Priti

Unable To Fire A Java Link On SAP WebGUI

6 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)

Hi,

I am a noob. I just recently started using AutoIT to automate a few tasks at work. After the initial success with simple repetition of login routine on simple web e-mail accounts, I tried automating a little more complex process in SAP. I am now able to open the web page, which is the WebGUI of SAP, click a web link and then again click another web link. So far, so good. However, now I have encountered a link that is actually a Java one. I have tried to fire it with various techniques and codes, but it just doesn't work.

See below the code for the Java link as seen through the Inspect Element:

<a onclick="return htmlbDoEvent(this,'C','onclick','0','htmlb_69877_0',6,1,'',0);" id=Link788381c5 title="Shopping Cart" class=urLnkDragRelate onkeydown="return (sapUrMapi_Link_activate('Link788381c5',event))" href="javascript:void(0)" target="" ct="LN" st=""><SPAN class=urTxtStd ct="TV">Shopping Cart</SPAN></a>

As you can see, when the user clicks the Shopping Cart text it executes a Java Function Link788381c5. The problem is, that the numbers change for each and every session. 

Please find below the code that I have written so far: 

#include <SAP.au3>
#include <ie.au3>

;Minimizes all windows on the desktop
WinMinimizeAll()

;Declaring variables that would be used through the program
Local $oUser, $oPass, $oSubmit, $oInput, $oLink, $oLinkFrame


;Variable for launching the browser window
$oIE = _IECreate ("https://supplierconnect.abc.com/irj/portal")
_IELoadWait($oIE)


;Checks if the window is maximized, if not, it maximizes it
If WinExists("Universal Worklist - SAP NetWeaver Portal") Then
WinSetState("Universal Worklist - SAP NetWeaver Portal", "", @SW_MAXIMIZE)


Sleep(2000)

;Searches for the link and clicks it when it finds
$oLinks = _IETagNameGetCollection($oIE, "a")
For $oLink In $oLinks
If String($oLink.id) = "navNodeAnchor_1_2" And String($oLink.tabindex) = "-1" Then
_IEAction($oLink, "click")
ExitLoop
EndIf
Next
_IELoadWait($oIE, 1000)


Sleep(3000)

;Searches for the link and clicks it when it finds
$oLinks = _IETagNameGetCollection($oIE, "a")
For $oLink In $oLinks
If String($oLink.id) = "navNodeAnchor_2_1" And String($oLink.tabindex) = "-1" Then
_IEAction($oLink, "click")
ExitLoop
EndIf
Next
_IELoadWait($oIE, 1000)


Sleep(3000)

;Searches for the Shopping Cart link and clicks it when it finds
;This is the problem area. All the code snippets found below try to click the link one way or the other, without any success
$oLinks = _IETagNameGetCollection($oIE, "a")
For $oLink In $oLinks
If String($oLink.title) = "Shopping Cart" And String($oLink.classname) = "urLnkDragRelate" And String($oLink.href) = "javascript:void(0)" Then
$oIE.document.parentwindow.execScript('void(0);', 'javascript')
_IELinkClickByText($oLink, "Shopping Cart", 0, 1)
$oLink.fireEvent("onclick")
ExitLoop
EndIf
Next
_IELoadWait($oIE, 1000)





; Second code snippet that tries to fire the Java link without success
; find IFrame object which contain this Map element object
Local $oIEFrame = _IEFrameGetObjByName($oIE, 'urGridLayout')

; get Map element object by reference to IFrame
Local $oIEMap = _IEGetObjByName($oIEFrame,'Shopping Cart')

; click in Map element object
_IEAction($oIEMap,'click')



;Third code snippet that tries to fire the Java link without success
$oLinks = _IELinkGetCollection ($oIE)
$iNumLinks = @extended
For $i=0 to ($iNumLinks - 1)
$oLink = _IELinkGetCollection($oIE,$i)
If $oLink.href = "javascript:void(0);" Then
_IELinkClickByIndex($oIE,$i )
$oLink.fireEvent("onclick")
Exit
EndIf
Next

EndIf

I use AutoIT v3.3.14.2 and WebGUI of SAP.  Also, the OS is Windows 7 Enterprise and the browser is IE11. Any help in resolving the issue is highly appreciated. Eagerly look forward to your inputs.

Thanks & Regards,

Priti

 

Edited by Priti
Forgot to mention the OS

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#2 ·  Posted (edited)

Please read: How to post code on the forum 
And this:     ie.au3 UDF with AutoIt v3.3.14.x  

and show Console output.

 

EDIT: IE Version ?

 

Edited by mLipok

Wondering who uses AutoIT and what it can be used for ?


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Spoiler

Last update: 2017-03-27
Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind. 

My contribution (my own projects): * Debenu Quick PDF Library - UDF * Debenu PDF Viewer SDK - UDF * Acrobat Reader - ActiveX Viewer * UDF for PDFCreator v1.x.x * XZip - UDF * AppCompatFlags UDF * CrowdinAPI UDF * _WinMergeCompare2Files() * _JavaExceptionAdd() * _IsBeta() * Writing DPI Awareness App - workaround * _AutoIt_RequiredVersion() * Chilkatsoft.au3 UDF * TeamViewer.au3 UDF * JavaManagement UDF * VIES over SOAPPOP3.au3 UDF *  RTF Printer - UDF * XML.au3 - BETA * ADO.au3 UDF SMTP Mailer UDF * WinSCP UDF *

My contribution to others projects: * _sql.au3 UDF  *

Useful links: * Forum Rules * Forum etiquette *  Forum Information and FAQs * How to post code on the forum * AutoIt Online Documentation * AutoIt Online Beta Documentation * SciTE4AutoIt3 getting started * Convert text blocks to AutoIt code * Games made in Autoit * Programming related sites * Polish AutoIt Tutorial * DllCall Code Generator * 

Wiki: Expand your knowledge - AutoIt Wiki * Collection of User Defined Functions * How to use HelpFile * Best coding practices * 

IE Related:  * How to use IE.au3  UDF with  AutoIt v3.3.14.x * Why isn't Autoit able to click a Javascript Dialog? * Clicking javascript button with no ID * IE document >> save as MHT file * IETab Switcher (by LarsJ ) * HTML Entities *

I encourage you to read: * Global Vars * Best Coding Practices * Please explain code used in Help file for several File functions * OOP-like approach in AutoIt * UDF-Spec Questions *  EXAMPLE: How To Catch ConsoleWrite() output to a file or to CMD *

"Homo sum; humani nil a me alienum puto" - Publius Terentius Afer
"Program are meant to be read by humans and only incidentally for computers and execute" - Donald Knuth, "The Art of Computer Programming"
:naughty:  :ranting:, be  :) and       \\//_.

Anticipating Errors :  "Any program that accepts data from a user must include code to validate that data before sending it to the data store. You cannot rely on the data store, ...., or even your programming language to notify you of problems. You must check every byte entered by your users, making sure that data is the correct type for its field and that required fields are not empty."

 

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Console Output:

>"C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE\..\AutoIt3.exe" "C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE\AutoIt3Wrapper\AutoIt3Wrapper.au3" /NoStatus /prod /in "C:\Users\XXXX\Desktop\SAP-Test.au3"
+>22:16:37 Starting AutoIt3Wrapper v.15.920.938.0 SciTE v.3.6.0.0   Keyboard:00000409  OS:WIN_7/Service Pack 1  CPU:X64 OS:X64    Environment(Language:0409)
+>         SciTEDir => C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\SciTE   UserDir => C:\Users\XXXX\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\SciTE\AutoIt3Wrapper   SCITE_USERHOME => C:\Users\XXXX\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\SciTE 
>Running AU3Check (3.3.14.2)  from:C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3  input:C:\Users\XXXX\Desktop\SAP-Test.au3
+>22:16:37 AU3Check ended.rc:0
>Running:(3.3.14.2):C:\Program Files (x86)\AutoIt3\aut2exe\aut2exe.exe  /in "C:\Users\XXXX\Desktop\SAP-Test.au3" /out "C:\Users\XXXX\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\Aut2exe\~AU88C2.tmp.exe" /nopack /comp 2
+>22:16:39 Aut2exe.exe ended.C:\Users\XXXX\AppData\Local\AutoIt v3\Aut2exe\~AU88C2.tmp.exe. rc:0
+>22:16:39 Created program:C:\Users\XXXX\Desktop\SAP-Test.exe
+>22:16:40 AutoIt3Wrapper Finished.
>Exit code: 0    Time: 3.376

 

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$oLinks = _IETagNameGetCollection($oIE, "a")
For $oLink In $oLinks
    If StringInStr($oLink.outerHTML,'return htmlbDoEvent(this') <>0 Then
        _IEAction($oLink, "click")
        ExitLoop
    EndIf
Next
_IELoadWait($oIE, 1000)

 


Wondering who uses AutoIT and what it can be used for ?


ADO.au3 UDF     POP3.au3 UDF     XML.au3 UDF    How to use IE.au3  UDF with  AutoIt v3.3.14.x  for other useful stuff click the following button:

Spoiler

Last update: 2017-03-27
Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind. 

My contribution (my own projects): * Debenu Quick PDF Library - UDF * Debenu PDF Viewer SDK - UDF * Acrobat Reader - ActiveX Viewer * UDF for PDFCreator v1.x.x * XZip - UDF * AppCompatFlags UDF * CrowdinAPI UDF * _WinMergeCompare2Files() * _JavaExceptionAdd() * _IsBeta() * Writing DPI Awareness App - workaround * _AutoIt_RequiredVersion() * Chilkatsoft.au3 UDF * TeamViewer.au3 UDF * JavaManagement UDF * VIES over SOAPPOP3.au3 UDF *  RTF Printer - UDF * XML.au3 - BETA * ADO.au3 UDF SMTP Mailer UDF * WinSCP UDF *

My contribution to others projects: * _sql.au3 UDF  *

Useful links: * Forum Rules * Forum etiquette *  Forum Information and FAQs * How to post code on the forum * AutoIt Online Documentation * AutoIt Online Beta Documentation * SciTE4AutoIt3 getting started * Convert text blocks to AutoIt code * Games made in Autoit * Programming related sites * Polish AutoIt Tutorial * DllCall Code Generator * 

Wiki: Expand your knowledge - AutoIt Wiki * Collection of User Defined Functions * How to use HelpFile * Best coding practices * 

IE Related:  * How to use IE.au3  UDF with  AutoIt v3.3.14.x * Why isn't Autoit able to click a Javascript Dialog? * Clicking javascript button with no ID * IE document >> save as MHT file * IETab Switcher (by LarsJ ) * HTML Entities *

I encourage you to read: * Global Vars * Best Coding Practices * Please explain code used in Help file for several File functions * OOP-like approach in AutoIt * UDF-Spec Questions *  EXAMPLE: How To Catch ConsoleWrite() output to a file or to CMD *

"Homo sum; humani nil a me alienum puto" - Publius Terentius Afer
"Program are meant to be read by humans and only incidentally for computers and execute" - Donald Knuth, "The Art of Computer Programming"
:naughty:  :ranting:, be  :) and       \\//_.

Anticipating Errors :  "Any program that accepts data from a user must include code to validate that data before sending it to the data store. You cannot rely on the data store, ...., or even your programming language to notify you of problems. You must check every byte entered by your users, making sure that data is the correct type for its field and that required fields are not empty."

 

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#5 ·  Posted (edited)

Hi mLipok,

You are simply awesome. You resolved the issue that was driving me crazy for a whole three days in minutes. And to top it all, you made it look soooo simple. It is the hallmark of great guys to make even the most difficult things look so simple. Take a bow.

Well, it resolved one issue and as is the case with most automation efforts, now I bumped into the next. The code is now able to fire the java link, but since there are more than 10 java links on the page and all of them essentially has the same onclick code, it is firing the first one that it encounters. In the onclick code for all the java links on the page:

return htmlbDoEvent(this,'C','onclick','0','htmlb_76602_0',6,1,'',0);

only the htmlb_XXXXX_0 keeps changing in the code. Everything else in the code remains static. The number after htmlb_XXXXX_0, i.e., 6 in the current instance, is the unique identifier of the link.  

<A onclick="return htmlbDoEvent(this,'C','onclick','0','htmlb_76602_0',6,1,'',0);" id=Link385c1c82 title="Shopping Cart" class=urLnkDragRelate onkeydown="return (sapUrMapi_Link_activate('Link385c1c82',event))" href="javascript:void(0)" target="" ct="LN" st=""><SPAN class=urTxtStd ct="TV">Shopping Cart</SPAN></A>

If the code could just ignore the htmlb_XXXXX number, in the current instance it is 76602, but validates the rest of the string, then we should be good.

Resolving it must be like a stroll in the park for you, but it sure is no less than climbing a mountain for me.

Eagerly look forward to your advise in the matter.

With Warm Regards,

Priti

 

 

Edited by Priti

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like this ?
 

#include <MsgBoxConstants.au3>
#include <StringConstants.au3>

#cs
    <A onclick="return htmlbDoEvent(this,'C','onclick','0','htmlb_76602_0',6,1,'',0);" id=Link385c1c82 title="Shopping Cart" class=urLnkDragRelate onkeydown="return (sapUrMapi_Link_activate('Link385c1c82',event))" href="javascript:void(0)" target="" ct="LN" st=""><SPAN class=urTxtStd ct="TV">Shopping Cart</SPAN></A>
#ce

_Example()
Func _Example()
    Local $sStringToCheck = ClipGet()
    MsgBox(0, 'TEST1', _
            StringRegExp($sStringToCheck, "onclick=""return htmlbDoEvent\(this,'C','onclick','0','htmlb_\d+_0',6,1,'',0\);", $STR_REGEXPARRAYMATCH) _
            )

    Local $aCheck = StringRegExp($sStringToCheck, "onclick=""return htmlbDoEvent\(this,'C','onclick','0','(htmlb_\d+_0)',6,1,'',0\);", $STR_REGEXPARRAYGLOBALMATCH)
    If @error Then
        MsgBox($MB_ICONERROR, '$aCheck', '@error = ' & @error & @CRLF & '@extended = ' & @extended)
    Else
        MsgBox(0, 'TEST2', $aCheck[0])
    EndIf
EndFunc   ;==>_Example

 


Wondering who uses AutoIT and what it can be used for ?


ADO.au3 UDF     POP3.au3 UDF     XML.au3 UDF    How to use IE.au3  UDF with  AutoIt v3.3.14.x  for other useful stuff click the following button:

Spoiler

Last update: 2017-03-27
Any of my own code posted anywhere on the forum is available for use by others without any restriction of any kind. 

My contribution (my own projects): * Debenu Quick PDF Library - UDF * Debenu PDF Viewer SDK - UDF * Acrobat Reader - ActiveX Viewer * UDF for PDFCreator v1.x.x * XZip - UDF * AppCompatFlags UDF * CrowdinAPI UDF * _WinMergeCompare2Files() * _JavaExceptionAdd() * _IsBeta() * Writing DPI Awareness App - workaround * _AutoIt_RequiredVersion() * Chilkatsoft.au3 UDF * TeamViewer.au3 UDF * JavaManagement UDF * VIES over SOAPPOP3.au3 UDF *  RTF Printer - UDF * XML.au3 - BETA * ADO.au3 UDF SMTP Mailer UDF * WinSCP UDF *

My contribution to others projects: * _sql.au3 UDF  *

Useful links: * Forum Rules * Forum etiquette *  Forum Information and FAQs * How to post code on the forum * AutoIt Online Documentation * AutoIt Online Beta Documentation * SciTE4AutoIt3 getting started * Convert text blocks to AutoIt code * Games made in Autoit * Programming related sites * Polish AutoIt Tutorial * DllCall Code Generator * 

Wiki: Expand your knowledge - AutoIt Wiki * Collection of User Defined Functions * How to use HelpFile * Best coding practices * 

IE Related:  * How to use IE.au3  UDF with  AutoIt v3.3.14.x * Why isn't Autoit able to click a Javascript Dialog? * Clicking javascript button with no ID * IE document >> save as MHT file * IETab Switcher (by LarsJ ) * HTML Entities *

I encourage you to read: * Global Vars * Best Coding Practices * Please explain code used in Help file for several File functions * OOP-like approach in AutoIt * UDF-Spec Questions *  EXAMPLE: How To Catch ConsoleWrite() output to a file or to CMD *

"Homo sum; humani nil a me alienum puto" - Publius Terentius Afer
"Program are meant to be read by humans and only incidentally for computers and execute" - Donald Knuth, "The Art of Computer Programming"
:naughty:  :ranting:, be  :) and       \\//_.

Anticipating Errors :  "Any program that accepts data from a user must include code to validate that data before sending it to the data store. You cannot rely on the data store, ...., or even your programming language to notify you of problems. You must check every byte entered by your users, making sure that data is the correct type for its field and that required fields are not empty."

 

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