit EndIf EndFunc ;==>_WriteLinks Func __OutLink($sName1, $sName2, $iWeight = 1) __OutLine(1, __MakeName($sName1) & ' -> ' & __MakeName($sName2) & ';') EndFunc ;==>__OutLink Func _WriteFooter() __OutLine(0, "}") EndFunc ;==>_WriteFooter Func __OutLine($iTabs, $sText) Local $iLoop If $iTabs > 0 Then For $iLoop = 1 To $iTabs FileWrite($hOutfile, " ") ;ConsoleWrite(" ") Next EndIf FileWriteLine($hOutfile, $sText) EndFunc ;==>__OutLine Func __MakeName($sText) Local $sNewName = StringReplace($sText, "\", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, "/", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, "'", " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '"', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, ':', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '.', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '-', " ") $sNewName = StringReplace($sNewName, '$', " ") $sNewName = StringStripWS($sNewName, 8) Return StringLower($sNewName) EndFunc ;==>__MakeName  
    • Dimmae
      By Dimmae
      Hello,
      at first: i'm new here, so please forgive me my mistakes, and show them to me, just that i can learn to do better in the future.
      Now to my Problem: i have an excel sheet, where i just need some columns for further actions, but i have no idea how to add single columns to a new array.
      I found the following code(the one i just added as a file) from 'water' in this forum, but i wont get how i could add multiple columns into a new array.
      The biggest problem in my situation is that i dont know the count of the rows i need for the array, i just got a fix number of rows, which is 4.
       
      Hope you can help me, and sry again for this 'unlucky illustration'.
       
      btw: how can i add code shown as code here, instead of posting it as a attached file?.
       
       
       
      autoit-select-column.au3
      defects.xlsx
    • LoneWolf_2106
      By LoneWolf_2106
      Hi,
      i have an error:
      ==> The requested action with this object has failed.: $iRowCount = .Range(.Cells(1, 1), .Cells($oRangeLast.Row, $oRangeLast.Column)).Rows.Count $iRowCount = .Range(^ ERROR  
      My code is:
      $oRangeLast = .UsedRange.SpecialCells($xlCellTypeLastCell) Sleep(1000) $iRowCount = .Range(.Cells(1, 1), .Cells($oRangeLast.Row, $oRangeLast.Column)).Rows.Count Sleep(1000) _Excel_RangeWrite($oWorkbook_1, $oWorkbook_1.ActiveSheet,$aFileList[$i][2] , "AB3:AB"&$iRowCount) I have added some sleep because the application was crashing more often before, so i thought to slow down the code execution.
      But i didn't solve the issue.
      Has anyone an idea of what the problem might be?
      Thanks in advance.
    • water
      By water
      Extensive library to control and manipulate Microsoft Excel charts.
      Written by GreenCan and water.
      Theads: General Help & Support - Example Scripts
      BTW: If you like this UDF please click the "I like this" button. This tells me where to next put my development effort

      KNOWN BUGS (last changed: 2017-07-21)
      None. The COM error handling related bugs have been fixed.
       
    • LoneWolf_2106
      By LoneWolf_2106
      Hi,
      i have a problem with the deletion of an empty row in Excel.
      My code:
       
      If $vRow_2 = "" Then _Excel_RangeDelete($oWorkbook_1.ActiveSheet,"2", $xlShiftUp,1) EndIf I want to delete the second row. $vRow_2 is an empty cell, "A2".
      After running the code, the second row is not deleted.
      I have tried also:
       
      If $vRow_2 = Null Then _Excel_RangeDelete($oWorkbook_1.ActiveSheet,"2", $xlShiftUp,1) EndIf But it doesn't work.
      Any suggestion?
      Thanks in advance.