Event-based scripting with the windows shell COM object

6 posts in this topic

I want to listen for certain windows events like window open/closed. After reading the help I think I need to use ObjCreate('shell.application') and ObjEvent with that object to create/register a listener. The problem is I don't know what interface or events (i.e. the specific event names) are available for the listener. I tried searching MSDN but it is a labyrinth and I'm not that familiar with the programming frameworks/models used by Windows, and all the examples seem to refer to compiled code using .NET or some other api.

Can any1 point me in the right direction? Also is using COM objects considered the 'modern' way to do this, or should I be using some other framework/resources?

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#3 ·  Posted (edited)

@spudw2k I want to listen to events of an external app. So in the meantime I found winapi's shellhookex(), with shellproc but I can't seem to trigger it when I create new windows after running the script.


#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
#include <StructureConstants.au3>
#include <WinAPI.au3>
#include <WindowsConstants.au3>

Global $g_hHook


Func Example()

    $pcallback = DllCallbackGetPtr(DllCallbackRegister("MyCallback", "long", "int;wparam;lparam"));$WM_SHELL types
    $g_hHook = _WinAPI_SetWindowsHookEx($WH_SHELL, $pcallback, _WinAPI_GetModuleHandle(0))

    MsgBox($MB_SYSTEMMODAL, "", "Click OK, then in notepad type..." & _
            @CRLF & @CRLF & "Jon" & @CRLF & "AutoIt" & @CRLF & @CRLF & "Press Esc to exit script")


    While 1
EndFunc   ;==>Example

Func EvaluateKey()
EndFunc   ;==>

; ===========================================================
; callback function
; ===========================================================
Func MyCallback($nCode, $wParam, $lParam)    ; never called
    If $nCode < 0 Then
        Return _WinAPI_CallNextHookEx($g_hHook, $nCode, $wParam, $lParam)
    If $nCode <> 1 Then

    Return _WinAPI_CallNextHookEx($g_hHook, $nCode, $wParam, $lParam)
EndFunc   ;==>_KeyProc

Func Cleanup()
EndFunc   ;==>Cleanup


Edited by jiggunjer
added example script

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Hello. try something like this.

#include <WinAPIProc.au3>
#include <WinAPI.au3>
#include <WinAPISys.au3>
#include <Array.au3>
#include <GUIConstants.au3>
#include <APISysConstants.au3>

Global $hGUI = GUICreate("GUI")

GUISetState(@SW_SHOW, $hGUI)

GUIRegisterMsg(_WinAPI_RegisterWindowMessage('SHELLHOOK'), 'WM_SHELLHOOK')


Local $nMsg=0
While 1
    $nMsg = GUIGetMsg()
        Case $nMsg = $GUI_EVENT_CLOSE



Func WM_SHELLHOOK($hWnd, $iMsg, $wParam, $lParam)
    #forceref $iMsg
    Switch $wParam
            ConsoleWrite('Destroyed: ' & @CRLF & _
                    @TAB & 'PID: ' & WinGetProcess($lParam) & @CRLF & _ ; This will be -1.
                    @TAB & 'ClassName: ' & _WinAPI_GetClassName($lParam) & @CRLF & _ ; This will be empty.
                    @TAB & 'hWnd: ' & $lParam & @CRLF) ; This will be the handle of the window closed.
            ConsoleWrite('Created: ' & @CRLF & _
                    @TAB & 'PID: ' & WinGetProcess($lParam) & @CRLF & _
                    @TAB & 'ClassName: ' & _WinAPI_GetClassName($lParam) & @CRLF & _
                    @TAB & 'hWnd: ' & $lParam & @CRLF) ; This will be the handle of the window closed.
EndFunc   ;==>WM_SHELLHOOK



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@Danyfirex Thanks but that raises at least 3 questions for me:

- Do I always need to use an AutoIt GUI to get the shell hook stuff?

- How do you know the parameters WM_SHELLHOOK takes, I can't find it on MSDN :(

- Don't you need to call the next hook in the chain after your callback?

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#6 ·  Posted (edited)

Yes You need a handle to a window. But you can create a dummy GUI. Keep it hidden.

Parameters are here https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms644989(v=vs.85).aspx

No need Next Hook Call.



Edited by Danyfirex

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[id(0x0000000f), propget] HRESULT SideNote([out, retval] VARIANT_BOOL* pIsSideNote); [id(0x00000010)] HRESULT NavigateToUrl([in] BSTR bstrUrl); [id(0x00000011)] HRESULT SetDockedLocation( [in] DockLocation DockLocation, [in] tagPOINT ptMonitor); }; [ uuid(E2E1511D-502D-4BD0-8B3A-8A89A05CDCAE), helpstring("IOneNoteEvents Interface"), nonextensible ] dispinterface IOneNoteEvents { properties: methods: [id(0x00000001)] void OnNavigate(); [id(0x00000002)] void OnHierarchyChange([in] BSTR bstrActivePageID); }; [ uuid(D7FAC39E-7FF1-49AA-98CF-A1DDD316337E), version(1.0), helpstring("Application Class") ] coclass Application { [default] interface IApplication; [default, source] dispinterface IOneNoteEvents; }; typedef [uuid(D3F5A756-4BAC-4D3D-9BAF-90935121AAA6)] enum { hrMalformedXML = 0x80042000, hrInvalidXML = 0x80042001, hrCreatingSection = 0x80042002, hrOpeningSection = 0x80042003, hrSectionDoesNotExist = 0x80042004, hrPageDoesNotExist = 0x80042005, hrFileDoesNotExist = 0x80042006, hrInsertingImage = 0x80042007, hrInsertingInk = 0x80042008, hrInsertingHtml = 0x80042009, hrNavigatingToPage = 0x8004200a, hrSectionReadOnly = 0x8004200b, hrPageReadOnly = 0x8004200c, hrInsertingOutlineText = 0x8004200d, hrPageObjectDoesNotExist = 0x8004200e, hrBinaryObjectDoesNotExist = 0x8004200f, hrLastModifiedDateDidNotMatch = 0x80042010, hrGroupDoesNotExist = 0x80042011, hrPageDoesNotExistInGroup = 0x80042012, hrNoActiveSelection = 0x80042013, hrObjectDoesNotExist = 0x80042014, hrNotebookDoesNotExist = 0x80042015, hrInsertingFile = 0x80042016, hrInvalidName = 0x80042017, hrFolderDoesNotExist = 0x80042018, hrInvalidQuery = 0x80042019, hrFileAlreadyExists = 0x8004201a, hrSectionEncryptedAndLocked = 0x8004201b, hrDisabledByPolicy = 0x8004201c, hrNotYetSynchronized = 0x8004201d, hrLegacySection = 0x8004201e, hrMergeFailed = 0x8004201f, hrInvalidXMLSchema = 0x80042020, hrFutureContentLoss = 0x80042022, hrTimeOut = 0x80042023, hrRecordingInProgress = 0x80042024, hrUnknownLinkedNoteState = 0x80042025, hrNoShortNameForLinkedNote = 0x80042026, hrNoFriendlyNameForLinkedNote = 0x80042027, hrInvalidLinkedNoteUri = 0x80042028, hrInvalidLinkedNoteThumbnail = 0x80042029, hrImportLNTThumbnailFailed = 0x8004202a, hrUnreadDisabledForNotebook = 0x8004202b, hrInvalidSelection = 0x8004202c, hrConvertFailed = 0x8004202d, hrRecycleBinEditFailed = 0x8004202e, hrAppInModalUI = 0x80042030 } Error; [ uuid(DC67E480-C3CB-49F8-8232-60B0C2056C8E), version(1.0), helpstring("Application2 Class") ] coclass Application2 { [default] interface IApplication; [default, source] dispinterface IOneNoteEvents; }; }; So far, I didn't manage to be able to interact with it : There is my code (based on same issue someone had in 2011
      #AutoIt3Wrapper_UseX64=n #include <Array.au3> #include "AutoItObject\AutoItObject.au3" ;=============================================================================== ;interface "OneNoteIApplication" Global Const $sCLSID_OneNoteApplication = "{0039FFEC-A022-4232-8274-6B34787BFC27}" Global Const $sIID_IOneNoteApplication = "{2DA16203-3F58-404F-839D-E4CDE7DD0DED}" ; Definition Global $dtagIOneNoteWindows = $dtagIDispatch Global $dtagIOneNoteApplication = $dtagIDispatch & _ "GetHierarchy hresult(bstr;dword;bstr*);" & _ "UpdateHierarchy hresult(bstr);" & _ "OpenHierarchy hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*;dword);" & _ "DeleteHierarchy hresult(bstr;double);" & _ "CreateNewPage hresult(bstr;bstr*;dword);" & _ "CloseNotebook hresult(bstr);" & _ "GetHierarchyParent hresult(bstr;bstr*);" & _ "GetPageContent hresult(bstr;bstr*;dword);" & _ "UpdatePageContent hresult(bstr;double);" & _ "GetBinaryPageContent hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*);" & _ "DeletePageContent hresult(bstr;bstr;dword);" & _ "NavigateTo hresult(bstr;bstr;bool);" & _ "Publish hresult(bstr;bstr;dword;bstr);" & _ "OpenPackage hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*);" & _ "GetHyperlinkToObject hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*);" & _ "FindPages hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*;bool;bool);" & _ "FindMeta hresult(bstr;bstr;bstr*;bool);" & _ "GetSpecialLocation hresult(dword;bstr*);" ; List Global $ltagIOneNoteApplication = $ltagIDispatch & _ "GetHierarchy;" & _ "UpdateHierarchy;" & _ "OpenHierarchy;" & _ "DeleteHierarchy;" & _ "CreateNewPage;" & _ "CloseNotebook;" & _ "GetHierarchyParent;" & _ "GetPageContent;" & _ "UpdatePageContent;" & _ "GetBinaryPageContent;" & _ "DeletePageContent;" & _ "NavigateTo;" & _ "Publish;" & _ "OpenPackage;" & _ "GetHyperlinkToObject;" & _ "FindPages;" & _ "FindMeta;" & _ "GetSpecialLocation;" ;=============================================================================== _AutoItObject_StartUp() Global $objOneNote = ObjCreate("OneNote.Application") Global $pOneNote = _AutoItObject_IDispatchToPtr($objOneNote) _AutoItObject_IUnknownAddRef($objOneNote) Global $oOneNote = _AutoItObject_WrapperCreate($pOneNote, $dtagIOneNoteWindows) ;~ Global $oOnenote = ObjCreateInterface($sCLSID_OneNoteApplication,$sIID_IOneNoteApplication,$dtagIOneNoteApplication,True) ;~ ; Check if object is created: If Not IsObj($oOneNote) Then MsgBox(48, "Error", "Object not created. Something is wrong.") Exit EndIf $aCall = $oOneNote.GetTypeInfoCount(0) $iTypeInfoCount = $aCall[1] ConsoleWrite("$iTypeInfoCount = " & $iTypeInfoCount & @CRLF) $Window = $oOneNote.Windows ;~ ConsoleWrite("Test = " & $Window.CurrentPageId & @CRLF) $str = "onenote:///R:\Software\OneNote%20EOD\EOD%20Scrum\Sprint%20136.one#section-id={D2EB7AEB-362B-490A-9CE0-0B9316DF0DAD}&end" $hBSTR = DllCall("oleaut32.dll", "ptr", "SysAllocString", "wstr", $str) $aCall = $oOnenote.NavigateToUrl($hBSTR[0])  
      Can someone help me to go in the good direction? I'm a little lost with what's needed, (CLSID and IID whereas I have only a UUID and can't find a good starting doc online)
      Thanks a lot,
    • zetaimmersion
      By zetaimmersion
      Hi all. 
      I am trying to do 2 things but i cannot seem to get any traction on how to read/implement this idea.
      Premise: PowerPoint file in C\temp\presentation.pptx that contains on the first slide 2 entries as "<one>" and "<two>" which need to be replaced with "user1" and "user2", then a silent Outlook send mail containing the file with a predefined body and subject.
      I narrowed it down to COM objects as the Office does not like intrusive open AutoIt functions. I installed OLE/COM Object Viewer to understand how to create the commands but i am still stuck. So far i am trying to user water's code but i suck
      COM object i was originally trying to modify
      Dim $oPPT, $oPres $oPPT = ObjCreate("PowerPoint.Application") $oPPT.Visible = True $oPres = $oPPT.Presentations.Read Water's code below (0.1% modified)
      #include <File.au3> #include "PowerPoint.au3" #include <misc.au3> Global $sFile = "C:\temp\presentation.pptx" Global $sString2Search = "<username>", $sString2Replace = "Password", $iReplaceOnce = 1, $sFullLogFile = "C:\temp\pptxlog.txt" _ProcessPpt($sFile) Func _ProcessPpt($sFile) $oApp = _PPT_PowerPointApp() Local $bChange = False Local $oInterface = $oApp.Presentations Local $oPresentation = $oInterface.Open($sFile, False, False, False) If @error Then _FileWriteLog($sFullLogFile, "E Error " & @error & " opening File " & $sFile) Return SetError(1, 0, 0) EndIf ;it does not even open my file and from here not sure how to read the text and replace it EndFunc ;==>_ProcessPpt