I wrote a benchmark script to measure variable declarations
to find out whether you should focus more on static or global variables
#cs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- AutoIt Version: 188.8.131.52 #ce ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- #Region Pre-Setting Local $iTally1 = 0 Local $iTally2 = 0 Local $iTally3 = 0 Local $iTally4 = 0 Local $iTally5 = 0 Local $iTally6 = 0 Local $iTally7 = 0 Global $GLOBALCONST1 = 1 Global $GLOBALCONST2 = 1 Global $GLOBALCONST3 = 1 Global $GLOBALCONST4 = 1 Global $GLOBALCONST5 = 1 #EndRegion Pre-Setting #Region Test Functions Func s1() Static $i = $GLOBALCONST1 Return $i EndFunc Func g2() Return $GLOBALCONST2 EndFunc Func g3() Static $i7 = "gsdgdfegbgbrwefw" Return $GLOBALCONST3 EndFunc Func g4() Static $i1 = 1 Static $i2 = "asd" Static $i3 = 234 Static $i4 = True Static $i5 =  Static $i6 = "hgsdg" Static $i7 = 1 Static $i8 = 1 Static $i9 = 1 Static $i0 = 1 Return $GLOBALCONST4 EndFunc Func g5() Local $i = $GLOBALCONST5 Return $i EndFunc Func g6() Local $i = 1 Return $i EndFunc Func g7() Return 1 EndFunc #EndRegion Test Functions #Region Benchmark Loop For $i = 0 To 15 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally1 += s1() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally2 += g2() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally3 += g3() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally4 += g4() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally5 += g5() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally6 += g6() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Local $tDelta = TimerInit() Do $iTally7 += g7() Until TimerDiff($tDelta) >= 1000 Next #EndRegion Benchmark Loop ConsoleWrite(@CRLF&"Static1: "&$iTally1&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Global2: "&$iTally2&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Global3: "&$iTally3&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Global4: "&$iTally4&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Local5: "&$iTally5&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Local6: "&$iTally6&" pkt"&@CRLF&"Hardcode7:"&$iTally7&" pkt"&@CRLF) #cs Result Static1: 10291881 pkt global to static Global2: 13977324 pkt only global Global3: 9886169 pkt global and static Global4: 2933051 pkt global and many statics Local5: 9937314 pkt global to local Local6: 10306484 pkt only local Hardcode7: 14835319 pkt no variable #ce Result:
100% no variable, hardcore value
94% only global variable use
69% only local variable use with hardcore value set
69% only static variable use with global variable value set
67% declaration of local variable with global variable value set
66% only global variable use with one static variable beside
20% only global variable use with ten static variables beside
My thesis of the result:
Be careful with declarations, whether local, global or static Note: in my test the global variable performance was better than the local one, but in practice the global one would lose performance due to multiple operations
What is your best practice sharing data between multiple functions?
my question is based on topic about Nvda Screen reader development atThis Link
Autoit GUI is totaly nice for blind users, because it's controls are mostly standart.
But in cooperation with Screen Readers this guis are much slower than other guis.
Do you have any idea about reason of this behaviour?
Thanks a lot for any answer.
How can you get the downloads folder in AutoIT?
As far as i know there isn't a macro for it right? like @Downloads or something?
The ugly solution would be typing in the whole path but what if the user has chosen another location?
Need to clear that folder regularly on my work and on different accounts..
Good afternoon AutoIt community!,
I was on Stackoverflow the other day and came across this question: How To Include Files From A Directory. This got me thinking... There has to be a way to do it... After a bunch of research, I wasn't able to find anything. So, I created this UDF to dynamically include every file from the directory. Of course, there are some bugs that I'd like to fix eventually, but for the most part, it works. Simply call the main function (Shown below) right after the rest of the includes before any of your actual code, and the UDF will include all of the au3 files in the specified directory. Without further ado, here is the _includeDir UDF and how to use it!
Download this code (_includeDir.au3 attached as well) and place it into the directory with your current script. Next, include it in your main file. For now, I'm going to be using one called Example.au3.
#Include "_includeDir.au3" Now, include whatever else you're going to be including in this script, then call the _includeDir function. NOTE: THIS MUST BE CALLED AT THE TOP OF THE SCRIPT, BEFORE ANY CODE IS WRITTEN! THE FUNCTION FORCES THE SCRIPT TO RESTART SO PUTTING IT LATER IN THE SCRIPT WILL RE-RUN THE CODE!
#Include "_includeDir.au3" #Include <File.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as an example of a normal script. #Include <Array.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as example of normal script. _includeDir("Directory to Include") MsgBox(0,"Example","This is just an example!") See how the function is called near the top? This is the proper use of the UDF. If you had a folder called "Directory to Include" and had a bunch of .au3 files inside of it, the function would include them all into the Example.au3 script.
If you run the Example.au3 file now, it will most likely tell you "The directory Things to Include does not exist!". Make sure you enter the name of the directory you're trying to include. Just as a side note, when including files, you should put all of the code in the INCLUDED files inside of functions so they aren't automatically run when included. Variables can be outside of the functions so they are automatically set. Remember, if you have a variable in one included file with the same name of variable in another included file, it will be overwritten with whichever include file was included last.
Anyways, if you have pointed the directory to include parameter to a folder that exists and run the Example.au3, it will generate a folder called IncludeDirUDF. It will also write a new line inside of Example.au3. It will write the line
on line one. Of course, you don't always want it to be written to line one, right? Maybe you want this bit of code to be written on line 3 in order to keep your code organize. Is there a way to do this? Absolutely! Simply add the line number as a second parameter to the function. For example, we want to have this bit of code written on line 3, we would set up our Example.au3 file to look like this.
#Include "_includeDir.au3" #Include <File.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as an example of a normal script. #Include <Array.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as example of normal script. _includeDir("Directory to Include", 3) MsgBox(0,"Example","This is just an example!") See how we added the 3 to the end of _includeDir? This will tell the function to write the #Include "IncludeDirUDF\loadIncludes.au3" on line 3 of Example.au3. Note, the line HAS TO EXIST in order to be written to it. For example, if your Example.au3 code only has 6 lines, and you specify to be written on line 7, it WILL NOT WORK.
The code is designed to include and restart in order to process the included files. For some reason, if you want to JUST generate the included file and NOT restart, you can add one more parameter to the code. If you don't want the code to restart, simply set your code up to look like this:
#Include "_includeDir.au3" #Include <File.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as an example of a normal script. #Include <Array.au3> ; Not needed. Just here as example of normal script. _includeDir("Directory to Include", 3, False) MsgBox(0,"Example","This is just an example!") Note, if you set this last parameter to false, it will simply generate the included file and write to line 3 of Example.au3 (As specified before) and exit before the code reaches the MsgBox() and it will not be displayed.
The last important thing to note: In order to re-include a different set of files, you must delete the #Include "IncludeDirUDF\loadIncludes.au3" from your main script (In this case, Example.au3) and delete the generated file, IncludeDirUDF. Now you can simply rerun Example.au3 and it will include any the dir with any changes you made to it. Only .au3 files should be in the directory you're trying to include as it will not process the other files and will generate an error.
I hope this UDF helps somebody out! Comment any questions/concerns you may have and I will try to address them as soon as possible!
CEO - Amarok Studios
I'm in a bit of a pickle here, the gist of it is that i have one "main" file with ~200k lines, and literally hundreds of other files each ranging from 1k - 100k lines.
I need to go through each of the "other" files and (separately) compare them to the "main" file, and save the differences between the two (no duplicates)
The issue is that each comparison (especially if the "other" file has 50+ k lines) takes over a minute each...
Is there anyway to cut this time down? As far as i know im using the most optimized array difference script
Here's a rough mockup of the script im currently using
note: the main file has all unique lines, and the "other" files wont ever have any lines that *DO NOT* appear in the main file, if that helps
#include <array.au3> #include <file.au3> global $info_file global $compare_file global $Differece $info_file = FileReadToArray("info-file(200k lines).txt") $compare_file = FileReadToArray("compare-file(100k lines).txt") $Differece = _Diff($info_file, $compare_file, 0) ; get the difference between 2 arrays, NO duplicates _ArrayDisplay($Differece) ;================================================= ; Function Name: _Diff($Set1, $Set2 [, $GetAll=0 [, $Delim=Default]]) ; Description:: Find values in $Set1 that do not occur in $Set2 ; Parameter(s): $Set1 set 1 (1D-array or delimited string) ; $Set2 set 2 (1D-array or delimited string) ; optional: $GetAll 0 - only one occurence of every difference are shown (Default) ; 1 - all differences are shown, allowing duplicates ; optional: $Delim Delimiter for strings (Default use the separator character set by Opt("GUIDataSeparatorChar") ) ; Return Value(s): Succes 1D-array of values from $Set1 that do not occur in $Set2 ; Failure -1 @error set, that was given as array, isn't 1D-array ; Note: Comparison is case-sensitive! - i.e. Number 9 is different to string '9'! ; Author(s): BugFix (firstname.lastname@example.org) Modified by ParoXsitiC for Faster _Diff (Formally _GetIntersection) ;================================================= Func _Diff(ByRef $Set1, ByRef $Set2, $GetAll = 0, $Delim = Default) Local $o1 = ObjCreate("System.Collections.ArrayList") Local $o2 = ObjCreate("System.Collections.ArrayList") Local $oDiff1 = ObjCreate("System.Collections.ArrayList") Local $tmp, $i If $GetAll <> 1 Then $GetAll = 0 If $Delim = Default Then $Delim = Opt("GUIDataSeparatorChar") If Not IsArray($Set1) Then If Not StringInStr($Set1, $Delim) Then $o1.Add($Set1) Else $tmp = StringSplit($Set1, $Delim, 1) For $i = 1 To UBound($tmp) - 1 $o1.Add($tmp[$i]) Next EndIf Else If UBound($Set1, 0) > 1 Then Return SetError(1, 0, -1) For $i = 0 To UBound($Set1) - 1 $o1.Add($Set1[$i]) Next EndIf If Not IsArray($Set2) Then If Not StringInStr($Set2, $Delim) Then $o2.Add($Set2) Else $tmp = StringSplit($Set2, $Delim, 1) For $i = 1 To UBound($tmp) - 1 $o2.Add($tmp[$i]) Next EndIf Else If UBound($Set2, 0) > 1 Then Return SetError(1, 0, -1) For $i = 0 To UBound($Set2) - 1 $o2.Add($Set2[$i]) Next EndIf For $tmp In $o1 If Not $o2.Contains($tmp) And ($GetAll Or Not $oDiff1.Contains($tmp)) Then $oDiff1.Add($tmp) Next If $oDiff1.Count <= 0 Then Return 0 Local $aOut[$oDiff1.Count] $i = 0 For $tmp In $oDiff1 $aOut[$i] = $tmp $i += 1 Next Return $aOut EndFunc ;==>_Diff