Aphotic

Multi "Screen" GUI Management

8 posts in this topic

#1 ·  Posted (edited)

Just wanted to share my functions for managing a GUI with lots of controls and many screens.

I personally feel that it is very efficient and keeps line count to a minimum.

And if it's not, I'll learn a better solution!

Note: There are some conditional veriables such as $changes and $cont that are modified by the main loop in this particular script; they are meant as an example, please don't try too hard to understand why they're used.

*Usage*

This allows you to re-state a handful of buttons in one line when doing slight GUI changes:

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $dALO, $dAAF, $dRLA) (A few buttons on a certain screen)

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $dSAV, $dCAN) (Save/Cancel buttons)

AND

A single line solution to switching a GUI "screen":

GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_HIDE)

GuiMod("DETAILS", $GUI_SHOW)

GuiMod("PLANS", $GUI_HIDE)

Another way I've used this to my advantage is as follows:

Say a GUI has 3 or 4 main screens, and 3 or 4 "form" screens.

When switching to a form screen, save the main screen that it was on to a variable; then once the user is done with the form, either submitting or cancelling, you can call the variable to revert back to the main screen it was on.

Func _GuiMod($i, $tog, $act = True)
   Switch $i
   Case "MAIN"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $changes Then
         $changes = False
         ControlClick($GUI, "", $LOGfg)
      Else
      EndIf
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 445)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB, $LOGfl, $LOGfc, $LOGfi, $LOGfg, $LOGta, $LOGvd)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $LOGtp, $LOGse)
   Case "DETAILS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 475)
      Local $cont = True
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $act Then
         If Not UpdateDetails() Then
            $cont = False
            _GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_SHOW)
         EndIf
      EndIf
      If $cont Then
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUID, $dICU, $dACC, $dCOF, $dNAM, $dCO2, $dIPW, $dEMA, $dEDI, $dLOG, $dMOD)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUPD, $dINP, $dAPL, $dALO, $dAAF, $dPLL, $dLOL, $dAFL, $dSAV, $dCAN, $dRPL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dRLA, $dACT, $dAC2, $dRET, $dDEL, $dADD, $dMQC)
      EndIf
   Case "ADD-INPUT"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nCOMi, $nCO2i, $nNAMi, $nNAMb, $nEMAi, $nPREc, $nACCc, $nICUi, $nADDi, $nNOTi)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAPLb, $nALOb, $nAAFb, $nPLAl, $nLOCl, $nAFFl, $nRPLb, $nRLAb, $nADDb, $nCLEb)
   Case "PLANS"
      If $tog <> $GUI_SHOW Or Not $changing Then
         If $act Then _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dMOD, $dLOG, $dUPD, $dDEL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dINP, $dAPL, $dALO, $dAAF, $dPLL, $dLOL, $dAFL, $dSAV, $dCAN, $dRPL, $dRLA)
      EndIf
   Case "CHANGE"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dITL, $dITC, $dAML, $dAMC, $dSCB, $dCCB, $dEAB)
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_DISABLE)
      Else
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_ENABLE)
      EndIf
   Case "NEW"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 475)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB, $nCOMl, $nCOMi, $nCO2l, $nCO2i, $nNAMl, $nNAMi, $nEMAl, $nEMAi, $nPREl, $nPREc)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nACCl, $nACCc, $nPAEb, $nICUl, $nICUi, $nADDi, $nAPLb, $nALOb, $nAAFb, $nPLAl, $nLOCl)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAFFl, $nRPLb, $nNOTl, $nNOTi, $nADDb, $nCLEb, $nLAST)
   Case "ACCESS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 330)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCd1, $ACCd2, $TYPla, $TYPli, $TYPad, $TYPde, $TYPmu, $TYPmd, $ACCla, $ACCli)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCde, $ACCmu, $ACCmd, $ACCdl, $ACCdi, $ACCal, $ACCai, $ACCaa, $taRET)
   Case "TPi"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpOPEb, $tpCREr, $tpLINr, $tpCO2i, $tpEMAi, $tpEMAl, $tpCREb, $tpCOPb, $tpCOPi, $tpCTOi, $tpCGOb)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpICUi, $tpPLAi, $tpLINb, $tpDLIb, $tpUFMi, $tpSCAl, $tpCFAr, $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPC"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpCO2l, $tpCO2i, $tpCOPl, $tpCOPi, $tpCREb, $tpCOPb, $tpSEPl, $tpCTOl, $tpCTOi, $tpCGOb, $tpLAST)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpIDNl, $tpIDNi, $tpIDNn, $tpSCAl, $tpEMAi, $tpEMAl, $tpCFAr, $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPL"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpICUl, $tpICUi, $tpPLAl, $tpPLAi, $tpLINb, $tpDLIb, $tpUFMl, $tpUFMi, $tpIMAb, $tpIMRb)
   Case "TPH"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl, $tpUFLi, $tpUFLb, $tpUFMl, $tpUFMi, $tpCOCl, $tpCOCi, $tpCOGb)
   Case "TPD"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpDIDl, $tpDIDi, $tpDIDb)
   EndSwitch
EndFunc

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $c0 = 0, $c1 = 0, $c2 = 0, $c3 = 0, $c4 = 0, $c5 = 0, $c6 = 0, $c7 = 0, $c8 = 0, $c9 = 0, $c10 = 0, $c11 = 0, $c12 = 0)
   For $i = 0 To @NumParams
      GUICtrlSetState(Eval("c" & $i), $tog)
   Next
EndFunc

 

Edited by Aphotic

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I see only functions.
Can you post also example to show us how to use it ?

 


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Small question/suggestion for your _ToggleCTRL function.  Why not just provide an array to the function?  That way you don't limit yourself to x (12) manually defined parameters and you eliminate the extra overhead from the Eval function.

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#4 ·  Posted (edited)

On ‎11‎/‎11‎/‎2016 at 4:30 PM, mLipok said:

I see only functions.
Can you post also example to show us how to use it ?

 

Edited the first post.

On ‎11‎/‎14‎/‎2016 at 2:54 PM, spudw2k said:

Small question/suggestion for your _ToggleCTRL function.  Why not just provide an array to the function?  That way you don't limit yourself to x (12) manually defined parameters and you eliminate the extra overhead from the Eval function.

Sometimes, I call the ToggleCTRL function with different groups of control variables, maybe even just two to three.

I like your idea, although I wish I could call it with something like:

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, [$nALOb, $nAAFb])

I don't like the idea of having to declare a local variable every time before calling it, unless I'm missing something...

Local $tcArr = [$nALOb, $nAAFb]

ToggleCTRL($GUI_DISABLE, $tcArr)

The idea is to reduce the line count in the main script logic; please advise?

 

Thank you to you both!

 

 

Edited by Aphotic

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#5 ·  Posted (edited)

Well, you're right...you'd have to define the arrays, but not every time (unless it truly needs to be dynamic).  You could declare arrays for each collection of controls at the beginning of your script.  

edit:
Another idea I thought of to simply the array creation....you could use StringSplit to create an array from a character delimited string with your control IDs.  Really cutting out the Eval overhead is what I was suggesting.  

Edited by spudw2k
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21 hours ago, spudw2k said:

Well, you're right...you'd have to define the arrays, but not every time (unless it truly needs to be dynamic).  You could declare arrays for each collection of controls at the beginning of your script.  

edit:
Another idea I thought of to simply the array creation....you could use StringSplit to create an array from a character delimited string with your control IDs.  Really cutting out the Eval overhead is what I was suggesting.  

Yeah, I'd rather not define an array that's going to be used once.

The delimited string idea is perfect, thank you very much; I'll edit the first post with that!

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I'm not sure if I prefer this method. It may reduce the need for Eval and turn it into a one line solution, although I've never had issues with performance when using Eval and the method I'm currently using is a tad easier to read.

Func _GuiMod($i, $tog, $act = True)
   Switch $i
   Case "MAIN"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $changes Then
         $changes = False
         ControlClick($GUI, "", $LOGfg)
      Else
      EndIf
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 445)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB &"|"& $LOGfl &"|"& $LOGfc &"|"& $LOGfi &"|"& $LOGfg &"|"& $LOGta &"|"& $LOGvd &"|"& $LOGtp &"|"& $LOGse)
   Case "DETAILS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 535, 475)
      Local $cont = True
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW And $act Then
         If Not UpdateDetails() Then
            $cont = False
            _GuiMod("MAIN", $GUI_SHOW)
         EndIf
      EndIf
      If $cont Then
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUID &"|"& $dICU &"|"& $dACC &"|"& $dCOF &"|"& $dNAM &"|"& $dCO2 &"|"& $dIPW &"|"& $dEMA &"|"& $dEDI &"|"& $dLOG &"|"& $dMOD)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dUPD &"|"& $dINP &"|"& $dAPL &"|"& $dALO &"|"& $dAAF &"|"& $dPLL &"|"& $dLOL &"|"& $dAFL &"|"& $dSAV &"|"& $dCAN &"|"& $dRPL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dRLA &"|"& $dACT &"|"& $dAC2 &"|"& $dRET &"|"& $dDEL &"|"& $dADD &"|"& $dMQC)
      EndIf
   Case "ADD-INPUT"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nCOMi &"|"& $nCO2i &"|"& $nNAMi &"|"& $nNAMb &"|"& $nEMAi &"|"& $nPREc &"|"& $nACCc &"|"& $nICUi &"|"& $nADDi &"|"& $nNOTi)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $nAPLb &"|"& $nALOb &"|"& $nAAFb &"|"& $nPLAl &"|"& $nLOCl &"|"& $nAFFl &"|"& $nRPLb &"|"& $nRLAb &"|"& $nADDb &"|"& $nCLEb)
   Case "PLANS"
      If $tog <> $GUI_SHOW Or Not $changing Then
         If $act Then _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dMOD &"|"& $dLOG &"|"& $dUPD &"|"& $dDEL)
         _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dINP &"|"& $dAPL &"|"& $dALO &"|"& $dAAF &"|"& $dPLL &"|"& $dLOL &"|"& $dAFL &"|"& $dSAV &"|"& $dCAN &"|"& $dRPL &"|"& $dRLA)
      EndIf
   Case "CHANGE"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $dITL &"|"& $dITC &"|"& $dAML &"|"& $dAMC &"|"& $dSCB &"|"& $dCCB &"|"& $dEAB)
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_DISABLE)
      Else
         GUICtrlSetState($dRET, $GUI_ENABLE)
      EndIf
   Case "NEW"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 475)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $TAB &"|"& $nCOMl &"|"& $nCOMi &"|"& $nCO2l &"|"& $nCO2i &"|"& $nNAMl &"|"& $nNAMi &"|"& $nEMAl &"|"& $nEMAi &"|"& $nPREl &"|"& $nPREc &"|"& $nACCl &"|"& $nACCc &"|"& $nPAEb &"|"& $nICUl &"|"& $nICUi &"|"& $nADDi &"|"& $nAPLb &"|"& $nALOb &"|"& $nAAFb &"|"& $nPLAl &"|"& $nLOCl &"|"& $nAFFl &"|"& $nRPLb &"|"& $nNOTl &"|"& $nNOTi &"|"& $nADDb &"|"& $nCLEb &"|"& $nLAST)
   Case "ACCESS"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then WinMove($GUI, "", Default, Default, 465, 330)
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ACCd1 &"|"& $ACCd2 &"|"& $TYPla &"|"& $TYPli &"|"& $TYPad &"|"& $TYPde &"|"& $TYPmu &"|"& $TYPmd &"|"& $ACCla &"|"& $ACCli &"|"& $ACCde &"|"& $ACCmu &"|"& $ACCmd &"|"& $ACCdl &"|"& $ACCdi &"|"& $ACCal &"|"& $ACCai &"|"& $ACCaa &"|"& $taRET)
   Case "TPi"
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpOPEb &"|"& $tpCREr &"|"& $tpLINr &"|"& $tpCO2i &"|"& $tpEMAi &"|"& $tpEMAl &"|"& $tpCREb &"|"& $tpCOPb &"|"& $tpCOPi &"|"& $tpCTOi &"|"& $tpCGOb &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpICUi &"|"& $tpPLAi &"|"& $tpLINb &"|"& $tpDLIb &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpSCAl &"|"& $tpCFAr &"|"& $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPC"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpCO2l &"|"& $tpCO2i &"|"& $tpCOPl &"|"& $tpCOPi &"|"& $tpCREb &"|"& $tpCOPb &"|"& $tpSEPl &"|"& $tpCTOl &"|"& $tpCTOi &"|"& $tpCGOb &"|"& $tpLAST &"|"& $tpIDNl &"|"& $tpIDNi &"|"& $tpIDNn &"|"& $tpSCAl &"|"& $tpEMAi &"|"& $tpEMAl &"|"& $tpCFAr &"|"& $tpCBAr)
   Case "TPL"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpICUl &"|"& $tpICUi &"|"& $tpPLAl &"|"& $tpPLAi &"|"& $tpLINb &"|"& $tpDLIb &"|"& $tpUFMl &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpIMAb &"|"& $tpIMRb)
   Case "TPH"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPD", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpUFLl &"|"& $tpUFLi &"|"& $tpUFLb &"|"& $tpUFMl &"|"& $tpUFMi &"|"& $tpCOCl &"|"& $tpCOCi &"|"& $tpCOGb)
   Case "TPD"
      If $tog = $GUI_SHOW Then
         _GuiMod("TPC", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPL", $GUI_HIDE)
         _GuiMod("TPH", $GUI_HIDE)
      EndIf
      _ToggleCTRL($tog, $tpDIDl &"|"& $tpDIDi &"|"& $tpDIDb)
   EndSwitch
EndFunc

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $ctrl)
   Local $arr = StringSplit($ctrl, "|")
   For $i = 1 To Ubount($arr)-1
      GUICtrlSetState($arr[$i], $tog)
   Next
EndFunc

 

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#8 ·  Posted (edited)

Today I realized a good way to further reduce the needed code to process controls like this.

 

Local $mNamLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Name:", 8, 9)
Local $mNamIn = GUICtrlCreateInput("", 50, 5, 220, 20)
Local $mTypLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Type:", 12, 39)
Local $mTypAD = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Active Directory", 50, 35, 100)
Local $mTypIn = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Input", 160, 35, 50)
Local $mTypSe = GUICtrlCreateRadio("Select", 220, 35, 50)
Local $mADaLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Attribute Name:", 10, 71, 79)
Local $mADaIn = GUICtrlCreateInput("", 90, 67, 180)
Local $mSelLa = GUICtrlCreateLabel("Values:", 30, 71, 44)
Local $mSelCo = GUICtrlCreateCombo("", 75, 67, 120, 25, $CBS_DROPDOWNLIST)
Local $mSelAd = GUICtrlCreateButton("", 205, 64, 26, 26, $BS_ICON)
GUICtrlSetImage(-1, @ScriptDir & "\icons\add.ico")
Local $mSelRe = GUICtrlCreateButton("", 240, 64, 26, 26, $BS_ICON)
GUICtrlSetImage(-1, @ScriptDir & "\icons\delete.ico")
Local $mActSa = GUICtrlCreateButton("Save", 30, 105, 100, 25)
Local $mActCa = GUICtrlCreateButton("Cancel", 150, 105, 100, 25)

;Using the function below, you can use the following to toggle gui screens.
_ToggleCTRL($GUI_HIDE, "mNamLa", "mActCa")
;Further, it leaves the option to toggle a list of particular ones that are not in order if you need to
_ToggleCTRL($GUI_HIDE, $mTypLa, $mTypAD, $mTypIn, $mTypSe, $mSelLa, $mSelCo)

Func _ToggleCTRL($tog, $c0 = 0, $c1 = 0, $c2 = 0, $c3 = 0, $c4 = 0, $c5 = 0, $c6 = 0, $c7 = 0, $c8 = 0, $c9 = 0, $c10 = 0, $c11 = 0, $c12 = 0)
   If IsString($c0) Then
      For $i = Eval($c0) To Eval($c1)
         GUICtrlSetState($i, $tog)
      Next
   Else
      For $i = 0 To @NumParams
         GUICtrlSetState(Eval("c" & $i), $tog)
      Next
   EndIf
EndFunc

 

Edited by Aphotic

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      Also bundled with this is the KODA form. So you can open up and see the basic structure of this splash screen.
       
      Splash Screen GUI.zip
    • BlazerV60
      By BlazerV60
      Hello all,
      I've been trying to figure out how to launch Google Chrome in the background (hidden) but it doesn't seem possible. I've tried the following methods:
      ShellExecute("C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe", "", "", "", @SW_HIDE) Also I've tried:
      ShellExecute(@ComSpec, "/c start chrome.exe","","",@SW_HIDE) Lastly I tried:
      RunWait('"'&@ProgramFilesDir&'\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe" --silent-launch',@ScriptDir)  
      But all of them launch my chrome browser without hiding it. Does anyone know a workaround for this or if AutoIT just can't Chrome? 
      Bonus points if you know how to make it launch chrome hidden and make it go to https://www.autoitscript.com
       
      Thank you,
      Brian
    • SteveJM
      By SteveJM
      I have a working program currently driven largely through menu selections. I would like to add a toolbar where most of the tollbar button actions are basically the same as menu items, but quicker to access. I have been wading around in toolbar examples, MSDN pages etc, it's clearly going to be a bit of a slog to get everything right, including tooltips etc. I thought I would start with something simple to prove the principle.
      Using bits from the help file examples I have a small program that successfully displays a toolbar. However, what seemed like the most elegant way to deal with the button commands does not seem to work. My understanding was that a toolbar button fires a WM_COMMAND message, with the command Id set by the second parameter in the call to
      _GUICtrlToolbar_AddButton ( $hWnd, $iID, $iImage)
      so I though it would be a good idea to set this Id to the same value as my menu item Id; then it would run the same task which is what I wanted. This did not work. I am using message loop mode and would like to stick with this because some of my scripts run hardware at the same time as the gui; it is easier if I don't have to worry about code being interrupted with the hardware in an unknown state . So I added a handler for WM_COMMAND, with some cribbed display code to try and see why. The toolbar button defintely fired a WM_COMMAND message and the Id looked the same, so no explanation there.
      I guess the issue is with GUIGetMsg() which may be constructed to ignore all but a limited number of control handles, i.e. those made with the GuiCtrlCreate... commands; this is speculation.
      I would dearly love to find a tidy way to get around this. Having some controls handled in the message loop and some in a WM_COMMAND handler, performing the same task, feels ugly. I would be very grateful for further insight from someone experienced with handling a toolbar. Perhaps I should be trying to fire the menu item. I have attached a code snippet to try and illustrate the issue.
       
       
       
      ToolbarTrial.au3
    • XinYoung
      By XinYoung
      Hello all,
      I've been working on 4 standalone scripts. They each have their own GUI and are now independent .exe's. But instead of having 4 separate icons on my computer, is it possible to put them all together into one .exe?
      What I want is one interface with tabs. Each script's GUI would be on their own respective tab. Is this possible?
      The different scripts don't need to communicate with one another. I just want them all in one .exe.
      I can't find this anywhere... Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!