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Is there a easy way to parse string to array?

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Hi everybody

I need to read a multidimensional array, declared as a string, written in a ini file.

Like this:

//settings.ini
[Main]
areas=[[0,10,50,50],[500,560,50,50]]

When i read the value with IniRead, it's a string.
Is there an easy way to convert that to valid arrays?

 

Thanks

 

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just for fun.

#include <Array.au3>
Local $sString = "[[0,10,50,50],[500,560,50,50]]"




Local $aArray = _Make2Array($sString)


_ArrayDisplay($aArray)

Func _Make2Array($sString)
    Local $aReg = StringRegExp($sString, "\d{1,}", 3)
    Local $aArray[2][UBound($aReg) / 2]
    For $i = 0 To (UBound($aReg) - 1) / 2
        $aArray[0][$i] = $aReg[($i)]
        $aArray[1][$i] = $aReg[($i) + (UBound($aReg)) / 2]
    Next
    Return $aArray
EndFunc   ;==>_Make2Array

Saludos

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@DanyFirex

Quick n dirty...not bad.  My only complaint...it's too tailored for this particular scenario.  
There is nothing wrong with making a very, very specific function...but the modular mindset in me is twitching.
 


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@DanyFirex

Quick n dirty...not bad.  My only complaint...it's too tailored for this particular scenario.  
There is nothing wrong with making a very, very specific function...but the modular mindset in me is twitching.
 

dirty is so much sweet for that script lol

Saludos

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My 2 cents, for the concept and w/o error checking

#include <Array.au3>

Local $sString = "[[0,10,50,50],[500,560,50,50]]"

Local $aArray = _Make2Array($sString)
_ArrayDisplay($aArray)


Func _Make2Array($s)
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, '[\[\]]{2}', "")
    Local $s1 = StringSplit($s, "],[", 1), $s2
    StringReplace($s1[1], ",", ",")
    Local $res[$s1[0]][@extended+1]
    For $i = 1 to $s1[0]
         $s2 = StringSplit($s1[$i], ",")
         For $j = 1 to $s2[0]
              $res[$i-1][$j-1] = $s2[$j]
         Next
    Next
    Return $res
EndFunc

Edit
Hehe, JO was right about StringSplit, but I don't know a one-liner regex able to return a 2D array  :)

Edited by mikell

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Not with the current PCRE implementation, sadly. Nor with the current ReDim which (sadly again) doesn't allow various dimension combinations. Hence pedestrian solutions only.


This wonderful site allows debugging and testing regular expressions (many flavors available). An absolute must have in your bookmarks.
Another excellent RegExp tutorial. Don't forget downloading your copy of up-to-date pcretest.exe and pcregrep.exe here
RegExp tutorial: enough to get started
PCRE v8.33 regexp documentation latest available release and currently implemented in AutoIt beta.

SQLitespeed is another feature-rich premier SQLite manager (includes import/export). Well worth a try.
SQLite Expert (freeware Personal Edition or payware Pro version) is a very useful SQLite database manager.
An excellent eBook covering almost every aspect of SQLite3: a must-read for anyone doing serious work.
SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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You can get around various dimensional combinations by using array of arrays, rather than just array of strings/integers.

#include <Array.au3>
Local $sString = "[[0,10,50,50],[500,560,50,50]]"
$a = StringRegExp($sString,"\[([\d,]+)\]",3)
For $i = 0 To UBound($a)-1
    $a[$i] = StringSplit($a[$i],",",2)
    _ArrayDisplay($a[$i])
Next

Local $sString = "[[0,10,50,50],[560,50,50]]"
$a = StringRegExp($sString,"\[([\d,]+)\]",3)
For $i = 0 To UBound($a)-1
    $a[$i] = StringSplit($a[$i],",",2)
    _ArrayDisplay($a[$i])
Next

 

Edited by jdelaney

IEbyXPATH-Grab IE DOM objects by XPATH IEscriptRecord-Makings of an IE script recorder ExcelFromXML-Create Excel docs without excel installed GetAllWindowControls-Output all control data on a given window.

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Does it matter if the array is 2D, as long you read them out where you need them?

$count = 0
$sOut = ""

Local $sString = "[[0,10,50,50],[500,560,50,50]]"

$aString = stringsplit(stringreplace(stringreplace($sString , "]" , "") , "[" , "") , "," , 2)

For $i = 0 to ubound($aString) - 1
    $count += 1
    $sOut &= $aString[$i] & @TAB
    If $count = (ubound($aString) / 2) Then $sOut &= @LF
Next

msgbox(0, '' , $sOut)

 


,-. .--. ________ .-. .-. ,---. ,-. .-. .-. .-.
|(| / /\ \ |\ /| |__ __||| | | || .-' | |/ / \ \_/ )/
(_) / /__\ \ |(\ / | )| | | `-' | | `-. | | / __ \ (_)
| | | __ | (_)\/ | (_) | | .-. | | .-' | | \ |__| ) (
| | | | |)| | \ / | | | | | |)| | `--. | |) \ | |
`-' |_| (_) | |\/| | `-' /( (_)/( __.' |((_)-' /(_|
'-' '-' (__) (__) (_) (__)

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This modified mikell's example allows for a 2D array with varying number of columns in rows.

#include <Array.au3>

Local $sString = '[[0,10,50,50],["L", "o", "n", "g", "e", "s", "t"],["The least","number of columns","in a row"],[500,560,50,50,5]] '
Local $aArray = _Make2ArrayEx($sString)
_ArrayDisplay($aArray)


Func _Make2ArrayEx($s)
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, '[\[\]]{2}', "")
    Local $s1 = StringSplit($s, "],[", 1), $s2
    StringReplace($s1[1], ",", ",")
    Local $iUB_Cols = @extended + 1
    Local $res[$s1[0]][$iUB_Cols]
    For $i = 1 To $s1[0]
        $s2 = StringSplit($s1[$i], ",")
        If $s2[0] > $iUB_Cols Then
            $iUB_Cols = $s2[0]
            ReDim $res[$s1[0]][$iUB_Cols]
        EndIf
        For $j = 1 To $s2[0]
            $res[$i - 1][$j - 1] = $s2[$j]
        Next
    Next
    Return $res
EndFunc   ;==>_Make2ArrayEx

 

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Hi, try example_6 from FRED.

In your FRED opening post there are broken links.
Can you fix it ?

 


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BTW this format is very similar to a CSV is you remove the leading and trailing square brakets and consider '],[' as a line separator. This modulo spurious spacing, of course.


This wonderful site allows debugging and testing regular expressions (many flavors available). An absolute must have in your bookmarks.
Another excellent RegExp tutorial. Don't forget downloading your copy of up-to-date pcretest.exe and pcregrep.exe here
RegExp tutorial: enough to get started
PCRE v8.33 regexp documentation latest available release and currently implemented in AutoIt beta.

SQLitespeed is another feature-rich premier SQLite manager (includes import/export). Well worth a try.
SQLite Expert (freeware Personal Edition or payware Pro version) is a very useful SQLite database manager.
An excellent eBook covering almost every aspect of SQLite3: a must-read for anyone doing serious work.
SQL tutorial (covers "generic" SQL, but most of it applies to SQLite as well)
A work-in-progress SQLite3 tutorial. Don't miss other LxyzTHW pages!
SQLite official website with full documentation (may be newer than the SQLite library that comes standard with AutoIt)

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A variant of Malkey's variant   :)
Not sure it's faster than several Redims

#include <Array.au3>

Local $sString = '[[0,10,50,50],["L", "o", "n", "g", "e", "s", "t"],["The least","number of columns","in a row"],[500,560,50,50,5]] '

Local $aArray = _Make2Array($sString)
_ArrayDisplay($aArray)


Func _Make2Array($s)
    $s = StringRegExpReplace($s, '[\[\]]{2}', "")
    Local $s1 = StringSplit($s, "],[", 1), $s2, $n
    For $i = 1 to $s1[0]
        StringReplace($s1[$i], ",", ",")
        $n = ($n < @extended+1) ? @extended+1 : $n
    Next
    Local $res[$s1[0]][$n]
    For $i = 1 to $s1[0]
         $s2 = StringSplit($s1[$i], ",")
         For $j = 1 to $s2[0]
              $res[$i-1][$j-1] = $s2[$j]
         Next
    Next
    Return $res
EndFunc

 

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Here is my small contribution :

#include <Array.au3>

Local $sString = '[[0,10,50,50],["L", "o", 50, "g", "e", "s", "t"],["The least","numbers of columns","in a row"],[500,560,50,50,5], ["That''s all"]] '
Local $aArray = _Make2Array($sString)
_ArrayDisplay($aArray)

Func _Make2Array($s)
    Local $aLines = StringRegExp($s, "(?<=[\[,])\s*\[(.*?)\]\s*[,\]]", 3), $iCountCols = 0
    For $i = 0 To UBound($aLines) - 1
        $aLines[$i] = StringRegExp($aLines[$i], "(?:^|,)\s*(?|'([^']*)'|""([^""]*)""|(.*?))(?=\s*(?:,|$))", 3)
        If UBound($aLines[$i]) > $iCountCols Then $iCountCols = UBound($aLines[$i])
    Next
    Local $aRet[UBound($aLines)][$iCountCols]
    For $y = 0 To UBound($aLines) - 1
        For $x = 0 To UBound($aLines[$y]) - 1
            $aRet[$y][$x] = ($aLines[$y])[$x]
        Next
    Next
    Return $aRet
EndFunc

 

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      ;ArrayToMenu with submenus, tooltips, rightclick and esc to close. ; #INDEX# ======================================================================================================================= ; Title .........: _ArrayToMenu ; AutoIt Version : 3.3.14.2 ; Description ...: Show an array as a popup menu optionally with tooltips and right click. ; Author(s) .....: Rick Sharp ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #FUNCTION# ==================================================================================================================== ; Name..........: _ArrayToMenu($aArray_menu[,$aArray_tooltips]) ; Description...: Display an array as a menu and return the users choice, display tooltips(optional), return right click. ; Syntax........: _ArrayToMenu($aArray_menu[,$aArray_tooltips]) ; ; Parameters....: ; Required......: A 1d or 2d array of menu items ; Use a minus sign in the item to indicate a menu separator. ; Use -> at the end of an item to indicate a sub-menu. ; Optional......: A 1d or 2d array of tooltips. The array must use the same dimensions as the menu items array. ; ; Return values.: An Array ; $aArray[0] is index of the row (-1 if exited with no choice) ; $aArray[1] is index of the column ; $aArray[2] is 1 if right clicked ; $aArray[3] is the selected item (if any) ; Notes.........: If the user clicks on another window the ArrayToMenu returns as if esc were pressed. ; Sub-Menus are limited to 10 levels if you need more change $ahM[10] ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #VARIABLES# =================================================================================================================== ; Global $__g_iRT = 0, $__g_aTT1, $__g_ahi ; "$__g_iRT" for right click flag, "$__g_aTT1" for tips, "$__g_ahi" for index of id's in menu and tips ; =============================================================================================================================== ; #@error# ====================================================================================================================== ; 1 - First parameter is Not an array ; 2 - The Menu/Items array and the Tips array are not the same number of dimensions ; =============================================================================================================================== #include-once #include <WindowsConstants.au3> #include <GuiMenu.au3> #include <array.au3> #include <misc.au3> Func _ArrayToMenu($aMenu, $att = "") If Not IsArray($aMenu) Then Return SetError(1, 0, -1) Global $__g_iRT = 0 Local $ahM[10], $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2), $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu), $iRow, $iCol, $b_Esc If UBound($aMenu, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($aMenu, 1) ;if 1d array make it 2d EndIf ;Prep Loop to make Menus and Sub-Menus $iRcnt = UBound($aMenu) ;Count of Rows/Items $iCcnt = UBound($aMenu, 2) ;Count of Cols/Menus GUIRegisterMsg($WM_RBUTTONUP, "WM_RBUTTONUP") ;handles Right Click If IsArray($att) Then If UBound($att, 2) = 0 Then _ArrayColInsert($att, 1) If UBound($att, 2) <> $iCcnt Or UBound($att) <> $iRcnt Then Return SetError(2, 0, -1) ;$amenu and $att not same dimensions Global $__g_aTT1 = $att ;added $__g_aTT1 because $att was not seen by WM_MenuSelect for tooltips GUIRegisterMsg($WM_MENUSELECT, "WM_MENUSELECT") ;handles tooltips EndIf Local $mPos = MouseGetPos() #Region ### START Koda GUI section ### Form= $hMenu = GUICreate("C_menu", 10, 10, $mPos[0], $mPos[1], $WS_POPUP, $WS_EX_TOPMOST) GUISetState(@SW_SHOW) #EndRegion ### END Koda GUI section ### ;Build Menus Global $__g_ahi[$iRcnt + 1][$iCcnt + 1] ;array to hold Menu Item id's $iMcnt = 0 ;Menu count $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateContextMenu() ;if the array element is null then it falls through and nothing happens For $j = 0 To $iCcnt - 1 ;for each Column/Menu For $i = 0 To $iRcnt - 1 ;for each Row/Item If StringRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) = "->" Then ;Sub-Menu $aMenu[$i][$j] = StringTrimRight($aMenu[$i][$j], 2) ;remove -> $iMcnt += 1 $ahM[$iMcnt] = GUICtrlCreateMenu($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) ; $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = $ahM[$iMcnt] ElseIf $aMenu[$i][$j] > "" Then ;Normal item If StringLeft($aMenu[$i][$j], 1) = "-" Then $aMenu[$i][$j] = "" $__g_ahi[$i][$j] = GUICtrlCreateMenuItem($aMenu[$i][$j], $ahM[$j]) EndIf Next Next Send("+{F10}") ;sends right click to open context menu While 1 $nMsg = GUIGetMsg() If $nMsg > 0 Then ;ConsoleWrite("nMsg= " & $nMsg & @CRLF) $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg) $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $nMsg, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) ExitLoop EndIf If _IsPressed("1B") = 1 Or WinActive("C_menu") = 0 Then $b_Esc = -1 ExitLoop EndIf WEnd ;*** Done *** GUIDelete($hMenu) Local $aAr1[4] $aAr1[0] = $iRow $aAr1[1] = $iCol $aAr1[2] = $__g_iRT If Not $b_Esc = -1 Then $aAr1[3] = $aMenu[$aAr1[0]][$aAr1[1]] Else $aAr1[0] = -1 EndIf Return $aAr1 EndFunc ;==>_ArrayToMenu ;Check for Right Click Func WM_RBUTTONUP($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) $__g_iRT = 1 ;Mark as rclicked Send("{Enter}") ;choose the item EndFunc ;==>WM_RBUTTONUP ;Tooltips Func WM_MENUSELECT($hMenu, $iMsg, $iwParam, $ilParam) Local $idMenu = BitAND($iwParam, 0xFFFF) Local $iRow, $iCol If $idMenu > 0 Then $iRow = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu) If $iRow > -1 Then $iCol = _ArraySearch($__g_ahi, $idMenu, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, $iRow, True) EndIf If $iCol > -1 And $iRow > -1 And $__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol] > " " Then ToolTip($__g_aTT1[$iRow][$iCol]) Else ToolTip("") EndIf EndIf EndFunc ;==>WM_MENUSELECT Example 1 Simple 1d array with tooltips, item separator and right click.
      #include "ArrayToMenu.au3" ;Simple 1d array with tooltips item separator and right click. $aM = StringSplit("Zero,One,-,Two/Two_R", ",", 3) ;make an array for the menu items $aT = StringSplit("Zero,One,-,", ",", 3) ;make an array for the menu Tooltips $aR = _ArrayToMenu($aM,$aT) if @error then ConsoleWrite(@error & @CRLF) EndIf ConsoleWrite("R: " & $aR[0] & " " & "C: " & $aR[1] & " " & "Rclick: " & $aR[2] & " " & "Item: " & $aR[3] & @CRLF) If $aR[0] = -1 Then ;either hit escape or clicked on another window ConsoleWrite("Esc" & @CRLF) Exit EndIf ;_ArrayDisplay($aR) Switch $aR[3] Case "Zero" Zero() Case "One" One() Case "Two/Two_R" And $aR[2] = 0 ;No Rclick Two() Case "Two/Two_R" And $aR[2] = 1 ;Rclick Two_R() EndSwitch Func Zero() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Zero" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Zero Func One() ConsoleWrite("You chose: One" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>One Func Two() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Two" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Two Func Two_R() ConsoleWrite("You chose: Two_R" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Two_R Example 2 2d array with sub-menu
      #include "ArrayToMenu.au3" ;2d array with a sub-menu dim $aM[4][2] = [["Beef", "Orange"], ["Pork", "Apple"], ["Chicken", "Grape"], ["Fruit->", ""]] ;Note you don't need a tooltip for every item but you at least need a place holder in the array dim $aT[4][2] = [["Red Meat", "Fruit"], ["Other white meat", "Fruit"], ["White meat", "Fruit"], ["", ""]] $aR = _ArrayToMenu($aM,$aT) if @error Then ConsoleWrite(@error & @CRLF) Exit EndIf If $aR[0] = -1 Then ConsoleWrite("Esc" & @CRLF) Exit EndIf ConsoleWrite("R: " & $aR[0] & " " & "C: " & $aR[1] & " " & "Rclick: " & $aR[2] & " " & "Item: " & $aR[3] & @CRLF) Switch $aR[3] Case "Beef" Beef() Case "Pork" Pork() Case "Chicken" Chicken() Case "Orange" ConsoleWrite("Oranges are good for you!" & @CRLF) ConsoleWrite("Oranges" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) Case "Apple" ConsoleWrite("Apples are good for you!" & @CRLF) Case "Grape" ConsoleWrite("Grapes are good for you!" & @CRLF) EndSwitch Func Beef() ConsoleWrite("Beef" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Beef Func Pork() ConsoleWrite("Pork" & " $aR[0] = " & $aR[0] & " $aR[1] = " & $aR[1] & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Pork Func Chicken() ConsoleWrite("Chicken" & @CRLF) EndFunc ;==>Chicken  
    • By Ibet
      Hey all, 
      Ending day 2 of learning AutoIt, and I'm stumped. I wrote an extremely rudimentary script simulating keystrokes for reading/copying values from one excel spreadsheet and pasting them into another spreadsheet, line by line. It works, but it doesn't use any of the Excel UDFs and was just sloppy. So, I'm trying to re-write it using some Excel UDFs to not only optimize the script, but to also learn how to use the Excel UDFs. If the answer is in a help file, please explain as I'm sometimes having problems understanding the examples in the help files.
      I'm getting the error: 
      "C:\Users\johndoe\Desktop\AutoIt Test\AutoIt_Read spreadsheet 1 - write spreadsheet 2-version2.au3" (25) : ==> Array variable has incorrect number of subscripts or subscript dimension range exceeded.: MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",$SourceEntry[1]) MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",^ ERROR >Exit code: 1 Time: 1.804 Here is the code:
      #include<Array.au3> #include<Excel.au3> ;-------------------Read from Source--------------------------- Local $oExcel_Source = _Excel_Open() Local $sWorkbook = "C:\Users\johndoe\Desktop\AutoIt Test\AutoIt_Testing_SOURCE.xlsx" Local $oWorkbook = _Excel_BookOpen($oExcel_Source,$sWorkbook) Local $SourceRow = 3 ;--eventually will be used to iterate through the rows, one at a time Local $SourceEntry[5] = _Excel_RangeRead($oWorkbook,Default,"A"&$SourceRow&":E"&$SourceRow) _ArrayDisplay($SourceEntry, "1D Display") ;--Displays array values correctly MsgBox(0,"Test","Test",$SourceEntry[1]) ;--Gives error, for any index in the array I want to make sure I can read the values of the array individually, before I try putting them into another document. This is because I've got to add some checks against the values already existing in the destination spreadsheet before any manipulation. I've spent the last hour or more googling that error and reading multiple posts where that error is meaning many different things, so unsure EXACTLY what the problem is. Would greatly appreciate a fix and/or explanation as well as patience with my noob-ness.
      Thanks in advance
    • By SlackerAl
      I appreciate this seems like a trivial question, but my searching has failed....
      I was using a 1D array as follows:
      Local $DataName[3] = [2, $sBaseFileName, $sUpdatedFileName] And all was OK. I then wanted to separate the declaration from the assignment and assumed I could do something like:
      Local $DataName[3] $DataName = [2, $sBaseFileName, $sUpdatedFileName] ;or $DataName[] = [2, $sBaseFileName, $sUpdatedFileName] But I see I cannot. I am aware that I can add the 3 elements 1 at a time with _ArrayAdd, but is there a simple inline method like I was trying for?
    • By Lynn Shaw
      Anyone know why _ArraySearch is not finding an entry with a single quote in it?  
      Here is an example:
      #include <array.au3>
      Dim $array[3][2]
      $array[0][0] = "Testing is****fun"
      $array[1][0] = "Don't mess with me kid"
      $array[2][0] = "blah'blah"
      _ArrayDisplay($array)
      $index = _ArraySearch($array, "blah'blah", 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1)
      MsgBox(262144, 'Debug line ~' & @ScriptLineNumber, 'Selection:' & @CRLF & '$index' & @CRLF & @CRLF & 'Return:' & @CRLF & $index) ;### Debug MSGBOX
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