6 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)


This UDF will return shortcut (.LNK) file information for more advanced shortcuts that AutoIt's built-in FileGetShortcut() chokes on.

The following types of shortcuts can be retrieved using this function:

  • MSI Advertised Shortcuts
  • URL (website) Shortcuts that are embedded (rather than put in a .URL file)
  • Special GUID Shell Item Shortcuts. This is only one level deep at the moment, so it will only read the base Folder GUID (For example: shortcuts to 'My Computer', 'Recycle Bin' return fine)
  • UNC Shortcuts ("PCNAME"). This is also only one level deep currently, so "PCNAMEFolder" shortcuts will fail
  • (as well as regular shortcuts, of course)

Operation is simple: call '_FileGetShortcutEx("filename")' to get an array that is arranged the same as FileGetShortcut().

Included in the ZIP are two examples of shortcuts that AutoIt will fail on, but this function will work on. I don't have any MSI Advertised shortcut examples, but I believe Microsoft Office and ACDSee shortcuts both use these shortcuts types which return wonky results using AutoIt's function.

Thanks go out to Prog@ndy for the original '_FileGetShortcutEx' function and MSI shortcut code (which I converted for Unicode). See my original post here for his code.

*Shortcut Key retrieval*

This was requested on the Help board, and I thought it was a good idea to include it here.  If you need to grab a shortcut's associated Shortcut Key, you can use the below code, assuming you already know beforehand that the file is a shortcut file:

$sShortcutFile = "C:\MyShortcut.lnk"
$nShortcutKey = Number(StringToBinary(StringMid(FileRead($sShortcutFile, 68), 65, 4)))
ConsoleWrite("Shortcut key = " & $nShortcutKey & @CRLF)


The format of the key is described under IShellLink::GetHotkey, and I've included code that converts most key combos in >this post.

*Special note on 'Normal' Internet shortcuts: While this UDF only looks at .LNK shortcuts (what you use FileGetShortcut() with), some confuse .URL Internet shortcuts with these types, so I decided I'd put a solution for those interested on how to get a URL Internet shortcut. It's actually so simple it can be done in one line, so here it is (note the .URL extension):



Ascend4nt's AutoIT Code License agreement:

no license - just be a good person and credit other people for their work, yeh?

Download the ZIP from my site

Edited by Ascend4nt
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haha you're fast. Bear in mind this was sort of an old script, and I didn't do much in the way of cleanup. I just decided to post it as-is since I wanted to help someone out. Didn't think it'd be of much use to anyone else, but l guess I was wrong :blink:

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Semi-sorta update:  Included code in the 1st post to read the shortcut key from a shortcut file.

Also, I have a few >Key-To-String functions on the Help Forum that work with translating most shortcut key combinations.

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Translated by Google. Sorry for any mistakes.
I made a post here showing in practice this feature I hope you enjoy



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Text translated from Portuguese by google - please apologize for any errors


I would firstly like to thank the initiative to spread this knowledge ...

I noticed a small flaw in the routine regarding the variable "$ bExpandEnvStrings" which in some cases I used it with the value "TRUE" but I noticed that the answers were not always correct, but with the variables of DOS% XXX%


And also in Windows 7 the shortcuts of the games provided by microsoft were not found but the location of the icons did

I hope that if possible try to solve the game case in a less simplistic way

Then include the lines below

Func _FileGetShortcutEx($sLNKFile, $bExpandEnvStrings = False)
    Local $aShortcutInfo[7]
    $aShortcutInfo = FileGetShortcut($sLNKFile)
    ;The array returned from this function is a single dimension array containing the following elements:
    ;$aArray[0] = Shortcut target path
    ;$aArray[1] = Working directory
    ;$aArray[2] = Arguments
    ;$aArray[3] = Description
    ;$aArray[4] = Icon filename
    ;$aArray[5] = Icon index
    ;$aArray[6] = The shortcut state (@SW_SHOWNORMAL, @SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE, @SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED)

    ; MsgBox(0,"LNK","0:" & $aShortcutInfo[0] & @CRLF & "1:" & $aShortcutInfo[1] & @CRLF & _
    ;   "2:" & $aShortcutInfo[2] & @CRLF & "3:" & $aShortcutInfo[3] & "4:" & $aShortcutInfo[4])
    If @error Then
        SetError(@error, 0)
        ;17/02/15  incrementei isso
        If $bExpandEnvStrings Then _ArrayExpandEnvStr($aShortcutInfo, 0, 4)
        Return $aShortcutInfo
    Local $msitest = _MSIShortcutTarget($sLNKFile)
    If Not @error Then $aShortcutInfo[0] = $msitest
    ; Shortcut STILL not yielding correct results?
    ; NOTE: Please use Unicode so that Unicode shortcuts are read/processed properly!
    If $aShortcutInfo[0] = "" Then
        ; Try to see if its a special UNC-only, URL-only, or GUID-only LNK file
        Local $sResult = _FileGetGUIDShortcuts($sLNKFile)
        If $sResult <> "" Then
            $aShortcutInfo[0] = $sResult
            ;17/02/15  incrementei isso
            If $aShortcutInfo[4] <> "" Then 
                $aShortcutInfo[0] = $aShortcutInfo[4]
                MsgBox(0, "Este não deu", _
                    "Os dados do atalho [" & $sLNKFile & "] foram insatisfatorios:" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[0] = Shortcut target path[" & $aShortcutInfo[0] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[1] = Working directory[" & $aShortcutInfo[1] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[2] = Arguments[" & $aShortcutInfo[2] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[3] = Description[" & $aShortcutInfo[3] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[4] = Icon filename[" & $aShortcutInfo[4] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[5] = Icon index[" & $aShortcutInfo[5] & "]" & @CRLF & _
                    "aArray[6] = The shortcut state[" & $aShortcutInfo[6] & "]")
        SetError(@error, @extended)
        ;17/02/15  incrementei isso
        If $bExpandEnvStrings Then _ArrayExpandEnvStr($aShortcutInfo, 0, 4)
        Return $aShortcutInfo
    If $bExpandEnvStrings Then _ArrayExpandEnvStr($aShortcutInfo, 0, 4)

    Return $aShortcutInfo
EndFunc   ;==>_FileGetShortcutEx


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      #Include <GUIConstantsEx.au3> #Include <GUIImageList.au3> #Include <GUITreeView.au3> #Include <TreeViewConstants.au3> #Include <WindowsConstants.au3> #Include <WinAPIEx.au3> #include "_FileGetShortcutEX.au3" Opt('MustDeclareVars', 1) Global $hForm, $hTreeView, $hImageList, $hItem = 0, $hSelect = 0, $hInput, $Input, $Dummy1, $Dummy2 ;novas linhas <<<<< Global $hInput2, $Input2 Global $X, $Y, $sPath, $sRoot = @ProgramsCommonDir; mudado para o projeto @HomeDrive $hForm = GUICreate('MyGUI', 600, 600) $Input = GUICtrlCreateInput('', 20, 20, 560, 19) $hInput = GUICtrlGetHandle(-1) GUICtrlSetState(-1, $GUI_DISABLE) ;novas linhas <<<<< $Input2 = GUICtrlCreateInput('', 20, 40, 560, 19) $hInput2 = GUICtrlGetHandle(-1) ;GUICtrlSetState(-1, $GUI_DISABLE) ;$hTreeView = _GUICtrlTreeView_Create($hForm, 20, 50, 560, 530, BitOR($TVS_HASBUTTONS, $TVS_HASLINES, $TVS_LINESATROOT, $TVS_DISABLEDRAGDROP, $TVS_SHOWSELALWAYS), $WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE) ;_GUICtrlTreeView_SetHeight($hTreeView, 18) GUICtrlCreateTreeView(20, 90, 560, 530, -1, $WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE) $hTreeView = GUICtrlGetHandle(-1) $Dummy1 = GUICtrlCreateDummy() $Dummy2 = GUICtrlCreateDummy() If _WinAPI_GetVersion() >= '6.0' Then _WinAPI_SetWindowTheme($hTreeView, 'Explorer') EndIf $hImageList = _GUIImageList_Create(16, 16, 5, 1) _GUIImageList_AddIcon($hImageList, @SystemDir & '\shell32.dll', 3) _GUIImageList_AddIcon($hImageList, @SystemDir & '\shell32.dll', 4) _GUIImageList_AddIcon($hImageList, @SystemDir & '\shell32.dll', 51) _GUICtrlTreeView_SetNormalImageList($hTreeView, $hImageList) $sRoot = StringRegExpReplace(FileGetLongName($sRoot), '\\+\Z', '') $sPath = StringRegExpReplace($sRoot, '^.*\\', '') If StringInStr($sPath, ':') Then $sRoot &= '\' $sPath &= '\' EndIf If _WinAPI_PathIsDirectory($sRoot) Then $hItem = _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($hTreeView, 0, $sPath, 0, 0) If FileClose(FileFindFirstFile($sRoot & '\*')) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($hTreeView, $hItem, '', 2, 2) EndIf EndIf GUIRegisterMsg($WM_NOTIFY, 'WM_NOTIFY') GUISetState() If $hItem Then _GUICtrlTreeView_Expand($hTreeView, $hItem) EndIf While 1 Switch GUIGetMsg() Case $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE Exit Case $Dummy1 ; Update GUISetCursor(1, 1) _TVUpdate($hTreeView, GUICtrlRead($Dummy1)) GUISetCursor(2, 0) Case $Dummy2 ; Menu $hItem = GUICtrlRead($Dummy2) $sPath = _TVGetPath($hTreeView, $hItem, $sRoot) ConsoleWrite('-------------------------------' & @CR) ConsoleWrite('Handle: ' & $hItem & @CR) ConsoleWrite('Path: ' & $sPath & @CR) If _WinAPI_PathIsDirectory($sPath) Then ConsoleWrite('Type: ' & 'Directory' & @CR) Else ConsoleWrite('Type: ' & 'File' & @CR) EndIf ConsoleWrite('X: ' & MouseGetPos(0) & @CR) ConsoleWrite('Y: ' & MouseGetPos(1) & @CR) ConsoleWrite('-------------------------------' & @CR) EndSwitch WEnd Func _TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot) Local $Path = StringRegExpReplace(_GUICtrlTreeView_GetTree($hTV, $hItem), '([|]+)|(\\[|])', '\\') If Not $Path Then Return '' EndIf If Not StringInStr($Path, ':') Then Return StringRegExpReplace($sRoot, '(\\[^\\]*(\\|)+)\Z', '\\') & $Path EndIf Return $Path EndFunc ;==>_TVGetPath Func _TVSetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot) ;16/11/24 incerindo variaveis pra detalhamento Local $Arq = _TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot) Local $sDir_Name = StringRegExpReplace($Arq, "(^.*\\)(.*)", "\1") Local $NomeArq = StringRegExpReplace($Arq, "^.*\\", "") Local $NomeArqPos = StringInStr($NomeArq, ".", 0, -1);localiza o ponto da extenso if $NomeArqPos Then Local $NomeArq2 = StringLeft($NomeArq, $NomeArqPos - 1) Local $ArqTipo = StringTrimLeft($NomeArq, $NomeArqPos ) if $ArqTipo="lnk" Then Local $t=_FileGetShortcutEX($Arq);FileGetShortcut($Arq) if $t[2]<> "" Then $t[0] &= "' '"&$t[2] EndIf GUICtrlSetData($Input2,"'"&$t[0] &"'") EndIf Else Local $NomeArq2=$NomeArq Local $ArqTipo='' EndIf Local $sDOS_Dir = FileGetShortName($sDir_Name, 1) GUICtrlSetData($Input, _WinAPI_PathCompactPath($hInput,$Arq, 554)) $hSelect = $hItem EndFunc ;==>_TVSetPath Func _TVUpdate($hTV, $hItem) Local $hImageList = _SendMessage($hTV, $TVM_GETIMAGELIST) Local $Path = StringRegExpReplace(_TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot), '\\+\Z', '') Local $hIcon, $hSearch, $hSubitem Local $Index, $File _WinAPI_LockWindowUpdate($hTV) _GUICtrlTreeView_Delete($hTV, _GUICtrlTreeView_GetFirstChild($hTV, $hItem)) $hSearch = FileFindFirstFile($Path & '\*') If $hSearch = -1 Then If Not @error Then If FileExists($Path) Then ; If _WinAPI_PathIsDirectory($Path) Then ; ; Access denied ; EndIf Else _GUICtrlTreeView_Delete($hTV, $hItem) _WinAPI_LockWindowUpdate(0) Return 0 EndIf EndIf Else While 1 $File = FileFindNextFile($hSearch) If @error Then ExitLoop EndIf If @extended Then $hSubItem = _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($hTV, $hItem, $File, 0, 0) If FileClose(FileFindFirstFile($Path & '\' & $File & '\*')) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($hTV, $hSubItem, '', 2, 2) EndIf EndIf WEnd FileClose($hSearch) EndIf $hSearch = FileFindFirstFile($Path & '\*') If $hSearch = -1 Then Else While 1 $File = FileFindNextFile($hSearch) If @error Then ExitLoop EndIf If Not @extended Then $hIcon = _WinAPI_ShellExtractAssociatedIcon($Path & '\' & $File, 1) $Index = _GUIImageList_ReplaceIcon($hImageList, -1, $hIcon) _GUICtrlTreeView_AddChild($hTV, $hItem, $File, $Index, $Index) _WinAPI_DestroyIcon($hIcon) EndIf WEnd FileClose($hSearch) EndIf _GUICtrlTreeView_SetItemParam($hTV, $hItem, 0x7FFFFFFF) _WinAPI_LockWindowUpdate(0) Return 1 EndFunc ;==>_TVUpdate Func _WinAPI_LockWindowUpdate2($hWnd) Local $Ret = DllCall('user32.dll', 'int', 'LockWindowUpdate', 'hwnd', $hWnd) If (@error) Or (Not $Ret[0]) Then Return SetError(1, 0, 0) EndIf Return 1 EndFunc ;==>_WinAPI_LockWindowUpdate ;AutoIt_Debugger_Command:Disable_Debug Func WM_NOTIFY($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam) Local $tNMTREEVIEW = DllStructCreate($tagNMTREEVIEW, $lParam) Local $hItem = DllStructGetData($tNMTREEVIEW, 'NewhItem') Local $iState = DllStructGetData($tNMTREEVIEW, 'NewState') Local $hTV = DllStructGetData($tNMTREEVIEW, 'hWndFrom') Local $ID = DllStructGetData($tNMTREEVIEW, 'Code') Local $tTVHTI, $tPoint Switch $hTV Case $hTreeView Switch $ID ;AutoIt_Debugger_Command:Enable_Debug Case $TVN_ITEMEXPANDEDW If Not FileExists(_TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot)) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_Delete($hTV, $hItem) If BitAND($iState, $TVIS_SELECTED) Then _TVSetPath($hTV, _GUICtrlTreeView_GetSelection($hTV), $sRoot) EndIf Else If Not BitAND($iState, $TVIS_EXPANDED) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_SetSelectedImageIndex($hTV, $hItem, 0) _GUICtrlTreeView_SetImageIndex($hTV, $hItem, 0) Else _GUICtrlTreeView_SetSelectedImageIndex($hTV, $hItem, 1) _GUICtrlTreeView_SetImageIndex($hTV, $hItem, 1) If Not _GUICtrlTreeView_GetItemParam($hTV, $hItem) Then GUICtrlSendToDummy($Dummy1, $hItem) EndIf EndIf EndIf Case $TVN_SELCHANGEDW If BitAND($iState, $TVIS_SELECTED) Then If Not FileExists(_TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot)) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_Delete($hTV, $hItem) $hItem = _GUICtrlTreeView_GetSelection($hTV) EndIf If $hItem <> $hSelect Then _TVSetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot) EndIf EndIf Case $NM_RCLICK $tPoint = _WinAPI_GetMousePos(1, $hTV) $tTVHTI = _GUICtrlTreeView_HitTestEx($hTV, DllStructGetData($tPoint, 1), DllStructGetData($tPoint, 2)) $hItem = DllStructGetData($tTVHTI, 'Item') If BitAND(DllStructGetData($tTVHTI, 'Flags'), $TVHT_ONITEM) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_SelectItem($hTreeView, $hItem) If Not FileExists(_TVGetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot)) Then _GUICtrlTreeView_Delete($hTV, $hItem) $hItem = _GUICtrlTreeView_GetSelection($hTV) Else GUICtrlSendToDummy($Dummy2, $hItem) EndIf If $hItem <> $hSelect Then _TVSetPath($hTV, $hItem, $sRoot) EndIf EndIf ;AutoIt_Debugger_Command:Disable_Debug EndSwitch EndSwitch Return $GUI_RUNDEFMSG EndFunc ;==>WM_NOTIFY ;AutoIt_Debugger_Command:Enable_Debug